Influence Of School Library On Primary School Learning And Academic Performance

Primary Education Project and Semina Material

Influence Of School Library On Primary School Learning And Academic Performance


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The influence of school library services on accomplishment and learning in elementary schools has greatly aided students’ cognitive development. The task group established under the auspices of the Department of Education and Skills to carry out the actions outlined in the Government response to “Empowering the Learning Community” (2001) commissioned a critical review of the literature examining the links between educational attainment and secondary school library use in October 2001. Much of the evidence regarding the influence of the school library on success and learning has been established at the primary and early secondary level, according to the literature review (Matt, 2000). As a result of this discovery, the task group requested a follow-up report on the influence of library access on primary school students’ achievement and learning. Because the task group acknowledged the significance of learning in its broadest meaning, the review sought a broad definition of learning that included not just academic achievement but also features of processes and attitudes (Flinch, 2003). As a result, the review’s major questions analyze the impact on achievement and learning in comparable terms, taking into consideration present variations in services, roles, and background staff (Conrad, 2003). The work committee decided to confine the review to papers released after the National Curriculum was implemented in 1998. Furthermore, libraries can be utilized to meet the information, educational, and recreational requirements of the general public, as well as to promote or support citizen education. Citizens are also educated on their rights, obligations, and personal growth in general in the library (Briann, 2002). As a result, the researcher wants to look into the relationship between school library services and student performance and learning in primary schools.


1.2 Statement of Problem

This research focuses on the influence of school library services and their performance in primary school since libraries play an important role in students’ advancement. In the sense that students who visit the library before and during the “Common Entrance Examination” perform above and above expectations, if not admirably, students who use the library engage brilliantly in class and the school as a whole, and this may lead to the nation’s progress (Flinch, 2003). In primary schools, the influence of school library services improves students’ cognitive development. This debate will focus on libraries as delivery mechanisms, with educators viewing libraries in a variety of ways, including as a tool to magnify the teacher’s message. More importantly, if properly implemented and stocked with enough and relevant materials, library services would transform schools and change the way students learn (Matt, 2000).


1.3 Objectives of the Study

This research will, to the extent practicable, highlight the influence of school library services on success and learning in Chikun Local Government primary schools. There may be positive influences; the researcher would select the most significant ones and suggest the library’s likely effects on elementary schools. Library services can have a significant good or bad impact on students’ learning outcomes. These good and negative influences will be identified by the researcher.


1.4 Research Question

The purpose of this study is to answer the following questions:

  1. Do libraries encourage students to learn more?
  2. Do you have enough books in your library?
  3. Does the library have an influence on the learners’ development?
  4. What influence does the library have on the cognitive development of students?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The research will assist in gaining a better understanding of the influence of school libraries in primary schools. The major purpose of this research is to assess the influence of libraries on the mental development of primary school students.


1.6 Scope Of the Study

Within Chikun Metropolis, this study was confined to only one local government council, Chikun Local Government Council. This is due to a lack of funds and time. The focus of this research is on the influence of the school library and its accomplishments on students.


1.7 Definition of Terms

School:

A school is a location where students are taught.

Library

is a room or structure that houses books that may be read or loaned.

Services

Is the formal procedure for supplying anything, particularly something that someone requires.

Achievement:

Is something significant that someone achieves through their own efforts.

Learning:

It is the process of gaining knowledge via reading and study.

Primary Schools:

This is the first level of education, which includes nursery and primary grades one through six.


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Frequently Asked Questions


Do school libraries and library services affect student performance?

Smith (2001) on his research paper titled “school libraries and their impact on student performance” stressed that, library and library services are resource centre for the materials to students. A report written on 49 years ago (1966) indicates the need of availability and effective use of library services in Tanzania.

What are the factors affecting student’s academic performance?

Those factors which are affecting student’s academic performance. The students’ academic performance depends on a number of socio-economic factors like students’ attendance in the class, family income, mother’s and father’s education, teacher-student ratio, presence of trained teacher in school, sex of the student, and distance of schools.

Why are there so few libraries in secondary schools?

This line up with the study of Dahlgren (1994), which identifies the weakness of our current secondary school that lacking libraries. He contended that, most of libraries in secondary schools had been built by foreign funding and grants.

How can libraries support student growth?

However, extensive research shows that schools that have relied on their libraries to support student growth, specifically in the areas of literacy, information literacy, technological skills, and access to resources and equipment, had increased motivation, higher assessment scores, and ultimately higher graduation rates. 

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