Management Of Instructional Facilities And Teachers Job Effectiveness In Public Senior Secondary School, Lagos State Education District V

Educational Management Project and Seminar Material

Management Of Instructional Facilities And Teachers Job Effectiveness In Public Senior Secondary School, Lagos State Education District V


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the management of instructional facilities and teachers job effectiveness in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District v. the study specifically aimed at determining if there is an adequate provision of instructional facilities in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.; finding out whether the available instructional facilities are effectively managed and maintained in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.; determining whether the management of instructional facilities significantly influences teachers class room effectiveness; ascertaining whether teachers contribute significantly to the management of instructional facilities in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.; and ascertaining whether there is a significant relationship between the management of instructional facilities and teachers performance in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprised of teachersin some selected public senior secondary schools located in Lagos State Education District v.In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 160 respondents and 150 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables, while the hypotheses was tested using Pearson Correlation Statistical tool, SPSS v23.The result of the findings reveals that journalists encounter problems in their effort at sustaining democracy in the present democratic dispensation. The findings also reveals that there is a significant relationship between the management of instructional facilities and teachers performance in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.Therefore, it is recommended that holistic approach to facility management should be adopted suchthat all stakeholders become involved in the provision, utilizationand maintenance of the facilities. And training programmes on maintenance and utilization should beorganized for handlers of facilities by the ministries of education or concerned authority. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organization of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses
  • 4.5 Discussion of Findings

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • 5.4 Suggestion for Further Studies
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Instructional facilities management is an essential tool in the achievement of secondary school objectives. The effective and efficient management of instructional facilities contributes immensely to high quality development in education. Oluremi, (2018) stated that “the attainment of good instructional facilities management requires committed and qualified principals”. Instructional facilities are made up of the school land and all the physical structures on it. It also includes the site, buildings, physical equipment, recreational spaces and books used for the achievement of educational objectives (Onwurah, 2018). From these views, instructional facilities simply means the location, fixed structures and movable materials in school. High educational standards are achieved when Instructional facilities are effectively managed in schools. This is when students live in clean, attractive and pleasant learning environment, classrooms and hostels in good working conditions, the laboratories, libraries, and workshops well equipped. Adeyinka, Asabi, &Adedotun, (2019) in their recognition of the need for instructional facilities and effective performance of educational programs noted that “For effective teaching and learning situations, instructional facilities and educational goals should be viewed as being closely interwoven and interdependent apart from protecting student from the sun, rain, heat and cold”. In this context, instructional facilities and educational goals are interdependent. Therefore, instructional facilities management is an essential tool in the achievement of quality instructional delivery in the school. Adeyinka, Asabi, &Adedotun, (2019) clearly highlighted that “the availability of necessary equipment will enable the students to make use of their senses for learning”.

High level of students’ academic performance may not be guaranteed where instructional space such as classrooms, libraries, technical workshops and laboratories are lacking (Ajayi 2019). Unfortunately, through personal observation by the researcher, it has been observed that some public secondary schools in Lagos State education district V metropolis have leaking roofs, broken windows, poor equipped laboratories and libraries, dilapidated buildings, blown off roofs, cracked decaying walls, sagging roofs and some teaching equipment in short supply. Situations such as these cannot be seen as appropriate for effective instructional delivery in secondary school environment. Corroborating these, Mgbodile, (2019) lamented that “most secondary schools have poor school buildings structure, classes extremely hot in hot weather and very damp during the raining season, teaching equipment of all sorts in short supply”. Proving this, recently some public secondary schools in Lagos State education district V metropolis were flooded during the resumption period of September 2017/2018 academic session. Effective instructional delivery in school under such conditions cannot be guaranteed. The researcher views the situation as a serious threat to the attainment of goals and objectives of secondary education in Rivers State. Obasi, & Asodike, (2019) referred the principal as “the Chief Executive of secondary schools in Nigeria”. This simply means that the principal has the responsibility of ensuring that school buildings, facilities and total school environment are properly managed in order to ensure effective instructional delivery in the school. The management of instructional facilities rests squarely on the principal who is an administrator and instructional leader of the school. His duties among others cover the procurement, maintenance, utilization and safety of the instructional facilities so as to achieve the goals and objectives of secondary education system.

