Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Of STD Prevention Among Undergraduates Of College Of Health Science In Evangel University Akaeze

Sex Education Project and Seminar Material

Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Of STD Prevention Among Undergraduates Of College Of Health Science In Evangel University Akaeze


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the knowledge, attitude and practice of STD prevention among undergraduates of college of health science in Evangel University Akaeze, Ebonyi State. The study was specifically set to ascertain the level of undergraduates knowledge towards sexually transmitted diseases, determine undergraduates attitude towards prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, and find out the prevention practice of STD prevention among undergraduates. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of undergraduate of college of health science in Evangel University Akaeze, Ebonyi State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 160 respondents and 141 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables and mean scores. While the hypotheses were tested using Chi- square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that the level of undergraduates knowledge towards sexually transmitted diseases is low. Furthermore, the study revealed that the prevention practice of STD prevention among undergraduates includes: use of condoms, get vaccinated for HPV, limit number of sexual partners, abstinence, and mutual monogamy. Therefore, it is recommended that there is need to organise functional literacy programmes for porters to build their capacity in basic literacy and numeracy so they can identify and understand some basic STI issues and behave appropriately towards infection prevention. To mention but few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are major universal public health concerns. The infections cause an acute illness, infertility, disability, and death [1]. Young people and adolescents are among the vulnerable groups for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In a global report, there was an annual estimate of 357–376 million curable new cases of STIs that were diagnosed among adolescents and adults [2).

Adolescents, particularly students in developing countries, travel far away from their families and stay away for a long time when they attend secondary education. In their stay, they usually live in rented homes and come in contact with people from different sociocultural and behavioral background. Coupled with a lack of knowledge and available services about STIs, adolescents are more likely to practice unprotected sex and have multiple sexual partners and thereby have a higher chance of getting infected with STIs [3].

Most people in general and adolescents in particular might be aware of HIV/AIDs since the awareness created by media and government programs played a role. ,is, in turn, resulted in lower knowledge about STIs other than HIV/ AIDS and the knowledge could be much lower in developing countries [4]. In most cases, sexually transmitted infections are asymptomatic and that makes it difficult to diagnose [5]. In addition, most adolescents, those particularly from a rural society, might not have access to the required information and services to prevent STIs [3].

So, such a condition coupled with syndromic management of STIs in resource limited countries, could further facilitate the transmission of infection. As a result, particularly females who were infected with STIs could experience acute symptoms, chronic infection, and serious delayed consequences such as ectopic pregnancy, infertility, and cervical cancer [6]. Working on prevention is an ideal level to control STIs. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of STD prevention among undergraduates of college of health science in Evangel University Akaeze, Ebonyi State.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

It has been proved that sexual promiscuity is on the rise among adolescents, particularly students. Adolescents, particularly those in universities, engage in unsafe sexual activities, and this raises their risks of developing sexually transmitted diseases or infections (Ogunbanjo, 2012). It is no longer an ancient legend regarding the occurrence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), as it used to be demoted as superstitious. Sexually transmitted diseases exist, much as the famous tagline “AIDS is real,” but the issue is that adolescents, particularly universities students in undeveloped country, who engage in sexual activities seem to have little or no knowledge about STDs or the proper attitude toward them (Mati, 2015).

In a drive to explore and experiment with sex and its connected activities, adolescents appear hide in absolute ignorance about the presence, symptoms, mechanism of transmission, control and correct attitude towards sexually transmitted diseases (Hamilton, 2012). However, ignorance, they argued, is not a justification for the terrible consequences of acquiring STDs. Sequel to the previous remark, this research is focused on examine the knowledge, attitude and practice of STD prevention among undergraduates of college of health science in Evangel University Akaeze, Ebonyi State.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The overall aim of this study is to critically analyse the knowledge, attitude and practice of STD prevention among undergraduates of college of health science in Evangel University Akaeze, Ebonyi State. Specifically, the study aims at the following:

  1. Ascertain the level of undergraduates knowledge towards sexually transmitted diseases.
  2. Determine undergraduates attitude towards prevention of sexually transmitted diseases.
  3. Find out the prevention practice of STD prevention among undergraduates.

