A Morphological Analysis Of Verbs And Nouns In Adichies Purple Hibiscus

Project and Seminar Material for English Language

A Morphological Analysis Of Verbs And Nouns In Adichies Purple Hibiscus


Language and style never move beyond a concentration on the supremacy of words. Literary piece (such as novels) somehow contain meaning of style with language; effectively manipulated in ways that signal it as different from “ordinary” language. A morphological analysis of verns and nouns in Chimamanda Adichie’s “Purple Hibiscus” (2003) is carried out to educate, explicate and expose everybody that come across this study, in guiding them on how to analyze and understand these prose texts. It also examines the uniqueness of stylistics as it concerns both the combination of linguistics and literary study of the texts being reviewed. The data used to illustrate and substantiates our claims are systematically sourced from the selected Nigerian prose texts earlier mentioned. The lexico-semantic patterns and choices, the phonological, morphological, syntactic and graphological devices are the main stylistic elements coupled with rigorous in-depth analysis of the figurative language employed in selected prose texts which are used to prove our claims. Finally, we find that each of the elements however, has identifiable functions which contribute to the effective meaning of the texts. Therefore, it can be concluded that these elements trigger and play important roles in passing the intention of the writers/authors across their audience. Comparatively, this research discovers that Adichie borrows a lot from the famous Achebe’s manner of writing in simple free-flow linguistic and stylistic presentations, there is, nevertheless, a wide disparity in their sexist beliefs and ideological orientations. This implies that; Adichie subtly differs by pitching a camp with her gender lot – Feminism. This creates a wide valley between the two mountains.


Table Of Content

Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title Page
  • Declaration
  • Approval
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table Of Content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background To The Study
  • 1.2 Statement Of The Problem
  • 1.3 Aim And Objectives Of The Study
  • 1.4 Delimitation Of Study
  • 1.5 Limitation Of The Study
  • 1.6 Significance Of The Study

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Conceptual Review
  • 2.2 Morphology
  • 2.3 Fundamental Concepts
  • 2.4 Morphological Models

Chapter Three

3.0 Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Sources Of Data
  • 3.3 Data Analysis Technique

Chapter Four

4.0 Morpohological Analysis Of Adichie’S Purple Hibiscus

  • 4.1 Plot (Purple Hibiscus)
  • 4.2 Narrative Style In “Purple Hibiscus”
  • 4.3 Morphological Analysis Of “Purple Hibiscus”
  • 4.4 Graphological Analysis Of “Purple Hibiscus”
  • 4.5 Phonological Analysis Of “Purple Hibiscus”

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary And Conslusion

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • References

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background To The Study

The use of language is one of the most distinctive characteristics of the human species. Language is important to stylistics because it is a tool which obeys certain structural laws and which adapts itself to the requirement of the task for which it is used. It lends itself to creative manipulations that capture the changing dynamics of the society and the diverse linguistic needs of a writer, a set of systems from which he could make a choice to express his ideas. One major function of language is that it can easily lend itself to manipulative tools that can be used to condition people’s thoughts. It is language that is used to bring out the literary aesthetics of any creative work of literature. Word makes language and some words combine to deviate from the norm of language thereby attracting hearers’ and readers’ attention. This is mostly done in literature. One major way of relating language to literature is through stylistics.

Literature has often been conceived as a mirror of the society, as a reflection of life. Events in the society are the raw materials which are utilized by the literary artists in the writing of their texts. Literature is anchored in a particular moment of time while the writer is a product of his environment. This is achieved through the use of language, which is mostly used in an unusual way or as a deviation from the norm of language use. Literature derives its creativity from language and this can be seen through stylistics which is a method of textual interpretation in which primacy of place is assigned to language.

Viewing style from different perspectives, one can conceive of style as the individual. This means no two writers can write exactly the same way; so each writer has a particular style of writing that is peculiar to him. Adichie has been acclaimed for her literary works due to her peculiarity in language use in passing across her massage of reconstructing society. This study, therefore, seeks to investigate the use of language in Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus from a stylistic approach.

