Mass Failure In Secondary School External Examinations And It’s Effects On The Students In Ekwusigo Local Government Area In Anambra State

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Mass Failure In Secondary School External Examinations And It’s Effects On The Students In Ekwusigo Local Government Area In Anambra State


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine investigation to the mass failure in secondary school external examinations and it’s effects on the students in Ekwusigo local government area in Anambra state. Specifically, the study examined out the percentage level of mass failure in Nigeria. the factors contributing to mass failure in Nigeria. if there is any policy formulated by the education ministry stop mass failure. the family factor contributing to the incase rate in mass failure in the selected local government Local Government, Anambra State. The study employed the survey descriptive research design. A total of 77 responses were validated from the survey. From the responses obtained and analysed, the findings revealed that The percentage level of mass failure in Nigeria is high. Also, failure of parents to provide necessary materials for their children to work with in school is one of the factors contributing to mass failure in Nigeria. Furthermore, family breakdown is one of the factors contributing to mass failure in Nigeria. And finally lack of proper guidance by parents is one of the factors contributing to mass failure in Nigeria. The study recommend that the teachers, parents, schools and government should live up to expectation in creating the enabling environment for the students to perform well in their studies. Also the students should study hard to come out in flying colours in their academic performance.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Educational system in Nigeria is the abysmal failure of students in public examinations, particularly at the secondary level of education. According to Uduh (2009), the high percentage of candidates who failed WASSCE yearly is reflected in the low percentage of the candidates that meets the university admission requirements. The situation is so pathetic that stakeholders keep on wondering why this level of education has persistently failed to meet the yearnings and aspirations of the society. Apart from the fact that the mass failure of students in public examinations constitutes wastage on investment in secondary education, it puts a big question mark on the quality of secondary education in the country. Each time the results of students in Senior school Certificate Examination (SSCE) are released, it has been a tale of woes and national embarrassment. Various captions in the dailies point towards mass failure of students in the SSCE. Some of these captions include, ‘79% fail English Language as NECO releases SSCE’, ‘NECO records mass failure in June/July SSCE’, ‘Mass failure in both the WASSCE and SSCE’, ‘Mass failure in public examinations: a national disaster’, ‘Examination failure: endless shame of a nation’. In the past five years, most of the students who sat for the SSCE each year did not have credit passes in at least five subjects including English Language and Mathematics. The situation is getting worse every year. Examinations could be internally or externally conducted. Internal examinations are usually developed and administered by schools using teacher-made tests. These could be conducted on weekly, termly or end of the school-year. External examinations are developed and administered by public examinations bodies. The public examinations bodies in Nigeria include West African Examinations Council (WAEC), the National Examinations Council (NECO), the National Business and Technical Examinations Board (NABTEB), the National Teachers’ Institute (NTI) and the Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB) among others. Pathetically, shameful failure in students’ academic performance in Nigeria is no longer news in the recent years. This axiomatically noted in the public’s unhappiness which becomes more prominent following the annual release of the West Africa Senior School Certificate Examination results, since the student outcomes do not match the government and parental investments both at the senior secondary schools and tertiary institutions. The situation is so pathetic that stakeholders keep on wondering why this level of education has persistently failed to meet the yearnings and aspirations of the society.

Mass failure of students in external in Nigeria examinations can be looped to different factors that can be categorized into the domains of parents, students, teachers, schools, government and the society. In other words, the causes of mass failure of students in public examinations are multi-dimensional in nature.Parents performs a very important roles in the education of their children. Apart from them paying their children school fees, they buys textbooks, buys uniforms and some other materials their children needs, parents are not just to buy the required material alone they are also expected to supervise, monitor and help their children in their academics also give them a good moral training and advise. Parents are also expected to visit their children schools from time to time so as to find out how their children and wards are behaving and coping with a view to taking corrective measures where and when necessary. However, failure of parents playing these roles could negatively affect the academic performance of the students. Studies have shown that the poor academic performances of students are caused by the parents. According to Ajala & Iyiola (1988), polygamous families contributed to poor academic performance of the students. Parents’ inability to provide breakfast, textbooks and basic school needs for their children, less interaction with children’s teachers and less involvement in the Parents-Teachers Association (PTA) resulted in poor academic performance of students (Etsey, 2005). Akanle (2007) also identified insufficient parental income and family type as causes of poor academic performance. Moreover, other causes of mass failure of students in public examinations that could be traced to the parents include lack of proper guidance by parents, failure of parents to provide necessary materials for their children to work with in school and family breakdown (Ajayi & Ekundayo, 2010).However this study is aimed at investigating the causes and proffer solutions to mass failure in external examination.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Pathetically, shameful failure in students’ academic performance in Nigeria is no longer news in the recent years. This axiomatically noted in the public’s unhappiness which becomes more prominent following the annual release of the West Africa Senior School Certificate Examination results, since the student outcomes do not match the government and parental investments both at the senior secondary schools and tertiary institutions. The situation is so pathetic that stakeholders keep on wondering why this level of education has persistently failed to meet the yearnings and aspirations of the society.

