Influence Of Academic Interaction On Facebook Among Undergraduate Students
The purpose of this study was to investigate influence of academic interaction on facebook among undergraduate students in Nigeria. Simple random sampling was adopted using a survey research design to select two hundred students as respondents for the study. A questionnaire was used to elicit information. Frequency, mean scores and percentages were used for descriptive data while chi-square was used for the inferential analysis. From the findings, there is a significant relationship between facebook usage and interpersonal relationship of undergraduate students. Also, the prevalence of Facebook usage among University of Nigeria undergraduate students was high at the rate of 68.7%. The study concluded that although the Facebook have helped improve relationships among students, it has also made inhibited the building of strong academic interaction among other friends who are not close to them. It was recommended that there should be a harmonized effort between the school authorities, government, regulatory authorities and parents to help regulate and educate students on positive and productive use of Facebook and other social media to strengthen academic interaction and achieve better results.
Table Of Content
- Table of Content
- 1.1 Background To The Study
- 1.2 Statement Of The Problem
- 1.3 Objectives Of The Study
- 1.4 Research Questions
- 1.5 Significance Of The Study
- 1.6 Scope Of The Study
2.0 Literature Review
- 2.1 Conceptual Review
- 2.2 Facebook And Academic Interactions
- 2.3 Review Of Empirical Studies
- 2.4 Theoretical Framework
- 3.1 Research Design
- 3.2 Area Of The Study
- 3.3 Sampling And Sampling Technique
- 3.4 Instrument/Method Of Data Collection
- 3.5 Method Of Data Analysis
4.0 Presentation And Analysis Of Results
- 4.1 Results
5.0 Conclusion And Recommendations
- 5.1 Conclusion
- 5.2 Recommendations
1.1 Background To The Study
Nowadays, Facebook like other social media platforms is regarded as the most commonly utilized method of communication. It is being used by individuals belonging to all walks of life (Kaplan & Haenlein, 2015). No doubt it has been widely accepted by the general public because of its effectiveness in communication. Social media platforms are very numerous and therefore include Facebook, twitter, Instagram, Pinterest, YouTube, LinkedIn, Google+, Flickr, snapchat, vine, Tumblrand the likes. The main purpose of facebook is to give access to its clients and users. They can have conversation with individuals and construct social relations on the web. They can likewise share their contemplations and individual data on facebook including everyday happenings, suppositions, pictures, recordings and web-links. Also, individuals can promote their business and individual aptitudes. The capacity of online networking to spread valuable data quickly has made it the quickest developing method of association (Khan, 2017). Facebook as a social media platform has changed numerous business (Nyland, Marvez, & Beck, 2014); however the most striking impact of it is in the classrooms and the overall education system of this generation (Nyland, Marve, and Beck, 2014). It has enabled the students to develop adequate academic interaction skills in a number of ways (Hodgkinson, 2008). Whether it is using private social gatherings, Facebook Pages, classroom Twitter profiles or web journals, school after school has grasped long range of interpersonal communication using some form of social media, like Facebook. With such a high rate of students using facebook on daily basis, there is a strong need to analyze the extent to which Facebook is having its impact on students particularly on their academic interaction.
There is no doubt that online networking sites especially Facebook have conveyed individuals closer to one another more than ever, yet specialists and researchers around the globe have been searching for the weaknesses that might have been faced by its users. After the presentation of cell phones, the utilization of online networking has risen exponentially. With the ascent in the utilization of long range interpersonal communication locations, the edge of customary individual collaboration had been changed and will be more distinctive for the up and coming era. The long range interpersonal communication has its consequences for society inside and out for instance, specialized techniques, self-expression, disengagement, relations and the sense of humanity.
Researchers have shown that heavy users of social media like facebook felt less socially involved with the community around them than light users (Nyland, Marvez, & Beck, 2014). Furthermore, a substantial proportion of respondents were shown to use the Facebook platform for entertainment, as opposed to maintaining or strengthening offline relationships. Tian (2013) support a rich get richer perspective, where those that are psychologically better-off (e.g., have high self-esteem and life satisfaction, have more offline contacts, are more popular, etc.) gain more from using internet services. Stern and Dillman (2006) support the ‘poor get richer perspective’, where those that are less well-off gain more from the internet than those who are better-off.
