The Influence Of Social Media Language On The Performance Of Secondary School Students In External Examinations (A Case Study In Enugu North Local Government Area)

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The Influence Of Social Media Language On The Performance Of Secondary School Students In External Examinations (A Case Study In Enugu North Local Government Area)


Abstract


The focus of this study delves into the influence of social media language on the performance of secondary school students in external examinations (a Case Study In Enugu North Local Government Area).Simple random sampling was used to select 240 respondent who are teachers and students of of secondary schools in Enugu North Local Government Area.Data was presented and analyzed using frequency and tables. Chi-Square Statistic tool was used to test the Hypothesis. Findings from the study reveals that social media has a negative effect on academic performance of student. The study therefore recommends that students should be guided in their used of social media networks. They should not be addicted to social media to the point of letting it intercept their focus and concentration on their academic pursuit.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

The world is today celebrating the improvements in communication technology which has broadened the scope of communication through Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). Modern Technology in communication no doubt has turned the entire world into a “Global village”. But as it is, technology like two sides of a coin, bring with it both negative and positive sides. It helps people to be better informed, enlightened, and keeping abreast with world developments. Technology exposes mankind to a better way of doing things. Social networking sites include: Twitter, Yahoo Messenger, Facebook Messenger, Blackberry Messenger (BBM), Whats app messenger, 2go messenger, Skype, Google talk, Google Messenger, iPhone and Androids. These networking sites are used by most people to interact with old and new friends, physical or internet friends ( Asemah and Edegoh, 2012). The world has been changed rapidly by the evolution of technology; this has resulted into the use of technology as the best medium to explore the wide area of knowledge. The evolution of internet technology has led to its use as the best medium for communication. Whereby, two-third of the world’s internet population visits social networking or blogging sites, thus serving as a communication and connection tool. Social networking sites (SNSs) are online Communities of Internet users who want to communicate with other users about areas of mutual interest, whether from a personal, 2 business or academic perspective‖ (William ,Boyd, Densten, Chin, Diamond & Morgenthaler 2009). The millions of social networking sites have transformed the thought of global village into a reality whereby billions of people communicate through social networking sites. Numerous benefits have been obtained through distant communication through the use of social networking sites. Academic excellence or achievement plays an important role in an individual placement, be it in the academic institutions or job placement. Due to this, many people are concerned with the ways they can enhance their academic achievement. The emphasis on academic excellence which is also prevalent worldwide has encouraged many studies about the conditions promoting it. The role of academic achievement as one of the predictors of one’s life success and also in the aspect of academic placement in schools to higher institutions as well as the level of employability in one’s career is inevitable (Kyoshaba, 2009).

A direct relationship exists between Social media usage and the academic performance of students in universities. However the darker side within technological evolution has resulted in dilemmas such as the setback of real values of life especially among students who form the majority of users interacting through the use of social networking sites. Online social networking sites focus on building and reflecting social associations among people who share interests and or activities. With so many social networking sites displayed on the internet, students are tempted to abandon their homework and reading times in preference for chatting online with friends. Many students are now addicted to the online rave of the moment, with Facebook, Twitter etc. Today most youths and students possess Facebook accounts. The reason most of them perform badly in school might not be far- fetched. While many minds might be quick to blame the poor quality of teachers, they might have to think even harder, if they have not heard of the Facebook frenzy (Oche & Aminu .2010). Olubiyi (2012) noted that these days’ students are so engrossed in the social media that they are almost 24 hours online. Social networking sites although has been recognized as an important resource for education today, studies however shows that students use social networking sites such as Facebook for fun, to kill time, to meet existing friends or to make new ones (Ellison, Steinfield, and Lampe 2007). Although it has been put forward that students spends much time on participating in social networking activities, with many students blaming the various social networking sites for their steady decrease in grade point averages (Kimberly, Jeong and Lee, 2009), it also shows that only few students are aware of the academic and professional networking opportunities the sites offered.

