Investigation Into Primary School Teachers Attitude To Work

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Investigation Into Primary School Teachers Attitude To Work


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine investigation into primary school teachers attitude to work with a particular reference to selected primary schools in Enugu Local Government Area of Enugu State. To achieve this objective, four research questions and one research hypothesis were stated to guide the study. The data was collected from primary sources. The primary data were collected with the help of a well-structured questionnaire of two sections administered to the teachers in the selected primary schools in Enugu Local Government Area of Enugu State. The collected data were analyzed with tables and descriptive statistics to analyze the research questions while t-test statistical method was employed in testing the hypothesis. All data were coded using SPSS software. The study reveals that there is a significant relationship between teacher’s attitude towards and students’ academic performance. The study concluded with some recommendations that the government should budget and invest more in education, especially in the area of teacher’s welfare, provision of teaching materials and instructional aid and government at all levels should change her nonchalant attitude to teachers and the teaching profession as it has grave implication on the nation.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The ultimate realization of education depends on the teacher as he will ultimately be responsible for translating policy into action and principle into practice in his interactions with students. Teachers have critical role to play in education reform. For meaningful and effective actualization of education therefore, good instructional strategies are required, work and devotedness to duty. In virtually all works of life today, be it in the business, public service or the profession, morality and conscious have been neglected. Greed, selfishness and deceit, have become the order of the day. Nothing goes by the proper or excepted channels of behavior to work to achieve their means of livelihood.
People’s attitude to work and even to one another has becomes so enegetic and poised only towards the mass acquisition of materials health the issue of job satisfaction or services to humanity has become to many purely secondary and not to be reckoned with. This development of lack of real interest, business and dedication to work in the average Nigerians of today is treatable. Therefore, the teacher’s attitude towards work had been a major concern. According to Bello and Awalu (2008), Nigeria schools have failed in their role in developing functional skill in the students. The increase in the rate of unemployment among school graduates is a clear indication of the nature of the product of our teachers. It is the general opinion that no educational system can rise above the quality of its teachers.

In other words, the teacher’s quality is an index of the educational development of any nation, Alhaji Shehu Shagari, at the convocation ceremony of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka on March 7, (1982) said, among other things that; “the attitude of Nigerians to work is the worst in the world, if only every Nigerian is prepared to do an honest day’s work, Nigerian world achieve wonders”.

Pathetically, this national sickness trends to make an in-road into the teaching profession – a noble profession, since after the civil war, the average man in the street laments pathetically over the apparent fallen of standard of Education in our society.

Public opinion lames the situation on the attitudes of teachers’ toward work. This ugly situation seems to the researcher, indeferable in the present circumstance of ever increasing number of trained and qualified teachers in our schools. President Shehu Shagari said that; “Reflecting on the quality of Education given to our children, one is tempted to believe that teacher attitude to work needs critical re-appraisal. Against this background, the researcher wishes to investigate the attitude of the teachers to work in primary schools in Enugu Local Government Area of Enugu State.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The process of a successful teaching and learning relationship always begins with the students being inspired to want to learn. This takes a teacher who is dedicated in understanding each child and his or he needs and adapting the teaching and lesson materials to suit the child’s learning methods. However, when the teacher’s attitude towards his work is that of indifference and nonchalance, it always shows on the child’s performance especially in primary and secondary schools. At secondary level, the child always needs constant motivation and supervision as this is the age range where adolescent related problems emerge and most turn to delinquents.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

  1. To examine the relationship between teacher’s attitude towards teaching job and pupils’ academic performance.
  2. To determine irregular payment of teachers’ salaries affect teachers’ performance on their work?
  3. To find out whether government can step in to the combat of negative effects in the case of a noncommittal attitude.
  4. To find out the extent which such programs like seminars, conference and workshops that are conducted for the teachers can enhance their performance in the class.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What is the relationship between teacher’s attitude towards teaching job and students’ academic performance?
  2. Does irregular payment of teachers’ salaries affect teachers’ performance on their work?
  3. What is the factors influence teacher’s attitude toward pupils’ academic performance?
  4. Can government step in to combat the negative effects in the case of a noncommittal attitude?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

H0: There is no significant relationship between teacher’s attitude towards and students’ academic performance.

