An Investigation Into The Problems Of Teaching Business Subjects In Junior Secondary Schools

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An Investigation Into The Problems Of Teaching Business Subjects In Junior Secondary Schools


The theme of this research project is the investigation into the problems of teaching business subjects with particular reference to junior secondary schools in Orumba south local government area. In carrying out this research, four research questions were formulated. The sample of this study was all business teachers in the schools. Instrument for the study was questionnaire.

The questions were grouped under the research question to which the relate. Tables and percentage were used for the data. The major findings include lack of maintenance of equipment, scarcity of material such as ribbon, typing sheet, duplicating ink, facilities like typing pool, trained teachers and poor funding contributed immensely to the problem, lastly, insufficient problems could be eliminated if the government should provide more fund for maintaining the equipment, providing facilities, material and move teachers trained to teaching business subjects.

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

As a result of growing school leavers the Nigeria government introduce the new national policy on education in 1981. A major provision of this policy was the introduction of the teaching of business education subjects at the junior secondary school level with emphasis on the acquisition of practical skills, values and knowledge that would enable individuals like in the society.

One of the rational for the emphasis on business subject is the fact that is skilled subject, which would equip its grauduates with the needed skills for gainful employment even if they terminate their formal education at the junior secondary school level. ome basic neccsity for the achievement of this would ensure that course are taught according to the curriculum and using appriopiate methodologies for the subjects.

According to Nolan (1971), it is not possible to teach a student to operate a keypunch machine effectively without keypunch machine, nor is it possible to teach a student to operate a proportional spacing typewriter without such a typewriter. For a teacher to teach the business subjects he must have through knowledge of the business subject and be certified in that area, so that he can demonstrate the skills properly for the students to understand and emulate, where they stressed that the individual will acquire skills and reach the stated goals by watching an export and by practicing.

This view believed that the individual in addition to this should be given enough practice period to enable him master the art.

In order to enhance the study of the business subject Malsbery (1966), stated that there is the need for students to go on field trip for their visits permits students to study equipment and the layout of the offices and stores, to observe employee at work, routine business procedure and to study the relationship between departments.

The new national policy on education (1981), pointed out clearly that business education is an area of national need. Hence Anyaduba (1987), said β€œall citizen of the country need business subjects in order to function well and effectively in the society irrespective of their occupation in life.

Moreover, this stems for the fact that ou country has experienced a marked growth in different business fields.

So there is the urgent need to improve the business education system in order to meet up with the new demands and requirements for the jobs. That is to say that it has become mianfest that the health of any national largely depends on is human resource. The more human resource out capital and other resources into material resource that determine the nature and rate of economic and social development.

The new national policy on education in Nigeria now place emphasis on the study of vocational subjects particularly at this level comprises, the following subjects: typewriting shorthand, office practice, commerce bookkeeping and English.

Business education has always tended to educate student in a chister skill distributive education office and clerical practice provided basic skills for subjects, the students been at least minimally competent in many specific tasks,and develop the attitude of service that are required in business office.

1.2 statement of the Problem

Evidence from the recent studies shows that a large proportion of those who teach business education subjects.

In most schools are not very qualified to teach business education or teach subjects outside their area of specialization Njoku (1990).

Some teachers who teach business subjects are complaining on the problems encountered in the teaching of these subjects. In the light of these, the researcher therefore decided to find out the problem encountered by the teachers. In the teaching of business subjects in junior secondary schools.

1.3 Purpose of the Study

This study is aimed at achieving the following objectives:

  1. To find out the extent to which the teaching of business subjects is being funded.
  2. To determines which facilities are adequately provided for teaching of business subjects.
  3. To find out the extent to which adequate and qualified teachers are available for teaching business subjects.
  4. To find out whether the time allotted for the teaching of business subjecs and the method used are adequate and effective respectively.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. To what extent is the teaching of business subjects adequately funded?
  2. To what extent are teaching facilities provided for teaching business subjects.

1.5 Statement of Hypothesis

  1. HO: does an investigation into the problem of teaching business subject in junior secondary school contributed to the problem of teaching business subject in secondary school?
    HI: the investigation into the problem of teaching business subject in junior secondary school has contributed a lot.
  2. HO: Does government individual played any important role towards, investigation into the problem of teaching business subject in junior secondary school?
    HI: government or individual has contributed a lot to the investigation into the the problem of teaching business subjects in junior secondary school.

1.6 Significance of Study.

It requires little thinking discovering that this research will be of immense benefit to Anambra state ministry of education. It will enable them to become aware of the problem that exist in Orumba north & south local government area. With a view to improve situation.

The findings in the study will also contribute in this little way to the feedback which the federal government will received on the implementation of her National policy on Education and this feedback will help the government to decide when and where modification are necessary in the new national educational policy.

Parent and guardian will discover from the findings of this research parent the problem encountered by their children in the learning of business subject and will therefore, take steps through their parents/teachers association of Orumba north & south local government area will probably be the first to appreciate the contribution of this research.

It can be seen that research findings will be of great significant to a variety of people.

1.7 Scope of the Study

This research work, covers of the junior secondary schools in Orumba north/south local government area.

1.8 Definition of Terms


Is the act of impacting knowledge into human beings, either orally or practical, according to google teaching is idea or principle taught by an authority.


As we know it involves two or more people coming together to exchange good & service for money. According to internet business also known as an enterprise or a firm, is an organization involved in the provision of goods & services o both to consumers.

Business Studies:

This study of business is about how individual and group of people organize, plan and act to create and develop goods & service to satisfy customers.

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to reiterate that the objective of this study was to investigate the problems of teaching business subjects in junior secondary schools.

In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in investigating the problems of teaching business subjects in junior secondary schools.

5.2 Summary

This study was undertaken to investigate the problems of teaching business subjects in junior secondary schools. The study opened with chapter one where the statement of the problem was clearly defined. The study objectives and research hypotheses were defined and formulated respectively. The study reviewed related and relevant literatures. The chapter two gave the conceptual framework, empirical and theoretical studies. The third chapter described the methodology employed by the researcher in collecting both the primary and the secondary data. The research method employed here is the descriptive survey method. The study analyzed and presented the data collected in tables and tested the hypotheses using the chi-square statistical tool. While the fifth chapter gives the study summary and conclusion.

5.3 Conclusion and Recommendation

The teaching of business subjects in junior secondary schools has lacked adequate attention over the years as high premium has been given to science subjects which the society perceived to be more complex and recognized. However, the business world is not operated in ignorance as the economy of a state or nation has a lot to do with the business of that nation. Therefore, there is need for the ideas and basics of business to be properly communicated to the young people through the teaching and learning of business subjects. It appalling that the teaching of business subjects have encountered some challenges ranging inadequate funding of the school libraries with current and updated business subjects textbooks, poor training of teachers and total negligence.
In light of the above this study recommends the following:

  1. There should be a proper funding of the school libraries with current and updated business subject textbooks.
  2. Teachers of business subjects should not be seen as dispensable and as such need training and retraining to enable them communicate the right information to the children.
  3. Government and authorities should consider creating platforms to encourage the learning and teaching of business subjects. While the science counterparts have several platforms to encourage and enhance their understanding of science; the business fellows should also have equal opportunity. As the saying goes, what is good for the goose is good for the gander.

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