The Influence Of Teaching And Learning Environment On Teaching
The teaching environment should include a classroom, a good location, a serene facility, school climate and technology, etc, is a variable that affects teaching. Hence the school environment remains an important area that should be studied and well managed to enhance students’ academic performance. The extent to which teaching and learning could be enhanced depends on their location within the school compound, the structure of their classroom, availability of instructional facilities and accessories. It is believed that a well-planned teaching and learning environment will gear up expected outcome of education that will facilitate good social, political and economic emancipation, effective teaching learning process and academic performance of the students. This and many more is what the researcher intends to investigate in this study.
1.1 Background of the Study
Every living organism reacts to its physical environment; secondary school students and teacher likewise react to their environment. The environment in question may produce comfort or discomfort; arouse feeling and disquiet and depression of feelings of ration and pride.
It may also encourage or retard learning, allow the easy spread of communicable Disease or safeguard health, may increase or decreases the possibility of accidents. The provision of safe sanitary and attractive physical environment plays an immeasurable role from the stand point of the productively of both the teachers and the students.
The emotional and social dimensions of the school environment are characterized by the harmonious inter personal relationship between teachers and learners on one side and between students themselves. The characteristics of a healthy physical environment include the school building being used, regular classrooms and special rooms with sample space provided to avoid over-crowding and to permit those activities that are included in the educational programme. There must be adequate and proper lighting, careful acoustic measures to minimize noise. Effective ventilation plus suitable and attractive furniture must also be made available. Also, included in the physical environment must be supply of safe drinking water, sufficient facilities for toilet, adequate waste disposal facilities, laboratory facilities, sufficient visual and audio-visual aids and other good instructional materials.
The school environment, having its own cultures that influence the behaviour and performances of students in different ways. Any school environment where the facilities are made available is likely to produce positive on the teaching and learning process for the students. This form of environment tends to encourage teachers to put more effort into their job while it stimulates the learning ability of the students in question.
In addition to the characteristics of the environment of the school are human elements which include the teachers, the students themselves and the peer group. The qualification of the teachers, their readiness to work and their interests in the students goes a long way to either encourage or discourage learning. The students on the other hand as the recipient of instruction also pick important parts in the teaching and learning process. Their level of intelligence which could be as a result of their psychological background, their readiness to learn and their level of cooperation with the teachers matter a lot.
Finally, the peer group as another major element in the environment can affect learning either positively or negatively. This depends largely on the mode of interaction and relationship which exists between these groups.
Watts (2002) identifies the classroom and school surrounding jointly as an artificial environment deliberately constructed and managed to facilitate more rapid and effective learning that needs to take place in the society at large. The school environments in consonance with the one expressed above is both physical and human and affects the students physically, mentally and emotionally.
Rattan (2005) is of the opinion that environment affects academic achievement. It is therefore not out of place to determine the effect of rural and urban as well as home environment factors on the performance of secondary school students.
This study will look into the effect of teaching and learning environment on students’ performance in financial accounting in senior secondary schools in Oyo West Local Government Area of Oyo State.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The teaching and learning environment of students as discussed earlier refers to the physical building in which the teaching and learning process took place plus the situation and circumstance in which learning took place. The situation and circumstance here may be as a result of government policies, economics or situation of the country. The fact that the physical and human environments affect the performance of the students cannot be over emphasized; the effects as discussed earlier could either be positive or negative.
It is obvious that schools nowadays are not what they used to be in the olden days. The wide range of technological changes that have occurred brought new pressure many of which are associated with increased in school population has this increase any influence on student’ academic performance in secondary schools?
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The rationale behind this study is to establish whether teaching and learning environment has influence on the academic performance of students in financial accounting in secondary schools. The study therefore is designed to:
- Examine the influence of the environment on students’ performance in financial accounting in secondary school
- Consider the influence of the human element on the performance of the students in financial accounting
- Highlight the influence of the classroom condition and school location on the teaching and learning process
- Show the importance of well equipped library and availability of up to date teaching aids on the academic performance of the students.
1.4 Research Questions
- What is the influence of teaching and learning environment on the academic achievement of students?
- How does discipline of teachers influence academic achievement of secondary school students?
- What is the influence of school physical facilities on academic achievement of students?
1.5 Research Hypotheses
- H0: School physical facilities has no significant influence on academic achievement of secondary school students.
H1: School physical facilities has a significant influence on academic achievement of secondary school students.
- H0: School climate has no significant influence on academic achievement of students in Nigeria.
H2: School climate has a significant influence on academic achievement of students in Nigeria.
