Influence Of Covid 19 Pandemic On The Academic Performance Of Secondary School Students Of Imo State, Using Owerri West As A Case Study

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Influence Of Covid 19 Pandemic On The Academic Performance Of Secondary School Students Of Imo State, Using Owerri West As A Case Study


Abstract


This study was carried out on the influence of Covid-19 pandemic on the academic performance of secondary school students of Imo State, using Owerri West as a case study. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of secondary school students of Owerri West, Imo State. In determining the sample size, the researcher purposefully selected 200 respondents and 120 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. While the hypotheses were tested using chi-square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that the period of stay at home influenced students study habit. The study also revealed that the extent to which the school closure due to Covid-19 pandemic affected the academic calendar and activities of students was high. Furthermore, teachers perceive that Covid-19 lockdown had a negative influence on the academic performance of secondary school students. Therefore, it is recommended that since school closure has negative impact on students, the government should leverage the cost of internet services so that children of low income parents can access in case of future sudden school closure.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypotheses
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was identified in Wuhan city, Hubei Province, China in December 2019 as a pneumonia of unknown origin (Zhu N, Zhang 2020). Later, the international committee on taxonomy of viruses (ICTV) identified the causative agent of COVID-19 as a novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus−2 (SARS–CoV−2) ( ICTV 2020). COVID-19 outbreak spreads rapidly not only in China, but also worldwide. Hence the World Health Organization (WHO) declared it as a pandemic on March 12, 2020 (WHO 2020). The total number of confirmed cases and mortalities was 23,491,520 and 809,970, respectively, across 216 countries as of August 25, 2020 (WHO 2020).

Several governmental measures was taken to counteract the risk of disease spreading. These measures include travel restrictions, mandatory quarantines for travelers, social distancing, bans on public gatherings, schools and universities closure, business closures, self-isolation, asking people to work at home, curfews, and lockdown (Paital B 2020). Authorities in several countries worldwide declared either lockdown or curfew as a measure to break the fast spread of virus infection (Paital B 2020). These measures have a negative worldwide effect on the business, education, health, and tourism etc (Pragholapati A 2020).

In Nigeria, the Federal Ministry of Education directed all educational institutions in Nigeria to shut down and allow students to go home as cases of reported COVID-19 increased rapidly (Ezinna 2020). The Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Education, Sonny Echono, told reporters on 19 March that the directive was part of the country’s overall strategy to contain the spread of the virus. However this scenario effect was not just limited the closure of many sectors of the economy but on a deeper view it did affected the academic performance of many students with secondary school students inclusive.

Academic performance refers to how well an individual or a student is able to perform when given a learning task, activity or one’s achievement in standardized tests in academic pursuit. Academic performance also refers to how students deal with their studies and how they cope with or accomplish different tasks given to them by their teacher. Academic performance in this context is related to content and intellect, meaning that academic performance depends on the learner’s competence.

Due to the suspension of classroom teaching in many schools in Nigeria, students commitment level and consistence has decreased resulting to poor and unimpressive academic performance. Thus, this study seeks to examine influence of Covid 19 pandemic on the academic performance of secondary school students of Imo State, using Owerri West as a case study.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The outbreak of COVID-19 is a global health emergency, the WHO, raising the alarm further on March 11 when it declared the crisis a pandemic. The pandemic gain widespread to about 200 Countries in the World including Nigeria(Ezinna 2020). Hence, countries across the World have in quick succession announced the closure of of schools and universities for a minimum of two weeks or one month in order to contain the spread of the COVID-19 virus which has was declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization. This measure however had its impact on different sector of the economy including education (Pragholapati A 2020).

COVID-19 pandemic has affected all levels of the education system. Educational institutions around the world (in 192 countries) have either temporarily closed or implemented localized closures affecting about 1.7 billion of student population worldwide (10). Many high schools around the world either postponed or canceled all academic activities to minimize gatherings and hence decrease the transmission of virus. However, these measures lead to higher academic implications on mostly students.

It is upon this ground that this study examines the influence of Covid 19 pandemic on the academic performance of secondary school students of Imo State, using Owerri West as a case study.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

This study examines the influence of Covid-19 pandemic on the academic performance of secondary school students of Imo State, using Owerri West as a case study. This however is achievable through the following objective;

  1. Determine whether Covid-19 affected students access to study materials.
  2. Investigate if the period of stay at home influenced students study habit.
  3. Investigate the extent to which the school closure due to Covid-19 pandemic affected the academic calendar and activities of students.
  4. Examine the effect of Covid-19 lockdown on the academic performance of secondary school students.

1.4 Research Questions

The study will be guided by the following questions;

  1. Did Covid-19 pandemic affected students access to study materials?
  2. Did the period of stay at home influenced students study habit?
  3. What is the extent to which the school closure due to Covid-19 pandemic affected the academic calendar and activities of students.
  4. What is the effect of Covid-19 lockdown on the academic performance of secondary school students?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

  • Ho1. The period of stay at home did not influenced students’ study habit.
  • H02. Covid-19 lockdown had no negative effect on the academic performance of secondary school students.

1.6 Significance of the Study

This study will provide an insight into the influence of COVID-19 on student’s academic performance in Senior Secondary School. This study will help the administrators to ascertain the level of damages the school’s close down has caused. Furthermore, the study will again be helpful for researchers, students, and teachers. Government official, policymakers and schools administrators will benefit from the recommendation of the study.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study covers ten (10) selected secondary schools in Owerri West, Imo State.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researcher encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. More so, the researcher simultaneously engaged in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definitions of Terms

Coronavirus:

COVID-19 is a disease caused by a new strain of coronavirus. ‘CO’ stands for corona, ‘VI’ for virus, and ‘D’ for disease. Formerly, this disease was referred to as ‘2019 novel coronavirus’ or ‘2019-nCoV.’

Academic Performance:

This is the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has attained their short or long-term educational goals. Completion of educational benchmarks such as secondary school diplomas and bachelor’s degrees represent academic achievement.


1.10 Organisations of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, abnd selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the influence of Covid-19 pandemic on the academic performance of secondary school students of Imo State, using Owerri West as a case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the influence of Covid-19 pandemic on the academic performance of secondary school students of Imo State, using Owerri West as a case study. The study is was specifically carried out to; determine whether Covid-19 affected students access to study materials, investigate if the period of stay at home influenced students study habit, investigate the extent to which the school closure due to Covid-19 pandemic affected the academic calendar and activities of students, and examine the effect of Covid-19 lockdown on the academic performance of secondary school students.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 120 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were secondary school students of Owerri West, Imo State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. Covid-19 affected students access to study materials.
  2. The period of stay at home influenced students study habit.
  3. The extent to which the school closure due to Covid-19 pandemic affected the academic calendar and activities of students was high.
  4. Covid-19 lockdown had a negative influence on the academic performance of secondary school students.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Since school closure has negative impact on students, the government should leverage the cost of internet services so that children of low income parents can access in case of future sudden school closure.
  2. Parents should ensure that their children/wards are constantly and continuously engaged in learning activities should there be sudden school closure in the nearest future.
  3. Government should at all time be prepared in other to contain any epidemic that may occur in the future, also this study recommends for parents to hire private teachers for their children when they are not in school, this will boost their academic performance in classroom.

Influence Of Covid 19 Pandemic On The Academic Performance Of Secondary School Students Of Imo State, Using Owerri West As A Case Study


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