The Influence Of Private School On The Academic Performance Of Secondary School Students In Oredo Local Government Area Of Edo State
The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of private schools on the academic performance of secondary school students in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria. The researcher adopted ex post factor design, the population of the study was all students of public and private secondary schools that sat for Senior Secondary Certificate Examination in Agricultural Science for the years of 2014, 2015 and 2016 in Edo state. The research instruments were pilot tested in two secondary schools in Benin educational zones. The collected data were coded and converted from ordinal scale to interval scale and converted to raw data in order to answer all three research questions. The study revealed that, private secondary school student performed higher than public secondary school, with mean score of 22.17 with standard deviation of 10.75 against that of private secondary School student mean score 20.33 and standard deviation 8.69, when all results of their student were analysed it revealed that public secondary schools were ahead of private academically. The government should provide more infrastructural facilities to the public schools. The private schools teachers should be adopt the concept of “Improvisation ” of instructional materials of teaching aid to improve effective teaching and learning. There is need for Edo government to sponsor seminars for all the secondary schools for a frank talk and dialogue, for the purpose of coming up with a radical plan of actions based on recognition and understanding, collaborating, and reality directed toward checkmating further reasons of academic performance differences between public and private schools, and for the mass failure in public examinations despite their scheme of work and curriculum are all the same. This will help administrators, policy makers, curriculum planners, government and educational planners and schools to formulate policy measures that will guide and improve on the present performance of private and suitable personals and instructional materials at both the state and local government levels.
1.1 Background of the Study
Educationally it is generally agreed that private schools have contributed positively to the academic performance of students in secondary schools. Presently, some elites seem not to agree that private schools are doing anything to encourage or enhance student’s performance. Some based their arguments on the falling standards of education in Nigeria. They claim that with the involvement of private individuals in running of schools, the standard of education has declined rapidly stressing that the most of affected segments of our education.
In attempt to support this view, some writer’s educationist, researchers, curriculum planners and administrators often make reference to Adenna (2008) who asserted that; the federal government should not handover their educational institution to regions and voluntary agencies that such step would implies a surrender of the nation education system to a system characterized by fanaticism and religious participation and that t he end result cannot be predicted. Despite the above view expressed by Adenna, and his suggestion other school of thought (scholars) who holds contrary view rejected this assertion. Their point of argument was that Adenna view could not be subjected to empirical test because the statement reveals “that end results cannot be predicted” in which case, the end result may be good or bad. Tuoyo (2000) in writing to support the latter view maintained that most teachers in private schools are not readily qualified and others not been able to impact the desirable knowledge to their students.
Lakoja (2006) who also was of the opinion that private schools have not in any way contributed to the academic performance of secondary school students lamented that private schools in attempt to remain competitive and in business sometimes invest resources (money) in buying question papers by buying examination and invigilators during external examination. The point Lakoju was trying to establish was that most private schools encourage examination malpractice. Surprisingly, others seems to have claim that this view was utterly too parching and myopic in nature. They advocated that private schools is only pivot by which qualitative education revolves round in Nigeria stating that the government has for long loss focus on qualitative education in Nigeria. They however maintained that the non-regular payment of teacher salary absence of in-service training for the teachers and the non-available of materials that can facilitates effective teaching/learning process and all the eloquent testimonies of government non-challant attitude towards qualitative education in Nigeria.
Akwue (2005) in attempt to confirm this fact stated that the reason for returning schools to justify what the national policy on education advocates, “No educational system can rise above the level of the teachers”. As the argument still hold, Nomell (2003) maintained that private or public schools does not pronounce or inculcate low or high intelligent quotient (IQ) in whatever attends and that the high or low performance of students at school largely depends on the child’s enthusiasm type of pair groups he has teaching/learning instructional materials. The school location and the financial situation of the parents of the child. The assumption and opinion put forward by the three classes at scholars gave rise to the researcher to undermined the pains or strain he would in an for carrying out an objective investigation on the influence of private schools students using Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State as a case study.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The argument put forward by the different classes of people about the influence of private schools on the academic performance of private secondary school students term to have generated controversy among many writers. Curriculum planners and administrators, to this end, do not have solid background upon which their claims could stand. The result of this trend is that, they cannot give a desirable recommendation educationally. Although parents and teachers have come to realize their contribution to private schools and the academic performance of the children and that only private schools are presently in the business of giving qualitative education to students.
