Management And Maintenance Of Housing Estate (A Case Study Of Aladimma Housing Estate Imo State)

Project and Seminar Material for Estate Management

Management And Maintenance Of Housing Estate (A Case Study Of Aladimma Housing Estate Imo State)


Abstract


Identifying common building component problems in relation to housing estate and understanding of building materials which are involved in building maintenance explained in this presentation are considered as part of the process of preserving and conserving building.

This research work examined the issue of maintenance and management of Housing Estate Owerri. Chapter one of this research serves as an introduction which outline the background of the study, statement of the problems, arms /objectives of the study Aladima housing estate Owerri Imo state. Chapter two out line the literature reviews.

Definition of special terms and also introduces the reader to some housing policies. The third chapter sewes as the research methodology when all the sources and method of data collection used in this presentation are explained. Chapter four is the core of the research work whom data collection from the field are presented and analyzed.


Table Of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of problem
  • 1.3 Aims of the study
  • 1.4 Objectives of the study
  • 1.5 Scope of the study
  • 1.6 Limitation of the study

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 The concept of management
  • 2.3 Buildings components and life span

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research design
  • 3.2 Study area
  • 3.3 Research population and sample size
  • 3.4 Procedures for processing and Analyzing collected data

Chapter Four

4.0 Data presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data presentation

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary Of Findings, Conclusion, And Recommendation.

  • 5.1 Summary Of Findings
  • 5.2 Conclusions
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • References
  • Appendix
  • Questionnaire

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction


1.1 Background Of The Study

Although it is tempting to imagine that all old building or estate were soundly and robustly built this is not necessarily true. Perhaps this study is looking into maintenance and management of housing estate, using Aladimma housing estate Owerri as a case study. In fact medieval structures may not have foundation in the sense that we would think of them whilst Georgian or Victorian buildings might have an outer face of stone tied back to susceptible to rust. There can also be a considerable difference in the quality and durability of the stone itself-granite is generally though to be a very hard wearing stone whilst some lime stones, for example clunch or chalk, are very soft and may be more prone to decay. Flint, no the other hand, is a very durable material but its rounded shape can make it difficult to blocks of masonry.

The issue of in appropriate repairs frequently crops up when dealing with historic buildings in some housing estate. One of the most common is the use of modern cement mortar to repair old walls. Whilst walls do need to be repainted from time to time to protect them from the weather, using a cement mortar is likely to increase the rate of decay and cause a great deal of damage. Such work is usually carried out with the best of intentions but is ultimately harmful to the building fabric. In such a case, it would have been specification for the reporting works and appoint a contractor familiar with traditional lime mortars. Other examples are the use of chemically injected damp proof courses or the application of proprietary water repellent solutions or modern emulsion paints to old walls.

Such products will often prevent the proper evaporation of moisture from the wall and can exacerbate any inherent problems of dampness. However, in most cases neglect is the main signs of premature building decay. The tell table signs of neglect include broken rain water goods, blocked air grilles and plants growing in gutters. All of these problems will encourage moisture to penetrate the fabric and prevent its evaporation. If the fabric becomes excessively damp this might lead to blistering paint and plaster, increased rates of decay in masonry and the possibility of timber decay and excessive fluctuations in temperature can also encourage the movement of soluble salt in masonry structures. Salt movement is characterized by blooms of white crystals on the surface of walls (efflorescence) and can cause considerable damage to plaster and paint work.

In extreme cases, problems caused by excess moisture might even lead to walls becoming unstable, a potential serious structure. Prolonged exposure to acid rain can start to dissolve some lime stones and will also corrode metal ties and fastenings. During rain can penetrate deep into solid walls where the painting is missing or decayed and condensation in a poorly veritilated building can lead to mould growth or encourage decay in timber work. Frost can also contribute to the breakdown of building material. If there is too much moisture in porous walling materials, this can freeze in winter. As the moisture freezes, it expands and can shatter the surface of old bricks and tiles. This process can have a dramatic effect if the cycle is repeated a number of time over the winter season. Storm damage and high winds may also play a part as they dislodge slates, tile and lead work.

The natural world can have a devastating effect on old buildings too. Tree roots can disrupt foundations and some climbing plants such as mature ivy, can be strong enough to force rain water goods away from the wall if allowed to grow behind them. Although it may look attractive, ivy can cause a great deal of walling and should not be encouraged. Even small plants can become a problem as their roots will tend to break down mortar and may even force joints open allowing water to penetrate into the fabric.

Though protected by law, some animal species, such as bats, can have a negative impact on fabric and fittings. Eradiance of bats roosting in the roof spaces may include scatterings of dropping and traces of urine on furniture and floors. Masonry bees may borrow a nest in soft mortar points whilst birds can cause problems when they choose ecclesiastical buildings as nesting sites. Twigs, debris and indeed dead birds are common causes of wood peckers preferring shingled spires to living trees.

Under the heading of the natural world we may also include the wood destroying fungi commonly known as sweet and dry rot. Dry rot (serpula lacrymans) is the most aggressive wood destroying fungus and thrives in unventilated voids. It often has a musty smell and can develop into grey or white cotton wool like sheets with ting orange spots. Wet rot is a generic term that refers to decay occurring in very damp conditions. An example is the cellar rot fungus (coniophora puteana), which may be identified by dark brown strands appearing on the surface of the timber. This fungus commonly causes exposed wood to soften and lose strength. Where there is rot we may also expect to find wood boring insects such as furniture belle (wood worm) and the larger death watch beetle at work as they are attracted to warm, damp, unventilated condition flight holes and bore dust are typical symptoms.

