Influence Of Supervision On Teachers Effectiveness Among Private Schools
The focus of this research was to look at the relationship between supervision and teachers effectiveness in some selected private secondary schools in Alimosho Education District in Lagos State. Sixteen Private Secondary Schools were used out of one hundred and sixteen schools, four research hypotheses focusing on supervision and teacher’s effectiveness, supervision and teachers effectiveness on students learning performance, supervision and learning performance of students in school were posed.
One hundred and sixty (160) teachers drawn randomly from the sixteen secondary schools representing more than ten percent (10%) of set were sampled. The instrument used in the study is questionnaire designed by the researcher and validated by the researcher’s supervisor. The researcher went to the school involved and administered the questionnaire to the teachers. The statistical method of data employed for the research question was the average while the Chi-square was used to test the hypothesis formulated.
At the end of the study, the investigation revealed that there was a high level of relationship between supervision and teachers effectiveness. It also revealed that when teachers are properly monitored, the best is gotten from them and thus influences the students learning performance. As a result the researcher made some recommendations to the teachers, Administrator and the Government.
1.1 Background of the Study
The success of any system of education according to the national policy on Education (NPE 2004) is hinged on proper planning effective supervision administration and adequate financing. Hence the need for supervision in today’s educational system, since it is the thrust of all established schools.
Despite the increasing school enrolment representing about 20 percent of the country’s population there is no corresponding growth in planning administration and control of education in Nigeria schools Akpa (1999).
This therefore forms the core concern of educational administration in which supervision comes into focus. Because at present, the teaching force is weak and the standard of performance is also low. This is an indication too that the standard of supervisory practice is sub-optimal Akpa (1999).
The responsibility of ensuring quality supervision in the educational system lies with the federal and state ministries of education as well as the local Government Education Authority as stated in the National Policy on Education (2004 Edition) in section ‘116’ of the policy it states that state ministries of Education and Local Education Authorities in collaboration with the federal inspectorate services shall be responsible for the organization of supervision of all educational institution under their care. For the education industry to carry out its functions of developing quality human capital, there is need for checks and balances by regular and effective supervision. The federal inspectorate service of the Federal Ministry of Education is directly responsible for quality control and maintenance of standards in primary and secondary schools.
Unfortunately, the inspectorate services both at the state and federal levels have not lived up to expectation. This is because they are faced with a number of issues and challenges. A study carried out by Ogunu (2001) revealed that inadequate number of supervisors, inadequate funds, lack of transportation among others were some of the problems encountered by supervisors. He also noted that 88% of the respondents reported that inadequate number of supervisors was a serious constraint to school supervision. This inadequacy may be due to lack of policy on the recruitment and deployment of supervisors. Meanwhile, there is need to have the right quality of supervisors for effective discharge of their duties Wasanga (2004) suggested that supervisors inorder to carry out their duties, should have good academic qualifications, specialized skills and well established staff development programmes to enable them keep pace with the changes in the education sector.
The standard of education is continually declining leading to the production of low quality output who are unable to contribute to societal development. Educations stakeholders have blamed the quality assurance agents (supervisors of education) for the falling standard. The complain is that schools are not regularly supervised and that the quality of supervisors is below expectation. According to Ogunu (2001), the number of supervisors is inadequate and a good number of them are said to be unqualified and are not well informed about their responsibilities due to lack of in service training and workshops. The result of these inadequacies is that the quality of instruction has progressively declined as evidenced by poor performance of students in examination and graduates in their work places.
Therefore, there is need to regularly monitor and evaluate any set standards through supervision whereby classroom teachers and school administrators are the actual determinants through curriculum implementation of existing quality in the system Olagboye (2004).
The prevailing situation requires an intensification of supervisory activities in the school, this becomes most crucial in view of the fact that the dearth of qualified supervisors has created an unreasonably wide span of control as evident and seen in schools especially among private school teachers Okobia (1992). This is indeed a worrisome situation particularly that there are several untrained and unqualified people among the teaching force.
This situation is not clear and it needs to be solved, hence the need for supervision and teachers effectiveness that would enhance the quality of education inorder to revamp the ailing educational system.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The recent downward trend in the quality of education in Nigeria has been a major source of concern to all as it affects almost every facet of life.
At present, the teaching force is weak and the standard of performance is also low which is an indication that the standard of supervisory practices is sub optimal Akpa (1999) Educational supervisors are lazy when it comes to monitoring and ensuring that teachers follows the set out rules except if some benefits are attached or are being compelled to submit reports by the authorities Onyia (2010).
As a result, the researcher intends to find out the extent to which regular monitoring and supervision can affect teachers effectiveness and increase their performance which will inturn affect the academic performance of students and also improve the teaching and learning conditions within the school as well as improve the overall effectiveness and efficiency of the school system.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
As a result of this, the researcher intends to find out:
- To have an overview the influence of supervision on teacher effectiveness.