1.6 Significance of the Study
The study is aimed at creating awareness of the part of school administration and government as regards the influence of variable such as school environment, school location, physical facilities, library factors, audio visual aids and so on has effect on the academic performance of secondary school students in financial accounting.
The study is also designed to assist the government and education planners, curriculum designers and administrators in formulating policies that can help the educational; system as a whole. The findings and recommendation will also assist teacher meaningfully in overcoming some environmental problems associated with the teaching and learning process in secondary schools. In short, the study should constitute a positive reward for the knowledge.
1.7 Scope of the Study
This study is designed to examine the influence of teaching and learning environment on the academic performance of secondary school students. It is limited to all secondary schools in Oyo West Local Government Area of Oyo State.
1.8 Definition of Terms
It is the measurement of academic achievement and progress of individual students. Data provided for a percentage of students passing all tests as well as the aggregate by percentages passing financial accounting
Teaching and Learning Environment:
It refers to the physical building in which the teaching and learning process take place plus the situation and circumstance in which learning takes place.
The Oxford Advanced Learner’s dictionary defines influence as “the effect that somebody or something has on the way a person thinks or behaves or on the way that something works’ or develops”.
1.9 Organization of the Study
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
- Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), statement of problem, objectives of the study, research question, significance or the study, research methodology, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
- Chapter two highlight the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
- Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
- Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
- Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.
Summary Conclusion and Recommendation
It is pertinent to note that this research was aimed at finding out the positive impacts of school or learning environment on teaching, thus the topic “the influence of teaching and learning environment on teaching”.
In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges associated with poor learning facilities in Nigeria.
The study was carried out to investigate the influence of teaching and learning environment on teaching. The design of the study is descriptive while the population comprised head of departments, lecturers, students in the education zone. The sample size for the study was 200 respondents while a researchers’ self-developed questionnaire and two hypotheses formed the instrument for data collection. Three research questions and two null and alternate hypotheses guided the study; while student t-test statistics was used to test the hypotheses at0.05 level of significant. A review of empirical studies was carried out to guide the researcher into previous studies in the area and also to provide the researcher with the theoretical base. A 20-item questionnaire was used to get information from the respondents. Based on the data collected and analyzed, the following results were obtained. That staff office, classroom spaces for teaching students and staff common room represented the major areas that to a great extent affect the academic achievement of students in public schools, with regard to buildings. It was also revealed that desks, current books and presence of library assistants constituted the areas of influence to the academic achievement of the students with regard to library services in the public secondary schools. Both the lecturers and students agreed that access to reading materials in the school, lack of facilities, and nearness to school and in sufficient qualified teachers very greatly affect the academic achievement of the students. Inadequate teaching materials were also noted as a major factor affecting the students’ academic achievement. The two groups also shared common views in terms of the great influence of school health services, fencing of school for security and provision of power supply as important variable affecting the academic achievement of the students of public secondary schools. Based on the above, the researcher recommends that schools should be provided with functional libraries, equipped with current reading materials to help enhance both the students’ academic achievement and the teachers’ effectiveness in academic activities in the school. The finding of this study revealed that school climate has significant influence on academic achievement and performance.
Based on the results of this study, it was concluded that school climate, discipline and physical facilities has significant influence on academic achievement of students in Nigeria. Location/setting of school is one of the environmental factors that influence the academic performance of students. Onukwo (2004/2005) in his note recorded School climate research suggest that positive interpersonal relationships and optional learning opportunities for students in all demographic environments can increase achievements levels and reduces maladaptive behaviour. From the findings of this study, it could be clearly seen that poor learning environment can hinder the free flow of teaching in the researcher’s objective of learning environment. A calm and conducive learning environment aids good teaching and make learning easy and more understandable to the listeners.
Based on the above findings, the researcher recommends that teaching and learning environments should be provided with functional libraries, equipped with current reading materials to help enhance both the students’ academic achievement and the teachers’ effectiveness in academic activities in the school.
Appropriate school authorities should enable to provide a conducive school environment that has good climate for effective teaching and learning. Such environment should be safe, students treated fairly by teachers and happy to be in school as well as feel they are a part of the school.
Effective school discipline should be encouraged by head teachers in controlling teachers’ behaviour capable of jeopardizing students’ academic achievement in primary schools.
Benue State Government should provide adequate school physical facilities in primary schools to enhance teaching and learning processes. The Parent Teacher Association (PTA), philanthropist and other charitable organizations are also implored to compliment the effort of the government to boost academic achievement of secondary school students.
The Influence Of Teaching And Learning Environment On Teaching
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