Negative Influence Of ICT On The Academic Performance Of Junior Secondary School Students

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Negative Influence Of ICT On The Academic Performance Of Junior Secondary School Students


Abstract


The paper examines negative influence of ICT on the academic performance of junior secondary school students. All schools in Ikwo Local government area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria were selected for the study. Again, four objective questions were examined in the course of carrying out the investigation. A survey research method was employed. Data were collected using twenty-two structured items. The total population for the study was 400 respondents – 360 students and 40 teachers. The findings of the study was analyzed using simple percentage, frequency table and mean score. The result of the findings showed that ICT can take away valuable learning time, it can be overused, also it can turn educational experiences into games for students and thus enhances low academic performances, it also exposes students to porn sites and can distract them during class hours. The work also tried recommending possible solutions to this effect.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the study
  • 1.4 Research questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the study
  • 1.8 Definition of terms
  • 1.9 Organizations of the study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the study
  • 3.3 Sample size determination
  • 3.4 Sample size selection technique and procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of data collection
  • 3.7 Method of data analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the study
  • 3.10 Ethical consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Interpretation of Result

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

The role of technology in teaching and learning is rapidly becoming one of the most important and widely discussed issues in contemporary education policy (Rosen and Well, 1995; and Thierer, 2000). Most experts in the field of education agree that, when properly used, Information Communication Technology holds great promises to improve teaching and learning in addition to shaping workforce opportunities. This has actually gingered a new and strong desire to equip schools with computer facilities and qualified personnel necessary to produce technologically proficient and efficient students’ in developed countries of the world. Computer can aid the instructional process and facilitate students’ learning.

In Nigeria, secondary school teachers are using technology in the classroom more frequently than ever before. According to the National School Boards Association, students who are exposed to a high volume of technology perform as well as expected on standardized test, however technology can potentially do students a disservice if used inappropriately. When teaching using technology, instructors must be aware of the potential hindrances technology can bring to the learning process. Some of these negative effects of technology in today’s classroom are that it can take away valuable learning time, it can be overused, and it can also turn educational experiences into games for students.

Therefore, it is the intent of this study to identify the negative influences of Information Communication Technology on secondary schools and proffer possible solutions to this effects.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The proposed research framework of this study addresses social consequences of the deployment of ICTs, however this time among students and youths. According to Clarke (2010), the use of new technology in ways never originally envisaged has negative consequences for society. These negative social consequences arise through providing young children with new communications facilities without having a clear understanding of their needs for communication or their ability to deal with such new ICTs or communications channels, or how to encourage the positive usage and to discourage, or prevent usage leading to negative social consequences. Today’s ICTs are about to be replaced and surpassed by a new range of communication technological products and services. The next generation of ICT products and services will extend the power, reach, and universality of interworking and internetworking products. Pervasive and ubiquitous computing products, embedded and wearable communicating devices, and ad hoc networking technologies will bring a paradigm shift greater than that precipitated by the present ICTs such as the mobile phone, and also the complementary use of the internet and the mobile phone (Clarke, 2010). If these major problems and negative consequences, effects, and uses are not dealt with now, they will increase in a geometric progression that would outweigh the benefts of ICTs, thus a ecting development in the long run. To this e ect, this study investigates the negative use of ICTs and its implication on students, the education system, the community, and the nation.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The major purpose of this study is to examine the Negative Influence of ICT On The Academic Performance of Junior Secondary School Students. Other general objectives of the study are:

  1. Identify the ICT gadgets available to secondary schools in Nigeria.
  2. Establish the negative uses to which students put ICT gadgets at their disposal.
  3. Identify the negative impacts of Information Communication Technology in selected secondary schools in Nigeria.
  4. Proffer possible solutions that will reduce the negative use and effect of Information Communication Technology on secondary student in Nigeria.

1.4 Research Questions

Four research questions have been posed to guide this study;

  1. What are the ICT gadgets available to secondary schools?
  2. What are the negative uses to which secondary school students put ICT gadgets at their disposal?
  3. What are the negative impacts the Information Communication Technology on secondary school students’?
  4. How can the negative influences of Information Communication Technology be reduced.

1.5 Significance of the Study

The study findings will be of immense importance in educating the parents, teachers and the students on the negative impact of these technologies on the lives of the children and students which in turn affect the country at large by reducing the academic standard of students produced in the various institutions of learning within the country. The study shall therefore serve as a reference for further research.