H1: There is a significant relationship between teacher’s attitude towards and pupils’ academic performance.


1.6 Significance of the Study

This research work is significant in that it will highlight greatly the importance of primary school teachers attitudes to work in determining the pupil’s academic achievements in the secondary school level

With this, attention will be drawn towards this and more emphasis will be laid on the recruiting of teachers who have a passion for the job and courses could be set up which will aim at coaching teachers on the effects of their attitudes to the profession on the students.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study investigate the relationship into primary school teachers attitude to work with a particular reference to selected primary schools in Enugu Local Government Area of Enugu State.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

Measuring through the child’s academic achievements in the ways we mentioned in the scope of the study and matching them with our observation of their teacher during their teaching sessions required lots of time commitment on the part of the researcher. This is one of the major challenges met in the course of this research work and while it serves as a motivation for it, it has been a limitation in that it reduces the time allocation required to fully understand the said relationship between each set of teachers and their students in this study.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Introduction

This chapter presents the summary, conclusion and recommendations for further studies.


5.1 Summary of Findings

This study was carried out to examine investigation into primary school teachers attitude to work with a particular reference to selected primary schools in Enugu Local Government Area of Enugu State. To achieve this objective, four research questions and one research hypothesis were formulated to guide this study. A structured questionnaire was used as the main instrument to gather data from 63 teachers in the selected primary schools in Enugu Local Government Area of Enugu State. Out of this number, 55 (83.3%) copies of questionnaire were appropriately completed and returned for data analysis while 8(12.7%) copies of questionnaire not completed and returned.

The data collected from the respondents were analyzed using tables and descriptive statistics to analyze the research questions while t-test statistical method was used to test the research hypothesis. The findings revealed that; there is a significant relationship between teacher’s attitude towards and pupils’ academic performance.


5.3 Conclusion

Based on the findings of this study, and subsequent recommendations, it is concluded that the poor performance of students could be attributed to other factors other than teacher attitudes. Concerning the factors that affect teacher’s attitude, poor government attitude to teachers, lack of job satisfaction, poor remuneration and delayed salary, students’ learning interest and absence of teaching materials/instructional aid were found to influence teacher’s attitude. This is supported the work of Shittu and Oanite (2015) where the authors maintained that these factors shape teachers’ attitude in the teaching of social studies subject. However, sex and age of teachers was found not to influence their attitude. This agrees with the position of Afolabi (2015) that gender of a teacher does not affect teaching and student’s performance.


5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following recommendations:

  1. The government should budget and invest more in education, especially in the area of teacher’s welfare, provision of teaching materials and instructional aid.
  2. Government at all levels should change her nonchalant attitude to teachers and the teaching profession as it has grave implication on the nation.
  3. Government should embark on time to time and proper monitoring and evaluation of teachers to ensure that the teachers carry out their duties effectively in line with the guidelines for the teaching profession.
  4. The salaries and remuneration of teachers should be paid as when due. Non-payment of teacher’s salaries and other entitlements lower their motivation and thus negatively affects their performance.
  5. Teachers should constantly create a friendly environment in the classroom as this will help to stir up a learning hunger in the pupils which will in turn make the classroom more engaging.
  6. Parents should from time to enquire from their wards how supportive their teachers are.
  7. Beyond instruction, teachers should focus on the interpersonal aspects of teaching
  8. Constant in-service training should be provided for teacher and also provision should be made for teachers to attend education conferences both locally and internationally.
  9. Since attitude is about sharing emotions, teachers need to be taught how to develop and use emotional intelligence in classroom management.

Investigation Into Primary School Teachers Attitude To Work


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