Liquidity And Profitability Management In Nigeria Commercial Bank (A Case Study Of Union Bank Ilorin Kwara State)

Project and Seminar Topics with material for Banking and Finance

Liquidity And Profitability Management In Nigeria Commercial Bank (A Case Study Of Union Bank Ilorin Kwara State)


Table of Contents


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Statement of the study
  • 1.2 Objective of the study
  • 1.3 Significance of the study
  • 1.4 Limitation of the study
  • 1.5 Definition of terms
  • 1.6 Plan of the study

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Liquid management and asset management
  • 2.2 Liquid measurement
  • 2.3 Profitability VS Liquidity
  • 2.4 Determinant of liquidity needs
  • 2.5 Historical background of the case study
  • 2.6 Factors influencing the profitability of commercial bank
  • 2.7 Treasury management in a commercial banks
  • 2.8 Essence and impact of treasury management

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Population of study
  • 3.2 Sampling technique
  • 3.3 Method of data collection

Chapter Four

4.0 Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data presentation
  • 4.2 Data Analysis
  • 4.3 Test of hypothesis
  • 4.4 Interpretation of results

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • References

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

A commercial bank is an economic unit whose main goals is to maximize profit.

Every bank attempts to structure it’s assets and liabilities in such a manner as to yield the highest return subject to some constraints. when customers deposit money with a bank, they are lending fund to the bank for a specific or indefinite period depending on the constract signed with the bank.

The customer can withdrw funds at short notice or without notice depending on the type of deposit account being operated. Banks however know from experience that an average depositor will demand a small proportion of the fund deposite by them at anytime.

The bulk of the profit made by the bank arises from simple transaction i.e. the difference between the cost of funds deposited by customers and the changes the cost of fund deposited by customers and the charges on loan to customers. Generally, depositors are paid lower rate of interest when compared with rate charged on loans, in addition, banks also invest their surplus funds in short, medium and long term securities. What makes the task of asset selection difficult is the need to balance profitability liquidity and risks.

Though, in developed countries banks have several years successfully applied management science techniques to asset and liability management.


1.1 Statement of the Problem

  1. What is the factor influencing organizational policy in Nigeria banks?
  2. How can organizational policy be achieved in Nigerian Banks?
  3. What is the cause of communication gap between staff and management of Nigeria banks?
  4. What are factors that affects level of profit in Nigeria banks?
  5. Why do bank management usually report to retrenchments?

1.2 Objective of the Study

Because of the great importance of the subject matter (profitability and liquidity management) to the efficiency, continuity and the evolution of commercial bank, the following are the objective of the study;

  1. To improve the management of the commercial banks, the essence of the profitability and the liquidity management.
  2. Evaluating the extent of which, profitability and liquidity affects other element of the bank management.
  3. To give way for more analysis by future study of the subject matter.
  4. To evaluate the existing theories with contemporary liquidity management.

1.3 The Significance of the Study

The design of this research work has been made in a form to convey some educative and information messages to all and sundry most especially;

  1. The management of commercial bank: It would be very useful to the management of commercial bank in ensuring an effective profitability and liquidity management.
  2. Student: It would be useful to existing knowledge in the higher institution of learning in the country.
  3. It will also be useful to proprietors of other business for the efficient operation of liquidity and profitability management.

1.4 Limitation of the Study

The topic of this project will not exceed main liquidity and profitability management in a commercial bank realize profit and how they manage it.

Liquidity and profitability management in a commercial bank being a wide and very complex topic itself makes it very difficult to go for beyond a particular establishment and this why I will be very advisable to limit the scope of this research work to the union bank Nigeria plc.

The general limitation is the time factor, considering the inherent difficult involved in co-ordinating research of this nature with other academic work.