1.6 Scope of the Study

This study covers the perception of teachers and students in the negative effect of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) junior Secondary schools in Port harcourt. Geographically, the study will cover all the junior government secondary schools in Port harcourt.


1.7 Limitation of Study

Finance, inadequate materials and time constraint were the challenges the researchers encountered during the course of the study.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Performance:

Performance according to Microsoft Encarta dictionary, (2009) refers to working effectiveness: the way in which somebody does a job, judged by its effectiveness. Performance also means, “accomplishment of something: the act of carrying out or accomplishing something such as a task or action”. In this study, Academic performance refers to students SSCE, and NECO examinations outcome‟. While academic activities refers to students outside classes activities including extra lessons, tutorial, their attendance of library and their reading at home.


1.9 Organizations of the Study

The chapter one consist of the introductory part of the study which includes the study background, the statement of the research problem, the study objective and scope of the study.

The second chapter is a critical review of other literatures relevant to the study and its objectives including the theoretical framework for the study. While the third chapter is methods of data collection, sampling and data analysis used in conducting the study. The fourth chapter centres around the research findings including an analysis of how it relates to previous findings. The fifth chapter consists of the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations base on the study objectives


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

This chapter presented the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations.


5.1 Summary

Most of the schools in Ikwo LGA uses ICT. Information communication technology like computer system, microscope and computer lab. are available in the secondary schools and other information communication technology like tape recorder, television, mobile phone, projector, micro phone and electronic notice board which are necessary are lacking in the secondary schools and it has affected the effectiveness of teaching and learning of chemistry.

Information communication technology facilities has motivated the students learning habits it has made their study easier, students are now capable to use information communication technology to achieve a wider knowledge on multimedia products. Information communication technology has made teacher to have wider opportunity to make research in internet to get information on subject matter and it has changed their mode to teaching and impacting knowledge.

Information communication technology facilities are facing a lot of challenges due to funding and lack of technical workers and because government could not fund the training of skilled technical workers it has led to them not to have enough knowledge on the appropriate software to use and power supply on its own has created a lot of problem for information communication technology facilities to be used when it is needed by the students.

The negative impact of ICT on secondary school students as seen in Table 3 includes; exposing them to pornographic sites, exposing them to gaming, distracting them during class hours, exposing them to moral corruption and lack of concentration/focus of attention to studies.


5.2 Conclusion

The results of the findings showed that ICT can take valuable learning time, it can be overused, also it can turn educational experience into games for students and thus enhances low academic performances, and it also exposes students to porn sites and can distract them during class hours. Finally, the problems associated with the negative influence of ICT on secondary students seem to be conquerable. From the results, it is clear that with combined efforts of parents, teachers and Government, a lot will be achieved in curbing this problem since children are the future of tomorrow.


5.4 Recommendation

Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations are hereby made:

  1. ICT gadgets are useful when mature minds operate them. In view of this, secondary schools authority (principal and teachers) should ensure that coming to school with these gadgets are prohibited.
  2. Counsellors should also organize activities and talks to educate students on the dangers of ICT gadgets.
  3. Likewise, Parents should keep an eye on their children at home. They should see to it that children at all-time do not engage in watching movies, Television and uneducated programs.
  4. Parents should also ensure that they desist from games and that they make appropriate use of their study time.
  5. Finally, Government on the other hand should provide schools with necessary instructional materials and teaching aids to enhance teaching and learning.

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Frequently Asked Questions


What are the negative impact of ICT on secondary school students?

The negative impact of ICT on secondary school students as seen in Table 3 includes; exposing them to pornographic sites, exposing them to gaming, distracting them during class hours, exposing them to moral corruption and lack of concentration/focus of attention to studies.

What is the relationship between ICT use and academic performance?

The direct link between ICT use and students’ and academic performance has been the focus of extensive literature during the last two decades. Some of them help students with their learning by improving the communication between them and the instructors (Valasidou and Bousiou, 2005).

How does information communication technology affect students academic performance?

Information communication technology has no impact on students academic performance. ICT stands for information & communication technologies. ICT refers to technologies that provide access to information through communications. It is similar to information technology (IT). “But primarily focuses on communication technologies.

Does information technology have a negative effect on child education?

The influence of information technology on a child’s educational performance varies from one situation to another. The negative effect on a particular child may be advantageous to the development of another child. The main aim of this study is to examine the negative effects of information technology on child-education. 

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