The advanced and improved usage of social media platforms such as Facebook has become a worldwide phenomenon for quite some time. Though it all started has been a hobby for several computer literates individual has changed to become a social norm and existence-style for students around the world (Nicole, 2007). According to Nicole, (2007), students and teenagers have especially recognized these social media platforms to be able to contact their peers, share information, reinvent their personas and showcase their social live. Facebook users often experience poor academic performance. Also Karpinski (2009) stated that social media has a negative association with students’ academic performance which is much greater than the advantages derived through the use of social media platforms. People around the globe have been addicted to the internet which has given rise to more students using social media more often than before. Nalwa & Anand (2003) advised and recommended that those who are addicted users love to use the internet to set back their personal and professional responsibilities in which the final outcome is poor academic performance. It was highlighted in the finding of Karpinski (2009) that social media platforms (Facebook, watzapp etc) users usually devote lesser time to their studies has to compared to nonusers did and subsequently has lower GPAs. It was also mentioned by Karpinski, & Duberstein (2009), that among the major distraction of current generation that social media platform (such Facebook, Watzapp etc.) remains a major distractions. According to Kubey, Lavin, and Barrows (2001), there is a correlation between academic performance and the dependency on social media platforms. Researchers have conducted different studies to find out the influence of social platforms users, for instance a study on ‘’impact of Facebook on undergraduates academic performance’’, stated that social platforms have negative impact on students.

Social information processing theory is an interpersonal communication theory which suggests that online interpersonal relationship development might require more time to develop than face-to-face relationships, but when developed, it has the same influence as face-to-face communication. This means, the more students use social media, the more they influence their disposition to studies, given the fact that friends from social media will begin to exert influence on each other.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The world today is a global market in which the internet is the most important sort of information. Since the advent of social media sites in the 1990s, it is assumed in some quarters that the academic performance of students is facing a lot of neglect and challenges. The educational system in Nigeria is faced with so many challenges which have certainly brought about a rapidly decline in the quality of education. There is a deviation, distraction and divided attention between social networking activities and their academic work. It is observed that students devote more attention to social media than they do to their studies. 6 Students’ addictiveness to social networks, students’ frequency of exposure to social network, social media network that the students are more exposed to and the influence of social media as a medium of interaction between students has been part of discussion in recent times and which have imparted on their academic performance. Instead of students reading their books, they spend their time chatting and making friends via the social media and this might definitely have influence on their academic performance, because when you do not read, there is no way you can perform well academically. It is a common sight to see a student chatting in sensitive and highly organized places like church, mosque and lecture venues.

Some are so carried away that even as they are walking along the high way, they keep chatting. The manufacturing and distribution of equally sophisticated cellular phones has complicated the situation, as students no longer need to visit a cybercafé before they send and receive messages. Attention has been shifted from visible to invisible friends, while important ventures like study and writing might be affected in the process. This phenomenon has become a source of worry to many who believe in knowledge and skill acquisition. In recent times social media have been a major stay in the minds of students and the world at large thereby causing a lot of drastic measure by students, teacher and even educational administrators at large. It is therefore of great importance to explore some of the trending issues facing students’ academic performance as a result of social media. Students at all levels of learning now have divided attention to studies, as a result of available 7 opportunities to be harnessed from social media. Whether these opportunities promote studies is a question that needs to be answered. Thus, the problem this study investigates is the influence of social media networks on the academic performance of the students in Lagos state polytechnic.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main objective of this study generally is to examine The Influence Of Social Media Language On The Performance Of Secondary School Students In External Examinations (a Case Study In Enugu North Local Government Area). Specifically, the study seeks;

  1. To examine the level of student addictiveness to social media and the influence on their academic performance.
  2. To determine the social media network that the students are more exposed to and the influence on their academic performance.
  3. To ascertain how the use of social media has influence the academic performance of the students in in External Examinations.
  4. To ascertain the difference in students’ usage of social media network by gender.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions were raised to guide the researcher during the course of the research:

  1. To what extent would student addictiveness to social network influence their academic performance?
  2. Does the social media network that the students are more exposed to influence their academic performance?
  3. How has the use of social media influence the academic performance of the students in External Examinations?
  4. Is there gender difference in the student’s usage of social media network?

1.5 Hypothesis of the Study

The following hypotheses are generated by the researcher and was tested in this study:

  • Ho: Students’ addictiveness to social network has no significant influence on their academic performance.
    H1: Students’ addictiveness to social network has significant influence on their academic performance
  • Ho: Student’s exposure to social media network has no significant influence on students’ academic performance.
    H1: Student’s exposure to social media network has significant influence on students’ academic performance.

