Management Of Employee Welfare With Emphasis On Industrial Accidents And Safety (A Case Study Of Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha)

Project and Seminar Material for Human Resource Management (HRM)

Management Of Employee Welfare With Emphasis On Industrial Accidents And Safety (A Case Study Of Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha)


Abstract


This study was carried out to assess management of employee welfare with emphasis on industrial accidents and safety using Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha as a case study. The study was specifically carried out to find out if the provision of protection equipment reduces industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha, ascertain whether the use of operating manual reduces the risk of industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha, determine whether entrenchment of occupational safety and health policies reduces employees vulnerability to industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha, and assess whether regular servicing of machines reduces employees vulnerability to industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of staff of Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha, Anambra State. In determining the sample size, the researcher purposefully selected 148 respondents and 141 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. While the hypotheses were tested using Chi-square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that the provision of protection equipment reduces industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsh. The study also revealed that entrenchment of occupational safety and health policies reduces employees vulnerability to industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha. Therefore, it is recommended that government should promulgate OHS policies and establish the Department of Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OHSA) with the strong terms of punishment for those who make safety violation. The stakeholders of the organizations or companies also shall design and commence systems to increase the awareness of all the actors of the industry. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The industrial revolution of the mid 18th century significantly changed the world of work, by the introduction of machines. Work moved away from being predominantly agricultural (based on peasantry and subsistence system of production) to factory system of production (Philip, 2013). The factory system of production need four categories of inputs: money to finance operation, machines to produce goods and services, men to operate the machines and managements to put every other thing together. Machines are complex pieces of equipment, which a worker has to master to operate. The worker operating the machine usually not the inventor or designer (like under the domestic or craft system of production). A situation arises where the machines, which work at considerable speed inflict injuries to workers.

In the words of Umoh (2013) the general perception, is that Nigeria is aspiring become an industrialized economy. Hence, the ban on importation of certain goods. The attendant effect of this aspiration is that it will offer employment opportunities, to the unemployed. The unfortunate thing about this increased opportunity for employment is that many of those employed will be having their first experience and are exposed to machines, fast moving assembly lines, overhead cranes, etc without adequate training. This situation exposes the workers to accidents and injuries.

According to Torbira (2014), the awareness and safety consciousness that is imperative in industrialization is lacking in Nigeria. in the developed and highly industrialized countries, industrial safety awareness and movement have been in existence right from the days of the industrial revolution. Furthermore, there is a growing manifestation of apathy on the part of employers for the safety of the employees in the workplace. In effect, there is still a disparity between employers’ avowed concern for a safe workplace and its realization. Could it be that accidents are natural consequences of industrialization? This is very unfortunate, industrial injuries and deaths need not be accepted or regarded as an incredible price to pay for industrial process.

To Adekunle (2015), a review of industrial accident literature reveals that most studies have been carried out to analyze industrial accident in isolation from productivity. It is observed that industrial accidents reduce productivity and increase the cost of production. In an attempt to reduce industrial accidents, organizations put in place necessary safety practices. Safety practice is concerned with the behavior of employees with regard to the rules regulations, policies and conducts that shape or govern their actions and inactions or activities in the workplace in order to reduce or even eliminate accidental losses and injuries and maximized the nominated objective of the organization.

Adeogun (2014), states that for people to work effectively in an organization, emphasis on industrial accident and safety, should be made. The welfare of the employee should be placed upper most among other priorities. In this then it could be said that management is not complete without the management of employee welfare. The relationship between safety practices and employees productivity performance may have been well documented for other businesses in other economies, but the same cannot be said of the manufacturing firms in Nigeria. Hence, this study sets out to examine management of employee welfare with emphasis on industrial accidents and safety using Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha as a case study.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Accidents are mishaps and may result in damage to property, injury or death. Management of employees’ welfare, especially as regards safety measures is important in an organization and the consequences of not adopting these safety measures will have an adverse effect on the working capacity of the workers. If the disabled worker is highly skilled and an experienced one, this loss is greater. Another effect is that the health of the worker will be affected which will result in decrease in productivity and profit in the organization.

The effect of not managing employees welfare can result in industrial accidents. Many manufacturing organizations in Nigeria have recorded instances of industrial accidents and this has seriously affected the productivity of such organizations.

Furthermore, when employees welfare are not managed as regards industrial accidents and safety measures, it can lead to health problems. Many employees of manufacturing organizations have experienced one sickness or the other. It may be serious that it can lead to death like in cancer.

Moreover, organizations without adequate employees welfare find it difficult to attract highly skilled workers. This is because these workers are in high demand, and they will like to work for organizations were their safety is guaranteed.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The general of this study is to scrupulously examine management of employee welfare with emphasis on industrial accidents and safety using Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha as a case study. Below are the specific objectives;

  1. To find out if the provision of protection equipment reduces industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha.
  2. To ascertain whether the use of operating manual reduces the risk of industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha.
  3. To determine whether entrenchment of occupational safety and health policies reduces employees vulnerability to industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha.
  4. To assess whether regular servicing of machines reduces employees vulnerability to industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha.

