An Investigative Study On The Causes And Solutions To Students Unrest In Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Education

An Investigative Study On The Causes And Solutions To Students Unrest In Nigeria


Abstract


The main purpose of this research work was to investigate the causes and suggested solution to students’ unrest in Ile Ife metropolis. To do this, a sample of 200 respondents participated in the study. The t-test statistical methods were used in analyzing the data obtained. All the hypotheses were tested at the 0.05 level of significance.The results of the study showed that there is no significant difference in the views expressed by respondents based on age, gender, religion and status in both the causes and suggested solutions. However, significant differences existed in the views expressed by respondents based on type of institution in relation to both the causes and suggested solutions. On the basis of these findings, certain recommendations were made including the fact that it is essential and important to allow student participation in decision making which affects their educational attainments. The implications of the findings for counseling students with disturbing situations were highlighted.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Higher institution is the institution which one attends to after his secondary school education. It is the apex form of education where one chooses his career. Olaitan (2004) stated that in Nigeria, it comprises of universities, polytechnics and colleges of education. Among these three, the university education remains the apex form of education of all the tertiary institutions. Aguba (2006) stated that the origin of tertiary institution in Nigeria can be dated back to 1932 when University College Ibadan and University of Nigeria Nsukka were established as pivot universities and they were sources of pride to the students and the entire country due to the standards and respect enjoyed by its students. Then, there were free academic sessions, no strike, no unrest, no demonstration and others of its kind.

The standards started depreciating from 1944, which marked the first students unrest in Nigeria by the students of King’s College Ikeja, Lagos who unrested against the British authorities’ plan of using the college as a base to house the West African Frontier Force raised in their West African colonies to help in the Second World War. The leaders of the unrest were Late Chief Col. Chukwuemeka Odunegwu Ojukwu (rtd), Late Chief A. Y. Eke, Late Chief Olu Akinfosile and Late Chief Victor Orie-Whitey.

The situation turned bloody in 1953 when the secret cult was originated by Professor Wole Soyinka named Pyrates Confraternity, which was called the Magnificent Seven at the University College Ibadan (UCI) now called Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife with the aims of abolishing convention, reviving the age of chivalry, ending tribalism and elitism, and exposing the absurdity of the colonial mentality in the post independent students.

The situation is worst in this 21st century where there are frequent cases of students’ unrest which have been a virus in the educational system of Nigeria. Adebayor (2008) stated that the period of child in higher institution is the period when there is hypertension and hyperactivity in the family. One cannot spend the original approved duration for a course, instead of four years, a year or two are added.

Cambridge International Dictionary of England (2005) stated the meaning of student’s unrest to be the disagreements or fighting between different groups of students. It also defined students’ unrest as a state of disturbance in which students as angry or violet behaviour by the students who are unresting against something. Hornby (1996) defined students’ unrest as a state of disturbance in which students are angry or dissatisfied and are likely to unrest or fight. There are five terms which educational scholars used to refer to students’ unrest which are students’ unrest, students’ rampage, students’ violence and students’ cultism.

The causes of students’ unrest have seen attributed to many factors but the educational scholars have viewed the causes from different angles.

Okeen (1997) decided to approach the problem from several dimensions. He stated that it has international, the national/social dimension, and the specific institutional and individual level. Yalokwu (1992) stated that the causes of students unrest are; religious intolerance, unemployment of graduates of institutions, rural killing(s) of students, inadequate home training by parents, lack of inadequate infrastructures and facilities in educational institutional, inadequate vehicle for transportation of students, breakdown in communications between the authorities and students, students academic stress, too much failures in courses offered by students, banning of students union activities within the campus, inadequate health facilities for students, connivance of staff of institution to achieve their goal(s), selective victimization of staff and students of institution, interference of government in institution affairs, introduction of obnoxious economic, political and other policies, and international issues. Some other scholars have stated that socio-personal, educational and vocational pressures on students, cultism, rigid rules, inadequate infrastructure, communications gap, individual’s indiscipline, students’ politics, students’ intimidation by staff and students of the institution, external influence and family influences are some of the factors that cause students’ unrest in Nigeria.

The students’ unrest has caused more harm to our educational system (Akagu, 1995). It has also contributed to non-recognition of some Nigerian higher institutions certificates across the globe, building vandalism, armed robbery, raping, and other criminal activities.

Therefore, to make Nigeria better, the researchers sought to find out the effect of students unrest in higher institutions and possibly proffer or suggest solution since this student’s unrest was not part and parcel of the early higher institution education in Nigeria.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Students’ rioting has done untold damage and hardship to the students themselves, the institutions concerned, the parents and the public in general. On September 29, 2011, the Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN) reported a killing of a several cultists who were believed to be members of Green-Landers by a cult group known as Blue-Landers in Yenegoa, Bayelsa State.

The incidence is so high and alarming that the educationalists have been compelled to investigate its root causes. It touches on nearly all the critical nerve centre of the very existing of our society. It raises fundamental questions regarding the structure and organization of our society.