However, private schools should have not be given due recognition by the government, let alone given them the necessary support. Consequently private schools in Oredo Local Government Area have been bedeviled by this same problem. Inspite of resolute determination to better the standards of education in the local government since there are no revenue in the local government since there are no industries where revenue could be derived. Moreover, the syndrome of private school profit motive consciousness has also contributed to the problem. Most people or rather parents have been discouraged from sending their children to private schools where they can get qualitative educational opportunities.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of private schools on the academic perform of secondary school students in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State.
1.4 Research Questions
- What is the academic performance of male student of public and private secondary schools in EdoState?
- What is the academic performance of female students of Public and Private secondary schools in EdoState?
- What is the academic performance of students of public and private secondary school in Edo State,Nigeria?
1.5 Research Hypotheses
There is no significant difference in the academic performance of students of public and private secondary schools in Edo state from 2014 – 2016.
1.6 Significance of the Study
The study is so indispensable because at the finish of the study to the carried out, it will be measured to assist administrators, policy makers, curriculum planners, government and educational planners and schools to formulate policy measures that will guide and improve on the present performance of private and suitable personals and instructional materials at both the state and local government levels.
1.7 Scope of the Study
This study is carried out in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. The scope of the study includes the following;
- Franet group of School
- Inowan Group of School
- Uncle Pius Educational Center
- Divine Wisdom Educational Institute
The research is limited by finance, time, lack of materials, attitude of respondents within which the study must be done repeated visits were made to some places in order to get more information.
1.8 Definition of Terms
In the course of the study a number of unfamiliar words were used and their implied meaning are given below;
It is an achievement which can be measured in terms of education.
It is a serious argument or disagreement about an issue.
It is a decrease or fall in standard
Something that is based on scientific test in order to get result
Is a statement that reveals a perfect condition on something
Only interested in things that affect oneself and his local area.
Not thinking about the future result to are action
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
The research work was on the comparative analyses of students‟ academic performance in Agricultural Science in public and private secondary schools in Edo state, Nigeria. The study had three specific objectives, three research question, and one null hypothesis. The researcher adopted ex post factor designs, the population of the study was all students of public and private secondary schools that sat for senior secondary certificate examination in Agricultural Science for the years of 2014, 2015 and 2016 in Edo state, Nigeria. The researcher collected students‟ SSCE results. Mean score and Standard deviation were used to answer the research question one, two and three, In the test of null hypothesis, t- test statistic technique was used to test all the one null hypothesis. The null hypothesis were tested at 0.05 level of significance.
The study revealed that:
Male students academic performance of public secondary school was higher when compared to academic performance of their male counterpart in private schools, with the mean of 28.17 for students that had A, B, and C in their results with standard deviation of 10.38 against private school students with mean scores of 23.67 and standard deviation of 10.34.
Female secondary school student‟s academic performance of private schools performed higher than female counterpart of public school, they had mean scores of 17.0 with standard deviation of 7.15, while public female students‟ academic performance had mean of 16.17 and standard deviation of 6.78.
The study revealed that, private secondary schools student performed higher that public secondary school students, with mean scored of 22.17 with standard deviation of 10.75 against that of private secondary school student mean scored of 20.33 and standard deviation of 8.69, as shown in tables in 6 and 9.
Both public and private secondary school students are doing well in their Senior Secondary Certificate Examination (SSCE) though private secondary school students performed higher than those in public secondary schools, based on this research study this happened because of the availability of teaching and infrastructural facilities in the private schools. Also research revealed that, male students of public schools performed higher than male students of private schools, but females students of private schools performed slightly better than their counterpart of public schools, when all results of their student were analysed it revealed that, public secondary schools were ahead of private academically.
- The Government should provide more infrastructural facilities to the public secondary schools in order to enhance effective teaching and learning.
- The public secondary schools teachers should be adopt the concept of “Improvisation “ of instructional materials of teaching aid to improve effective teaching and learning.
- There is need for Edo state government to sponsor seminars for all the secondary schools in Edo state, both public and privates for a frank talk and dialogue, for the purpose of coming up with a radical plan of actions based on recognition and understanding, collaborating, and reality directed toward checkmating further reasons of academic performance differences between public and private secondary schools, and for the mass failure in public examinations despite their scheme of work and curriculum are all the same.
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