Investment And Taxation In Period Of Economic Crisis

Project and Seminar Material for Taxation

Investment And Taxation In Period Of Economic Crisis


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background To The Study

Investment inflow, particularly foreign investment is perceived to have a positive impact on economic growth of a host country through various direct and indirect channels. Domestic investment is crucial to the attainment of sustained growth and development (Ekpo, 1997).To invest is to allocate money (or sometimes another resource, such as time) in the expectation of some benefit in the future.

Generally, the expected future benefit from investment is called a return (to investment). The return may consist of capital gain and/or investment income, including dividends, interest, rental income etc. The economic return to an investment is the appropriately discounted value of the future returns to the investment.Investment generally results in acquiring an asset, also called an investment (Ekpo, 1997). If the asset is available at a price worth investing, it is normally expected either to generate income, or to appreciate in value, so that it can be sold at a higher price (or both).

Investors generally expect higher returns from riskier investments (Obadan, 2004). Financial assets range from low-risk, low-return investments, such as high-grade government bonds, to those with higher risk and higher expected commensurate reward, such as emerging markets stock investments.Consequently, many developing countries, Nigeria included, have offered generous incentives to attract foreign inflows, also geared towards the same end creating an investor-friendly environment. Some foreign firms have taken advantage of the incentives to satisfy their various motives of ensuring stable monopolistic control over sources of raw materials for their parent companies, access to control of local markets, utilizing low cost labour and realizing the possibility of higher returns, Nigeria also received very low proportions of global investment inflows, inspite of its being blessed with enormous human and natural resources (Obadan, 2004).

This is perhaps because the economy was perceived by investors as a high-risk market for investment.The foreign investor may acquire 10% or more of the voting power of an enterprise in an economy through; incorporating a wholly owned subsidiary or company, acquiring shares in an associated enterprise, through merger or an unrelated enterprise and, participating in an equity joint venture with another investor. Investment incentives may be in form of low corporate and income tax rates, tax holidays, other types of tax concessions, preferential tariffs, special economic zones, investment financial subsidies, soft loan or loan guarantees, free land or land subsidies, relocation and expatriation subsidies, jobtraining and employment subsidies, infrastructure subsidies, research and development support and derogation from regulations, usually for very large projects (Obadan, 2004).

On the other hand, taxation is an essential part of a country’s investment and growth plan. Tax is a compulsory levy imposed on asubject or upon his property by the government to provide security, social amenities and create conditions for theeconomic well-being of the society (Appah, 2004; Appah and Oyandonghan, 2011). The funds provided by taxare used by the states to support certain state obligations such as education systems, health care systems, andpensions for the elderly, unemployment benefits, and public transportation. The researcher is of the opinion that both investment and taxation can be used as a tool for Nigeria development during the economic crisis.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

Attempts at developingthe investment sector of the Nigerian economy have been based on the need to maximize the potential benefits derived from them; and to minimize the negative effects their operations could impose on the country. This has been assured by reducing the level of taxation of investment. As a result of the persistent global panic, unemployment has been on the rise, jobs are being lost, there is shortage of liquidity and acute scarcity of credit has remained visible in the financial institutions.

For Nigeria to pull through this economic crisis,the nation must generate more investment, efforts should be made at solving problems of government involvement in business; relative closed economy; corruption; weak public institutions; and poor external image. From these foregoing, it is necessary to examine the role of investment and taxation in the period of economic crisis in Nigeria.


1.3 Objectives Of The Study

The following are the objectives of this study:

  1. To examine the role of investment in the period of economic crisis in Nigeria.
  2. To examine the role of taxation in the period of economic crisis in Nigeria.
  3. To examine the relationship between investment and taxation in the period of economic crisis in Nigeria.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What is the role of investment in the period of economic crisis in Nigeria?
  2. What is the role of taxation in the period of economic crisis in Nigeria?
  3. What is the relationship between investment and taxation in the period of economic crisis in Nigeria?

1.5 Hypothesis

HO; There is no significant relationship between investment and taxation in the period of economic crisis in Nigeria.

HA; There is significant relationship between investment and taxation in the period of economic crisis in Nigeria.


1.6 Significance Of The Study

The following are the significance of this study:

This study will educate the national economic team in Nigeria and the general public on the role of investment and taxation in the period of economic crisis in Nigeria. It will also educate them about the relationship between taxation and investment in Nigeria during the economic crisis.

This research will be a contribution to the body of literature in the area of the investment and taxation in the period of economic crisis, thereby constituting the empirical literature for future research in the subject area


1.7 Scope / Limitations Of The Study

This study is limited to the Nigerian economy. It will also cover the relationship between investment and taxation during the economic crisis in Nigeria.

Limitation Of Study
Financial constraint

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.


Investment And Taxation In Period Of Economic Crisis


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Investment And Taxation In Period Of Economic Crisis

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Investment And Taxation In Period Of Economic Crisis


Disclaimer

This research material “Investment And Taxation In Period Of Economic Crisis” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Investment And Taxation In Period Of Economic Crisis” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.


How to defend your research work


This is a general guide on how to defend your research work:

1. Prepare For Questions:

If you are preparing for questions that may be asked during your defense, then your answers will flow smoothly and effectively. This will prove your knowledge on the subject e.g “Investment And Taxation In Period Of Economic Crisis“, and strengthening your argument. Ask friends and family, read your work for them to listen to your presentation, and write down questions. You may be lucky the panel will ask you those you have already prepared on.

2. Strong Summary:

Summarizing your chapters will help keep your audience focused because it is easy for a mind to drift, so providing summaries will ensure your panel will follow along, even if they lose focus for a brief moment. Visual aides, such as graphs and power-point presentations can be very helpful. If you are going to use these, make sure you will practice your presentation with them.

3. Be Confident in Your Research Work:

Not knowing your topic “Investment And Taxation In Period Of Economic Crisis” inside out will cause you to struggle and ultimately fail with your defense. You need to know the subject from every angle to ensure you are fully prepared for any question that may come your way.

4. Conclusion:

Reinforce your findings to conclude your defense. The finale of your presentation should focus on proving the work that has been done. You may need to recap on what has changed and remained unchanged, if is necessary.

5 . Listen:

Before you get defensive or recite a particular answer, make sure you truly understand the question being asked. Being a good listener is an important quality, because providing an inaccurate or off-topic answer will also weaken the validity of your paper.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.