An Investigation On The Importance And Need Of Entrepreneurship Education In Tertiary Institutions

Project And Seminar Topics With Materials On Entrepreneurship Education

An Investigation On The Importance And Need Of Entrepreneurship Education In Tertiary Institutions


Abstract


The broad aim of this study is to examine an investigation on the importance and need of entrepreneurship education in tertiary institutions in Kogi State as case study. The study adopted a survey research design and with the aid of convenience sampling method 120 participant who student in Kogi State was selected for the study. Well structured questionnaire was issued to the respondent of which all were returned and validated for the study. Data was analyzed in frequencies and tables using simple percentage. Findings from the study revealed that students were positive on their assessment on the influence of entrepreneurship education on students self-reliance ant it impact on job creation. They viewed entrepreneurship education as a means of empowering students through acquisitions of skills, knowledge and attitudes that will make them to be self-reliance as well as employers of labour. Most of the students rated poor funding from the government, student’s poor attitude to learning, inadequate qualified teachers in the area, inadequate equipped workshops and laboratories and overcrowded classrooms among others as the major factors affecting the teaching and learning of entrepreneurship educations in tertiary institutions. The study therefore recommends that in order to achieve good result in entrepreneurship education; Government should provide adequate infrastructural facilities like good workshops, studios and galleries for practical and exhibition and Adequate and experience qualified teachers should be recruited by school management to teach entrepreneurship educations in our tertiary institutions, teachers that specialized in the fields.


Table of Content


  • TITLE PAGE
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the study
  • 1.4 Research question
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the study
  • 1.8 Definition of terms
  • 1.9 Organization of the study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research Design
  • 3.3 Population of the study
  • 3.4 Sample size determination
  • 3.5 Sample size selection technique and procedure
  • 3.6 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.7 Method of data collection
  • 3.8 Method of data analysis
  • 3.9 Validity of the Study
  • 3.10 Reliability of the study
  • 3.11 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of research question
  • 4.3 Research Hypothesis

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Recently, a growing interest has been seen to find a lasting solution to poverty alleviation in developing countries and in entrepreneurship, which is considered an important and strategic tool for economic growth in many nations by encouraging innovation, creativity and creating employment opportunities (Bruton et al., 2013) and appears to have a significant influence on poverty reduction and sustainable development. The world poverty clock 2019 report has revealed that 91.8 million people in Nigeria now live in extreme poverty. According to the World Bank, a person can be said to be living in extreme poverty if they live below the poverty line of $1.90 which translate to #693.5 per day. In June 2018 the world poverty clock had name Nigeria as the poverty capital of the world with a statistic showing 87 million people live in extreme poverty. The latest statistic indicates that since June 2018 4 million Nigerians have slipped into extreme poverty. They also ascertain that by 2030 120 million are expected to join the poverty club. This was further confirmed by the British Prime Minister Theresa May, who said Nigeria had become home to the largest number of very poor people in the world (the cable Feb. 2019).

Alozie (2019) posit that various programs put in place in Nigeria over the years have hardly made a significant impact in alleviating the poverty level in Nigeria as a greater percentage of Nigerian still wallow in abject poverty. While Danaan (2018) ascertain that the government programs and policies employed to spur innovations, entrepreneurship, infrastructural development and improved welfare has proven to be inadequate to address the poverty situation in Nigeria. Unemployment and poverty are so intertwined that one can easily confuse one for the other, Unemployment reflect the failure to make use of labour force as well as high unemployment indicates poverty.

Ezie (2012) stated that unemployment situation in Nigeria is disturbing and even more disheartening that the country’s economic condition cannot absorb and optimal proportion of its labour force. In support of this statement Egunjobi (2014) revealed that the incidence unemployment in Nigeria has been deep and widespread, cutting across all facets of age group, educational strata and geographical entities and she believes that unemployment is one of the serious impediments of social progress. In a report from the National Bureau of Statistics stated that unemployment rate increased from 17.6 million 18.8% in Q3’17 to 20.9 million 23.1% in Q3’18. They further stated that unemployment rate in Nigeria has been on the increase since the economic crisis in 2014. Looking at the above assertions of both poverty and unemployment it clearly indicates that Nigeria is sitting on a time bomb which signal a very serious problem in the country that needs to be address. Different programs have been introduced by various administrations over time to address youth unemployment and poverty which has been an issue of significant public concern since the days of Structure adjustment program (SAP) that was introduced in the 1980’s In fact, youth unemployment and poverty had become the focus of the social policy for government that ruled Nigeria from independence to date. Recently the Federal Government through the National Education Research and Development Council (NERDC) developed a new curriculum for senior tertiary institutions in 2010, Entrepreneurship and trade related subject where introduced with the aim of providing functional education to students so that they should be equipped with the necessary skills and desired knowledge that will make them to become self-reliance. Sajuyigbe, Kareem and Oyedele (2016) posit that Entrepreneurship Education has been recognised as an antidote to unemployment and poverty among the youths in both developed and developing countries. Ngerem and Ezikpe (2016) believes that Entrepreneurship Education is the core of both individual and society’s economy. For an individual to meet up with the demand of the society needs some skills; with these skills, he can explore his environment for the betterment of both himself and the society. They further added that only through Entrepreneurship Education that school leavers (youths) will be exposed to self-employment


