The Influence Of Laboratory Facilities In The Academic Performance Of Students In Senior Secondary Schools

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The Influence Of Laboratory Facilities In The Academic Performance Of Students In Senior Secondary Schools


Abstract


This study focused on the influence of laboratory facilities in the academic performance of students in senior secondary schools. The study is was specifically focused on determining the extent of availability of laboratory facilities in senior secondary schools To determine the efficiency of utilization of existing laboratory facilities by secondary school students To examine the academic performance of secondary school students with laboratory facilities and those without and To examine the challenges secondary school students encounter in the use of laboratory facilities..

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 100 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are students. The achievement of students in Senior Secondary Schools can be improve if there is adequate provision and proper utilization of available laboratory resources as there is a strong correlation between the variables.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the study
  • 1.4 Research questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the study
  • 1.8 Definition of terms
  • 1.9 Organizations of the study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the study
  • 3.3 Sample size determination
  • 3.4 Sample size selection technique and procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of data collection
  • 3.7 Method of data analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the study
  • 3.10 Ethical consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Interpretation of Result

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE 

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Education is a vital human activity (GoK, 2003). It enables fashion and model individuals in any society to perform well in their environment. According to Boit, Njoki, & Chang’ach (2012), the benefits of education include: boosting society’s productive capacity, reducing poverty by moderating its effects on population, health, and nutrition. Secondary education is a critical sector for both national and individual development. Secondary education, which is more advanced than primary education, is critical in developing a country’s human resource base (Achoka, Odebero, Maiyo & Mualuko, 2007). The critical function of secondary education may explain in part the Kenyan government’s determination to implement Free Secondary Education (FSE) in public secondary schools in order to generate demand for it (Ohba, 2011).

To accomplish excellent academic performance in schools, vital physical infrastructure such as a scientific laboratory, school library, classrooms, and various types of solid waste disposal are required. The science laboratory is crucial to scientific training since it is where theoretical work is put into practice; otherwise, practicals in any learning experience include students in activities such as observing, counting, measuring, experimenting, and recording (Ogunniyi, 1983).

Researchers also believe that effective science education is necessary for: a) ensuring a satisfactory level of scientific literacy in society as a whole, and b) preparing the next generation of scientists and engineers for advancement in higher education and higher education. beyond (Committee on Laboratory Science and Equipment, 2006); b) Ensure the future of practical science in schools by discouraging inappropriate methods (Broers, 2006). (Broers, 2006). Secondary science can take a more “stereotypical” approach to practical activities that should lead to binding or obvious conclusions. Science education addresses seven aspects. Innovation in science education: (future) teachers and teacher educators, scientific thought development through research, contextual dimensions of science learning, use of information laboratory equipment, science teachers and “common sense,” gender differences, and the role of evaluation in determining what is taught. The relationship between teachers’ knowledge and scientific abilities, how they teach science, and the consequences for students is dependent on scientific thought development and the teachers themselves.

On the other hand, laboratory equipment is also very important because it is used in all areas of life, including education. The educational system, which is the most important factor for development, is increasingly rushing to adopt new technologies in order to prepare our future generations for the knowledge and skills they will require in the coming years. In all fields, including science, administration, and research, our educational system strives to use a variety of laboratory equipment. Laboratory equipment continues to have an impact on academic transactions at universities, colleges, and other institutions involving teaching, learning, research, and extension activities. The use of mobile phones, televisions, computers, the Internet and machines is part of our daily lives. In fact, we use laboratory equipment for instruction, communication, transportation, information navigation, entertainment and all types of life needs. Due to scientific and laboratory equipment, most processes in human life have been either simplified, adapted and cost-effective

Laboratory facilities is used in providing learning experiences and self-directed instructions to a learner using tutorial and simulation packages, with assistance from an attendance in. In developed countries, the use of modern lab equipments as a teaching tool has reached an advanced stage (Akundeye,2005) (Akundeye,2005).


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Fundamental research in scientific education and cognitive science focuses on how people acquire science and apply it in their daily lives. Science education provides students with knowledge, training, and learning opportunities while also stimulating their physical and mental development. According to the National Science Board Commission on Pre-college Education, Mathematics, Science and Technology, in its report stressed that, most states are failing to provide its students with adequate tools, resources or facilities needed to excel in the 21st Century. When laboratory facilities are adequate in schools, it is necessary to provide students with a strong broad background in the area of science and mathematics education. Students should be given opportunities to grow in their problem-solving abilities, think critically, and acquire scientific and technological literacy (Maureen & William 2012).

Academic performance of pupils in science topics has largely declined in recent decades. Science education in Nigeria is in a dismal state at all levels of education, from primary to intermediate to higher. There is a scarcity of science resources in laboratories, which contributes to pupils’ poor academic performance in science in secondary school (Ihuarlam, 2008; Ifeakor, 2006; Udo, 2006; Okafor, 2000). This scenario currently applies to secondary schools in Rivers State. Despite the fact that Rivers State has a plethora of secondary schools, the level of academic performance among students, particularly those pursuing science courses such as physics, biology, and chemistry, is concerning.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The broad objective of this study is to examine the influence of laboratory facilities in the academic performance of students in senior secondary schools.