1.5 Definition of Terms

The terms used frequently in this research work are:

i. Commercial Bank:

A commercial bank is an economic unit whose main goal is to maximize profit.

ii. Management:

Management is the act of managing.

iii. Fund:

Fund can be defined as a large stock or a financial resources.

iv. Ratio:

This is a mathematic expression that shows the relationship between two amounts, showing the number of times one value contains the other.

v. Liquidity:

Liquidity is the availability of liquid assets to a market or a company i.e. the rate of which cash is available to a market or company.

vi. Profitability:

Profitability is the act of making profit.

vii. Treasury Bill:

Is a short medium of instrument for government to issue capital to meet economic need.

viii. Asset:

Is like property owned by a person for a business purpose or investment.


1.6 Plan of the Study

This research work consist of five chapters

Chapter one of this research work is made up of the introduction, the statement of the study, the objective of the study, the significance of the study, the limitation of the study, the definition of terms and the plan of the study.

Chapter two of this research work is the literature review.

Chapter three of this research work also includes research methodology.

Chapter four consist…

Chapter five of this research work includes summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

Profitability and liquidity is a goal in any commercial bank managements, which all other objectives are hinged upon funds available to the bank is not made for the sake of safety but each funds. Is related to certain cost which need to be satisfied so that all the stockholders of the bank yield proper returns from the funds invested in the bank.
In commercial banks, the objectives of the management tam focuses on the operation which satisfier the profitability, security, liquidity and legality which is the main assignment of any treasury department.

Below are the major problem identified in the study

i. Liquidity:

Cannot be measured, which has given a great concern to the mangers of any commercial bank

ii. Profitability:

Of banks must depend on loan able fund though profitability and liquidity fund influence each other i.e. the more a bank need to maximize it’s profit, more consideration need to be taken on the amount of outflow involved and the period of returns. The higher the funds involve the lesser the liquidity trend of the bank.

iii. Interest Rate:

Interest rate is one of the factor of the factor influencing the profitability of bank’s in any regulated economy where interest rate and the bank tariff are regulated the overhead expenses of the bank might be above the returns on the services and the profitability of loans highly constrained.

iv. Ratio:

Requirement of reserve ratio also affect the profitability of any commercial banks, due to high or low ratio.

v. The Economy:

A healthy economy for instance givens the investors to invest their excess funds on the available opportunities.


5.2 Conclusion

The need to effectiveness mange a commercial bank face with liquidity and profitability problem need not be over emphasized.

Efficiency and reliability to any commercial bank is nothing but ability to justify it’s profitability and liquidity position to the interest of the shareholder of bank. Evaluation, observation need sot be encouraged on the objectives of commercial bank management.

The regulatory authorities should also guide and enforce all Law relating to the activities of commercial banks. This is hoped would assist in sanitizing the banking sector of the economy.


5.3 Recommendations

  1. Since liquidity yield no income, the bank should avoid holding much of them than necessary management should know the reserve requirement ratio and liquidity position. Invariably, bank procedure to be followed in managing of liquidity position is that of matching the asset with the period for which liquidity is derived. It should also consist of assets that can be easily converted to cash without any affect on the bank customers. Since the advancements of loan to customer consists of non-liquidity assets in order for the bank to achieve need to be aggressive in lending which must be limited by the liquidity position.
  2. The regulatory authority of bank should make available of short liquidity means for bank since liquidity measure is not certain. Reserve requirement should be closely monitor so that funds are not misused the regulatory authorities should also watch the outflow of funding in commercial bank management so that fund that as used as stipulated by the regulatory body should be checked and corrected.
  3. Reserve requirement ratio should be determined accordingly in relation with peak period. A high reserve period of massive deposit usually deprive banks to make use of fund for profitability purpose before the maturity date of payment. It should not be determined with the same rate on deposit in the bank, variation sold be made between fixed deposit, saving and current deposit.
  4. Interest should also be determined in consideration of all micro-economic variable together with the impact of banking management during the period of inflationary trend, a reasonable rate which is in relation with the economic currency should be determined so that banks do not tail as a result of regulated rate of interest.
  5. Policies on the society have direct impact on the business activities of the economy for any government to encourage investment, there must be a long – term planning policy.

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