Mass failure of students in external in Nigeria examinations can be looped to different factors that can be categorized into the domains of parents, students, teachers, schools, government and the society. In other words, the causes of mass failure of students in public examinations are multi-dimensional in nature.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main objective of this study is to investigate and find out the reasons, causes and proffer solution the problem mass failure in external examination in Nigeria. The specific objectives that guide the study are:

  1. To find out the percentage level of mass failure in Nigeria.
  2. To investigate the factors contributing to mass failure in Nigeria
  3. To find out if there is any policy formulated by the education ministry stop mass failure
  4. To discover the family factor contributing to the incase rate in mass failure

1.4 Research Questions

The following research question will guide the researcher during the course of this research:

  1. What factors contribute to mass failure in Nigeria?
  2. Is there any policy to decrease the level of mass failure in Nigeria?
  3. What family factors affect the student’s performance in external exam?
  4. What is the percentage level of the increase in mass failure in Nigeria?

1.5 Significance of the Study

This study will expose the teachers, government parents and other stakeholders involve in formulating education policy in Nigeria on the causes of mass failure and the effect it has on our economy.

Also this study will serve as reference to other researcher that would embark on the same research in the nearest future.


1.6 Scope of the Study

This study investigate mass failure in secondary school external examinations and it’s effects on the students in ekwusigo local government area in anambra state.


1.7 Delimitation of the Study

The major problem encountered during this research is time and insufficient fund, this study is supposed to cover at least 10 states in Nigeria but due to the financial constraint to visit those the researcher has to limit the samples to just two states.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Investigation:

A formal research conducted to find causes of an event

Causes:

Factor that contributes to the happening of an event

Mass:

Large no of people

Failure:

Not meeting a desired or specified result

External Examination:

Test conducted or set outside the school where the exam will take place.


1.9 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows.

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In this study, our focus was to examine an investigation to the mass failure in secondary school external examinations and it’s effects on the students in ekwusigo local government area in Anambra state using selected secondary schools inekwusigo local government area in Anambra state as a case study. The study specifically was aimed at highlighting the level of mass failure in Nigeria. the factors contributing to mass failure in Nigeria. if there is any policy formulated by the education ministry stop mass failure. the family factor contributing to the in case rate in mass failure

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 77 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are drawn from teachers of the selected schools in ekwusigo local government area in Anambra state.


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the finding of this study, the following conclusions were made:

  1. The percentage level of mass failure in Nigeria is high
  2. Failure of parents to provide necessary materials for their children to work with in school is one of the factors contributing to mass failure in Nigeria
  3. Family breakdown is one of the factors contributing to mass failure in Nigeria
  4. Lack of proper guidance by parents is one of the factors contributing to mass failure in Nigeria
  5. There is no policy formulated by the education ministry stop mass failure
  6. Parental level of education is one of the factor contributing to the increase rate in mass failure
  7. Parental occupation is one of the factor contributing to the increase rate in mass failure
  8. Family size and type of family is also one of the factor contributing to the increase rate in mass failure

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. The teachers, parents, schools and government should live up to expectation in creating the enabling environment for the students to perform well in their studies
  2. The students should study hard to come out in flying colours in their academic performance
  3. It is further recommended that adequate supply of teaching and learning materials, provision of motivation to teachers, proper recruitment and in-service training should be available for teachers

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