1.4 Research Question

The study will be guided by the following questions;

  1. What is the level of undergraduates knowledge towards sexually transmitted diseases?
  2. What is undergraduates attitude towards prevention of sexually transmitted diseases?
  3. What are the prevention practice of STD prevention among undergraduates?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

  • Ho: The level of undergraduates knowledge towards sexually transmitted diseases is high.
  • Ha: The level of undergraduates knowledge towards sexually transmitted diseases is low.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The findings of this study if published will be of immense benefits to the ministry of Education, teachers, parents, curriculum developers and the general public.

It is hoped that the findings of this study will spur the Federal Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education to articulate effective programmes on sex education for Students. It is hoped that these ministries will train and equip peer educators who will further educate students on the right knowledge and attitude towards sexually transmitted diseases; steering through it’s related health hazards and consequences.

The study will also help teachers and counselors to know and acknowledge students knowledge and attitude to sexually transmitted diseases and how best they can help students in the area of sexuality.

The result of the study will help to reawaken parents and teachers on their roles in educating the adolescents on sexual matters. It will at the same time help to challenge our adolescents to healthy sexual relationships in order to avoid contacting HIV virus and STDs, unwanted pregnancies and abortion among others.

To the general public, it is hoped that the findings of this study will; and especially Elders and the Clergy, they would also acknowledge their personal dispositions to guard the adolescents in words and action towards wholesome attitude and knowledge to sexually transmitted diseases.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study is structured to generally analysis the knowledge, attitude and practice of STD prevention among undergraduates of college of health science in Evangel University Akaeze, Ebonyi State. Hence, the study will be delimited to Evangel University Akaeze, Ebonyi State.


1.8. Limitations of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents.

In addition, there was the element of researcher bias. Here, the researcher possessed some biases that may have been reflected in the way the data was collected, the type of people interviewed or sampled, and how the data gathered was interpreted thereafter. The potential for all this to influence the findings and conclusions could not be downplayed.

More so, the findings of this study are limited to the sample population in the study area, hence they may not be suitable for use in comparison to other schools, local governments, states, and other countries in the world.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Sexual Behaviour:

This is a process by which humans and other animals demonstrate and/or express sexuality.

Pre-marital sex:

This is any sexual activity with an opposite sex partner or with same sex partner before he/she has started a marriage life.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs):

Theses are infections that are passed from one person to another through sexual contact.


1.10 Organisations of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the knowledge, attitude and practice of STD prevention among undergraduates of college of health science in Evangel University Akaeze, Ebonyi State. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the knowledge, attitude and practice of STD prevention among undergraduates of college of health science in Evangel University Akaeze, Ebonyi State. Specifically the study was set to ascertain the level of undergraduates knowledge towards sexually transmitted diseases, determine undergraduates attitude towards prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, and find out the prevention practice of STD prevention among undergraduates.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 141 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondents are undergraduate of college of health science in Evangel University Akaeze, Ebonyi State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following conclusion

  1. The level of undergraduates knowledge towards sexually transmitted diseases is low.
  2. Undergraduates attitude towards prevention of sexually transmitted diseases is negative.
  3. The prevention practice of STD prevention among undergraduates includes: use of condoms, get vaccinated for HPV, limit number of sexual partners, abstinence, and mutual monogamy.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. There is need to organise functional literacy programmes for porters to build their capacity in basic literacy and numeracy so they can identify and understand some basic STI issues and behave appropriately towards infection prevention.
  2. There is a need to implement comprehensive adolescent and young people’s friendly health services to increase students’ access to sexual and reproductive health information and services.
  3. There is a need to ensure that control programs redirect efforts at sexual behaviors that put young people at greater risk of STIs, and target young adolescents before their sexual debut.
  4. Health-care workers should educate female students and their male partners on the need for them to seek for help concerning their sexual health issues.

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