Influence Of Motivation On Teachers Job Performance In The School System
This research was carried out specifically to evaluate the perceived influence of motivation on teachers job performance in the school system. This research was carried at in in primary schools in Niger state to actually known the extent in which teacher’s motivation needs goes in affecting the performance of building technology students. Many motivational theorist, who propounded and experimented motivation theories stated that is the only techniques to make workers effective and efficiency whether on school setting or in an organization is motivation. Motivation is seen as an energizer that energizes workers in order to give their best in discharging this duties. However, it can be concluded that teachers are not satisfied because they are not adequately motivated and their have brought doubts in the mind of many people as regards the dignity of the profession. The basis for solving teachers problems is by improving their motivational structure in which will help to improve the performance of pupils in primary schools. Finally, if the government can motivate the teachers as recommended in this project, the teaching profession will be more attractive and teachers will be more dedicated to their job and this will eventually bring about excellent academic performance of the students.
Table of Content
- 1.1 Background of the study
- 1.2 Statement of the problem
- 1.3 Objective of the study
- 1.4 Research questions
- 1.5 Significance of the study
- 1.6 Scope of the study
- 1.7 Limitation of the study
- 1.8 Definition of terms
- 1.9 Organizations of the study
Review of Literature
- 2.1 Conceptual Framework
- 2.2 Theoretical Framework
- 2.3 Empirical Review
- 3.1 Research Design
- 3.2 Population of the study
- 3.3 Sample size determination
- 3.4 Sample size selection technique and procedure
- 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
- 3.6 Method of data collection
- 3.7 Method of data analysis
- 3.8 Validity of the study
- 3.9 Reliability of the study
- 3.10 Ethical consideration
Data Presentation and Analysis
- 4.1 Data Presentation
- 4.2 Analysis of Data
- 4.3 Answering Research Questions
- 4.4 Discussion of Findings
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
- 5.1 Summary
- 5.2 Conclusion
- 5.3 Recommendation
1.1 Background of the Study
Motivation and performance are very important factors in terms of organization success and achievements. (Latt, 2008). Motivation plays an important role in the organization because it increases the productivity of employees and the goals can be achieved in an efficient way. The behavior of employees can be change through motivation in any organization. From situation to situation, the level of motivation differs with in an individual (Robbins et al 2005). Motivation also takes part in an important role for teachers because it helps to achieve the target in an efficient way. Teacher motivation is very important because it improves the skills and knowledge of teachers because it directly influences the student’s achievement (Mustafa, and Othman, 2010). If in schools, the teachers do not have sufficient motivation then they are less competent which directly influence the students and the education system. The teaching profession previously was accorded with respect, honor and dignity. This enviable profession was a sort of motivation to many teachers. Also not only afford life career and permanent membership but also renders services to the public. It has code of ethics; the code of ethics for teachers is contained in the handbooks of the Nigeria union of teachers. They were revealed and give pride of place in the study. But recently, the government and all its organs neglect teachers and the educational sector, while motivation can be brought about by adequate remuneration, fringe benefits and recognition. They can also be made to occupy high social status in the society. Adelabu (2005) found in Nigeria that teacher’s motivation is very poor and teachers are also dissatisfied with their working environment and salary conditions. The reason behind the poor motivation of teachers is that they having low salaries as compared to other professionals, poor work environment, no decision making authority, and also not giving them opportunity of develop their career. Motivation guide people‘s actions and behaviours toward achievement of some goals (Analoui, 2000). In work and other contexts therefore, motivation is often described as being ―intrinsic‖ or ―extrinsic‖ in nature (Sansone & Harackiewicz, 2000). Intrinsic motivation, deriving from within the person or from the activity itself, positively affects behavior, performance, and well being (Ryan & Deci, 2000). Extrinsic motivation on the other hand, results from the attainment of externally administered rewards, including pay, material possessions, prestige, and positive evaluations among others. Teachers‘ job performance is a concern of everybody in the society. Oxford Advanced Learner‘s Dictionary defines performance as ―the act or process of carrying out something or execution of an action or a repetitive act or fulfillment or implementation‖ (Hornby, 2000). In this respect, teacher performance connotes the teachers‘ role of teaching students in class and outside the class. The key aspects of teaching involve the use of instructional materials, teaching methods, regular assessment of students, making lesson plans, assessment of pupils, conduct of fieldwork, teachers‘ participation in sports, attending school assembly and guidance and counseling. Therefore, teacher job performance is the teacher‘s ability to integrate the experience, teaching methods, instructional materials, knowledge and skills in delivering subject matter to students in and outside the classroom.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
It is pertinent to note that teachers activities must be compensated and rewarded as an encouragement in order for them to work harder, the absent of motivation has a negative effect in the standard of education in the country as the students are being deprived of the needed knowledge that should be imparted on by a well motivated teacher. However, in spite of the facts that this motivation was not really there, teachers still did their work conscientiously producing desired result. There is no doubt before now teachers started to recognize their own worth and demand for their right when these was not forth coming their attitude to their work began to change and this was the beginning of the down word side in education in the country. It was also the beginning of industrial actions by teacher’s nationwide. From 1980 till date, the country had witnessed countless number of strikes and counters strikes as the many other establishments, strikes is a common action embarked upon by workers over the years. There have been wide spread concern on what teachers can do effectively and how this condition of services could be achieved, the resultant effect was a further determination of students performance. This has been the major concern of the researcher who has decided to find out the influence of motivation on teachers job performance.
1.3 Objective of the Study
In the course of finding out the influence of motivation on teachers job performance in the school system, the researcher aims at finding out whether if:
- There is an increase in the teachers’ motivation; teachers will be more dedicated to their work.
