Nutritional Composition And Cyanogenic Content Of Gari Samples In Osun State

Project and Seminar Material for Food and Nutrition

Nutritional Composition And Cyanogenic Content Of Gari Samples In Osun State


Abstract


Six samples of Cassava product (garri) were collected from different processing centres in Osun state and subjected to proximate and cyanogenic analysis to determine their nutritional composition and safety for human consumption. At the end of the analysis, the results is vary because of climate, weather, and nutrient of the soil. All the samples met the standard recommended by IITA 2005 and FSAN 2004. And thus safe for human consumption.


List of Tables


  • Consumption pattern by zone and cassava product
  • Daily consumption of cassava per capital
  • Frequency of cassava consumption
  • Daily processing capacity by scale of operation and product
  • Cassava demand estimates by president’s initiative
  • A conservative estimates of demand
  • Middle of the road, estimate of potential demand for cassava
  • The nutritional supplement provides by gari
  • Proximate analysis (%) and cyanogene content of gari sample

Table of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Tittle page
  • Dedication
  • Certification
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

  • 1.0 Introduction

Chapter Two

  • 2.0 Literature Review
  • 2.1 Cassava
  • 2.11 Composition of cassava
  • 2.12 Economic impact
  • 2.13 Uses
  • 2.14 Biofuel
  • 2.15 Animal feed
  • 2.16 Ethnomedicine
  • 2.17 Various ways ofn using starch industries
  • 2.18 Food use processing and toxicity
  • 2.19 Harvesting
  • 2.20 Post harvest handling and storage
  • 2.21 Pest
  • 2.22 Processing and utilization
  • 2.23 Future targets
  • 2.24 New initiative
  • 2.25 The way forward
  • 2.26 Gari
  • 2.26.1 Types of gari
  • 2.26.2 Variation
  • 2.26.3 Nutritional composition of gari
  • 2.3 Cyanogenic glucosides
  • 2.31 The compounds
  • 2.32 Sources
  • 2.33 Human health effects
  • 2.34 Neurological effect
  • 2.35 Estimates of dietary exposure
  • 2.36 Factor influencing risk
  • 2.37 Safety assessments
  • 2.38 Safety and regulation limits

Chapter Three

  • 3.1 Materials
  • 3.2 Method
  • 3.21 Proximate analysis and cyanogenic content of gari samples
  • 3.21.1 Determination of moisture
  • 3.21.2 Determination of ash
  • 3.31.3 Determination of crude fibre
  • 3.21.4 Determination of fat
  • 3.21.5 Determination of protein
  • 3.21.6 Determination of cyanogenic glucosides

Chapter Four

  • 4.1 proximate analysis (%) and cyanogenic content of gari sample
  • 4.2 Discussion

Chapter Five

  • 5.1 Conclusion
  • 5.2 Recommendation
  • Reference

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

Cassava is an important source of food in Africa as an important source of raw materials for the industries. More than any other crop in Africa, cassava has assumed great importance in Africa Agriculture and food supply. The reasons for this are because of the following features which cassava posses.

  1. Cassava is highly adaptable to wild Agro-ecological conditions and gives relatively high yield on poor soil.
  2. Cassava has high drought tolerance and can survive the long dry season characteristics of many parts of Africa.
  3. Cassava has no fixed planting and harvesting time and its production require relatively low skill.
  4. Cassava is relatively tolerant to common pest, which devastate other crops easily.

In spite of the above advantages, cassava has some limitations which affects is utilization and militates against its marketing beyond its region of propagation. These limiting factors include the following;

  1. After harvesting, cassava deteriorates very fast than other roots and tuber i.e. it has poor post harvest keeping qualities.
  2. Cassava is bulky to transport and storage.
  3. Cassava, like some other crops e.g. sorghum contains some potentially toxic component, referred to as cyanogenic glucoside or linamarine
  4. Cassava has low protein content.

Because of the above limitations, there are some myths that are being propagated by enemies of cassava. Some of these myths are

That cassava is an inferior food crops. This is lie being propagated about cassava. The propagation of this myth support their carat with the fact that cassava consume it for its high energy content therefore because cassava is an important source of carbohydrate and energy it is wrong to claim that it is an inferior food.

Another myth is that it is a woman’s crop. The reason for this myth is the believed that only women are involve in the cultivation and processing of cassava. It is known today however that men and women, children and adult are involved in cultivation and processing of cassava.

That cassava is a dangerous and toxic crop. This is a lie too because cassava contains no toxin. Cassava only contains some cyanogenic glucosides e.g. linamarine which when hydrolyzed yield the toxic hydrogen cyanide.

It should be noted that there are other crops apart from cassava e.g. sorghum which contain cyanogenic glucoside and these other crops are not been labeled as dangerous crop. within the past 30years, however and mostly through the effort of IITA, cassava cultivars with low cyanogenic glucoside content have now been popularized.

Consequently, this project is designed to achieve the following aim and objectives.

  1. To collect samples of gari from Gari processing centres in Osun State.
  2. To evaluate the nutritional and cyanogenic contents of Gari samples collected.
  3. To compare the results of evaluation with the standard.

Chapter Five


5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Conclusion

Although the results of proximate analysis and Cyanogenic content of gari samples varied because of climate, weather and nutrient of the soil. The moisture content of all samples are higher than the limit recommended by the IITA,2005. improved processing method has been proposed as a suitable strategy to reduces moisture content and cyanide in cassava product. However, nutrients in all the gari samples analysed are in substantial quantities and Cyanogenic contents are generally lower and hence gari samples in Osun State are nutritious and lower in Cyanogenic glucosides.


5.2 Recommendation

Based on this work, Gari produced in Osun State is hereby recommended for all and sundry in Nigerian and abroad alike.


Nutritional Composition And Cyanogenic Content Of Gari Samples In Osun State


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Nutritional Composition And Cyanogenic Content Of Gari Samples In Osun State

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Nutritional Composition And Cyanogenic Content Of Gari Samples In Osun State


Disclaimer

This research material “Nutritional Composition And Cyanogenic Content Of Gari Samples In Osun State” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Nutritional Composition And Cyanogenic Content Of Gari Samples In Osun State” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.


How to defend your research work


This is a general guide on how to defend your research work:

1. Prepare For Questions:

If you are preparing for questions that may be asked during your defense, then your answers will flow smoothly and effectively. This will prove your knowledge on the subject e.g “Nutritional Composition And Cyanogenic Content Of Gari Samples In Osun State“, and strengthening your argument. Ask friends and family, read your work for them to listen to your presentation, and write down questions. You may be lucky the panel will ask you those you have already prepared on.

2. Strong Summary:

Summarizing your chapters will help keep your audience focused because it is easy for a mind to drift, so providing summaries will ensure your panel will follow along, even if they lose focus for a brief moment. Visual aides, such as graphs and power-point presentations can be very helpful. If you are going to use these, make sure you will practice your presentation with them.

3. Be Confident in Your Research Work:

Not knowing your topic “Nutritional Composition And Cyanogenic Content Of Gari Samples In Osun State” inside out will cause you to struggle and ultimately fail with your defense. You need to know the subject from every angle to ensure you are fully prepared for any question that may come your way.

4. Conclusion:

Reinforce your findings to conclude your defense. The finale of your presentation should focus on proving the work that has been done. You may need to recap on what has changed and remained unchanged, if is necessary.

5 . Listen:

Before you get defensive or recite a particular answer, make sure you truly understand the question being asked. Being a good listener is an important quality, because providing an inaccurate or off-topic answer will also weaken the validity of your paper.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.