The Negative Impact Of Women And Child Trafficking

Project and Seminar Material for Sociology

The Negative Impact Of Women And Child Trafficking


Abstract


Human trafficking as a new trend meriminelity is often referred to as “modern day slavery”. Some people call it “the exploitation of the vulnerability of a person by a mother, having control over such person or for mainly exploitative purpose or financial gains, the manner of such exploitation very from force labor to sexual exploitation. Child labor and domestic slave force to obey another person all acts felt pity than love to slavery with money being the propelling factor for perpetrating such acts. There are internal and across the border trafficking. Child labor refers to the use of children of school age, normally bellow the age of 18years working to earn a living under conditions that impair their physical, cognitive emotional mental and social development and which also deprives them of opportunity for recreational activities and privileges of childhood.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Human trafficking as a new trend criminality is often referred to as “modern day slavery”. Some people call it “the exploitation of the vulnerability of a person by a mother, having control over such person or for mainly exploitative purpose or financial gains,the manner of such exploitation very from force labor to sexual exploitation. Child labor and domestic slave force to obey another person all acts felt pity than love to slavery with money being the propelling factor for perpetrating such acts. There are internal and across the border trafficking. Child labor refers to the use of children of school age, normally bellow the age of 18years working to earn a living under conditions that impair their physical, cognitive emotional mental and social development and which also deprives them of opportunity for recreational activities and privileges of childhood. This new dimension of crime is solid to be organized and studies have revealed that, there are syndicates (middlemen/women) that specialize in perpetrating the crime.

Trafficking is a violation of fundamental human right. Trafficking in persons is a global problem affecting large numbers of children some estimate have as many as 1.2 million children being trafficked every year. There is a demand for trafficked children as cheap labor or for sexual exploitation. Children and their families are then unaware of the dangers of trafficking believing that better unemployment all lives lay in other countries of the world like Germany, Nigeria, Japan, and Italy.

Human Trafficking and Child Labor

They are negative social vices prevalent in our societies in Nigeria intact in some communities people see nothing or at best little wrong about them. This is for the simple reason that the unwanted social acts are intertwined with their society way of living for example in Edo state trafficking in women especially young girls to Europe for prostitution is a common practice likewise in southern Kaduna the practice of giving our children (both male and female) for domestic labour as house – help is a common phenomenon such properties are in view of money being means of additional income to pass privileged parents. In the case of northern Kaduna the child labour prevent in the area is in the form of hawking wares by children (both male and female) instead of going to school or begging by street sides all in the name of assisting parents economically. At this junction, it is pertinent to define what human trafficking is in child labour for greater conceptualization side looking at factor behind them as well as their legal implications to the nation.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Human/child trafficking and labour has been a problem most associated with the African continent with more emphasis on human trafficking and child labour being on the West African sub region being the region worst hit with this menace. Human trafficking has significantly affected the reputation of Nigeria as investors struggle to invest in a country whose international image has been battered. This menace has also affected our socio economic development as a nation.


1.2 Objective of the Study

For the research to be meaningful and valid there should be a clearly defined objective of such survey aim at the following:

  1. To examine the impact of human trafficking on the economy of Nigeria
  2. To examine the efforts of government in stamping out human trafficking
  3. To see the effect of trafficking in the society
  4. To determine the efforts of law enforcement agencies in the fight against human trafficking

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

  1. H0: there is no the impact of human trafficking on the economy of Nigeria
    H1: there is the impact of human trafficking on the economy of Nigeria
  2. H02: there is no effect of trafficking in the society
    H2: there is effect of trafficking in the society

1.5 Significance of the Study

This outcome of this study would be hugely beneficial to the government and law enforcement agencies on the need to protect women and children against human trafficking and also development a holistic blueprint in stamping it out from Nigeria. This study would also be beneficial to scholars and researchers and the general public whose interest is on the study of human trafficking in Nigeria.


1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The scope of this project research is to view the rate of humans and children that have being involved in trafficking information from Nigeria immigration service, Antihuman trafficking unit Kaduna command. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study


1.3 Definition of Terms

Migration:

This is movement involving a change residence of substantial direction. On this ground of definition we should exclude the constant movement of postural nomads the temporary movement of tourist and the daily movement of commuters but there can be little justification for their exclusion merely because we have no satisfactory term which encompasses the numerous spatial movement of population.

Demography:

This is the scientific study of human structure and development.

Population:

This is the correlation of specified types of a given region of a particular point or period of time. Population is the total number of items under consideration.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was on the negative impact of women and child trafficking. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of the women and child trafficking


5.2 Summary

This study was on the negative impact of women and child trafficking. Three objectives were raised which included: To examine the impact of human trafficking on the economy of Nigeria, to examine the efforts of government in stamping out human trafficking, to see the effect of trafficking in the society, to determine the efforts of law enforcement agencies in the fight against human trafficking. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of Nigeria immigration service in Kaduna state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection.

Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made immigration assistants, inspectors of immigrations, assistant inspectors of immigration and senior inspectors of immigration were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

The findings from this study conclude that, women and child trafficking constitute a serious problem in Nigeria; Poverty, lack of parental education; family indebtedness; and Cultural practices and traditional attitudes are, to some extent, contributory factors. The practices of women and child trafficking place the victims at extreme risk of physical danger, psychological trauma, depression, sexual abuse, sexually transmitted infections including HIV. It is not that women and child trafficking has not been recognized as a hidden problem, it is, however, that the political will begin to tackle this problem in Nigeria has been that of non-commitment. The legal system is also weak and the institutions assigned the role of family and child welfare had failed to meet the challenges posed by this nationwide problem


5.4 Recommendation

  1. From available literature evidence, poverty, grinding unemployment and widening inequalities are the major push factors in the incidence of cases of the trafficking of women in Nigeria. Concerted efforts must be made to address the root causes of the trafficking of women, which among others are poverty and unemployment. Girls and women are more vulnerable to the false promises of traffickers when they are poor and see very little prospects of moving out of their state of deprivation.
  2. Since women are more vulnerable to trafficking, a social security policy should be put in place to enhance their access to education by providing them with scholarships. This has the added advantage of making the millennium development goals of ensuring rights for girls and child education acts more reachable. The policy should also aim at efforts to improve the low status of women, particularly at dispelling the economic disadvantages they face

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