Influence Of Administrative Skills On Teachers Performance In Senior Secondary School

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Influence Of Administrative Skills On Teachers Performance In Senior Secondary School


Abstract


The study investigated the influence of administrative skills on teachers performance in senior secondary school. It adopted a descriptive design and administered 250 questionnaires on 80 teachers and 170 students. The information collected were anlysed using descriptive statistics and hypotheses were tested at 0.05 levels of significance using the chi square and the t-test statistical tools. The study found out that inadequate training and knowledge, inadequate experience, lack of facilities to support duties, bureaucratic and organizational processes influence administrative skills. The findings showed that interpersonal skills affect teachers’ performance. Specifically, interaction and communication with students enhance teacher’s performance; healthy socialization promotes healthy relationship between teachers and students; cooperating with students needs enhances teacher’s performance; and building healthy relationships with students facilitates learning and understanding. The study also found out that Communication Skill of teachers influence clarity of lesson, students rapport with subject matter, enhances student presentation skill and it enhances student performance in examinations. It found that there is significant relationship between teachers’ administrative skills and their performance. It was recommended that steps should be taken to improve teachers administrative skills.


Table of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title Page
  • Declaration
  • Approval
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of Content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background to the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Purpose of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Operational Definition of Terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Conceptual Review
  • 2.2 The Concept of Communication
  • 2.3 Types of Communication
  • 2.4 Purpose of Communication
  • 2.6 Barriers to Communication
  • 2.7 Concept of Administrative Skills
  • 2.8 Concept of Interpersonal Skills
  • 2.9 Concept of Teachers Conceptual Skills
  • 2.10 Information and Communication Technology in Aiding the Role of the Teacher

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population
  • 3.3 Sample and Sampling Technique
  • 3.4 Research Instrument
  • 3.5 Validity and Reliability of Instrument
  • 3.6 Procedure for Data Collection
  • 3.7 Procedure for Data Analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Results and Discussion

  • 4.1 Results
  • 4.2 Discussion

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

The main aim of educational administration is the arrangement of the human and material resources and programmes available for education and carefully using them systematically for the achievement of well-defined objectives. In order to achieve this aim, the school administrator must work with various individuals in the school as well as the community. As administrative decisions affect people, so programmes and policies are influenced through communication which is a process of interaction.

The issue of poor academic performance of students in Nigeria has been of much concern to all and sundry. The problem is so much that it hassled to the widely acclaimed fallen standard of education in Ogun State and Nigeria at large. Several accusing fingers are pointed at teachers for being responsible for the fallen standard of education. Some studies suggest that the quality of education depends on the teachers effectiveness expressed and reflected in the performance of their duties. Overtime pupils’ academic performance in both internal and external examinations had been used to determine excellence in teachers and teaching (Ajao 2001). Critical to teachers effectiveness however is administrative skills at his/her disposal such as communication skills, interpersonal skills, conceptual skills among others.

Communication is used to describe the process of exchanging of information. Encarta Dictionary (2010) defines communication as the exchange of information between people, by means of speaking, writing, or using a common system of signs or behaviour. Other senses in which communication is described are: message: a spoken or written message; act of communicating: the communicating of information; rapport: a sense of mutual understanding and sympathy and access: a means of access or communication, e.g. a connecting door.

Communication is a very important skill which means the written and oral transmission of common understanding. It is a skill that is critical to success in every field, but it is crucial to teachers who must achieve results through the behavioural changes exhibited by learners. Effective communication involves the most accurate sending and receiving of information, full comprehension of the message by both parties and appropriate action taken upon the completion of the information exchange (Terry and Franklin, 2005).

In the classroom setting, all these meanings are relevant and descriptive of what takes place in the teaching and learning process. For instance, teachers’ thoughts and content are first prepared as a written message in the note of lesson, and presented to the student through verbal and non verbal means. He expects a feed back as he evaluates the students on the learning objectives. This description of the teachers’ job summarises the act, art and process of communication.

The act implies the delivered message, art, the skills of presentation and the process, the various stages in communication.

Teachers’ administrative skills have been tipped to have an important influence on students’ academic achievement and at the same time play a crucial role in educational attainment of the students. This is because the teacher is ultimately responsible for translating policy into action and principles based on practice during interaction with the students (Afe 2001). Both teaching and learning depends on teachers and their ability to communicate subject matter without so much confusing of the students: no wonder an effective teacher has been conceptualized as one who produces desired results in the course of his duty as a teacher (Uchefuna2001).

The society places much emphasis on education because it has been identified as a tool that can transform any nation and foster rapid socio-economic development. There is a popular saying that no nation can rise above the quality of its teachers. This indicates that teachers play a pivotal role in any educational system without which, educational goals cannot be attained. It must be noted that for any curriculum to be effectively implemented, teachers are highly necessary. This further emphasizes the need for them to be effective in their day-to-day discharge of pedagogical duties. According to Gemora (2014) in today’s work-related situation, especially in an organizational system, much of human behaviors are instrumental in effecting change. In other words, the behavior of teachers is often instrumental in bringing about a desired outcome in the learners. If an outcome is reached, especially if it is a positive one, it is likely that the behavior of the participants is enhanced. Teachers’ work performance refers to the degree at which teachers discharge their primary duty of teaching and learning, as well their general attitude towards the teaching profession and her activities (Owan, 2012). Teachers in Nigeria generally have been found by Al-Omari (2008) to be ineffective in their work performance of instructional duties which has gone further to affect students’ academic performance. The poor performance of students in standardized and norm referenced examinations is an indicator that teachers’ work performance may have contributed to this ill situation (Al-Omari, 2008).


