Influence Of School Environment On The Moral Behaviours Of Junior Secondary School Students In Isokan Local Government Area Of Osun State

Environmental Education Project and Seminar Material

Influence Of School Environment On The Moral Behaviours Of Junior Secondary School Students In Isokan Local Government Area Of Osun State


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine influence of school environment on the moral behaviours of junior secondary school students in isokan local government area of osun state. Specifically, the study determine the impact of school environment on students’ moral behaviour, examining the relationship between peer group influence and learning outcome of students in Osun State, identifying the current challenges to students’ academic achievement, provide plausible recommendations on how to improve students’ academic achievement in economics. The study employed the survey descriptive research design. A total of 120 responses were validated from the survey. From the responses obtained and analysed, the findings revealed that Peer group influences student to form cliques in school, Peer group influences each other whether good or bad, Peer group influence may lead to aggressive behaviour such as rioting in school, There is significant impact of school environment on students’ academic achievement, There is significant relationship between peer group and academic achievement of students. The study recommend .Parents, Teachers and Administrators should be on watch-out to identify the types of peer their students move with both in school and outside the home, Parent should do their best to see that their children relates with friends who can positively influence them and have good impact on their academic performance, Counselors should play a prominent and leading role in the matter by organizing lectures, seminars, career talk and symposiums that can create positive awareness on influence of peer group on academic performance of students.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

The school environment is a dynamic and multifaceted setting that plays a pivotal role in shaping the holistic development of junior secondary school students. One crucial aspect of this development is moral behavior, which encompasses the ethical, social, and emotional aspects of an individual’s actions and interactions. Over the years, researchers and educators alike have recognized the significant influence that the school environment exerts on the moral behaviors of students. As Bandura (1999) aptly stated, “Social environments serve as powerful cues for appropriate behavior, and people learn much of their morality from observing and interacting with others.

Environment plays major role in the life of every individual whether a student, teacher, employer or employee. Though, some people are yet to believe that environment brings about better performance. The school environment, which includes the classrooms, libraries, technical workshops, laboratories, teachers’ quality, school management, teaching methods, peers, etc are variables that affect students’ academic achievement (Orlu, 2013). Hence, the school environment remains an important area that should be studied and well managed to enhance students’ academic performance.

The issue of poor academic performance of students in Nigeria has been of much concern to the government, parents, teachers and even student themselves. The quality of education not only depends on the teachers as reflected in the performance of their duties, but also in the effective coordination of the school environment (Owoeye and Yara, 2011). When children move out from the family to child care centres, schools, and the community at large, they begin to form attachments, and friendships emerge through their play. Even infants and toddlers are observed reacting to other infants by touching them, by crying when others cry and later by offering nurturance or comfort. But about age three; early friendships begin to form and children’s peers begin to have a more lasting influence (Barbour, Barbour and Scully, 2002). These children begin to think and act like their friends and they begin to see that there are other values, opinions, and rules besides those set by their parents (Ajuba, 2011).

The moral development of junior secondary school students is a complex process influenced by various factors, one of the most prominent being the school environment. This environment encompasses not only the physical infrastructure but also the prevailing culture, relationships among peers and teachers, as well as the educational policies and practices in place. Research has indicated that schools have the potential to either promote or hinder the cultivation of moral behaviors in students (Berkowitz & Bier, 2004). Therefore, understanding how the school environment impacts the moral behaviors of junior secondary school students is of paramount importance for educators, policymakers, and researchers.