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Nigeria like most developing nations of the world is faced with myriads of problems and harsh realities which include poverty, unemployment, conflict and diseases. Numerous studies have found that entrepreneurial endeavors have the potential of pulling out people from poverty, either by encouraging them 206 to start their own business venture or by creating employment opportunities for others which is the one reason that made Nigerian curriculum planners to to introduce Entrepreneurship Education into her tertiary institutions syllabus. The primary objectives of Entrepreneurship Education is to prepare school graduates to acquire relevant functional trade/entrepreneurial skills as to prepare for useful living, the curriculum focus on value orientation, job Creation, wealth generation and poverty reduction. In a research carried out by Okpochefo and Alika (2018) they ascertained that a nation like Nigeria, which is among the developing countries of the world cannot afford to neglect the relevance of entrepreneurship education if career development of her citizens must be developed optimally and if she must advance or progress technologically.

However, close to ten years of the introduction of the program the practical implementation still suffers a setback, it is not yielding the required result. Despite the introduction of Entrepreneurship Education in Nigerian schools many graduates still remain unemployed for a long period of time after graduation. The entrepreneurship education delivered to students seem not to be meeting the aim and objectives of the compulsory course. The content and management of the course seem to be porous. The purpose of establishing the entrepreneurship courses seem to be defeated and student tends not to feel it impact. More significant is that most tertiary institutions do not teach it as subject due to lack of qualified teacher to take up the subject hence the administrators merge it to either vocational studies or home economics which at the end of an academic year the student end up not be equipped with the necessarily knowledge on entrepreneurship courses thus incapacitated to practice innovative skill which can alleviate them from poverty. Hence, this study is geared toward examine an investigation on the importance and need of entrepreneurship education in tertiary institutions.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The broad objective of this study is to examine an investigation on the importance and need of entrepreneurship education in tertiary institutions.

Specifically the study seeks:

  1. To find out whether entrepreneurship education are offered in tertiary institutions in Kogi State.
  2. To find out whether entrepreneurship education are offered in tertiary institutions equip the student with the skill needed to start a business or become self-employed.
  3. To find out whether student perceive entrepreneurship education as a means of poverty reduction in Nigeria.

1.4 Research Question

  1. Are entrepreneurship education offered in tertiary institutions in Kogi State?
  2. Do entrepreneurship education offered in tertiary institutions equip the student with the skills needed to start a business or become self-employed?
  3. Do student perceive entrepreneurship education as a means of poverty reduction in Nigeria?

1.5 Significance of the Study

Findings from this study will be relevant to Policy Makers, tertiary institutions administrators, teachers and students. This study is important to policy makers and stakeholders in Nigeria regarding the design of an entrepreneurship curriculum that can enhance the development of viable business ideas by students in tertiary institutions. The result of this study will provide a guide for tertiary institutions education board, school proprietors and administrator on the implementation of policies, consistent with engagement in innovative activities and entrepreneurial development of student by engaging qualified teachers in entrepreneurial studies. This research will contribute to existing knowledge in entrepreneurship education literature, by developing an intention model that will be useful for researchers in undertaking further research on related areas of study


1.6 Scope of the Study

The scope of this study borders on Student’s perception of the role of Entrepreneurship education in Nigeria. The study would further find out whether entrepreneurship education are offered in tertiary institutions and also find out whether entrepreneurship education are offered in tertiary institutions equip the student with the skill needed to start a business or become self-employed. Additionally the compounding issues that will also be addressed is the challenges militating against the implementation and success of Entrepreneurship Education in Nigerian schools. The stud is however delimited to in Ibaji Local Government area of Kogi State.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

Notably, like in every human endeavour, the researchers encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. The significant constraint was the scanty literature on the subject owing that it is a new discourse thus the researcher incurred more financial expenses and much time was required in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. Additionally, the researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. However in spite of the constraint all these constraint were downplayed to give the bes


1.8 Definition of Terms

Entrepreneurship:

Entrepreneurship is defined as the process that involves idea generation, opportunity identification and business planning, which results in business creation or product innovation.

