An Investigation Of The Factors Responsible For Teachers Lack Of Interest In Teaching Profession Among Secondary Schools In Ogun State
1.1 Background of the Study
Teachers have a critical role in the education system as a whole. As a result, their availability, efficacy, and satisfaction are critical. Historically, teachers had a higher turnover rate in the educational system than other professions due to their importance in schools. However, the majority of teachers (particularly newbie teachers) often quit the profession after completing a half-decade in the teaching (Ingersoll and Smith 2003). As a result, teachers are often in short supply as the student population grows. Previous research has also shown teacher shortages in schools in a variety of nations, including the United States (Edgar & Pair, 2005), the Netherlands (Brouwer & Korthagen, 2008), and Hong Kong (Choi & Tang, 2009).
In general, teachers’ social acceptability and status are diminishing in several nations. As a result, teachers’ professional standing continues to deteriorate (Khan, 2005). Also, political appointments and transfers, a lack of academic independence, autonomy, and authority in comparison to other professions, low pass rates, low throughput rates, and inadequate infrastructure all contribute to the amount to which teachers leave the teaching profession.
In particular, the decline of teachers in Nigeria is largely a result of a number of factors, including a continuously declining economy, poor governance, a pervasively high level of dilapidated infrastructure, a massive disregard for the teaching profession by successive governments that refuse to pay teachers’ salaries, and teacher solidarity (Ogunnubi and Okeke-Uzodike 2016). These reasons often cause Nigerian teachers to seek alternate sources of income, which is reported to contribute to a high percentage of teacher absenteeism, an inability to prepare lesson materials sufficiently, resulting in poorly prepared classrooms, and a lack of job satisfaction (Akyeampong and Bennell 2007).
Additionally, job satisfaction for teachers is stated to be a multidimensional term that is critical for teacher engagement and excitement. Job satisfaction increases teacher retention and hence contributes to the efficacy and development of teachers (Shann, 1998). In other words, if teachers are not treated fairly and are not rewarded for their efforts, their level of satisfaction will decline and they will be unable to fulfill their jobs effectively. Iqbal (2011) concurred, stating that job satisfaction is important because instructors’ attitudes about work have an influence on the teaching-learning process and, ultimately, on student achievement. Thus, only fully pleased teachers can teach successfully in classrooms, and their teaching quality improves as their degree of satisfaction increases.
The purpose of this research is to determine the elements that contribute to teachers’ lack of enthusiasm in the teaching profession in secondary schools in Ogun State.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Teachers are underperforming as a result of a lack of motivating forces, which results in high intentions of turnover. This ineffective or substandard performance has an effect on the student’s education as well (Bennell 2009). Teacher ineffectiveness is a worldwide problem that cannot be disregarded in both Western and Eastern cultures. It has created a slew of problems for schools, including poor student satisfaction, high student turnover intentions, excessive recruiting expenses for new personnel, and delays in education delivery. All of these ineffective teacher performances result in low-quality students who become ineffective teachers of their cultures and may eventually become a burden on their country. Also, teachers’ plans to leave undermine a school’s positive image. Students’ education and time are severely harmed as a result of turnover difficulties, which contributes to their discontent with their academics and school. According to Gatalica (2013), the majority of secondary school teachers who leave the teaching profession are the most qualified. As a result, it is necessary to analyze the factors which contribute to teachers’ disinterest in the teaching profession in secondary schools.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The overall aim of this study is to critically examine the factors responsible for teachers lack of interest in teaching profession among secondary schools. Hence, the study will be channeled to the following specific objectives;
- Identify the causes teachers lack of interest in teaching profession among secondary schools in Ogun State.
- Ascertain the implication of teachers decline from teaching profession in Ogun State.
- Determine the solutions to teachers lack of interest and decline from teaching profession.
1.4 Research Questions
The study will be guided by the following questions;
- What are the causes teachers’ lack of interest in teaching profession among secondary schools in Ogun State?
- What are the implication of teachers decline from teaching profession in Ogun State?
- What are the possible solutions to teachers lack of interest and decline from teaching profession?
1.5 Significance of the Study
This study will be most relevant to school administrators, and policy makers in the educational sector. The study will unveil to them the cause, implication and solutions to the increasing decline of teachers in teaching profession.
Additionally, subsequent researchers will use it as literature review. This means that, other students who may decide to conduct studies in this area will have the opportunity to use this study as available literature that can be subjected to critical review. Invariably, the result of the study contributes immensely to the body of academic knowledge with regards to the factors responsible for teachers lack of interest in teaching profession among secondary schools.
1.6 Scope of the Study
This study is structured to generally investigate the factors responsible for teachers lack of interest in teaching profession among secondary schools. However, the study will further identify the causes teachers lack of interest in teaching profession among secondary schools in Ogun State, ascertain the implication of teachers decline from teaching profession in Ogun State, and determine the solutions to teachers lack of interest and decline from teaching profession.
Thus, the study will be delimited to selected secondary schools in Ogun State.
1.7 Limitation of the Study
Like in every human endeavour, the researcher encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. More so, the researcher simultaneously engaged in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.
1.8 Definition of Terms
This is anybody responsible for preparing lesson plans and educating students at all levels.
Lack of Interest:
The unwillingness to continue or belong to a certain profession or association.
This is the feeling of not being contented in a job.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Should teachers investigate students’ learning difficulties?
The paper proffers some recommendations among which included investigations of students’ learning difficulties should be taken seriously by teachers and be seen as a special tool for checking the level of difficulties among the students.
What factors contribute to teacher effectiveness?
School based factors contribute to teacher effectiveness. Friendly atmosphere in an organisation contribute to teacher effectiveness. Children from literate parents seemed to be more influence to teacher. Variety teaching learning materials in scheming and planning promote effective teaching.
Why are so many teachers leaving teaching?
Workload, government policy, and lack of support from leadership were cited as the three main reasons for leaving and 85% of respondents said that they didn’t plan to or were undecided about going back into teaching.
What is the problem of poor student performance in mathematics?
Poor students performance in Mathematics has posed major concern to mathematics educators. This is because, the teaching and learning of mathematics in secondary schools in Nigeria have a significant role towards understanding the subject as well as science and technology related courses.