Information Technology And Its Influence On Principals Administrative Effectiveness In Secondary Schools (A Case Study Of Some Selected Secondary Schools In Ebonyi State)

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Information Technology And Its Influence On Principals Administrative Effectiveness In Secondary Schools (A Case Study Of Some Selected Secondary Schools In Ebonyi State)


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

It’s vital to note that the word “ICT” refers to a broad spectrum of computerized information and communication technologies in this study. Desktop computers, laptops, mobile devices, wired or wireless intranets, corporate productivity applications such as text editors and spreadsheets, enterprise software, data storage and security, network security, and others are examples of these technologies Angie (2013). Institutional management information systems should be developed to provide accurate records of information, save manual labor costs, improve staff communication, and support the organization’s strategic objectives and direction. School administrators are more concerned now than they were even a few years ago about school data storage and collection. Schools all around the globe are using information and communication technology (ICT) to improve academic efficiency as well as provide better stakeholder service. Diverse researchers have characterized information and communication technology (ICT) from various angles. ICT is described by Mueen, Asadullah, Raed, and Jamshed (2013) as an electronic network that consists of complicated hardware and software connected by a variety of technical protocols. Internet, satellite, cable data transmission, and computer aided equipment are all examples of ICTs, according to Ufuophu & Agobami (2012,). ICT, on the other hand, refers to facilities, tools, or resources that may be utilized to quickly process, store, maintain, access, retrieve, and distribute data. It may be seen as a growth engine and a tool for empowerment, having significant implications for education, transformation, and socioeconomic development. Institutional management information systems should be developed to provide accurate records of information, save manual labor costs, improve staff communication, and support the organization’s strategic objectives and direction. Various researchers defined information administration as one aspect of overall administration of educational institutions, according to Bamidele (2015,) which mostly comprises general and day-to-day operational operations. As a result, it is possible to infer that the information administration cycle consists of three key components:

  1. Student administration,
  2. Staff administration, and
  3. General administration.

Student administration is an essential component of information management. This includes a variety of tasks, ranging from admissions to learning activities to results processing and performance analysis. This includes student inquiries about admissions, applications for admissions via electronic media, registration / enrolment via computers, course allotment, and the availability of information such as timetables / class schedules in electronic form, as well as attendance monitoring / maintenance via electronic media. Recruitment and job assignment of professors and employees in the institution, attendance and leave management, and performance rating are all part of staff administration. It also involves pertinent communication to and from the institutions as well as among peers. Staff administration using information and communication technology (ICT) facilitates the processing of large amounts of data in a timely, careful, and error-free way, making data retrieval simpler (Thomas, 2004,). The general administration of the school management system, which covers the numerous day-to-day operations of the overall system, is an essential aspect of information administration. In general, a solid communication system should be in place for the administration’s overall performance. ICT aids in the provision of a good communication system in higher education, as well as the timely dissemination of information to all parties involved. Administration has therefore been expanded as a service activity or instrument in the institutional environment, allowing the core goals of the institutional process to be more effectively optimized when assigning people and material resources, as well as making the greatest use of existing resources (Liverpool & Jacinta, 2013) The following are some of the different methods for incorporating technology into educational institution management (Angie, 2013,) Rather of printing and distributing alerts and agendas, send them to personnel through email. Lesson plans must be submitted by e-mail. Ask parents to enter e-mail addresses on medical paperwork to encourage technological expansion. Make it a requirement for all instructors to develop a class Web page. Attend technology conferences to learn about what other schools are doing to integrate technology, what other instructors are doing to integrate technology, and what administrators are doing to encourage students to utilize technology in their classrooms.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Many of the challenges that educational institutions face may be solved with management information technology. Poor staffing estimates, a lack of reliable student information, a lack of time to acquire information promptly, a lack of confidence or competence, and a lack of training are examples of such issues. However, there have been little or no research on this issue, particularly in Somalia. This study aims to address this apparent research vacuum by evaluating Information Technology and its impact on secondary school principals’ administrative performance in Ebonyi state.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The primary objective of the study is as follows

