An Investigation Into Risk Management Practices Amongst Quantity Surveyors In The Construction Industry Of Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Quantity Surveying QS

An Investigation Into Risk Management Practices Amongst Quantity Surveyors In The Construction Industry Of Nigeria


Abstract


Quantity surveying is concerned with controlling and managing construction projects. This study to investigated the practice of risk management amongst the construction practitioners specifically the quantity surveyor in the Nigerian construction industry, evaluated the quantity surveyor’s level of awareness and acceptance on Risk Management practice, identified the current practice of risk management amongst Quantity Surveyors’ and examined the barriers and challenges to the implementation of risk management in construction project from the quantity surveyor’s point of view.

Simple random sampling with proportionate representation was used to select 50 quantity surveyors in Owerri, Imo state. Structured questionnaire was used for data collection and this was supplemented with interview of key informants. Percentage was the main statistical procedure employed in data analysis. Results showed Awareness and acceptance of risk management practices aid quantity surveyors in attaining construction project objectives.

In conclusion, most of the respondents agree that awareness and implementation of risk assessment and management practice in project construction has aided quantity surveyors in attaining construction project objectives. It was recommended that there should be in increase in the level of awareness and implementation of adequate risk management technique amongst quantity surveyors in Nigeria.


Table of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title Page
  • Approval Page
  • Declaration
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of Contents

Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of General Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two

Review of Related Literature

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.1 Risk and Risk Management
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 The Role of the Quantity Surveyor in Project Management
  • 2.4 The Risk Management
  • 2.5 The Risk Management Process

Chapter Three

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research Design
  • 3.3 Area of the Study
  • 3.4 Population of Study
  • 3.5 Sample size and Sampling Techniques
  • 3.6 Instrument for Data Collection
  • 3.7 Validity of the Instrument
  • 3.8 Reliability of the Instrument
  • 3.9 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.10 Method of Data Analysis

Chapter Four

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.0 Introduction
  • 4.1 Data Presentation and Analysis
  • 4.2 Characteristics of the Respondents
  • 4.3 Data Analysis
  • 4.4 Testing Hypothesis
  • 4.5 Summary of Findings
  • 4.6 Discussion of Findings

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Quantity surveying is concerned with controlling and managing construction projects. The Nigerian construction industry is faced with uncertainties. With construction targets not being met and high rate of abandoned construction projects, there is great need for proper risk assessment and implementation. Managing risks in construction projects have been recognized as a very important process in order to achieve project objectives in terms of time, cost, quality, safety and environmental sustainability (Mills, 2001). Project risk management is an iterative process: the process is beneficial when is implemented in a systematic manner throughout the lifecycle of a construction project, from the planning stage to completion.

Risk management has become an integral process in managing construction projects. Construction project activities are to be well calculated in-order for the deliverable to be of great use and benefit to its stakeholders. To complete most construction projects on time, minimizing cost and wastages proper risk management techniques must be employed (Tchankova, 2002). According to Mills (2001), systematic risk management is expecting the unexpected or in other words it is a tool which helps control risks in construction projects and its objective is to introduce a simple, practical method of identifying, assessing, monitoring and managing risk in an informed and structured way.

Normally, in risk management process, the first steps will involves risk identification process which includes the prioritization process in order to identify and rank the risk based on its impact and seriousness. Risk that will have a greater impact on a project normally will be handled first and low impact risk will be handled later.

Construction project team consist of professional such as the architect, engineer, and the quantity surveyor that will help to assist and advice the client in order to meet all the project objectives in term of time, quality and cost.

Awareness and knowledge on risk management is very crucial so that they will deal with the risk properly which will directly leads to project success. Due to this scenario, this research aims to identify the level of awareness of construction professional specifically Nigerian quantity surveyors towards risk management. Apart from that, it will also aim to identify how risk management being implemented in the Nigerian construction industry and also the potential barrier and challengers in the implementation of risk management specifically from the quantity surveyor’s point of view.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

Embarking on a construction project involves taking risks, as the Nigerian construction industry is not risk-free. No matter how small or simple is the project it is still can go wrong as soon as the two parties, the employer and the contractor signed a contract they have taken onboard the risk (Sawczuk, 1996). The individual in the construction industries that undertake various activities are heterogeneous since client, consultant and contractors have different roles and objectives (flanagan, 1995). Risk management in Nigerian construction industry is actually not widely being practiced.

According to Burchett (2009), Risk in construction, however cannot be eliminated, but it can be minimized, transferred or retained. However, the industry has a very poor reputation for managing risk, with many projects failing to meet deadlines and cost argents (Mills, 2001). In practice, normally in order to deal with the unexpected event, there will be an allocation about 10 percent from the estimated cost of the proposed construction project as a contingency sum. Earlier observation shows that the risk management process is not widely being implemented in Nigerian construction industry. For this reason, this research seeks to identify the barriers and challenges for the implementation of risk management in the Nigerian construction industry.


1.3 Objectives Of The Study

The aim of this research is to investigate the practice of risk management amongst the construction practitioners specifically the quantity surveyor in the Nigerian construction industry.

