Influence Of Teacher And Students Factor As Predictor Of Student Performance In Basic Technology In Ibadan South West

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Influence Of Teacher And Students Factor As Predictor Of Student Performance In Basic Technology In Ibadan South West


Abstract


This study was carried out on the influence of teacher and students factor as predictor of student performance in basic technology in Ibadan South West. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprised of students and teachers of selected junior secondary schools in Ibadan South West. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 200 respondents and 150 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables, while the hypotheses were tested using Pearson correlation statistical tool, SPSS v23. The result of the findings reveals that teachers qualification and experience affects students performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west. The study also revealed that teachers teaching methods affects students performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west. Furthermore, the study revealed that students reading habit affects their performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west. Therefore, students should be convinced to imbibe a good study habit and attitude to promote attitude to learning. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the Study
  • 1.6 Scope of the Study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms
  • 1.9 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Every serious nation the world over is very much interested in the issue of technological development. This is because success in technological growth is the springboard for social and economic development. This explains why technology- related courses are always central among mandatory subjects that students at the lower level of secondary education are required to pass for upward movement. (Levaic, 1995; Rijavec & Brdar, 2002)
An important integral part of the Nigerian education system is junior secondary education. It is a programme of three years benefited by children whose ages range between thirteen (13) and fifteen (15) years. A core course in its curriculum is Basic Technology. The practice-oriented subject is included so as to develop practical and applied skills in the young ones. Teaching and learning of the subject are supposed to ensure inculcation of technological literacy, that is, basic understanding of and capability in technology; exposure of the beneficiaries to the world of work to match their talents and interests for wise vocational choice; and instillation of positive attitudes toward work as a source of human identity, livelihood and power.

Acquisition of knowledge in the subject is one of the means by which the nation hopes to attain the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015 and the important targets of the National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategies (NEEDS). (Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council, 2007) In one word, Basic Technology is supposed to contribute to the achievement of the national education goals by providing the required technical knowledge and vocational skills.

The determination of world bodies to ensure literacy of citizens all over the globe has also served as impetus and a catalyst to efforts made by the Nigerian government. Education for all by 2015 and other targets of government have engendered signing of several projects and, by extension, doing all that she could in investing in education so as to facilitate the achievement of the nation’s educational goals.

Vocational education is designed to develop skills, abilities, understanding, attitudes, work habits and appreciation that confer knowledge needed to enter and make progress in employment on a useful and productive basis (Udo, 2004). Pre-vocational subjects offered at the post-primary level include: Introductory Technology now Basic Technology, Practical Agriculture, Home Economics and Business Studies (Federal Government of Nigeria FRN, 2004).Basic technology is a pre-vocational subject offered at junior section of post primary education (FRN, 2004).Basic technology is a pre-vocational subject offered at junior section of post primary education (FRN, 2004). According to Uwameiye and Ojikutu (2008), basic technology exposes students at the junior secondary school (JSS) level to technology through exploratory activities.

According to Ohikhema (1994), Basic Technology provides knowledge in woodwork, metalwork, technical drawing, auto-mechanics and electricity and electronics at the introductory level and hence exposes students to Technical Education. Obomanu (2001) had observed that Basic Technology is an aspect of general education curriculum which attempts to provide learning experiences that would assist students in understanding the industrial and technological aspects of live by offering instructions in selected areas of metalwork, woodwork, electricity, plastics, ceramics, textiles and technical drawing.

Reports from different states in Nigeria indicated poor performance of students in their Junior Secondary School Examination in Basic Technology (Nwoji, 2000; Lenda, 2001). Akpan,Usoro, Akpan, & Ekpo (2010) citing Ekefre (2003) opined that many students cannot interpret simple machine drawings. The teaching of Basic Technology does not provide appropriate job training and experience in any specific trade or industrial area. No student on completion of the subject can carry out simple daily maintenance of motor vehicle in terms of checking oil level and water level in the radiator. Ekefre further ascribed poor performance of students in Basic Technology to insufficient tools, equipment, materials and teachers.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Development is often equated with level of technology, industrialization and westernization. The acquisition and application of essential knowledge in Basic Technology are regarded as the very foundation of technological and industrial development of any nation. The problem of this study concerned establishing the degree of correlation, if any, between teacher quality and student academic achievement in Basic Technology.