  1. To examine if schools in Ebonyi state have an ICT department in schools.
  2. To evaluate the effectiveness of principals administration in the use of ICT in secondary schools.
  3. To examine the influence of ICT in the effective running of the school
  4. To examine if the school ICT is regularly upgraded in other for an effective administration of the school.
  5. To examine how ICT can be improved in other for an effective administration of the school

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions have been prepared for this study

  1. Does schools in Ebonyi state have an ICT department in schools?
  2. What is the effectiveness of principals administration in the use of ICT in secondary schools?
  3. What is the influence of ICT in the effective running of the school?
  4. Is the school ICT is regularly upgraded in other for an effective administration of the school?
  5. How can ICT be improved in other for an effective administration of the school?

1.5 Significance of the Study

This study focuses on the Information Technology and its influence on principals administrative effectiveness in secondary schools , hence it will be of benefit to the ministry of education on the need to provide and regularly update the ICT department in schools.

This study will be of benefit to the academic community as it will contribute to the existing literature


1.6 Scope of the Study

This study examine if schools in Ebonyi state have an ICT department in schools. The study will also evaluate the effectiveness of principals administration in the use of ICT in secondary schools. More so the study will examine the influence of ICT in the effective running of the school. Furthermore the study will examine if the school ICT is regularly upgraded in other for an effective administration of the school. Lastly, the study will examine how ICT can be improved in other for an effective administration of the school. Hence this study will be delimited to some selected secondary schools in Ebonyi state.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

This study was constrained by a number of factors which are as follows:

Just like any other research, ranging from unavailability of needed accurate materials on the topic under study, inability to get data

Financial constraint , was faced by the researcher ,in getting relevant materials and in printing and collation of questionnaires

Time factor: time factor pose another constraint since having to shuttle between writing of the research and also engaging in other academic work making it uneasy for the researcher


1.8 Definition of Terms

ICT:

Information communications technology

Administrative Effectiveness:

The positive response to administrative efforts and actions with. the intention to accomplish stated goals.


Information Technology And Its Influence On Principals Administrative Effectiveness In Secondary Schools (A Case Study Of Some Selected Secondary Schools In Ebonyi State)


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Information Technology And Its Influence On Principals Administrative Effectiveness In Secondary Schools (A Case Study Of Some Selected Secondary Schools In Ebonyi State)


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Frequently Asked Questions


Does ICT use affect principals’ administrative effectiveness?

Testing the Null Hypotheses Null Hypothesis 1 (H01): There is no significant relationship between ICT usage and principals’ administrative effectiveness in Anambra State public senior secondary schools.

Do teachers in secondary schools use ICT in administration?

The availability and accessibility of ICT facilities may not automatically translate into use. The current study therefore sought to find out the perceptions of teachers other than head teachers alone on the use of ICT in administration of secondary schools.

What factors influence students’ attitude towards use of Information Technology?

Perception of potential usefulness of the computer could influence attitude towards use of information technology. Technical support includes issues like installation, operation, maintenance, network administration and security. This is an important part of the implementation and integration of ICT in administration of schools.

How effective is the administration of the principal on the data?

The researcher employed the services of computer programmes and analysts to process the data. If the mean range is below 2.5 for any items, then the effectiveness of the administration of the principal on it is low. 

Does ICT enhance principals’ level of administrative effectiveness in secondary schools?

Adeyemi and Olaleye (2010) however revealed that there was significant positive relationship between usage of ICT and principals’ level of administrative effectiveness in Ekiti State secondary schools.

How effective are principals’ administrative effectiveness?

The same author revealed that principals’ administrative effectiveness was low in the areas of Supervision of instruction and Motivation of staff.

What is the impact of ICT on school administration?

Saiti and Prokopiadou (2009) in the research on the impact of ICT on school administration indicated that ICT in the school environment may be considered as a synonym for modernization of schools. The use of ICT in schools is part of the extensive technological modernization of education and administration. 

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