Influence Of Student Factors On Students Academic Performance In Financial Accounting Examination In Oluyole Local Government

Accounting Education Project and Seminar Material

Influence Of Student Factors On Students Academic Performance In Financial Accounting Examination In Oluyole Local Government


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the influence of student factors on students academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government, Oyo State. The study was specifically set to determine whether there is a significant relationship between student-teacher radio and students academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government, find out whether overcrowded classroom negatively influences students academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government, determine whether there is a significant relationship between student reading ability and students academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government, and find out whether students reading proficiency and habit influences their academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of teachers and students of some selected senior secondary schools in Oluyole local government, Oyo State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 200 respondents and 150 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. While the hypotheses were tested using Pearson Correlation statistical tool, SPSS v23. The result of the findings reveals that there is a significant relationship between student-teacher radio and students academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government. Furthermore the study also revealed that students reading habit and proficiency influence their academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government. Therefore the study recommends that educational planners should ensure that with an increase in student’ population, arrangements should be made for commensurate increase in infrastructure and qualified teachers. This will reduce class size, enable adequate teachers’ workload and encourage student-centered learning. This will go a long way to improve the quality of teaching, learning and performance. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

There are underlying complexity of the students-factors influencing the academic performance of students in financial accounting and this is what has prompted the current study. Accounting is one of the subjects needed by every individual irrespective of the person’s profession. For any business to thrive, the knowledge of accounting is necessary. Accounting is concerned with the acquisition of knowledge for recording, analyzing, interpreting and summarizing the financial data of an organization or enterprise (Ndinechi & Obidile, 2013). Regardless of the importance attached to the subject, students’ performance in the subject has not been encouraging especially at the secondary schools level.

Information gathered from post primary school service commission (PPSSC), showed a decline in the performance rate of students in accounting in external examination from 2013-2015 as 40%, 36% and 32% respectively. Academic performance according to Eze, Ezenwafor and Obidile (2016) is the outcome of students’ effort in examinations. It was observed from the literature that students’ academic performance is determined by a number of factors.This study is however focused on students-teacher ratio and students reading ability and how they influence accounting students performance in examinations.

In every given educational establishment, the teacher-students ratio has the potential to be the determining factor in class size, the amount of attention individual students’ receives, the quality of teaching and learning, and how well students do generally (Said, 2017). In cases when there are insufficient equipment and teaching personnel, as is often the case in Nigerian public schools, the class size rises naturally as the student population grows (Said, 2017). The National Policy of Education recommended that there should be one teacher for every forty students in a classroom, which results in a student-teacher ratio of 1:40. (Federal Republic of Nigeria, 2004, cited in Said, 2017). The number of teachers in a school as compared to the total number of students enrolled at that school is referred to as the teacher-student ratio. According to observations made by Omeke and Aderayor (2018), the typical number of students enrolled in a single classroom in a public high school is around one hundred twenty (120). Relationships between students and teachers are fundamental part of any formal education environment. These relationships are an important factor in determining how well students do in performance. Likewise, students reading ability influences their academic performance.

Reading is the process of constructing meaning through the dynamic interaction among the reader, the text and the context of the reading situation. Reading process involves visual motor skills and perception of the symbols by the brain. Typical reading difficulties of young learners include problems with vocabulary, word recognition, reading comprehension and reading rate. Reading appears to affect performance in all other academic subjects as well as to impact vocational needs and options (Feagans, 1983; Hallahan, Kauffman & Lioyd, 1985). Mercer (1987) denotes several types of reading problems that are typically found among students such as reading habits, word recognition errors, comprehension errors and miscellaneous symptoms. Palani (2012) is of the opinion that, effective reading is important avenue of effective learning and reading is interrelated with the total educational process and hence, educational success requires successful reading habit. With respect to the above, the purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of students-teacher ratio, and students reading ability on students academic performance in examinations.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Financial Accounting in the secondary school curriculum is to prepare the students for Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSCE) which will enable the holders further their education or to engage in clerical work in the office as an account clerk. But it has been observed by many researchers that many students have no interest in accounting. Those that indicated interest by registering for it in SSCE hardly perform well. Although there are many problems associated with students’ poor performance in the accounting, this study focuses on the influence of students-teacher ratio, and students reading ability on students academic performance in examinations.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main objective of this study is to investigate the influence of student factors on students academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government. Other specific objectives are to:

