The Medicinal Component Of Cucumber And Anti-Microbial Of Cucumber

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Project and Seminar Material for Science Laboratory Technology (SLT)

Project and Seminar Material for Science Laboratory Technology (SLT)


Abstract


Cucumber is known as gourd” it is in the family of melon. It is a woody climber that grows in West Africa especially in china, Ghana and Nigeria. The plant is cultivated from earliest time in Nigeria for its edible nuts. Photochemical screening of n-hexane, ethylocetate, ethanol and water extracts of the seed obtained by the cold maccration method revealed the presence of alkaloids, tannins. Saponins glycosides and flavonoids. The extracts inhibited the growth of staphylococcus, epidermidis, streptococcus viridians and coliform bacillus.


Table Of Contents


Certification page i
Dedication ii
Acknowledgement iii
Abstract iv
Table of content v


Chapter One

1.0 Introduction
1.1 Cucumber benefits for great skin and eyes
1.2 Types of cucumber
1.3 Wax coating
1.4 Cucumber for eyes
1.5 Cucumber for skin
1.6 classification of cucumber


Chapter Two

2.0 Cosmetic benefit of cucumber
2.1 Benefit from cucumber mask
2.2 Health benefit from cucumber by eating them
2.3 The vitamins and minerals
2.4 Water
2.5 The reported uses
2.6 Administration
2.7 Hazards
2.8 Clinical considerations
2.9 Sea cucumber:food and medicine
2.10 Sea cucumber as a nutritional supplement
2.11 Preparation and uses of sea cucumber


Chapter Three

3.0 Materials and methods
3.1 Material
3.2 Sample collection and identification
3.3 Sample preparation and extraction
3.4 Phytochemical screening/qualitative analysis
3.5 test for Alkaloids
3.6 test for tannins
3.7 test for saponins
3.8 test flavonold
3.9 test for phenol
3.10 test for Glycosides


Chapter Four

4.0 Results


Chapter Five

5.0 Introduction, conclusion and recommendation
5.1 Conclusion
5.2 recommendation
Reference


Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

Cucumber known as “gourd” among the Igbo. Belongs to the family of melon and gourd, it is perennial woody climber commonly found in low bush especially in North of Nigeria, Ghana, and China.

The cucumber are long and cucumber cylindrical in shape and range in length from 3 inches to 2 feet. The seeds are sub-globdse about 1 inch diameter and with a hard shell. The seeds and edible even when raw they have a bitter taste and a tonic effect like cola. They are often eaten alone when cooked or with groundnut.

The plant is know among some Igbo communication for its medical efficacy. For example. The decotion of leaves and seeds when taken as beverage relives abdominal pains. The ground roots when diluted with water provides a soothing beverage for stress and reduce our under-eye dark circles.

In this study the phytochemical screening of extracts of the seed of cucumber is carried out with a crew to identifying the presence of the various chemical components. The antibacterial activity of the extracts is also investigated to find out the potency of these towards inhibiting bacterial growth.
The botanical name of cucumber is cucumis sativus


1.1 Cucumber Benefits For Great Skin And Eyes

Home:Fruit And Vegetable

Cucumber is a very edible fruit which comes from the cucumber plant cucumis sativus, which is part of the gourd family.

It is being used for different purpose it can be eaten raw or cooked, with so many health benefits it becomes one of the most important parts of food diet as well as skin died xxx?

Your skin has a many other purpose other than being beautiful and serving as an eye candy for everyone. It protects our internal organs from any of the external adversities as far as possible.


1.2 Types Of Cucumber

Dosakai:

a cucumber that is yellow in colour has a round shape and is available in added in chutriey, samber or soup, Daal and also in making. Dosa Aavakaaya (a type of indan pickle).

English Cucumbers:

these have very little in the way of seeds and can grow to around 2 (two) feet in length.

Mediterranean Cucumber:

– they skins are smooth with nearly seedless flesh, they have a mild taste.

Jepanse Cucumbers Or Kydri:

a dark green cucumber with a very bumply skin. Mainly used for slicing salads and pickling.
Cucumber can claim to be a water body as it has 90% water. It is known to be a cooling agent due to the water in it.

(Cucumber Sativus) Extract In Vegetable Glycerin :

reduces inflammation of dry and mature skin and keeps it soft and moist, contains binding proportion that control grease, keeping the skin fresh leaves the skin clean, soft, and fresh firming and tightening particularly around the eyes.

Cucumis Sativus:

it has been known for its cooling and refreshing effects. Relatively high in mineral content, cucumber is a valuable source of potassium, sodium, magnesium, salphur, silicon, chlorine and florine.

An Anti- Inflammatory:

it has an extremely soothing effect on the skin.

S:(N) Cucumber, (Cuke):

cylindrical green fruit with him green rind and white flesh eaten as a vegetable, related to melons.

The botanical name of cucumber is cucumis sativus.


1.3 Wax Coating

Cucumbers are a fragile fruit and most farmer wax the skin at the fruit from insects, or prevent damage while shipping. Most waxes contain compound such as easily alcohol, soaps mile allergy.
Excessive consumption of cucumber skin leads to the dangers of such harmful compounds entering the body.


1.4 Cucumber For Eyes

It is believed that cucumber helps in reducing swelling around the eyes or the big (dark circle under your eyes.)

This is world-wide treatment which is being used to its maximum extent.

Cucumbers are the most wonderful and natured eye pads you can find for yourself.

The pettiness and the tiredness in your eyes may just leave you; if you do this in a relaxed fashion these natural eye pads do wonders after a long days work.


1.5 Cucumber For Skin

If you want a happy skin, than cucumber is the answer, as cucumber and the skin share the same level of hydrogen, it becomes easier for cucumber to mask all the problem areas. It helps in soothing and softing your skin which can get you relaxed in no time.

With so many useful ingredients in cucumber it can help you in treating so many skin problems. It has becomes part of daily beauty product into face packs, facials, juice and many other things which can affect, it can be termed as a magic wand for all your skin problems. The cleaning and cleansing properly helps your skin tremendous making it soft and supple.

The regular intake of cucumber juice is very useful both internally and externally.


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How to nail it on the head during your project defence


You are through with writing that project. Now what?

You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.

  • How am I going to start?
  • I hope I will do well enough to get an A.

You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.

I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.

Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.


Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:

Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.


Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:

Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.


Speak With Authority:

Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.


Use, Your Gestures:

I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.


Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:

Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.


Make Sure You Know Your Work:

Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.


Prepare For The Questions:

Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.


These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.

SAMPHINA

SAMPHINA

Samuel Obiora Blessed is the CEO and founder of samphina.com.ng a.k.a Nigeria Students Media, the youngest engineering graduate of Federal Polytechnic Nekede in 2017 and the engine brain behind this great platform. He is the man behind the scene, filled with many potentials. A musician as well as a developer with the interest of Nigeria students at heart. If you need a professional website, contact him via WhatsApp or phone call @ 08143831497 to get the best.

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