- If there is a significant relationship between supervision and teachers effectiveness.
- Supervision and teachers effectiveness will not have any significant effect on students and learning performance
1.4 Research Questions
In the course of this study, the following research questions will be raised:
- Is there any relationship between supervision and teachers effectiveness?
- Is there any relationship between supervisory roles and solving problems of teachers?
- To what extent can supervision and teachers effectiveness affects students and learning performance?
- Is there any relationship between supervision and learning performance of students in the school?
1.5 Research Hypothesis
- Hi: There is no significant relationship between supervision and teachers effectiveness.
- Ho: There is a significant relationship between supervision and teachers effectiveness.
- Hi: Supervision and teachers effectiveness will have a significant effect on students and learning performance.
- Ho: Supervision and teachers effectiveness will not have any significant effect on students and learning performance.
1.6 Significance of the Study
When this study is completed, the following people will benefit from it.
- School heads/principal
The study will reveal to school administrator, teachers, government, counselors the need to always supervise teachers and how it will bring about effectiveness in the school system, since the success of any school in meeting its goal depend on its chief administrators particularly his supervisory functions.
It will create an awareness that a study has been done in the area of teachers effectiveness and supervision, thereby encourage teachers to put more effort, abide by rules and regulation and take necessary recommendation and correction given to them so as to make students learning performance good.
1.7 Scope of the Study
The study investigated supervision and teachers effectiveness among private school teachers in Ikotun/Igando Local Government of Lagos State.
1.8 Definition of Terms
This is a way of advising guiding refreshing encouraging improving and overseeing certain groups with the aim of improving their performance. Supervision improves the effectiveness of teachers so that they contribute maximally to organizational pride and prestige. Madumere (2004).
Is the constant and continuous process of guidance based on frequent visits which focus attention on one or more aspects of the school and its organization Musaazi (1982).
Medley 1982 asserts that it can be defined as behavior and learning of students not in terms of teachers behaviour.
An effective teacher must posses the knowledge and skill needed to attain the goals and must be able to use that knowledge and those skills appropriately if the goals are to be achieved Medley (1982).
These are the physical facilities which consists of the school buildings, school ground and equipment, classroom environment that are provided in the school which aid the stimulation of teaching learning process. Effective teaching and learning can occur when appropriate school facilities are provided.
It is producing a result. It stresses the actual production of or power to produce an effect.
This refers to the rate of success in an examination.
This refers to the rate at which the educational system (school) is able to reduce wastage in terms of drop outs, withdrawals, failure etc.
1.9 Organization of the Study
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows: Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), statement of problem, objectives of the study, research question, significance or the study, research methodology, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlight the theoretical framework on which the study its based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
This chapter presents the summary of the study, conclusion and recommendations based on the findings from the study.
This study aimed at having an overview of the influence of supervision on Teachers effectiveness. The study opened with chapter one where the statement of the problem was clearly defined. The study objectives and research hypotheses were defined and formulated respectively. The study reviewed related and relevant literature. The third chapter described the methodology employed by the researcher in collecting both the primary and the secondary data. The research method employed here is the descriptive survey method. The study analyzed and presented the data collected in tables and the hypotheses were tested using the Chi square while the fifth chapter gives the study summary and conclusion.
Based on the finding of this study, the following conclusions were made:
- There is relationship between supervision and teachers effectiveness.
- There is relationship between supervisory roles and solving problems of teachers.
- There is relationship between teachers supervision and learning performance of students.
In the light of the findings and conclusions, the following recommendations are hereby proposed:
- Adequate and proper supervision by supervisory boards should carry out timely supervision on teachers in order to ensure their efficiency, productivity and effectiveness.
- Supervision of teachers should also be carried out in order to learn of their problems and thus proffer solutions to the problems.
- Teachers supervision should also be carried out to ensure the improvement on the academic performance of students.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Does principal’s role supervision affect teachers’ effectiveness?
Hence, teaching and learning are the major activities going on in the school; therefore, there is a need for efficiency and effectiveness. This study is therefore carried out to investigate the effect of principal’s role supervision on teachers’ effectiveness in some secondary school in Water side Local Government Area of Ogun State.
What is the aim of the study of teacher supervision?
The study is also aimed at detecting how this supervision of teacher would be in continuous form so as to bring about improvement in the school activities especially in secondary schools.
Do principals’ leadership related variables affect teachers’ effectiveness and morale?
Previous researches have linked influence of principals’ leadership related variables on teachers’ morale and its relationship to teachers’ effectiveness. Aina, Olanipekun, and Garuba (2015) carried out an empirical study on teacher’s effectiveness and its influence on student’s learning.
Is there a need for Supervision in schools?
There seems to be little or no area of operation within the school where the need for supervision would not arise, but it may be in varying degrees. Teachers have been accused of divided loyalty, non-chalant attitude and indiscipline among the teacher and the students was also discovered.