The Influence Of Home Background On The Career Choice Of Secondary School Students In Esan Central Local Government Area Of Edo State

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The Influence Of Home Background On The Career Choice Of Secondary School Students In Esan Central Local Government Area Of Edo State


The purpose of this research is to find out the influence of home background on the career choice of secondary school students ion Egor. The research was aimed at the influence a child’s family background would have on his choice of career. In carrying out this research there was a review of related literatures, questionnaires were administered to respondents the students in there schools to collect relevant data. The data collected from respondents were analyzed and interpreted. The findings revealed that good communication between parents and children can have positive influence on the children’s choice of career. Findings also revealed that the family economic status determines a child’s choice of career. It was also gathered that parents lack of early rural instructions and training can have a negative effect on a child’s choice of career. Emphasis was laid on early training, effective guidance and counseling to be given to students to help them make wise choice of career, which will enable them become good citizens. It was also gathered that provision of affordable education, educational facilities, peaceful home atmosphere and other recommendations will help improve a child’s ability and willingness to make a reasonable choice of career.

Chapter One


1.1 Background to the Study

Home is a place in which children learn to interpret realities (Wary and Passman, 1996) parents serve as significant interpreters to children for information about the world and children ability (Hall, Kelly, Hansen and Vulwein, 1996) home influence is an important force in preparing students for their role as workers. Young people form their attitude about work and career as a result of interaction with the home. Home background provides the basis on which a student’s career planning and decision making evolves. However, within each home, the level of involvement can very positively or negatively.

Home background factor found to be associated with career choice includes parents socio-economic status (SES), their level of education and biogenetics factor such as physical size, gender, ability and temperament, Panic and Jepson (1992), in a study on adolescent vocational development reported that had the most effect on education plans and occupational aspiration was education. Mortime et al (1992) also reported that parents with post secondary education tend to pass along its importance in their children a finding reported by other studies. Montgomery (1992) votes that students talented in mathematics viewed their career choice as reflective on the interest that stem from early home influence and educational opportunities.

De Piddeo (1990) however, points out that the lower level of parents education can retard adolescents career choice. Being born to parents with limited education and income reduces the likelihood of going to college or achieving a professionally and occupational goals and essentially predetermined the child’s likely career choice. Home income is another aspect of home background that influences the career choice of a student. Mortimer et al (1992) one reason for this may be that home with limited economic resources may tend to direct children first the older children in the home giving less hope and encouragement to the younger children in the home. It is therefore understandable that the self efficacy of students with respect to career opportunities is linked to the economic support they can expect from their parents. Another home background factor found to be associated with career choice include the parents spiritual/health parents who love Jesus and want the best for their children will urge their children to pursue a career that will bring them joy in the future. Thus proverbs 22:6 admonished parents to pay attention to their children while the children in turn should prove themselves obedient (Ephesians 6:13).

1.2 Statement of Problem

The standard of education in Nigeria today is gradually falling thus leading to lots of arrangements amongst scholars civil servants, educational planners etc as to what is the immediate and remote causes of the failure and the factors hindering high standard of education, while we may blame governments, teachers, and children, the home which students comes from leave much to be desired. It is important to note that we cannot exonerate the home that a child came from when talking about the students choice of career in secondary school. Home background factors found to have influence the students choice of career is based on parents socio-economic status, parents educational level, parents love for Jesus and family size and parents temperament.

1.3 Research Question

In order to deal with the influence of home background on the career choice of secondary school students the following questions were asked:

  1. To what degree does the socio-economic status of parents influence the career choice of students in secondary school?
  2. Is there any relationship between the level of education of parents and the career choice of students in secondary schools?
  3. Does the size of a home have any influence on the choice of career of secondary school students?
  4. Is there any relationship between living condition at home and choice of career of students?
  5. To what extend does the ability and temperament of parents affect the choice of career of students?

Home is the bedrock of the child’s socialization processes. A child starts to learn even right from its mother womb and as such as it is born to this world (2 Timothy 2:15) as Gods creature, made in God’s image, the child does not learn in vacuum but rather is active by learning, in a society of humans who influence his guess such society embodies the home which the family belongs to and school source of western education. It is observed that the choice of career of students in secondary school can be denied by their parent’s socio-economic status, level of educational, family size of the parent ability. It is therefore the purpose of this study to investigate the impact of home background on the choice of career of students in secondary schools.

1.4 Significance of the Study

Students succeed in school when certain factors are put in place or put under control, some of these includes ensuring that the child feeds well at home, get enough rest, does his home work has his work checked by both his teachers and parents, has his school materials, gets adequate encouragement from their parents, useful information should be given the child to guide futures generation of choice of career. In the light of the above, the students will assist parents to have insight into the behavior and needs of their children. The study intends to reveal the factors that impedes or enhance the choice of students in secondary schools.

1.5 Scope of the Study

This study is restricted to secondary schools in Esan Central local government area of Edo State. In the realization of similar condition facing most students in other secondary schools in Edo State the survey shall focus on students in their first year and final year of studies.

Schools Selected

  • Usi-Mart Academy, Iki
  • Opoji Grammar School Eguare
  • Opoji Commercial Secondary School, Oki

1.6 Definition of Terms

1. Involvement:

Willingness to show consideration and gentleness and also contribute to a child’s choice of career.

2. Temperament:

The parent’s nature shown in the way they react to their children choice of career.

3. Potluck:

A meal to which each quest brings food.

4. Missionary:

Something sent to foreign land to teach people the goodness of Gods kingdom

5. Exonerate:

We cannot say that the home is not responsible in a students choice of career.

6. Impede:

Factors that delay or stop students in secondary school from choosing a career.

7. Biogenetic:

The genes of the parents such as height, size, etc.

8. Admonish:

The bible advice and urge parents seriously to pay attention to their children.

9. Detest:

To dislike or hate something.

10. Socialization:

The process of being socialized in been open to the world.

Chapter Five

Summary of Findings, Recommendation and Conclusion

5.1 Summary and Findings

It has been revered that the effect of gender on career choice of student affects both sexes after school in the society. Let us take for instance since some society wouldn’t want a particular sex to be educated (I.C), that is the female it might come to a time when they will be burden to themselves, parents, husband, society and the government as a result of they were not educated or trained for the particular profession, and comparing these to when they are educated and as such be able to contribute at helping themselves, parents, society and the government.

5.2 Recommendations

From the findings on the effect of gender and career choice of students recommendations were made as such;
The student who dread some careers in life, should see to it that all men where born equal and as such since some persons are taking up the career with fear.

Secondly, in some many society and Esan Central Local Government Area of Edo State that was used as a case study some parents are the cause of children failure to accept a particular career and it is recommended that parents should encourage their children to take up any career they so desire in life.

In addition, for the issue of gender discrimination, parents are advised to train both sexes and not neglecting any sex to the background. The society and government seems to be one of the greatest problems militating against gender career choice and it is recommended that there should not be exclusive career for one sex as analyzed earlier on.

5.3 Conclusions

In conclusion, it is a well know fact that education is the only road to economic growth and development and in achieving these, the issues of gender influence in choosing a career should be completely truncated and clearly saying, it is seen that the influence of gender on the career choice selected school students in Esan Central Local Government Area of Edo State exist and should be taking up, treated and eliminated.

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