The teacher is no doubt the pivot on which qualitative education and development hang. Any attempt made towards educational development and qualitative education must involve a dynamic and well articulated teacher education programme that will prepare teachers for the indispensable leadership role that they are expected to play. Teachers constitute the second most important input in any educational system after the learners. Without efficient and effective teachers in the education industry qualitative learning outcomes cannot be achieved. Teachers‟ job effectiveness involves all the activities carried out by the teacher to achieve the desired effect on students. It involves the extent to which the teachers participate in the overall running of the school in order to achieve the expected objectives. However, Ayodele, (2019) has observed professional laxity on the part of teachers. To him, many teachers are merely staying on the job to look for better jobs outside. He complained that the constant cases of absenteeism, persistent lateness to school, irregular and unauthorized movement from duty post and indiscipline constitute a big problem to the attainment of educational goals. Mgbodile, (2019) has called attention to the state of affairs in our secondary schools where in his words “a totally unwholesome and non professional behavior of teachers such as absenteeism, trading and general low level of commitment to duty which appears to be indices of ineffectiveness”. The effectiveness of teaching can be measured through the changes which have occurred in the students knowledge (declarative and procedural), their level of motivation, ability to cope with constant changes in life, and effective management of stress after they have been given instruction. Due to this uniqueness of effective teaching, many post-secondary institutions adopted students rating of instruction as one measure of instructional effectiveness (Florence, 2018).


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Observation has shown that the dwindling poor performance of students in internal and external examination has been a serious concern to parents and members of the public as the society is fast changing due to technological development; many teachers are not sensitized, informed or educated about the recent changes (Florence, 2018). Many teachers are not grounded in the art of teaching as they lack the skills of imparting knowledge of their subject specialization to the students. Some teachers are unable to assess and evaluate the students continuously, as such, they cannot measure the progress being made by the students in the learning task that they are guiding: some are still found wanting in planning/preparation of their lessons ahead of class time and some cannot state instructional objectives in measurable terms. Keeping of various school records is a problem to some teachers and some of them are still using either teacher-centered approach or curriculum centered approach in the teaching/learning process (Ayodele, 2019).

Instructional facilities management is very potential for the realization of secondary school objectives. However, where Instructional facilities are inadequate, poorly maintained, and not safe guarded the teaching and learning process becomes difficult. The goals and objectives of secondary school may not be achieved under this condition. Interactions with principals and teachers as well as personal observations revealed that most public senior secondary schools in Lagos State have poorly equipped laboratories and libraries, dilapidated buildings, blown off roofs, sagging roofs, cracked and decaying walls, etc. Effective teaching and learning under this situation cannot be guaranteed (Odor, 2018).

Parents, students, educational administrators, stakeholders and members of the public have been complaining about poor work performance as a result of ineffectiveness in secondary schools in Lagos State education district Vmetropolis. To give attention to these complains and solve the problem of teachers ineffectiveness, the state government adopted several strategies such as increased and regular salary, monetary and non-monetary incentives, frequent school supervision, and regular promotion with in-built responsibility in order to motivate teachers to put up positive work performance, yet, the situation has not changed.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main aim of this study is to examine the management of instructional facilities and teachers job effectiveness in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V. Specific objectives of this study are:

  1. To ascertain whether there is an adequate provision of instructional facilities in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.
  2. To find out whether the available instructional facilities are effectively managed and maintained in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.
  3. To determine whether the management of instructional facilities significantly influences teachers class room effectiveness.
  4. To ascertain whether teachers contribute significantly to the management of instructional facilities in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.
  5. Ascertain whether there is a significant relationship between the management of instructional facilities and teachers performance in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions will be answered in this study:

