The Influence Of Cell-Phone On Information Sharing Among University Students Of Nigeria
The emergence of cell phones in Nigeria, a communication enhancing technological device that came with the millennium encroachment of the global village has entirely changed the attitudes of the people in Nigeria. The shift from the conventional two-way verbal communication with Nigeria Telecommunication telephone facilities to the recent mobile communication with cell phones has clearly exemplified the effect of new technologies on the social, economic and general living pattern of humans across the world including Nigerians. Within the passage of some years, people are more inclined towards mobile technology. Users can talk with one another, record some spectacular moments of life, listen to music, install games, applications, videos, etc., transfer data and files to other compatible devices, send/receive SMS and visit World Wide Web. This study therefore sought to investigate the influence of cell phone on information sharing among university students of Nigeria, using National Open University as case study.
1.1 Background to the Study
Information technology has influenced learning greatly. Before now academic contents both within and outside the curriculum and course modules depended on the lecturers in charge and buying the hard copy of materials. In the event that one needed a book which both the lecturers and the book vendors did not have one either had to order for them abroad and pay outrageous money in shipping fees or one forgets having it and relied on reviews in academic journals on the book or the topic.
However, with the advent of information technology (IT), the information system of every educational institution in the country and the world at large has been affected deeply. Primary, secondary and tertiary schools have been forced to change their information systems after all the information technologies and their gadgets. The universities have been most affected and with time the same is happening to the secondary schools with equal speed. In the country most Universities both government owned and privately owned have installed the WiFi devices all over the school to give the students free access to the internet. Most universities too have made it mandatory for entry schools to have a laptop computer and /or its equivalent.
In fact the bigger information gadgets aren’t as fast in information dissemination as the cell phones which are now relatively very easy to acquire and cheap in relation to the level of information they can house and the various means through which these pieces of information can be shared. And it is not only academic related information but information on all kind both the ones that are advantageous to learning and those that hamper a good learning attitude and environment.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The present research work recognizes the trend in information sharing in the university campuses across the country in present time. Compared to the 90’s before the advancement of mobile phones and smartphones, one sees a drastic change in this regard. And like every development of this sweeping velocity the volatility of it always has remarkable influences on the users one which are usually not predictable. Against the above background, the present research work has set before itself the task of studying the influence of cell phone in information sharing among students of the university with students of the National Open University of Nigeria as a case study.
1.3 Research Questions
- What are the different ways cell phone have particularly influenced information sharing in the university campuses
- What are the correlation between the positive and negative influences
- How has it directly influenced the mode of learning and learning contents in National Open University of Nigeria.
1.4 Objectives of the Study
The first objective of the present research work is to identify the various ways through which cell phones influence information sharing among the university students of National Open University of Nigeria, establish and describe the major classes of information usually shared through this media. For instance, not only academic information gets shared through this medium.
Gossips within and outside the university campuses make headways and have the different phone enabled social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram and Twitter and also instant messaging apps like WhatsApp and Messenger. The research also aims at comparing the speed and influences of cell phones and other information gadgets used by university students especially those of the National Open University of Nigeria.
1.5 Significance of the Study
The research will be of importance to university authorities of all the NOUN (National Open University of Nigerian) campuses and also every other university both public and private. It will shed light on these influences and infer how authorities can use this medium in combating exam malpractice and insecurity in the different campuses.
The positive influences would be promoted by government, university authorities, parents and religious leaders and it will almost influence the above in that they see the social importance of cell phones and learn its uses in order to better protect the students from its harmful influences.
1.6 Research Hypothesis
The present research assumes that cell-phones especially smartphone influence greatly information sharing in the National Open University of Nigeria campuses and also other universities in the country.
HO: There is no statistically significant correlation between positive and negative influences of cell phone on information sharing in Nigerian university campuses.
1.7 Scope of the Study
The study will focus its research solely on the students of the National Open University of Nigerian campuses with emphasis on the ones closest to the researcher with references to other public and private universities generally. The influences to be identified and discussed will be both the positive and the negative ones with more emphasis on the negative ones. Especially as they have made some private universities prohibit their students from using cell phones in the campuses.
1.8 Limitations of the Study
The major limiting factor of this research is time and space to properly document every finding related to this research.
1.9 Definition of Terms
The capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behaviour of someone or something, or the effect itself.
A portable usually cordless telephone for use in a cellular system.
The term information sharing has a long history information technology. Traditional information sharing referred to one-to-one exchanges of data between a sender and receiver. These information exchanges are implemented via dozens of open and proprietary protocols, message and file formats.
A college student who is teaching under the supervision of a certified teacher in order to qualify for a degree in education.
Conclusion and Recommendations
Going by the findings of this study, it can be safely concluded that even though respondents consider the use of Cell phone quite valuable, they are not in any way bereft of the socially appropriate interpersonal competence required to describe them as being warm and affiliative. There was also a special emphasis on the persons’ connectedness which is presumably the precursor of what scholars of African personality constructs often refer to as the rhythmic patterns in African personality.
It can however be affirmed that the prevalent use of Cell phone among Nigerians enhances rather than debilitate interpersonal relationship. It is worthy of note also that the gender variation that existed among male and female respondents at the macro level was not too significant for gender issues to overshadow the inherent social inclination of respondents.
Based on the findings of this work, the following recommendations were formulated:
- Students need to be re-orientated on the need to set their priorities right. This drive towards reorientation must be championed by the school management in conjunction with the parents/guardians of the students. While the usage of cell phones by students cannot be outlawed drastically, they need to be continuously informed on the positive and negative effects of their usage and of the problems deriving from the over-dependency and unregulated use of their cell phones.
- Similarly, the school management must be more alive to their responsibilities by ensuring conformity to the school laid down rules and regulations on student’s use of cell phone device during class session.
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