Entrepreneur:

An entrepreneur is defined as an individual, who can successfully and efficiently organise resources in search of an opportunity to create value.

Entrepreneurship Education:

Entrepreneurship education is defined as any program or process of education targeted at motivating entrepreneurial actions and behaviour.

Entrepreneurship Curriculum Content:

Entrepreneurship curriculum content is defined as information and experiences contained in the curriculum of an entrepreneurship program.

Perception:

Perception refers to the process of being aware of one‘s environment through the senses. Learning Orientation: Learning orientation is defined as the inclination towards a continuous search for new knowledge.


1.9 Organizations of the Study

The chapter one consist of the introductory part of the study which includes the study background, the statement of the research problem, the study objective and scope of the study.

The second chapter is a critical review of other literatures relevant to the study and its objectives including the theoretical framework for the study. While the third chapter is methods of data collection, sampling and data analysis used in conducting the study. The fourth chapter centres around the research findings including an analysis of how it relates to previous findings. The fifth chapter consists of the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations base on the study objectives.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

The broad aim of this study is to examine an investigation on the importance and need of entrepreneurship education in tertiary institutions in Kogi State as case study. The study would further find out whether entrepreneurship education are offered in tertiary institutions and also find out whether entrepreneurship education are offered in tertiary institutions equip the student with the skill needed to start a business or become self-employed.

The study adopted a survey research design and with the aid of convenience sampling method 120 participant who student and teachers in selected tertiary institutions in Kogi State was selected for the study. Well structured questionnaire was issued to the respondent of which all were returned and validated for the study. Data was analyzed in frequencies and tables using simple percentage.


5.2 Conclusion

In Nigeria there is need to ensure that school leavers are not only self-reliance but employers of labour, in trying to achieve this, the Federal Government through the National Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC) introduce entrepreneurship education in all tertiary institutions’s with the aim of equipping students with entrepreneurial skills and attitudes that will make them self-reliance. Despite this bold step taken by the government in introducing entrepreneurship education about ten years the practical implementation still suffers a set back and the prevalence rate of poverty and unemployment in Nigeria today is alarming. The government officially acknowledge that there exist a “missing link”. Meaning that there is a gap between entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial skills need for self reliance in the country. Should the “missing link” gap persist, the objectives of entrepreneurship education may be difficult to achieve. A need therefore arise to investigate why there is a persistent “missing link” and what are the challenges militating against the success of entrepreneurship education in the county.

On the premised of the findings it is evidence that the students were positive on their assessment on the influence of entrepreneurship education on students self-reliance ant it impact on job creation. They viewed entrepreneurship education as a means of empowering students through acquisitions of skills, knowledge and attitudes that will make them to be self-reliance as well as employers of labour. Most of the students rated poor funding from the government, student’s poor attitude to learning, inadequate qualified teachers in the area, inadequate equipped workshops and laboratories and overcrowded classrooms among others as the major factors affecting the teaching and learning of entrepreneurship educations in tertiary institutions.


5.3 Recommendation

In order to achieve good result in entrepreneurship education the following strategies should be adopted.

  1. Government should provide adequate infrastructural facilities like good workshops, studios and galleries for practical and exhibition.
  2. Adequate and experience qualified teachers should be recruited to teach entrepreneurship educations in our tertiary institutions, teachers that specialized in the fields.
  3. Educational planners need to ensure that more schools and classes are built so that classes are manageable, which will enable teachers to supervise student’s practical works for better result.
  4. There should be regular and adequate seminars, workshops and conferences for teachers in order to upgrade their knowledge.
  5. Practical aspects, since they are practical oriented subjects should be taught with relevant equipment and tools.
  6. Government should find a way of encouraging the students to abreast learning, guidance and counselling units have to be establish in all our schools.
  7. Government should increase the funding of entrepreneurship education in our schools, for effective delivery

Get Complete Project Material

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to Any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAcc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)
FOR GHANIAN STUDENTS
Make Payment of 120 GHS to 0553978005 | Douglas Cloud Osabutey | MTN MoMo

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: An Investigation On The Importance And Need Of Entrepreneurship Education In Tertiary Institutions

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.