1.2 Statement Of The Problem

Scholarly studies on Adichie have attracted increasing interests in the literature in recent times, given her recognition as the new voice of Nigerian literature, who has already gained a measure of success that eludes many writers both within and outside Africa. Scholarship on Adichie’s works has generally shuttled between literature and linguistics. While studies from the literary perspective have generally dealt with the investigation of language as an aid to plot advancement, character presentation, thematic projection, and aesthetic achievement in her works, those from the linguistic angle have been limited to the investigation of the stylistic resources harnessed to realize her works.

This study, therefore, engages in the analysis of the morpho-syntactic features that characterize Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus in her use of language for communicative purpose.

1.3 Aim And Objectives Of The Study

The aim of this study is to analyze the morphological analysis of verbs and nouns in Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus, with the objectives of:

  1. Carrying out a stylistic analysis of the text.
  2. Discussing the morphological features in the text.
  3. Highlighting the syntactic features of the text.
  4. Examining the graphological features that foreground meaning in the text.

1.4 Delimitation Of Study

This research comes under the purview of stylistics. Indeed, it may be daunting to try to attempt a stylistic analysis using all the checklists or aspects available in the literatures. This study will, therefore, be limited to such aspects as the morpho-syntactic features that characterize the writer’s linguistic choices, and the graphological patterns that foreground meaning in the text.

1.5 Limitation Of The Study

It is not every word in the text that will be used for analysis. Only those that reflect the researcher’s intention will be considered for analysis. The findings from this study may not be used to generalize Adichie’s writing style especially regarding other texts by the same author. Also, this study is constrained due to limitations in time resources.

1.6 Significance Of The Study

This study is significant for the following reasons:

  1. The study is a revelation of the patterns and features of language use in Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus, especially in describing the morpho-syntactic features that underlie her linguistic choices and their relevance to the interpretation of the text.
  2. The research highlights the graphological patterns that help to foreground meaning in the text. These graphic elements that serve as visual aids to the encoding and decoding of the meaning of the language of the text are discussed.
  3. Also, the study shows that there is a semantic link or bond between linguistic elements and the visual or graphological elements used in the text, as both complement each other to decode meaning and interpretation. The study exposes the graphic patterns deployed in Adichie’s text to show their communicative or stylistic value as elements of foregrounding.
  4. Since stylistics cuts across both linguistic and literary fields, students, teachers and future researchers will benefit from this study in describing the linguistic aesthetics of Adichie’s writings, especially with regard to the morpho-syntactic features and graphological patterns that characterize her use of language. As such, the study is relevant as source materials for any literature review on Adichie.

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary and Conclusion

5.1 Summary

Literature aims at creativity using words and styles as its special tools. It is not in doubt that language is not separated from literature, which means that they are two sides of a coin. Language is important to human beings. They use it not only for communication but to present messages in a special and peculiar way. Literature could be used to teach students how to use language in different dimensions. This is because literature does not only provide a means of learning the language but serves as an important demonstration of the language in use (Nnaji, 2014).
To make a striking impression on one’s readers and stir up their emotions, nothing else could be done to achieve this purpose than employing the right and appropriate use of language. This work of research into stylistics; using the selected texts of Adichie’s and Achebe’s reveals that there is more to texts in terms of message and content than what is being obtained when a piece of writing is merely being written and read by the writers and the readers. Also, the author chooses his diction carefully to depict the themes of war, jealousy and personal honour.
Findings in this study clearly mark out Chimamanda Adichie’s style of writing as distinct from that of other African/Nigerian writers. The study shows that the writer is a sophisticated writer whose skill and use of language (verbs and nouns) stands out as being different from that of other writers.

5.2 Conclusion

This study concludes that the choice of words (whether verbs or nouns) used by a writer plays a very important role in meaning making. It helps the reader or the hearer to understand the intention and the message the writer is trying to pass across. Stylistics by this analysis has shown that there is a distinction between literary and literal language as a means of defining literature as a language that is manipulated in a way that shows that it is different from “ordinary” language use.

After having an understanding of the stylistic analysis of selected Nigerian text of Adichie’s, the researcher suggests to the readers, students and other researchers to enrich and improve their knowledge about stylistic theories, stylistic approach especially about figurative, imagery and message which are included in Literary works. By reading a prose text, it can widen our vocabulary which is one of the parts of the language learning components.

Besides the researchers does hope that students of English, who takes the subject of literature, will get additional knowledge and experience on how to use stylistics tools to analyze prose texts.

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