In order to achieve the aim of the study, specific objectives for the study are:

  1. To evaluate the quantity surveyor’s level of awareness and acceptance on Risk Management practice.
  2. To identify the current practice of risk management amongst Quantity Surveyors’.
  3. To examine the barriers and challenges to the implementation of risk management in construction project from the quantity surveyor’s point of view.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What is the quantity surveyor’s level of awareness and acceptance on Risk Management practice?
  2. What is the current practice of risk management amongst Quantity Surveyors’?
  3. What barriers and challenges face the implementation of risk management in construction project from the quantity surveyor’s point of view?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

Ho: Awareness and acceptance of risk management practices do not aid quantity surveyors in attaining construction project objectives

Hi: Awareness and acceptance of risk management practices aid quantity surveyors in attaining construction project objectives


1.6 Significance Of The Study

Findings of this study will aid Nigerian quantity surveyors in appreciating the importance of adopting proper risk management techniques in their daily jobs. Since risk management is not widely being adopted in Nigerian construction industry, this research will help to promote the practice of risk management among the industry’s players.

In addition to this, being an inter-discipline type of research, both the consultants and contractors and also the industry as a whole may benefit from the outcome of the research and have better understanding on risk management.


1.7 Scope And Limitation Of Study

This research study will focus on risk management practices adopted by quantity surveyors in Uyo Local Government area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. All findings and recommendations from the study are limited to findings and recommendations based on the chosen sample size.

In carrying out this study, the researcher was faced with time and finance constraints, as lectures did not give room for more time to extend the research time frame. Finance on the other hand made printing, transportation to cover a wider area difficult.


1.8 Definition Of Terms

Risk

This is the potential of losing something of value, weighed against the potential to gain something of value.

Risk Perception

Risk perception is the subjective judgment people make about the severity of a risk, and may vary person to person

Practice

Is the act of rehearsing a behavior over and over, or engaging in an activity again and again, for the purpose of improving or mastering it, as in the phrase “practice makes perfect

Quantity Surveyor

A Quantity Surveyor (QS) is a professional working within the construction industry concerned with construction costs and contracts.

Construction

In the fields of architecture and civil engineering, construction is a process that consists of the building or assembling of infrastructure. Far from being a single activity, large scale construction is a feat of human multitasking. Normally, the job is managed by a project manager, and supervised by a construction manager, design engineer, construction engineer or project architect.

Risk Management

Is the identification, assessment, and prioritization of risks followed by coordinated and economical application of resources to minimize, monitor, and control the probability and/or impact of unfortunate events or to maximize the realization of opportunities.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations

5.1 Summary

This research project is designed to investigate the practice of risk management amongst the construction practitioners specifically the quantity surveyor in the Nigerian construction industry.

It has also helped to identify how risk management being implemented in the Nigerian construction industry and also the potential barrier and challengers in the implementation of risk management specifically from the quantity surveyor’s point of view. These challenges have become symptomatic in the numbers of failed projects. The fieldwork of this project was carried out using fifty (50) randomly selected quantity surveyors in Owerri, Imo state.

The research questions used touched on the following:

  1. Evaluation of the quantity surveyor’s level of awareness and acceptance on Risk Management practice.
  2. Identification of the current practice of risk management amongst Quantity Surveyors’.
  3. Examination of the barriers and challenges to the implementation of risk management in construction project from the quantity surveyor’s point of view.

The main instrument used for the study was the questionnaire. The instrument used to collect the data touched on the three research questions and one hypothesis. Beside the fifteen questions on the questionnaire, there were others which asked about sex, qualification, age, work experience of surveyors.


5.2 Recommendations

It is envisaged that the following recommendations will aid Nigerian quantity surveyors in appreciating the importance of adopting proper risk management techniques in their daily jobs. Based on the outcome of this research, the following suggestions are put forward:

  1. There should be in increase in the level of awareness and implementation of adequate risk management technique amoungst quantity surveyors in Nigeria.
  2. Quantity surveyor in Nigeria should always ensure adequate risk assessment and management in all project constructing being embarked upon.
  3. Project managers should ensure that the 10% of the total project capital is allocated separately and solely for the purpose of risk control.
  4. Government should enact laws and policies that will ensure compliance with proper risk assessment and management among the practitioners (Quantity surveyors and other professionals in the construction industry) to reduce the cases of failed project construction.

5.3 Conclusion

The level of awareness and implementation of risk management in construction project in Nigeria are so varied that research of this nature, which covered such a small area could not be claimed to be exhaustive.

Efforts were made, however, to direct attention to some of the factors that aggravated these challenges in the implementation of risk management in project construction. These factors had been looked at from different view points. Prominent among these include; complexity of the project and lack of finance which can give room to unforeseen circumstances.

From the data collected and analyzed, it became evident that most of the respondents agree that awareness and implementation of risk assessment and management practice in project construction has aided quantity surveyors in attaining construction project objectives.


An Investigation Into Risk Management Practices Amongst Quantity Surveyors In The Construction Industry Of Nigeria


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An Investigation Into Risk Management Practices Amongst Quantity Surveyors In The Construction Industry Of Nigeria


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