Nie (2013) argued that internet use detracted individuals from face-to-face interactions, which might diminish their traditional academic interactions. However, later research has found that online communication has a positive role on individuals’ participation in community life, fostering norms of trust and reciprocity (Best & Dautrich, 2013; Kavanaugh, Reese, Carroll, & Rosson, 2015; Kobayashi, Ikeda, & Miyata, 2016; Räsänen & Kouvo, 2017). Moorman et al., (2010) conducted a study on the role of facebook on academic interactions of university students. It has been found from the study that academic interaction quality is stronger in low faceboook users. It means that there could be some negative impact of facebook on students’ academic interaction. But the reason is not identified in the above mentioned study as the study depends on only quantitative data though it deserves qualitative data to find out the reasons of negative impact. Ellision, Steinfied and Lampe (2017) conducted a study to examine the relationship between facebook users and students social capital. Interesting results in Nyland (2014) found that face-to face communication is the tool that fulfils more media gratification than the social networking sites. Most of the facebook users in Nigeria are students (both undergraduates and postgraduates). Though a good number of studies have been conducted about facebook users and undergraduate but very few studies have been focused on new dimension of changing nature of academic interactions of undergraduate students through facebook. The present study is an attempt to explore this knowledge gap by using undergraduate students of University of Nigeria, Nsukka campus, Enugu State as a case study.
1.2 Statement Of The Problem
It has been a well-known truth that in order to utilize facebook platform, one needs to create an account and sign in every time they want to access the website. Facebook platform does not give its clients a choice to keep their online appearance private. In addition, there is an absence of mindfulness on approaches to hide the private data of the clients. Due to this reason, individuals face various privacy and accountability issues while utilizing online networking. Besides, there have been questions on the quality and dependability of the data that is accessible on the online networking in view of the absence of following back the realities. Individuals want to get the news instead of checking it. This makes them deceived and once in a while prompts mistaken assumptions. Moreover, it gives them a misguided feeling of being progressive. Another challenge is the issue of social media on generic health concerns of the society. The reason behind this is people prefer to play games online that do not involve any physical activity. The main concern of this study is to investigate influence of academic interaction on facebook among undergraduate students in Nigeria.
1.3 Objectives Of The Study
The broad objective of this study is to investigate influence of academic interaction on facebook among undergraduate students in Nigeria. The specific objectives however are stated as follows;
- To study the influence of Facebook on academic interaction of University undergraduate students.
- To examine the prevalence of Facebook usage among undergraduate students.
- To find out factors influencing use of Facebook in academic interaction among undergraduate students.
1.4 Research Questions
The following are some of the questions which this study intends to answer:
- What is the influence of Facebook on the academic interaction of University of Nigeria undergraduate students?
- What is the prevalence of Facebook usage among University of Nigeria undergraduate students?
- What are the factors influencing the use of Facebook on the academic interaction among University of Nigeria undergraduate students?
1.5 Significance Of The Study
Academic interaction with facebook is preferred greatly nowadays around the world. It is also common among university students. University students prefer new technological devices more when compared with the older generations especially, Facebook. Determinative role of new generations is important for the communication habits of the future generations. Therefore, inter-relationship choice of university students as new generation will indicate communication devices and communication channels of the future. Accordingly, it can be claimed that the effects of facebook on university students are of significant and worth researching. This study focuses on the influence of facebook platform on academic interaction among undergraduate students using University of Nigeria students as a case study. The aim of this study is to determine whether the use of facebook has negative or positive effects on the university students’ academic interaction.
1.6 Scope Of The Study
This study will be carried out among the undergraduate students of University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria.
5.0 Conclusion And Recommendations
The study set to examine the influence of Facebook platform on academic interaction of University of Nigeria undergraduate. In view of the above summary, it was evident that Facebook impacted majorly on academic interactions among the students. The study showed that students were to a great extent exposed to Facebook with a prevalence rate of 68.7% and having a strong online presence. The study further showed that Facebook had various impacts on the academic interactions of the students both online and offline. For instance, some of them would rather chat with an online friend than stage a face to face talk, this is because face to face may inhibit the students from expressing themselves openly especially to members of the opposite sex.
The study also concludes that, although the Facebook have helped improve relationships among students, it has also made inhibited the building of strong academic interactions among other friends who are not close to them. Also, the study showed that the factors that influence the use of Facebook on academic interaction was mostly personal and social based and as such would involve with the resolve of each individual student to determine the impact that Facebook, and social networking sites as a whole, would have on their academic interactions, academic achievements and general wellbeing.
Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations are made:
- Parents and guardians should help to ensure that students utilize the benefits of social media.
- Students and youths need to be taught on controlled usage of the Facebook and other social networking sites. This is to prevent heavy reliance on these sites and also place priority of productive usage and relationships.
- There should be a harmonized effort between the school authorities, government, regulatory authorities and parents to help regulate and educate students on positive and productive use of Facebook and other social media to strengthen academic interactions and achieve better results.
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