1.4 Research Question

The following questions guilds this study;

  1. Does the provision of protection equipment reduces industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha?
  2. Does the use of operating manual reduces the risk of industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha?
  3. Does entrenchment of occupational safety and health policies reduces employees vulnerability to industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha?
  4. Does regular servicing of machines reduces employees vulnerability to industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: Entrenchment of occupational safety and health policies does not reduce employees vulnerability to industrial accidents.
  • Ha: Entrenchment of occupational safety and health policies reduces employees vulnerability to industrial accidents.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The management and employees of manufacturing organizations will benefit from this study. They will be more enlightened on the safety measures necessary to keep their workers safe. The researcher, the university and other stakeholders in the manufacturing sector will benefit. The researcher will benefit because the research work is a pre-requisite for the award of a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) degree in Business Administration, ESUT. The universities will benefit as the research work increases their data bank. The research will also serve as reference materials for further research on this topic.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The scope of this study boarders on the management of employee welfare with emphasis on industrial accidents and safety using Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha as a case study. Hence, the respondents for this study will be obtained from staff of Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha, Anambra State.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

As a result of this study, the researcher encountered the following challenges;

Inadequate Finance:

The research was face with problem of inadequate fund which hinder the researcher from covering as much location as possible.

Time:

Time factor pose another constraint since having to cope in this research which went simultaneously within the time schedule of other academic work making it impossible to undertake this study in large more representative skill.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Preventive Measures:

This includes the measures or steps taken for prevention of disease as opposed to disease treatment


Histroical Background Of Premier Breweries Plc

Premier breweries PLC formerly Ltd sprang in n 1977 with just office some 20 year later it operate with heavy branch which includes eastern plastics ltd Emene premier farm Ltd. Even though the organization started off in 1977 its history dates back to 1974 when the government of the defunct east central state under chief Ukpabi Asika entered into a machinery supply/ plant design contract with the German company Messers brave chases for the establishment of brewery at Onitsha initially the plan was that the brewery should be a golden guinea brewery’s subsidiary.

However in January 25th 1976 Diamond breweries Ltd a fully independent company was incorporated while in December of that same year the name was changed to premier breweries Ltd. It was commissioned by col. John A Kpera (Ltd). Now brigadier the then military government of Anambra state on the 11th of March 1978. At set off the production capacity was 350.00 hectoliters. However after the first phase of the expansion programme which cost N15,00,000 (fifteen million Naira) capacity rose to 750,00 hectoliter and the second phase of the expansion programme costing N9,000.00 (Nine million Naira) bringing the capacity to 1,200,00 hectoliters. These increase has made the premier breweries the second largest producer of beer in the west African sub region.

A look at the Eastern plastic Ltd Emene reveals that it engage in the production of plastics like bottle crates etc. further more a land of about 100hectares has since been developed in Uzo- Uwani L. G. A of EnuguState. It most be noted that at start of operations there were just 80 worker (premier breweries PLC) But as at today it can boast of over 1500 employees directly and indirectly. The owners of this company include the following.

  • Anambra State ministry of finance
  • Nigeria industrial development Bank (NIDB)
  • Nigeria bank for commerce and industry
  • Some other associations and publicities

But with the more into the PLC class the capital bask of the company has been raised through the sell of shares thereby introducing more member via share holding also the multi malt was launched during the very first international trade fair help Anambra in April 1990. The company has grow not just in capacity also in the qualifies of its products. Infact in this vein the standard organization of Nigeria (SON) awarded it the N15 certificate of quality barely five months after its entry into the Nigeria malt drink market.


1.10 Organization of the Studies

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on management of employee welfare with emphasis on industrial accidents and safety using Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha as a case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine management of employee welfare with emphasis on industrial accidents and safety using Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha as a case study. The study was specifically carried out to find out if the provision of protection equipment reduces industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha, ascertain whether the use of operating manual reduces the risk of industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha, determine whether entrenchment of occupational safety and health policies reduces employees vulnerability to industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha, and assess whether regular servicing of machines reduces employees vulnerability to industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 141 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were staff of Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha, Anambra State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. The provision of protection equipment reduces industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha.
  2. The use of operating manual reduces the risk of industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha.
  3. Entrenchment of occupational safety and health policies reduces employees vulnerability to industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha.
  4. Regular servicing of machines reduces employees vulnerability to industrial accidents in Premier Breweries Plc Onitsha.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. Government should promulgate OHS policies and establish the Department of Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OHSA) with the strong terms of punishment for those who make safety violation. The stakeholders of the organizations or companies also shall design and commence systems to increase the awareness of all the actors of the industry.
  2. The country has should have legal frameworks for compulsory insurance systems for occupational injuries. Due attention has to be given to employment injury benefits.
  3. Consultants shall give advice to clients and workers on the importance of OSH management. They also need to include the subject of health and safety during bid document preparation.
  4. The government shall monitor the safety performance of companies from time to time. The number of workers inspectors has to be proportional to the extent of the OSH related problems in the country. Moreover; there should be a unified workers inspection system.
  5. The poor safety culture of the companies workers has to be improved by conducting OSH training immediately as they are hired to work in companies . The workers need to be provided with appropriate PPE with equivalent training how to use the equipment.

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