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Considering governments’ huge investment in public education, its output in terms of quality of students’ performance has been observed to be unequal with government expenditure. Consequent upon the observed deterioration in the academic achievement, attitude and values of secondary school students in public secondary schools one wonders if the high failure rates and the poor quality of the students is not a reflection of the instructional quality in the schools, which is essentially a function of teachers’ administrative skills. In other words, the ineffectiveness of teachers in classroom interaction with the students could be responsible for the observed poor performance of students and the widely acclaimed fallen standard of education in Nigeria.

This study is designed to determine the influence of administrative skills on teachers’ performance in senior secondary school in Ogun State, Nigeria.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

Below are the purposes of the study:

  1. To determine the relationship between teachers’ communication skills and teachers’ performance.
  2. To determine the relationship between teachers’ interpersonal skills and teachers’ performance
  3. To determine the relationship between teachers’ conceptual skills and teachers’ performance

1.4 Research Questions

Below are the research questions:

  1. What is the relationship between teachers’ communication skills and teachers’ performance?
  2. What is the relationship between teachers’ interpersonal skills and teachers’ performance?
  3. What is the relationship between teachers’ conceptual skills and teachers’ performance?

1.5 Hypothesis

Below are the hypotheses of the study:

  1. There is no significant relationship between teachers’ communication skills and teachers’ performance.
  2. There is no significant relationship between teachers’ interpersonal skills and teachers’ performance
  3. There is no significant relationship between teachers’ conceptual skills and teachers’ performance

1.6 Significance of the Study

This study is significant because the results will enable the public, teachers and students to understand the effect of Teachers’ administrative skill on Performance in senior secondary schools in Ogun State, Nigeria. Also, the study will contribute to empirical literature and serve as reference for further studies.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The study investigated the influence of administrative skills on teachers’ performance in senior secondary school in Ijebu Ode Local Government, Ogun State. The study therefore covered discussions on communication skills, interpersonal skills and conceptual skills.

It is also delimited to the use of descriptive design, random sampling and structured questionnaire to investigate the perception of male and female teachers on the variables identified.


1.8 Operational Definition of Terms

Administrative Skill:

Are qualities that help you complete tasks related to managing a business. This might involve responsibilities such as filing paperwork, meeting with internal and external stakeholders, presenting important information, developing processes, answering employee questions and more.

Communication Skill:

Ability to express data/information. The proficiency with which a person exhibit the passing of information from one person/medium to another.

Interpersonal Skill:

The ability to communicate or interact well with other people.

Conceptual Skill:

Conceptual skills are skills that enable individuals to identify, conceptualize, and solve intricate problems. Conceptual skills also allow people to understand how various parts of a company work together to reach common goals. They are especially useful in leadership positions but can be beneficial in nearly any job.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Summary

The study investigated the influence of administrative skills on teachers performance in senior secondary school. It adopted a descriptive design and administered 250 questionnaires. The information collected were anlysed using descriptive statistics and hypotheses were tested at 0.05 levels of significance using the chi square and the t-test statistical tools.

The study found out that inadequate training and knowledge, inadequate experience, lack of facilities to support duties, bureaucratic and organizational processes influence administrative skills. The findings showed that interpersonal skills affect teachers’ performance. Specifically, interaction and communication with students enhance teacher’s performance; healthy socialization promotes healthy relationship between teachers and students; cooperating with students needs enhances teacher’s performance; and building healthy relationships with students facilitates learning and understanding.

The study also found out that Communication Skill of teachers influence clarity of lesson, students rapport with subject matter, enhances student presentation skill and it enhances student performance in examinations. It found that there is significant relationship between teachers’ administrative skills and their performance.


5.2 Conclusion

The study found that teachers administrative skill is a function of many factors which include inadequate training and knowledge, inadequate experience, lack of facilities to support duties, bureaucratic and organizational processes. Therefore it was concluded that administrative skills of teacher demonstrated in his teaching Method, class management style, class Control method adopted by teacher and and ability to make student concentrate on the lesson could help aid learning, clarity of thought, improve students presentation skills and ultimately the performance of the student s in examination. The administrative skills include communication skills, interpersonal skills, and conceptual skills.


5.3 Recommendations

Given the findings of this study, the researcher proposed the following:

  1. Government to organize capacity building for teachers in areas of administration
  2. Teachers to try to overcome the factors that influence administrative skills in secondary schools.
  3. Teachers should adopt a student friendly so as to keep the student focused on the content of discussion in the class.
  4. School Management should provide teaching aids and public address system to make teaching easier for teachers.
  5. Parents should assist students in training themselves to concentrate in the class.

Influence Of Administrative Skills On Teachers Performance In Senior Secondary School


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