Microbial Profile Of Suya Meat

Project and Seminar Material for Microbiology

Project and Seminar Material for Microbiology


Abstract


Ten (10) samples of suya meat in Enugu were collected randomly and analyzed microbiologically and the isolates were identified as Staphylococcus aureus (35%)Escherichia coli (15%) Streptococcus species (15%) Pseudomanas (35%) . The most frequently isolated organism was Staphylococcus and Pseudomonas. The total viable bacterial counts ranged from 1.9x 3.8x cfu/g whereas, total coliform count ranged 1.1x-3.0x cfu/g on MacConkey and Nutrient agar respectively. The result revealed that the hygienic condition of the meat have fallen below acceptable standard for human consumption.


List Of Tables


  • TABLE 1: Total viable and coliform counts (〖10〗^(0cfu/g))
  • TABLE 2: Characterization /identification of Isolate
  • TABLE 3: Frequency of occurrence of isolates

Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents
  • List of Tables

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Aim and Objectives

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Suya meat
  • 2.2 Preparation of suya
  • 2.3 Preparation of meat
  • 2.4 Meat spoilage
  • 2.5 Factors that affect the growth of microorganisms in meat
  • 2.5.1 Temperature
  • 2.5.2 pH
  • 2.5.3. Water availability
  • 2.5.4 Nutrients

Chapter Three

3.0 Materials and Methods

  • 3.1 List of reagents
  • 3.2 List of glassware
  • 3.3 Preparation of media
  • 3.4 Sample collection
  • 3.5 Preparations of samples
  • 3.6 Determination of total viable counts
  • 3.7 Characterization and Identification of Isolates
  • 3.7.1 Gram reaction
  • 3.7.2 Motility test
  • 3.7.3 Catalase test
  • 3.7.4 Coagulase test
  • 3.7.5 Oxidase test
  • 3.7.6 Urease test
  • 3.7.7 Citrate test
  • 3.7.8 Vogues Proskauer test
  • 3.7.9 Indole test
  • 3.7.10 Carbohydrate fermentation test
  • 3.7.11 Methyl red test

Chapter Four

4.0 Results


Chapter Five

5.0 Discussion, Summary, Conclusion And Recommendations.

  • 5.1 Discussion
  • 5.2 Summary and Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Meat is the flesh of animals which serves as food; it is obtained from sheep, cattle, goat and swine (Hamman, 1997). Meat is a major source of protein and have valuable qualities of vitamins for most people in many parts of the world, thus they are essential for the growth, repair and maintenance of body cells which is necessary for our everyday activities.

Meat could be traced back to human history, then when primitive men use raw flesh of dead animals, but as man developed, he domesticated as well as wild animals. Beef have been the major supply of meat in Nigeria as a result of extensive and semi-intensive cattle production system in Nigeria by Fulani and Hausa people of the northern Nigeria. (Umoh, 2004).

Suya meat is a boneless lean meat of mutton, beef, goat or chicken meat staked on sticks, coated with its sauces, oiled and then roasted over wood using a fire from charcoal. It is a popular, traditionally processed meat product that is served hot and sold along streets, at clubs, picnics centers, and restaurants and within institutions. Suya meat is one of the intermediate moisture products that are easy to prepare and highly relish which is a mass consuming fast food and its preparation and sales are usually not done with strict hygiene condition because they are still done locally.

Due to the chemical composition and characteristic, meat are highly perishable food which provides excellent source of growth of many hazardous microorganisms that can cause infection in human and also lead to meat spoilage and economic loss. The most important bacteria meat spoilage is caused by lactic acid bacteria which is physiologically related group of fastidious and ubiquitous gram-positive organisms, these includes many species such as Lactobacillus, Leuconostoc, Pediococcus and Streptococcus.

Since meat has a high nutritive value, microorganisms could easily grow on it. The possible sources of contamination are through slaughtering of sick animals, washing the meat with dirty water, handling by butchers, contamination by flies, processing close to sewage or refuse dumps environment, spices, transportation and use of contaminated equipment such as knife and other utensils. (Igyor and Uma, 2005).

The slaughtering process affords extensive contamination of sterile tissue with gram-negative enteric bacteria from animal intestine including Salmonella specieand Escherichia coli as well as contaminant such as gram-positive Lactic cocciassociated with humans, animals and the environment. Enterococci and Clostridiahave been isolated from lymph node of red meat animals (Lawries, 2000, Alexanderet. al. 1998).

Microorganisms grow on meat causing visual, textural and organoleptic changes when they release metabolite (Jackson et. al. 2001). The smoke produced as a number of effects including preservative effect resulting from the deposition of organic compounds all presents in the smoked product (Suya meat). (Dineenet.al.1999). A preservative effect is also induced by the surface drying that occurs to the extent of 30% total weight loss in hot smoked product. Antioxidant effect is produced by the phenolic deposite unto the product.