  1. Determine whether there is a significant relationship between student-teacher radio and students academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government.
  2. Find out whether overcrowded classroom negatively influences students academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government.
  3. Determine whether there is a significant relationship between student reading ability and students academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government.
  4. Find out whether students reading proficiency and habit influences their academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government.

1.4 Research Questions

The research will seek to answer the following questions:

  1. Is there a significant relationship between student-teacher radio and students academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government?
  2. Does overcrowded classroom negatively influence students’ academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government?
  3. Does a significant relationship exist between student reading ability and their academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government?
  4. Does students reading habit and proficiency influence their academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

  • Ho1: There is no significant relationship between student-teacher radio and students academic performance in financial accounting examination.
  • Ho2: There is no significant relationship between students reading ability and students academic performance in financial accounting examination.

1.6 Significance of the Study

This research will of benefit to the students, parents, curriculum developers, teachers and government. Interested students or researchers who may want to carry out similar study will find this work very worthwhile.

The outcome of this study would be beneficial to the government, being the Policy maker in planning and decision-making. It would help in policy formulation, Implementation, evaluation and reformation. The study will reveal to the government the appropriate strategies needed for improving teaching and learning of financial accounting subject in our school system, with the aim of helping to adopt them by providing grant in aid to secondary schools.

To the financial accounting teachers; the study will reveal appropriate teaching strategies that could improve the teachers effectiveness in teaching of financial accounting, It is hoped that the teachers will employ them, thereby improving teaching and learning process.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study focuses on the influence of student factors on students academic performance in financial accounting examination. The study will be delimited to some selected senior secondary schools in Oluyole local government.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Students:

A person who is studying at a university or other place of higher education or a school pupils

Academic Performance:

The extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their short or long-term educational goals.


1.10 Organization of the Studies

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the influence of student factors on students academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government, Oyo State. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the influence of student factors on students academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government, Oyo State. The study was specifically set to determine whether there is a significant relationship between student-teacher radio and students academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government, find out whether overcrowded classroom negatively influences students academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government, determine whether there is a significant relationship between student reading ability and students academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government, and find out whether students reading proficiency and habit influences their academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 150 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are teachers and students of some selected senior secondary schools in Oluyole local government, Oyo State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following conclusion.

  1. There is a significant relationship between student-teacher radio and students academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government.
  2. Overcrowded classroom negatively influence students’ academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government.
  3. A significant relationship exist between student reading ability and their academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government.
  4. Students reading habit and proficiency influence their academic performance in financial accounting examination in Oluyole local government.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. With an increase in students’ population in public secondary schools, there is need to improve on infrastructural development, especially classrooms. The administration should construct more classrooms to reduce overpopulated classes.
  2. Educational planners should ensure that with an increase in student’ population, arrangements should be made for commensurate increase in infrastructure and qualified teachers. This will reduce class size, enable adequate teachers’ workload and encourage student-centered learning. This will go a long way to improve the quality of teaching, learning and performance.
  3. Since learning takes place only when the conditions are ripe, administrators should ensure that the learning and teaching environment is accorded the appropriate requirements like teaching materials, facilities and equipment, and general conducive school culture. Also they should ensure suitable student numbers in class proportionate to the teacher’s managerial capability. Pushing students to class with a teacher is no longer enough so, provision of required facilities and ratios will improve the learning environment.
  4. Group guidance should be organized in schools by professional counsellors in order to create awareness on how students can develop effective study habits which could lead to good academic performance in accounting.
  5. Parents and guardians should encourage their children to set up schedules for study and they should allow give their children enough time to study at home.

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