Other objectives of this study are:

  1. To determine the extent of availability of laboratory facilities in senior secondary schools.
  2. To determine the efficiency of utilization of existing laboratory facilities by secondary school students.
  3. To examine the academic performance of secondary school students with laboratory facilities and those without.
  4. To examine the challenges secondary school students encounter in the use of laboratory facilities.

1.4 Research Questions

This study will answer the following research questions:

  1. To what extent is laboratory facilities available in senior secondary schools?
  2. What is the efficiency of utilization of existing laboratory facilities by secondary school students?
  3. Is the academic performance of secondary school students with laboratory facilities better than those without?
  4. What are the challenges secondary school students encounter in the use of laboratory facilities?

1.5 Significance of the Study

Findings from the study will be relevant to government, teachers and parent and academia. It would also make the government through the ministry of education to realize the need for provision of laboratory facilities to schools and posting of qualified science teachers, technicians and technologists to secondary schools. It will motivate parents to provide basic requirements of practical lesson(s) for their children in secondary schools and also this convince the science teachers that practical lessons are mostly essential for effective teaching and learning of other science subjects like biology, chemistry, physics, agriculture and to say mathematics. Finally, the study would contribute empirically to the body of existing literature and it would serve as a reference source to students or other researchers who might want to carry out their research on the similar topic.


1.6 Scope of the Study

This study will be focusing on the influence of laboratory facilities in the academic performance of students in senior secondary schools. Specifically, this study will be focused on determining the extent of availability of laboratory facilities in senior secondary schools, determining the efficiency of utilization of existing laboratory facilities by secondary school students, examining the academic performance of secondary school students with laboratory facilities and those without and examining the challenges secondary school students encounter in the use of laboratory facilities.

Furthermore, this study will be using students of selected secondary schools in Ikwerre Local Government Area of Rivers State as enrolled participants for its survey.


1.7 Limitations of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researchers encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. The significant constraint was the scanty literature on the subject owing to the nature of the discourse thus the researcher incurred more financial expenses and much time was required in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. Additionally, the researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. More so, the choice of the sample size was limited as few respondent were selected to answer the research instrument hence cannot be generalize to other secondary schools outside the State. However, despite the constraint encountered during the research, all factors were downplayed in other to give the best and make the research successful.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Academic Performance:

Academic performance represents performance outcomes that indicate the extent to which a person has accomplished specific goals that were the focus of activities in instructional environments, specifically in school, college, and university.

Laboratory:

A laboratory is a facility that provides controlled conditions in which scientific or technological research, experiments, and measurement may be performed.


Chapter Five


Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Conclusion

The achievement of students in Senior Secondary Schools can be improve if there is adequate provision and proper utilization of available laboratory resources as there is a strong correlation between the variables. It is regrettable that in most of our Schools today, Chemistry lessons are taught without the use of Laboratory neither the teacher exposed the Students to any practical demonstration. This and other are some of the factors responsible for the mass failure encounter in the Subject. For Nigeria as a nation to be developed in area of science and technology, the teaching of chemistry must be supported by adequate provision of material resources, required for effective instruction and proper utilization of those resources is needed. This will no doubt boost the student’s academic achievement in Chemistry and other sciences.


5.2 Recommendations

In the light of this study therefore, the following recommendations are made to the government, school heads and chemistry teachers.

  1. That the government should enforce, encourage, train and monitor chemistry teachers in senior secondary schools in using, effectively ,the supplied laboratory resources in order to enhance teaching ability of the teacher and also improve the learning attitude of students in chemistry.
  2. There should be a strict adherence to the implementation of the education policy concerning provision of material resources for science teaching.
  3. Government and all stake holders in education should assist in ensuring that adequate facilities for teaching and learning chemistry are provided in the secondary schools.
  4. Government should provide specialized laboratories for chemistry practical and refurbish dilapidated ones, employ enough laboratory custodians for proper use and management of the laboratories.
  5. Chemistry teachers should make requisitions of materials for chemistry teaching and ensure proper utilization of them. They should also relate chemistry teaching to our natural environment by improvisation for effectiveness in the teaching of chemistry.
  6. Workshops should be organized for the teachers to learn how to use some of the modern equipment.

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Frequently Asked Questions


Do physical facilities affect academic performance of senior secondary school students?

There is no significant relationship between physical facilities and the academic performance of senior secondary school students.

How do facilities affect students with special educational needs?

Facilities have a great impact on academic performances of students, and inadequate facilities translate to poor performance. The study examined the availability and convenience of the facilities that were provided to students with special educational needs in mainstreamed schools.

Is there a relationship between school plant and facilities and academic achievement?

There is no significant relationship between school plant and facilities and students‟ academic achievement under study. However, it is observed that there is a positive relationship yet the correlation in this regard is low, not significant.

What are the factors that influence students‟ performance?

Dada, (1986) posited that, the quality and quantity of these materials (school plant and facilities) have been identified as significant factors determining students‟ performance. 

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