Influence Of Modernization And Technological Advancement On Cultural Development

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Influence Of Modernization And Technological Advancement On Cultural Development


Abstract


This study was carried out on the influence of modernization and technological advancement on cultural development. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprises of staff of Federal Ministry of Information and Culture. In determining the sample size, the researcher purposefully selected 53 respondents and 50 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables, while the hypothesis was tested using Chi-square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals modernization have an influence on cultural development. The study also revealed that the technological advancement have an influence on cultural development. Furthermore, the study revealed that modernization and technological advancement has a negative influence on Nigeria cultural values. In the light of the findings, the researcher recommends that technology should be developed to design digital ways to connect us not only to each other but to promote our values, to respect each other, and to encourage innovation as we develop a place for ourselves in the 21st century.


Table of Content


Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • REFERENCES
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Cultural and economic values are one of managing elements of economic reality. Two models of economic reality show mutual dependence of the element “values” and other basic elements through the feedback existing between them that provides cyclical changes of fundamental elements. Namely, that happens as a result of a side influence of activity and of differences between a wish and a result. Value guidelines cannot change itself inside the sphere of values because this sphere is directed into the sphere of existence. The most important way of correction of own value guidelines and value positions in consequence of perception of results of own activity is a change of value scales (Yakovets, 2012).

Values influence directly any form of economic coordination because the higher rank of value modalities (signifying which carrier is a good) not only defines a perception of higher value qualities by potential users but also changes a way of use and correlation of scarcity of goods and services in general(Inglehart & Baker, 2000; Gaweł , 2010; Čábelková & Strielkowski, 2013: Balitskiy et al., 2014; or Novák & Popesko, 2014).

The economic reality is being regulated not only by economic laws. Quite often, it is being defined by actions of people through their wishes and choices that form a whole set of economic expectations, social norms, cultural guidelines, and ethic imaginations about “good”. Thence, it is determined by the values formed in the process of historical development of the society. Social and cultural terms of people communities shape up some life order, set moral norms, traditions, kinds of behavior, etc.

The complex that determinates the content and direction of social consciousness is called “cultural paradigm” and represents a fundamental vision of society which includes a complex of fundamental perceptions about the society and the individual of this historical period. Each social and historical epoch works out its own specific paradigm. The change of a paradigm goes hand in hand with the reconsideration of values, norms and guidelines, as well as of the system of weltanschauung (a particular philosophy or viewsof life) of people – a so-called “reevaluation of values”.

Millions of people all over the world witness revolutionary in their daily life. The term modernization is used by social scientists to refer to the extensively influential process through which ordinary nations which a less-developed tradition to the more progressive societies. Modern societies enjoy certain features such as urbanization, literacy and industrialization accompanied by highly developed transport system and mass media. As a result, those who live in such modern societies have to shift their commitment from their parents and priests, who were their traditional sources of authorities, to new authorities namely, government officials.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The inappropriate aspect of technologies, which are being offered to less developed countries, can lie within the characterization of production. It could also lay within the type of products, which are not appropriate for consumption in the target countries. This inappropriate aspect can be changed if the less developed countries give a more clear definition of their needs and name those factors, which have to be considered in order to design certain technologies and technological products in accordance with their own country (Ogburn, 1969). Mechanisms have to be developed, which ensure that technological procedures and products in fact meet the needs and demand of the developing countries. An appropriate politics of technology that considers many questions is possible on various development paths. But this politics is set within the conflict of interests of political and economical elite and within the developing countries itself (Chen 1994, 62). From the philosophical point of view the transferred technologies have to be fitted into the current every day culture both considering structures of production and consumption, even if these will sooner or later be transferred by technology transfer in the long run.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main aim of this study is to examine the influence of modernization and technological advancement on cultural development. Specifically, other objectives of this study are:

  1. To find out whether modernization has an influence on cultural development.
  2. To find out whether technological advancement has an influence on cultural development.
  3. To find out the influences of modernization and technological advancement influences on our cultural values.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions will be answered in this study:

  1. Does modernization have an influence on cultural development?
  2. Does technological advancement have an influence on cultural development?
  3. What is the influences of modernization and technological advancement influences on our cultural values?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

The following null hypotheses will validate this study:

  • H01: Modernization does not have an influence on cultural development.
  • H02: Technological advancement does not have an influence on cultural development.

1.6 Significance of the Study

This study will be greatly significant to the society as the findings of this study will reveal the influence of modernization and technological advancement on cultural development.

This study will also benefit the scholars as this study will serve as a pilot study for further research and future reference.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study focuses on the influence of modernization and technological advancement on cultural development. Specifically, this study focuses on finding out whether modernization has an influence on cultural development, finding out whether technological advancement has an influence on cultural development and finding out the influences of modernization and technological advancement influences on our cultural values. The respondents for this study will be obtained from the staff of Federal Ministry of Information and Culture.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Modernization:

As a process of social and cultural change, modernization is triggered by industrialization and followed by increased social satisfaction and labor division. Even in absence of industrialization, societies can experience social change. However, modernization is a specific kind of social change which is the result of industrialization. The shift to an industrialization society can bring about both positive and negative outcomes.

Technology:

By technology, it is meant the cultural information concerning how to make use of the material resources of the environment in order to remove human needs and desire.


1.10 Organization of the Studies

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the influence of modernization and technological advancement on cultural development. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the influence of modernization and technological advancement on cultural development.The study is was specifically carried out to find out whether modernization has an influence on cultural development, find out whether technological advancement has an influence on cultural development, and find out the influences of modernization and technological advancement influences on our cultural value. The respondents for this study was obtained from Federal Ministry of Information and Culture.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 50 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were staff of Federal Ministry of Information and Culture.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. Modernization have an influence on cultural development.
  2. Technological advancement have an influence on cultural development.
  3. Modernization and technological advancement has a negative influence on Nigeria cultural values.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Technology should be oriented towards positive social change.
  2. Technology should be developed to design digital ways to connect us not only to each other but to promote our values, to respect each other, and to encourage innovation as we develop a place for ourselves in the 21st century.
  3. The services provided by the modern day technologies should be censored to ensure that users do not access misleading or unwelcomed information.

Influence Of Modernization And Technological Advancement On Cultural Development


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