1.6 Significance of the Study

This study is significant to the teachers, parents and students. This study will help the teachers of the school to know the influence that social media has on their students, so as to assist them to enlighten and create awareness to the students on the possible influence it has on them. The study is of significant to parents in the sense that they will know the possible effects these social media usage has on their children, so as to serve as watch-dog to their children on the usage of the social networking site. The study will enable the students of the senior level so that they will be aware that, apart from the social benefits of this social media.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The study will analyze the influence of social media language on the performance of secondary school students in external examinations in Enugu North Local Government Area. The study is limited to some selected Secondary Schools in the area. Hence, the respondents for this study will be obtained from and among secondary school students in the study area.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Financial Constraint:

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview)

Time Constraint:

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Social Media:

They are forms of electronic communication which facilitate interactive base on certain interests. Social media include web and mobile technology. Kaplan and Helen (2010) defined Social Media as a group of internet based application that allows the creation and exchange of user generated content.

Social Networking Sites:

A website where people put information about them and can send to others.

Motivation:

This the process through which individual are charged to increase their action or performance either by internal or external factors.

Academic Performance:

This is used in the study to refers to students’ attitude to competition for excellent in their attitude toward participating in classroom activities and home work. It also used to students’ interest in learning.


1.10 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows.

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.0 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings into the influence of social media language on the performance of secondary school students in external examinations using secondary schools in enugu north local government area as a case study.


5.1 Summary of the Study

The study focus is to examine the level of student addictiveness to social media and the influence on their academic performance. It determined the social media network that the students are more exposed to and the influence on their academic performance.It ascertained how the use of social media has influence the academic performance of the students in external examination in Enugu North. It ascertain the difference in students’ usage of social media network by gender.Simple random sampling was used in the study as teachers and students of of secondary schools in Enugu North Local Government Area form the population. Data was presented and analyzed using frequency and tables. Chi-Square Statistic tool was used to test the Hypothesis


5.2 Conclusion

The result from the findings of this study showed that, though Social media have negative effects on teenagers such as lack of privacy, distracting students from their academic work, taking most of their productive time, and such like, they also have benefits and can be used appropriately. For instance, students can form online communities in order to plan for a project, have group discussions about class material, or use the Social networking sites(SNS) as a way to keep in contact when a student who has been absent needs to be updated on current academic information.Social media is a contemporary networking systems that has made communication easy, fast and entertaining. The numerous features attached to social media has created an entire world out of the physical world, statistically, young people happen to be more active on social media compare to older people.

While the use and engagement on social media is promising, informative and entertaining, the underlining questions from parent, teachers, and policy-makers is; how is social media influencing the academic performance of students? This is because most students who are in the category of young people stay active on social media applications longer than normal and risk substituting the time meant for academic activities for social media activities. The consequence is poor academic performance. Poor academic performance have ripple effects on the students, the parents, the teachers and also the society. Therefore there should be a balance to the use of social media by students. Balance is required because one cannot totally stop the accessibility and usage of social media by students.

While, its negatives exists, the positives also exist, at least psychologically. Therefore, in this study, we conclude that the use of social media by students is high. This is as young people are eager to participate in public discussion both locally and internationally. Also, the frequency of usage is high. This is because young people (students) wants to stay updated to the latest information and even prefers to break the news. The implication of this is academic distraction which is huge minus to excellent academic performance. If parents, teachers and policy makers desire the students to do well, then, they must of all necessity take viable actions to bring balance to the usage of social media and excellent academic performance in students.


5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Students should be educated on the influence of Social media on their academic performance.
  2. Students should be monitored by teachers and parents on how they use these sites.
  3. Lecturers should ensure they use the social media as a tool to improve the academic performance of students in schools.
  4. Students should better manage their study time in and prevent distractions that can be provided by the social media. There should be a decrease in the number of time spent by students when surfing the net.
  5. Social Networking Sites should be expanded and new pages should be created to enhance academic activities and avoid setbacks in the students’ academic performance.
  6. The students should create a balance between chit-chatting and academic activities. More attention should be directed to research.
  7. The use of Social media network by students should focus on the academic relevance of those sites instead of using them for negative purposes.
  8. While mobile phones have data limit, there should also be a policy regulating the use of social media and educating people on its profitable use. This is because one cannot totally stop the usage of social media applications by students but with the right education and strategy, its use can be productive and the performance of students can be improved if they are duly informed.

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