- Motivation could lead to an upliftment in the standard of education at primary schools.
This project work will focus basically on the roles of teachers’ in spiteof their relatively poor motivation and the effects it has on student’s performance which enable the researcher to make constructive suggestions aimed at improving the performances of students.
1.4 Research Questions
In an attempt to solve this problem, this research word will focus on these questions formulated below:
- Would the motivation of teachers affect the academic performance of students in primary schools in Niger state?
- What are the attitudes of the public on the teaching profession?
- Can the motivation of teachers affect their level of dedication to work?
- Do teachers’ academic qualification influence the academic performance of schools?’
1.5 Significance of the Study
The study will be a significant contribution to the existing literature in the area. It will also show the needs for an increase in teachers motivation and other benefits where necessary to elevate the falling standard of education. It is also to encourage the undergraduates and graduates alike who have the intention of coming into the teaching profession not to feel withdrawn towards teaching as efforts are already on for an upward review of teachers’ motivation structure.
1.6 Scope of the Study
For this study, the, limited number of school to be used is the extent to which generalization could be made about the result, this is due to the short time at the disposal of the researcher, that is to say coupled with the short time when the investigation was carried out alongside with the investigator academic studies. Conclusively, it is on the basis of this chapter that their entire subsequent chapter will be renewed and analyzed.
The scope of this study is limited to suleja schools management committee area of Niger State, it is however suggested that further researches could be extended to other schools management committees in Niger state.
1.7 Limitation of the Study
This research work shall be dependent on the pieces of information supplied by the teachers within the chosen samples of .the target population. Biases and prejudices of individual respondents are likely to affect their responses to the items on the questionnaire.
Also, there shall be limitations on the part of instruments used for data collection, all the sampled primary schools are located in Niger state, the result of the study is not expected to differ from studies that may be conducted in other parts of Niger State.
1.8 Definition of Terms
The process of including or causing someone to behave in the most desired way in the aid of certain incentives.
This is the way in which something react under certain condition of fulfils the purpose for which it was intended.
This is the monetary compensation an employee receives of work done, condition of service, this is both the monetary and non-monetary compensation given to an employee.
This is a feeling of happiness or pleasure because you have achieved something or get what you want.
Is the rate at which goods are produce and the amount produce compared with the work, time and money needed to produce them.
1.9 Organizations of the Study
The chapter one consist of the introductory part of the study which includes the study background, the statement of the research problem, the study objective and scope of the study.
The second chapter is a critical review of other literatures relevant to the study and its objectives including the theoretical framework for the study. While the third chapter is methods of data collection, sampling and data analysis used in conducting the study. The fourth chapter centres around the research findings including an analysis of how it relates to previous findings. The fifth chapter consists of the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations base on the study objectives.
Summary of the Study, Conclusions and Recommendation
In this chapter, the result of the data analyzed in chapter four are interpreted and discussed. Also, the educational implications of the findings, recommendations, suggestions for further study, summary and conclusion were made.
5.1 Summary of the Study
This study focused on the perceived influence of motivation on the job performance of civic education teachers in primary schools in Niger state. In order to achieve the purpose of the study, ten (10) schools where selected out of twenty (20) primary schools. Questionnaire were designed distributed administered, collected, analyzed and findings or results interpreted.
In the light of the results, the educational implications of the study where pointed out based on the findings.
Furthermore, some recommendations were also made and if adequately followed and implemented, would go a long way in ensuring greater job performance of teachers both in primary schools in Niger state and other local government areas in Nigeria.
In conclusion, this study has shown that with adequate motivational elements such as regular and prompt payment of salaries and allowances, upward review of salaries, implementation of promotions, provision of conducive working environments, availability of teaching aids/instructional materials etc. would help to improve the job performance of teachers and the standard of education.
Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations were made.
- Regular and prompt payment of salaries and allowances should be made available to teachers in primary schools in Niger state, in order to enhance their dedication to duties.
- The state government should look into the allocation or monthly salaries and allowances of teacher with a view to reviewing and increasing it, since the economic situation in the country is not static and favourable. This will help to increase the job performance of the teachers.
- Promotion exercise should always be conducted annually and as at when due and subsequently implemented without delay so as to reflect on their salaries.
- The working environment under which teachers perform their duties should be made conducive enough to boost there interest in the teaching and learning process.
- Adequate teaching aids and materials should be made available for effective teaching and learning.
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Frequently Asked Questions
What is the impact of teacher motivation on academic performance?
When teachers are enabled to do their job effectively, their students are enabled to learn effectively. The trust of this paper is on ‘the impact of teacher motivation on academic performance of students’. Concept of Teacher Motivation Teacher motivation refers to those variables, factors that influence teachers to do things.
How can teachers’ work environment affect their work performance?
The study implied that teachers’ work environment (offices, offices fittings and furniture etc) help to raise the ego and value system of the teacher regarding his/her work. Thus, educational administrators should ensure a conducive and serene working environment for their teachers.
What motivates teachers to become teachers?
Teacher motivation was as a result of the developmental factors. The study recommended that school managers to sponsor teachers to workshops and seminars in order to motivate them. Schools management should work towards improving the teaching and learning environment. from public secondary schools to more lucrative jobs.
What influences teacher-learner interactions for better student academic performance?
Determinants of teacher-learner interactions for better students’ academic performance were found to include-the status of teachers, class size, increasing workload, professional freedom, the work environment, teacher education and professional development, teachers’ salaries and negotiations and consultations.