The Moral Decadence In Nietzsche’s Philosophical Writings

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The Moral Decadence In Nietzsche’s Philosophical Writings

Chapter Four

Critical Evaluation and Conclusion

4.1 Critical Evaluation

Morality is all concern with the question of right and wrong in human behaviour. Thomas Hobbes defined moral philosophy as “the science of virtue and vice. It is not whatever that gives happiness is morally right. This could be seen as the moral decadence of Nietzsche, because he followed one-sided notion of morality, which leads him to atheism. To live a moral life is a second nature of man. In other words, an immoral way of life is a self-destructive way of life. An immoral person has missed the way that leads to purer internal harmony, peace of mind, happiness and self-fulfilment. An immoral society is a sick society whereby everybody is dodging responsibility. An immoral society can be permeated with corruption, dishonesty, fraud, selfishness, embezzlement of public funds and other immoral acts. Life in such a society becomes extremely difficult, unbearable, insecure and unhappy. It is only moral regeneration of selfishness, and others like that could stabilize the society. Morality and law have both similarities and dissimilarities. Whether law is to be obeyed or not is an ethical question. There are certain laws that infringes on the rights of the people. There are equally unjust laws, which we ought not to obey. Law must conform to morality in its entire ramification.

The moral decadence in Nietzsche was as a result of limitation in human mind to ascertain what is beyond. Man’s inability to reconcile divine providence with the existence of evil resulted to atheism. Modern man wants only the finite goods of this earth rather than the absolute. But, before modern period, men regard God as a catalyst of man’s moral energy and as an indispensable being. But, during this new age, Nietzsche and Schopenhauer proclaimed pure will to be the essence of being, and transcendental assignment for man. This will to life or will to power became the prime mover of all activity. On this note, Nietzsche proclaimed to the whole world, the death of God. According to Heidegger, this expression comes originally from Plutarch and recurs in Paschal and in Hegel. Nietzsche compares the exit of God to a solar eclipse. Nietzsche asserts that God is dead because man has killed him.

God saw all man’s secret failures and man couldn’t allow such a witness to live. Modern man wants freedom to do whatever he wills but existence of God controls him. When they had succeeded in exorcising God from the world, they were very happy. They intone his ‘Requiem aeternam deo’.

Infact, we philosophers and ‘free spirits’ feel ourselves irradiated as by a new dawn, by the report that the ‘old God is dead’ our hearts overflow with gratitude, astonishment, presentiment and expectation. At last the horizon seems open once more, granting even that it is not bright; our ships can at last put out to sea in face of every danger; every hazards is again permitted to the discerner; the sea, our sea, again lies open before us; did such an ‘open sea’ exist.1

However, from critical evaluation of Nietzsche’s works, it points out what is boggling the mind of human beings. Could we be free from the fear of death, hell and so many other things, with the death of God? But, if there is no God, this world will be in a state of anarchy, and survival of the fittest thereby increasing our unhappiness. Also, we shall be in hell in this world. There is also a tendency of man forgetting God out of pride, because of their improvement in technology, arts, science and so on in this present age.

Following the concept of superman, man would like also to be a super god, owner of the universe. This is because man by nature is insatiable and would like to be the creator of the world. Man aspires to be above every other thing or person, in other words would like to own the world and control everybody. Man can also like God to be dead so that he can do whatever he feels good for himself without considering others. Nietzsche is the apostle of modern time. The answer is simply because Nietzsche keeps on fulfilling a prophecy about what he would do for mankind. Nietzsche wanted to prevent a situation whereby man will forget about God, because of recent development in science and technology. Dostoyevsky would say: “the west has lost God, that is why it is dying, that is the only reason”. Therefore, the only available remedy is for man to be led back to the love of God. It is only in embracing this “transcendental reality” that man can rediscover sanity and unfathomable wisdom of life.

4.2 Conclusion

A true philosopher constantly experiences, sees, hears, suspects, hopes, dreams about extraordinary things. He is a man who lives in himself and brings out a guiding principle for the world to choose. Nietzsche’s principle of radical creative individualism was a force that contributed to European development and at the same time, moral nihilism. Having so far toured the gamut of Nietzsche’s moral thought and other philosophers’ notion of morality, we come to realize that each person was talking from his inner thought. They were also speaking from observed facts and from their different schools of thoughts. The most important thing is that they were all saying the same thing, ‘the good must be done and evil avoided’.

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