The students’ unrest usually lead to mass destruction of school and staff properties, sustenance of serious injuries and in extreme cases loss of lives, thus bringing untold hardship and misery to parents and guardians.

Many commissions, laws and order have been set up and made in order to address the causes of this unrest, but unfortunately none of them had yielded a positive result, thereby making this topic to be a very crucial and national educational problem. Since the problem is crucial, it is necessary to try to find out the root effects of students’ unrest and make suggestions for possible solutions.


1.3 Purposes of the Study

The study specifically intended to:

  1. Determine the causes of students’ unrest in Ile Ife metropolis.
  2. Determine whether there exist any significance difference in age, gender, religion, status and type of institution in relation to both the causes of students unrest.
  3. Identify the implications of students unrest.

1.4 Research Hypotheses

  1. H01: There is no significant differences between age and the causes of students unrest.
  2. H02: There is no significant differences between gender and the causes of students unrest.
  3. H03: There is no significant differences between religion and causes of students unrest.
  4. H04: There is no significant differences between status and the causes of students unrest.
  5. H05: There is no significant differences between the type of institution and the causes of students unrest.

1.5 Significance of the Study

The study will be of great benefit to the society for it has been long that the government and school authorities are trying to solve this problem. The findings of this study will be of paramount interest to the government in that it will help them to address the problem, enact laws and give orders to the institution concerned and know the needs of the students and the institutions, and possibly provide some if not all of them.

On the part of the university authorities, the research will help them in knowing the problem areas and checking the administrative role of the institution. It will also enable them to tackle the problem at hand instead of allowing the problem to worsen or degenerate into uncontrolled state.

It will also enable other kinds of institutions such as financial institution, military institutions, business institutions, communication institution, etc on the issue of knowing the problem areas, checking the welfare of staff and the administrative structure of the institution and managing the crises incase it arises.

Moreover, this study will be of great benefit to other researchers who are carrying out research on related issues to this project work. Infact, the researchers and the general public will acquire knowledge from this research work.


1.6 Scope of the Study

Due to financial involvement and proximity, the scope of the study is limited to Ile Ife metropolis, Osun State. Thus, the respondents for this study will be obtained from Obafemi Awolowo University.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researcher encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study.

Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size.

More so, the researcher simultaneously engaged in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Unrest:

A state of dissatisfaction, disturbance, and agitation, typically involving public demonstrations or disorder.

Students’ Unrest:

This is characterised by “collective discontent, dysfunctional conditions in educational institutions and concern (of public and students) for change in existing norms”.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the causes and solutions to students unrest in Nigeria using Ile Ife Osun State as case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the causes and solutions to students unrest in Nigeria using Ile Ife Osun State as case study. The study specifically was carried out to determine the causes of students’ unrest in Ile Ife Metropolis, determine whether there exist any significance difference in age, gender, religion, status and type of institution in relation to both the causes of students unrest, and identify the implications of students unrest.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 200 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent where students of students of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of the study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. There is no significant differences between age and the causes of students unrest.
  2. There is no significant differences between gender and the causes of students unrest.
  3. There is no significant differences between religion and causes of students unrest.
  4. There is no significant differences between status and the causes of students unrest.
  5. There is a significant differences between the type of institution and the causes of students unrest.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. It is essential and important to allow student participation in decision making which affects their educational attainments.
  2. Student Union Officers should be made to meet with the school authorities on regular basis to discuss internal issues affecting the student’s welfare. This regular meeting between the school authorities and the students Union Officers becomes important as it will bridge the communication gap between the student’s body and the school authorities.
  3. Bridging the communication gap between the school authorities and the studentbody improves student/ school authorities and student/ staff relationship. This will enable the school authorities to know ways of attending to students’ genuine complaints on time before students start to unrest.
  4. More fund should be provided for Higher Institutions Nigeria by both Federal and State Governments. This will enable the school authorities to improve the welfare conditions of students in their various schools.
  5. The Federal Government of Nigeria should look into the working conditions of lecturers because they need to be motivated to put in their best so that students are fully equipped. This is of great importance because students are the future leaders.
  6. A standing committee that is made up of conflict management and resolution experts be set up in the school for immediate intervention into conflict situations in the school.
  7. Peace education programmes should be introduced into school curriculum and environment for students and staff to understand the beauty of resolving their differences through peaceful means rather than violent ways.

How To Get The Complete Material For An Investigative Study On The Causes And Solutions To Students Unrest In Nigeria


Project Material Download


3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to your email address after payment
( Quick & Simple)

FOR CLIENTS IN NIGERIA:
CLICK HERE to make purchase (₦3,000)

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
CLICK HERE to make purchase ($15)

  Contact Our Help Desk


⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Disclaimer


This research material “An Investigative Study On The Causes And Solutions To Students Unrest In Nigeria” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “An Investigative Study On The Causes And Solutions To Students Unrest In Nigeria” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.