  1. Is there an adequate provision of instructional facilities in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V?
  2. Are the available instructional facilities effectively managed and maintained in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V?
  3. Does the teachers contribute significantly to the management of instructional facilities in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V?
  4. Does the management of instructional facilities significantly influence teachers class room effectiveness?
  5. Is there is a significant relationship between the management of instructional facilities and teachers performance in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

The following null hypotheses will validate this study:

  • Ho: There is no significant relationship between the management of instructional facilities and teachers job effectiveness in public senior secondary schools.
  • Ha: There is a significant relationship between the management of instructional facilities and teachers job effectiveness in public senior secondary schools.

1.6 Significance of the Study

This research will help numerous school administrators, education ministries, and other government bodies.
The study will assist various school administrators in comprehending the value of good school school instructional facilities. It will equip school administrators with knowledge of the most effective school monitoring approaches for preserving academic standards and teachers effectiveness. It will also assist school administrators in understanding their role in the routine monitoring of teachers, non-teaching personnel, and academic performance of students.

This study would also aid the Ministry of Education through appropriate planning and execution of supervisory policies to various school administrations. The ministries will assist with school supervision as a quality control mechanism by conducting thorough inspections and fostering positive relationships between school administrators and instructors.

This study will also help government agencies through the provision of school infrastructure, a favorable academic atmosphere, and an improvement in the quality of education. At all stages of schooling, it is essential to improve effective supervision and control procedures. Other benefactors include supervision academics who will learn more about topics of interest in supervision and which aspects of the study warrant future study.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study focuses on the management of instructional facilities and teachers job effectiveness in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District v. specifically, this study focuses on determining if there is an adequate provision of instructional facilities in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.; finding out whether the available instructional facilities are effectively managed and maintained in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.; determining whether the management of instructional facilities significantly influences teachers class room effectiveness; ascertaining whether teachers contribute significantly to the management of instructional facilities in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.; and ascertaining whether there is a significant relationship between the management of instructional facilities and teachers performance in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.
Based on the nature of this study, the respondents for this study will be obtained from teachersin public senior secondary schools located in Lagos State Education District v.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Instructional Facilities:

Instructional facilities are defined as classrooms, seminar rooms, instructional laboratories, computer laboratories, on-campus clinics, cybraries and other spaces used principally for the purpose of delivering formal instruction to students.


1.10 Organization of the Studies

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the management of instructional facilities and teachers job effectiveness in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District v. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the evaluation of project management and performance in construction industry using Henivoc Project Consult Ltd, Ebonyi state as a case study. The study is was specifically aimed at determining if there is an adequate provision of instructional facilities in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.; finding out whether the available instructional facilities are effectively managed and maintained in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.; determining whether the management of instructional facilities significantly influences teachers class room effectiveness; ascertaining whether teachers contribute significantly to the management of instructional facilities in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.; and ascertaining whether there is a significant relationship between the management of instructional facilities and teachers performance in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 150 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were teachers in some selected public senior secondary schools located in Lagos State Education District v.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. There is no adequate provision of instructional facilities in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.
  2. The available instructional facilities are not effectively managed and maintained in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.
  3. The management of instructional facilities significantly influences teachers class room effectiveness.
  4. Teachers contribute significantly to the management of instructional facilities in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.
  5. There is a significant relationship between the management of instructional facilities and teachers performance in public senior secondary school, Lagos State Education District V.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Government and other stakeholders should make adequate provision for school facilities.
  2. Training programmes on maintenance and utilization should be organized for handlers of facilities by the ministries of education or concerned authority.
  3. School heads should carry out regular checks and maintenance of facilities.
  4. Holistic approach to facility management should be adopted such that all stakeholders become involved in the provision, utilization and maintenance of the facilities.
  5. Teachers, students and community should develop a positive attitude to the use of facilities by taking them as their personal properties.

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