Young people in their adolescence, join different peer groups and identify themselves with these groups by participating in their activities in order not to be rejected. A peer group is a source of great influence during the time of adolescence (Majeed, 2010). In a contemporary society, peer groups have become an increasingly important context in which adolescents spend time. Modernization has led more and more to age segregation-in schools, work place, and in the community. How much time one spends with friends will play a great part in the development of the adolescent into the mature adult (Barbour, Barbour and Scully, 2002). The adolescent spends much of his time with the members of his peer group. He follows the ideals of the group; he would want to be fully accepted. Nothing can be more devastating to the adolescent than to be rejected by his age mates (Vishala, 2008). Adolescents are mainly influenced by their peers in such a way that their attitudes, beliefs and behaviors are conditioned by what is conceived to be okay by other people (Dewey, 2008). According to Castrogiovanni (2002), a peer group is defined as a small group of similar age, fairly close friends, sharing the same activities. It is against this backdrop that this research seeks to examine the nexus between school environment and peer influence on students’ behaviour and academic achievement Of Junior Secondary School Students In Isokan Local Government Area Of Osun State.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Many of the studies on school environment, peer influence and students’ academic achievement were done outside Nigeria. Moreover, in Nigeria, most of the few available studies about school environment and peer influence and its possible effect on students’ academic achievement were theoretical studies whose findings were subjectively based on researchers’ personal opinions. It is noted that the past studies did not give adequate attention to the problem under investigation. Hence, this study will fill in the gap by empirically examine the relationship between school environment, peer influence and students’ academic achievement in economics in Lagos State. When it comes to poor academic performance by students in economics, people are being too quick to blame parents and their students. But the fundamental problems facing education in Nigeria since independence are largely school environmental factors, ranging from inadequate school structures, poorly equipped classrooms, high rate of school enrolment, inadequate instructional materials, high drop-out unto inadequate facilities; all these culminating to mass failure in public examination in economics. These challenges led to the introduction of the renowned 6-3-3-4 system. However, the problem of poor academic performance in economics still persists. Another fundamental problem to students’ academic performance in economics at the secondary school level is the dynamics of peer pressure. Research has shown that over the last 50 years, peer pressure has emerged as the chief source of values and behavioural influence in adolescence, replacing the influence of parents (Oni, 2010). Along with this new trend has come an unprecedented rise in antisocial behaviours, as students now tend to be directly or indirectly manipulated and controlled by the party of friends they keep without a care for academic excellence. In this vein, Abd-Elhamid et al (2014) carefully warned that friends play an important role in both harmful and positive activities, and that peer pressure predisposes adolescents to many forms of deviance, including alcoholism, gangsterism, robbery and violent secret cult activities even to the detriment of their academic dreams and eventual outcomes. Given the foregoing, it can be expected that some of the social vices and poor academic achievement that are recorded yearly in Nigerian senior secondary schools in subjects like economics are the result of poor school environment and peer group influence on adolescents.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study is to explore the influence of school environment on the moral behaviours of junior secondary school students in isokan local government area of osun state. Other specific objectives are:

  1. To determine the impact of school environment on students’ moral behaviours.
  2. To examine the relationship between peer group influence and learning outcome of students in economics in Lagos State.
  3. To identify the current challenges to students’ academic achievement in economics.
  4. To provide plausible recommendations on how to improve students’ academic achievement in economics.

1.4 Research Questions

Based on the problems discussed above, the study provided answers to the following research questions:

  1. What is the impact of school environment on students’ moral behaviours?
  2. What influence does peer group have on academic achievement of students in economics?
  3. Does teaching environment and peer pressure have any impact on students’ academic performance?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

The study tested the following hypotheses at 0.5 level of significance:

  • H01: There is no significant impact of school environment on students’ moral behaviours.
  • H02: There is no significant relationship between peer group and moral behaviours of students in economics

1.6 Significance of the Study

The significance of this study cannot be underestimated as:

  1. This study will examine impact of school environment and peer group influence on students’ academic achievement
  2. The findings of this research work will undoubtedly provide the much needed information to government organizations, ministry of education and academia.

1.7 Scope of the Study

The study examines impact of school environment on students’ moral behaviours. Hence will be delimited to schools in Isokan local government.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

This study was constrained by a number of factors which are as follows:

  • Just like any other research, ranging from unavailability of needed accurate materials on the topic under study, inability to get data
  • Financial constraint , was faced by the researcher ,in getting relevant materials and in printing and collation of questionnaires
  • Time factor: time factor pose another constraint since having to shuttle between writing of the research and also engaging in other academic work making it uneasy for the researcher

1.9 Operational Definition of Terms

School Environment:

The set of relationships that occur among members of a school community that are determined by structural, personal, and functional factors of the educational institution, which provide distinctiveness to schools

Peer Group Influence:

Particularly group members, become important social referents

Academic Achievement:

The extent to which a student or institution has achieved either short or long term educational goal


1.10 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows.

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In this study, our focus was to examine the Influence Of School Environment On The Moral Behaviours Of Junior Secondary School Students Using Selected Secondary Schools In Isokan Local Government Area Of Osun State as case study.

The study specifically was aimed at highlighting the the impact of school environment on students’ learning outcomes, examine the relationship between peer group influence and learning outcome of students in Isokan Local Government Area Of Osun State, identify the current challenges to students’ academic achievement, provide plausible recommendations on how to improve students’ academic achievement in economics.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 120 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are drawn from teachers and student Isokan Local Government Area Of Osun State.


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the finding of this study, the following conclusions were made:

  1. Peer group influences student to form cliques in school
  2. Peer group influences each other whether good or bad
  3. Peer group influence may lead to aggressive behaviour such as rioting in school.
  4. There is significant impact of school environment on students’ academic achievement.
  5. There is significant relationship between peer group and academic achievement of students in economics

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Parents, Teachers and Administrators should be on watch-out to identify the types of peer their students move with both in school and outside the home.
  2. Parent should do their best to see that their children relates with friends who can positively influence them and have good impact on their academic performance.
  3. Counselors should play a prominent and leading role in the matter by organizing lectures, seminars, career talk and symposiums that can create positive awareness on influence of peer group on academic performance of students.

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