Maritime Piracy And Terrorism In Nigeria (A Case Study Of NN Jubilee Ikot Abasi)

Project and Seminar Material for Nautical Science

Maritime Piracy And Terrorism In Nigeria (A Case Study Of NN Jubilee Ikot Abasi)


Abstract


The paper examines Maritime Piracy And Terrorism In Nigeria. A Case Study OfNn Jubilee IkotAbasi. The study contained five chapters. Chapter one discussed the introduction of the study. It contains the background to the study, statement of problem, research questions and objectives amongst others. Chapter two reviewed relevant literatures related to the study in the context of conceptual review, theoretical review and empirical review. Chapter three presented the research methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four contained the presentation and discussion of results. Chapter five contained the summary of findings, conclusion, recommendations and suggestions for further studies.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The rapid increase of maritime piracy has evoked renewed attention in recent times according to 2010 official report by the International Maritime Bureau (IMB). The activities of pirates which concentrated in Asia has extended significantly to Somali and Nigeria waterways; owing to a combination of factors which include, the impact of globalization, which has led to global trade and commerce, technological advancement, weapons proliferation and terrorism. According to Article 101 of the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) , piracy is defined as any illegal acts of aggression or incarceration, or any act of destruction committed for private ends by the crew or the passengers of private ship or a private aircraft, and directed: (1) on the high seas, against another ship or aircraft, or against persons or property on board such ship or aircraft; (2) Against a ship, aircraft, persons or property in a place outside jurisdiction of any state; b) Any act of intentional participation in the operation of a ship or of an aircraft with knowledge of facts making it a pirate ship or aircraft. C) Any acts of inciting or of intentionally facilitating an act described in subparagraph (a) or (b).A further definition given by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), view piracy as an act of boarding any vessel with the aim of committing theft or any other crime and with the intent or capability of using force in the realization of the act”. Based on reports from the IMB statistics Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships Annual Reports, there were a total of 1,434 incidents of piracy in Africa between 2003 and 2011 (Jose, 2003; Onuoha, 2012). Beginning from 2007, the number of attacks has been on the increase. The study seeks to appraise maritime piracy and terrorism in Nigeria. A case study of NN Jubilee Ikot Abasi.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The increase of piracy in the Nigerian water ways has constitute a major challenge to the free flow of trade and development of commercial activities in Nigeria. Since 2007, the number of attacks has been on the increase. These pirates are known to be violent and armed with sophisticated arms and weapons like AK-47s. They use speedboats to attack and dispossess crew of cash, cargo and valuables, when the vessel is at anchor or in harbor, but mostly close to shore (Simpson, 2009; Abdullahi, 2010). Malaquais (2012). They are also involved in the sophisticated operations of illicit taking of oil and selling it at the black market.

The problem confronting the study is to appraise maritime piracy and terrorism in Nigeria. A case study of NN Jubilee Ikot Abasi.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The Main Objective of the research is to appraise maritime piracy and terrorism in Nigeria. A case study of NN Jubilee Ikot Abasi;

The specific objectives include

  1. To determine the nature of maritime piracy and terrorism.
  2. To determine the level of maritime piracy and terrorism in Nigeria.
  3. To determine the role of NN Jubilee Ikot Abasi in curbing the activities of maritime piracy and terrorism in Nigeria.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What is the nature of maritime piracy and terrorism?
  2. What is the level of maritime piracy and terrorism in Nigeria?
  3. What is the role of NN Jubilee Ikot Abasi in curbing the activities of maritime piracy and terrorism in Nigeria?

1.5 Statement of the Hypothesis

The statement of the hypothesis for the study is stated in Null as follows

  • HO The level of maritime piracy and terrorism in Nigeria is low.
  • HO The role of NN Jubilee Ikot Abasi in curbing the activities of maritime piracy and terrorism in Nigeria is not effective.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The research proffers an appraisal of maritime piracy and terrorism in Nigeria. A case study of NN Jubilee Ikot Abasi. It provides relevant data for the effective formulation and implementation of policies to enhance the realization of envisaged objective.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The research proffers an appraisal of maritime piracy and terrorism in Nigeria. A case study of NN Jubilee Ikot Abasi.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

The study was confronted with logistics and geographical factors.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Maritime Piracy Defined

piracy is defined as any illegal acts of aggression or incarceration, or any act of destruction committed for private ends by the crew or the passengers of private ship or a private aircraft, and directed: (1) on the high seas, against another ship or aircraft, or against persons or property on board such ship or aircraft; (2) Against a ship, aircraft, persons or property in a place outside jurisdiction of any state; b) Any act of intentional participation in the operation of a ship or of an aircraft with knowledge of facts making it a pirate ship or aircraft. C) Any acts of inciting or of intentionally facilitating an act described in subparagraph (a) or (b).


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Summary

This study focused on Maritime Piracy and Terrorism in Nigeria. A Case Study of NN Jubilee IkotAbasi. The study was set to address three research objectives.

The objectives which include:

  1. To determine the nature of maritime piracy and terrorism.
  2. To determine the level of maritime piracy and terrorism in Nigeria.
  3. To determine the roles of NN Jubilee IkotAbasi in curbing the activities of maritime piracy and terrorism in Nigeria.

Based on the above stated objectives and the study carried out, the following findings were made:

  1. That piracy endangers civilians, can disrupt the economy, encourages corruption, and could trigger an environmental disaster.
  2. That piracy and maritime terrorism are on the rise.
  3. That Stationing house boats in various creeks and estuaries for easy patrolling; the use of locally produced Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) for air surveillance of Nigerian coastal waters and relevant international conventions on piracy and armed robbery at sea are implemented are the roles of NN Jubilee Ikot Abasi in curbing the activities of maritime piracy and terrorism in Nigeria.

5.2 Conclusion

The main purpose of this study is to assess Maritime Piracy and Terrorism in Nigeria. A Case Study of NN Jubilee IkotAbasi. The study was set to address three research objectives. Three research questions guided the study.
In this study, a survey research design was adopted, the population comprises all personnel of the NN jubilee, IkotAbasi, a simple random sampling technique was used to select 28respondents for the study and a questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. Relevant literatures were reviewed which guided the objectives and methodology of this study. As result of the field study and analysis of results, the following findings were made:

  1. That piracy endangers civilians, can disrupt the economy, encourages corruption, and could trigger an environmental disaster.
  2. That piracy and maritime terrorism are on the rise.
  3. That Stationing house boats in various creeks and estuaries for easy patrolling; the use of locally produced Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) for air surveillance of Nigerian coastal waters and relevant international conventions on piracy and armed robbery at sea are implemented are the roles of NN Jubilee Ikot Abasi in curbing the activities of maritime piracy and terrorism in Nigeria.

5.3 Recommendations

Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations are made:

  1. One of the findings of this study reveal that piracy and maritime terrorism are on the rise, therefore this study suggests that legal and operational measures should be currently put in place to combat piracy.
  2. In addition to this, the UNCLOS, SUA Convention and SUA Protocol should be implemented; the Conventions when implemented, can to a large extent, solve the piracy problem in Nigeria.
  3. Furthermore, piracy can be reduced if land based problems are addressed.

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