Any activity directed toward ensuring quality in Basic Technology at the junior secondary education level is worthwhile. This is so as it will go a long way in determining student academic achievement in related subjects like physics and mathematics at external examinations conducted by NECO and WAEC whose outcome is used by many as a yardstick for measuring the entire secondary education in Nigeria. More importantly, investigating the strength of correlation between the independent and dependent variables is considered worthy now at a time that Nigeria envisions to be one of the twenty (20) largest economies in the world, able to strengthen its leadership role in the continent and establish itself as a major player in the global economic and political arena by 2020, i.e. a few years from now.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main objective of this study is to examine the influence of teacher and students factor as predictor of student performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west.

Specific aims of this study are:

  1. To determine whether teachers qualification and experience affects students performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west.
  2. To determine whether teachers teaching methods affects students performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west.
  3. To determine whether students attitude affects their performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west.
  4. To determine whether students reading habit affects their performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions will be answered in this study:

  1. Does teachers qualification and experience affect students performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west?
  2. Does teachers teaching methods affect students performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west?
  3. Does students attitude affect their performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west?
  4. Does students reading habit affect their performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

The following null hypotheses will validate this study:

H01: There is no significant relationship between teachers factors and student performance in Basic Technology.

H02: There is no significant relationship between students factors and student performance in Basic Technology.


1.6 Significance of the Study

The findings of the study will uplift the standard of Basic Technology in the following ways;

Basic Technology Teachers:

It will help them to understand and develop the positive attitude of using teaching materials in the process of teaching-learning in all subjects in large class size.

Basic Technology Students:

It will give opportunity and training for students on how to interact positively and encourage individual student’s best performance in Basic Technology. It is therefore, hoped that when students are successful in learning through enriched improvised and standard teaching materials, they will look at Basic technology with a positive attitude. Also it will help in motivating the students to be inquisitive in what to learn using materials.

Policy Makers:

The study will educate the policy makers on the significance and relevance of using teaching materials in teaching-learning process, so that they can help in making them available and to reach the teachers and also enforce their use in the classroom.

Curriculum Planners:

The study will motivate the curriculum planners to include and enforce the use of teaching materials by teachers as the implementers of the curriculum.

Administrators:

The study will provide information about the reality of educational practice. This result can be used as reference point in making further educational practices by technology Education.

Professional Associations:

Such As the technology Teachers Association of Nigeria (STAN) and Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC) can carry out seminars, workshops and research to help implement and communicate the result of the study to teachers to use as part of their teaching materials. Textbook Authors will be stimulated to incorporate teaching materials for illustration in every topic.

Researchers:

It will provide researchers with empirical evidence on the performance of students exposed to teaching materials when compared to lecture and the finding of the study will add new knowledge to the existing literature.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study focuses on the influence of teacher and students factor as predictor of student performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west. Specifically, this study is to determine whether teachers qualification and experience affects students performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west, determine whether teachers teaching methods affects students performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west, determine whether students attitude affects their performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west, and determine whether students reading habit affects their performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west. The respondents for this study will be obtained from selected junior secondary schools in


1.8 Limitations of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Academic Performance:

Academic achievement represents performance outcomes that indicate the extent to which a person has accomplished specific goals that were the focus of activities in instructional environments, specifically in school, college, and university.


1.10 Organization of the Studies

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings into influence of teacher and students factor as predictor of student performance in basic technology in Ibadan South West. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the influence of teacher and students factor as predictor of student performance in basic technology in Ibadan South West. The study specifically was aimed at determine whether teachers qualification and experience affects students performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west, determine whether teachers teaching methods affects students performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west, determine whether students attitude affects their performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west, and determine whether students reading habit affects their performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 150 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondents are students and teachers of selected junior secondary schools in Ibadan South West.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following conclusion.

  1. Teachers qualification and experience affects students performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west.
  2. Teachers teaching methods affects students performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west.
  3. Students attitude affects their performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west.
  4. Students reading habit affects their performance in basic technology in Ibadan south west.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. State Ministry of Basic Education should adequately provide the required resources for the teaching and learning of basic technology in secondary schools in Ibadan.
  2. Seminars should be organized for school administrators, basic technology teachers, students, and parents on the causes of poor performance of students in basic technology and how to address the issue of students’ poor performance in basic technology
  3. Students should be convinced to imbibe a good study habit and attitude to promote attitude to learning.
  4. Curriculum planners should deliberately include a means of monitoring and evaluation techniques for assessing desirable attitude to learning in graduating students (JSS3&SS3).

Influence Of Teacher And Students Factor As Predictor Of Student Performance In Basic Technology In Ibadan South West


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