The microbial load in meat and meat product increases as long as growth conditions are favorable. The factor influencing microbial growth includes acidity pH, temperature, water activity, gaseous requirement, nutrient and competition of microbes for the nutrient. Controlling these factors implies maintaining long shelf life of meat and meat product but proper preservation of meat could be achieved by the combination of two or more preservation method which includes drying, salting and high temperature (Nester e, al 2001).


1.2 Aims And Objectives

This work is aimed at determining the microbial quality of suya meat sold in Enugu and has the following objectives:

  1. To isolate, characterize and identify microbial species associated with Suya meat.
  2. To establish the public health implication of consumption of Suya meat.
  3. To offer useful information where necessary to the consuming public.

Chapter Five


5.0 Discussion, Summary, Conclusion And Recommendations.

5.1 Discussion

Meat basically contains all the nutrients necessary for microbial growth and metabolism, making it susceptible to microbial contamination. In view of the material quality of meat and meat products must be ascertained to ensure safety from infection after consumption of such products and to promote quality assurance.

Laboratory analysis carried out on suya meat was collected randomly suya vendors in Enugu, Enugu state. Some microorganisms were isolated, in which the result was in consonance with the literature of Chukwura and Majekwu(2002) which stated microbiological analysis of meat samples in Awka urban Anambra state, indicated contaminated of meat sample with various bacteria species including Staphylococcus aureus, and some enteric bacteria Gilbert Harrison(2001)also affirm that meat contains certain amount of salt by so permit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus whereas, the presence of some members of the enteric bacteriacea family is due to contamination from intestine slaughtered animals.

Four organisms were isolated from the suya sample in view of the of the unhygienic condition of meat handling in Nigeria, the organisms isolated could always be suspected in connection with meat contamination and spoilage. The organisms include Staphylococcus specie, Streptococcus specie, Escherichia coli Pseudomonas specie.

The presence of Staphylococcus specie affirms the cross contamination through processing (Gilbert and Harisson 2001).Since it is normal flora of the skin. Raw meat is usually carried on the body by butcher in Nigeria due to lack of education (Dada et.al; 1993). Confirmed that coliform often results from the water used for washing the meat which of course is always contaminated.

Also presence of Escherichia coli probably may arose from the use of non –portable water during washing of raw meat (Umor,2004).

The meat also showed presence of pseudomonas aeruginosa, which usually occurs around soil, vegetation and even surface (Field, 2002).

On the whole, the critical points of contamination of suya meat are roasting, handling and reheating. So control contamination of contamination can be achieved if aseptic techniques of suya preparation process are observed.


5.2 Summary And Conclusion

Suya meat constitutes a great source of protein which is needed for body building and repair of worn out tissue in human. Advances in the microbial quality of suya meat is very important and adequate steps must be taken to prevent contamination and spoilage by microorganisms.

The organisms isolated from the suya meat indicate that the standards of preparation and preservation have not improved much over the years and facilities used for preparation are not sterile. Aseptic techniques are not adequately employed in the meat industries as so to reduce microbial load of meat and its products for safety consumption by consumers and thus prevent food-borne diseases or infections.


5.3 Recommendations

Quality control unit should established in meat processing industries in Nigeria and Hazard Critical Control Point ( HACCP) concept should be applicable to the processing and renderings.


Microbial Profile Of Suya Meat


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Microbial Profile Of Suya Meat

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Microbial Profile Of Suya Meat


Disclaimer

This research material “Microbial Profile Of Suya Meat” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Microbial Profile Of Suya Meat” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.


How to defend your research work


This is a general guide on how to defend your research work:

1. Prepare For Questions:

If you are preparing for questions that may be asked during your defense, then your answers will flow smoothly and effectively. This will prove your knowledge on the subject e.g “Microbial Profile Of Suya Meat“, and strengthening your argument. Ask friends and family, read your work for them to listen to your presentation, and write down questions. You may be lucky the panel will ask you those you have already prepared on.

2. Strong Summary:

Summarizing your chapters will help keep your audience focused because it is easy for a mind to drift, so providing summaries will ensure your panel will follow along, even if they lose focus for a brief moment. Visual aides, such as graphs and power-point presentations can be very helpful. If you are going to use these, make sure you will practice your presentation with them.

3. Be Confident in Your Research Work:

Not knowing your topic “Microbial Profile Of Suya Meat” inside out will cause you to struggle and ultimately fail with your defense. You need to know the subject from every angle to ensure you are fully prepared for any question that may come your way.

4. Conclusion:

Reinforce your findings to conclude your defense. The finale of your presentation should focus on proving the work that has been done. You may need to recap on what has changed and remained unchanged, if is necessary.

5 . Listen:

Before you get defensive or recite a particular answer, make sure you truly understand the question being asked. Being a good listener is an important quality, because providing an inaccurate or off-topic answer will also weaken the validity of your paper.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.