It should be remembered that these fungi and insects all have one things in common they generally only cause significant damage here dampness exists. If rot insects are present this indicates an underlying building problem. Conversely, because dry timber is less vulnerable to attack successfully arresting decay involves eliminating moisture and promoting drying.


1.2 Statement Of Problems

The following have been identified at the course of carrying out this research work as the problems of building that affect the maintenance and management of Housing Estate. Lack of maintenance example of such are peeling of paints, peeling of paints usually occurs on building facades, walls, columns and other areas which are exposed to excessive rain and dampness.

Roof defects (Licking of roof), besides being one of the main structures in a building , the roof acts as a weather shied, giving protection to users or occupants from rain and sun. Therefore it is important not to neglect the roof but to threat any aging roof titles. Cracking of walls is not also to be neglected.

The use of inferior materials: these can lead to the collapse of a building on cause five out break in a building.


1.3 Aims Of The Study

This research work seeks in identifying and examining the issue of maintenance and management of housing Estate.


Objectives Of The Study

  1. To determine if peeling of paint affect the maintenance and management of housing estate.
  2. To elicit whether cracking of walls has an effect on the maintenance of housing estate.
  3. To know if insect or termite attacks has an effect on the value of property in housing estates.
  4. To determine whether defective plastered rendering reduces the value of property in Aladinma housing estate.

1.5 Scope Of The Study

The scope of this research work largely centers on the maintenance and management of housing estate, using shell Aladinma housing estate as a case study.


1.6 Limitation Of The Study

At the course of carrying out this research work, the researcher was faced with some constraints which perhaps posed as a major challenges to the successful completion of this work. Some of these challenges include financial constraints, time constraints as well as difficulty in gathering the necessary data for the work, but against all these odds the researchers is determined to successfully accomplish this wonderful academic exercise.


Chapter Five


Summary Of Findings, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Summary Of Findings

This research work examined the issue of maintenance and management of housing estate, a case study Aladinma housing estate owerri two selected property companies (equity property and Okorie and co property managers) in owerri were used to pilot this study.

The findings gave an insight into how the staff of the two companies reviewed the issue of the decay of building components on property value from the analysis of data, the following findings were obtained.

  1. Peeling of paint affect the maintenance and management of housing estate.
  2. Cracking of walls has an effect on the maintenance and management of housing estate.
  3. Insect or termite attacks has an effect on their value of property of housing estate.
  4. Defective plastered rendering reduces the value of property in Aladinma housing estate.
  5. There is a significant relationship between maintenance and management of housing estate.

5.2 Conclusion

Identifying common building components problem in relation to housing estate and understanding of building materials which are involved in building maintenance explained in this presentation are considered as part of the process of preserving and conserving building. Reasons for building conservation, adopting proven techniques and treatments, maintaining the market and architectural values are few examples of areas that one should have a knowledge of before practicing value has been affected as a result of that

From the summary of finding research, the researcher put forward the following conclusion;

  1. Building age
  2. Location of building
  3. Building type and change in use
  4. Climatic conditions.
  5. Dampness penetration through walls.
  6. Poor foundation or unstable foundation.
  7. Roof defects
  8. Decayed floor Board.
  9. Cracking or leaning of walls.
  10. Insects or termite attack
  11. Defective plaster rendering.

Therefore mentioned factors amongst others are some of the factors that causes the decay of building components which affect the value of the property.


5.3 Recommendations

After putting down the summary of findings and subsequent conclusion of this research work the following recommendation are hereby put forward;

  1. There is every need for external walls to be structurally sound in order to distribute loads roofs and floors to foundations effectively. Cracks in wall, either vertical or diagonal are common symptoms of structural insatiability. Such defects should be investigated on the cause diagnosed in either the foundations, weak materials and joints or any shrinkage or thermal movements such as timber window frames.
  2. There should be proper fixing of the walls especially by means of projecting leads ears or lugs. Also there is need for sizable gutters or down pipes to channels the passage of water property. Where the routines of building inspections and maintenance have been neglected, the rain water goods can be easily exposed to all sorts of defects.
Roof Defects

Besides being one of the main structures in a building, roof may act as a weather shield, giving protection to users or occupants from rain and sun, therefore, it is important to treat any aging roof from insect or termites attacks.

Unstable Foundations

Foundations are apart of a building which distributes loads from roofs walls and floors on to the earth below. They are structurally important to the performance of a building and if this is lacking there is no point of spending large sums of money on other superficial restoration work. Most of the common problems occurred in the foundations depends on the geology of the ground upon which a building stands and is surrounded by, structural failures and presence and height of a water table. Besides, inherent failures may also happen in a building in which it has to cope and carry any unsettled problems of the foundation.

A famous example is the leaning tower of pisa in Italy of which inherent failures caused by corrections made during construction combined with traffic vibrations, deep construction and abstraction of water from deeper layers of soil have led to its present leaning position. It is important to understand that all of the common problems of the foundations may lead to unstability of the building structures, causing unsafely to users or occupants unstable foundations may occur because of several reasons including shrinking clay soil, resulting when the sub-soil is drying and water table is low which no longer holds the structure above. Penetration ,presence of heavy rain, heavy construction near an historic building and lowering of water tables, usually by hard landscaping and road areas.

Unstable foundations may also occur traffic vibrations, deteriorating of building materials and the increased loads particularly when there are charges in building function.


Management And Maintenance Of Housing Estate (A Case Study Of Aladimma Housing Estate Imo State)


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