Causes Of Indiscipline Among Public Secondary School Students
This study is on causes of indiscipline among secondary school students. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected secondary school in Uyo local government area, Akwa Ibom state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made are principals, vice principals administration, senior staff and junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
1.1 Background of the Study
Indiscipline in public secondary schools has become an alarming issue in the Nigerian society. Public secondary schools are expected to be developed with the required facilities and staff in order to cater for the high demands for quality education. Also there are policies that have been proposed by the government to improve educational standards in the country. However in spite of the policies and the various bodies created to oversee the issues of public secondary schools in Nigeria to ensure quality education, learning institutions in the Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State have been plagued with cases of students’ unrest and indiscipline which in many ways undermines quality education
Indiscipline is a behavioural disorder that is classified as an act of delinquency. Just like, lying, stealing and playing truant or running away from home. It is often the cause of a lot of mental, emotional and also physical damage, such as damage to property in homes as well as in schools. An undisciplined child is an uncontrollable child and can do just about any damage when he or she does not get whatever he or she wants
Also the nature of indiscipline is generally classified. According to Nwana (1971) the major offences committed by students in some schools in the Western region include stealing, lying, bulling, lateness to school, rioting, cruelty, absence and truancy. For Ozula (1986) Some of the act of indiscipline include; disobedience, vandalisation, quarrelling, fighting, rioting, wickedness, absenteeism, violence, dishonesty, arson, idleness, disorderliness, laziness, smuggling, jealousy, gossip, drunkenness, greed, selfishness, discrimination, corruption, bribery, drug abuse, sex, and raping. Others are lawlessness, kidnapping, murder, oppression, misappropriation of fund and mismanagement. For public schools in Uyo local Government area of Akwa Ibom State some major attributes of indiscipline include fighting, stealing, assault, absenteeism, rudeness, truancy, lateness, exam malpractice.
Public schools are schools sponsored by the government and are usually limited to state jurisdiction, it is usually free or less tuition fee, depending on the state government. Akwa Ibom State is one of the states blessed with the policy of free education and the public schools in Uyo Local Government Area of the state are beneficiaries of this policy. Although it has been noticed that not much has been invested in public schools as most public schools are left with dilapidated structures, damaged or non infrastructures, unprofessional teachers or less considerations for effective teachers thereby diminishing their motivation.
The principals’ conference held in (1977) identified some factors that contribute to the causes of indiscipline in schools. These factors include facilities and equipment, authoritarian method of administration, insufficient moral and religious institutions, inadequate proper communication among principals, staff and students, lack of security, poor devotion to study and poor attitude to learning.
The problem of indiscipline in schools, according to some authors should be guided by the schools’ administrators who must in a way formulate a set of rules to guide the students, in what they are expected to do and not to do. Also to make the enforcement of school rules easy by explaining the reasons for making a rule particularly, if it is one that students do not like. If students were made to understand the reason behind the set rules, they are more likely to co-operate in obeying it. These and many more will be discussed in subsequent chapters as regards measures and policies set to curb indiscipline in public secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State.
The issue of indiscipline has effect on different aspect of the state which has caused continuous loss in terms of human resources and property due to indiscipline in schools. Quality education is also undermined, as invaluable learning time is lost. Another consequence is that the goals for industrialisation and economic recovery for the state may not be achieved if the human and other resources are wasted during the unrest that comes as a result of indiscipline.
Indiscipline cuts across all aspect of human environment and has caused a lot of setbacks in schools and the society at large. Indiscipline is like a cankerworm that has eaten deep into the fabrics of the society. It breeds lawlessness and lawlessness breeds crime, and consequently self-destruction. Indiscipline in schools contributes to lack of success in one’s life, if allowed to linger on for a long time.
Edem (1982) states that indiscipline is the violation of school rules and regulations which is capable of obstructing the smooth and orderly functioning of the school system and should be consequently avoided through perfect orientation of students and imposition of positive sanction in case of obvious violation of the order. Indiscipline is the inability of students and/or teachers to respect authority, to also observe and obey school rules and regulations. It is also a social disorder which hampers a high standard of behaviour conducive to maintenance of teaching – learning process.
According to Adeyemo (1985) rules and regulations in most cases affect students more than any other factor because they are made by the school authorities in order to guide and protect the students while in school. The principal’s conference (1999) suggested some rules and regulations that govern student discipline in Nigeria schools. It stipulates methods and procedure for minor and severe disciplinary measures such as corporal punishment, suspension and student expulsion. Rules and regulations are drawn for the orderly conduct of the school affairs. Some of them are written and others are implied and they are recognised by law.
This work examines the nature and causes of indiscipline in schools, with a view to suggesting strategies for curbing the problem in Uyo local government area of Akwa Ibom State.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The problem of student’s indiscipline is to be well attended to by parents, teachers/school administrators and all these involved in the upbringing of the students in the cou8ntry, if lasting solutions are to be found in it. To this end, we all stand to gain in no small measure of students refrain from indiscipline behaviours and become discipline.
1.3 Objective of the Study
The objectives of this study are to:
- Find out societal influence on indiscipline
- Find out whether home background cause students indiscipline
- Investigate whether poor school administration causes indiscipline.
- Find out if the influence of peer group has in any way contributed to the level of student’s indiscipline in school.
1.4 Research Hypotheses
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
- H0: home background does not cause students indiscipline.
H1: home background cause student’s indiscipline.
- H02: influence of peer group has not in any way contributed to the level of student’s indiscipline in school.
H2: influence of peer group has in any way contributed to the level of student’s indiscipline in school
1.5 Significance of the Study
It is expected that the result of this study would be useful to parents and the society. School administrators, teachers, government and policy makers in their effort to put an end to the problem of students indiscipline specifically the out-come of this work would assist parents and society in monitoring the activities of their children through the results of this study, school heads, will discover what negative role they play and which in turn affect events that can lead to indiscipline in school. They will then adjust their administrative loopholes and forge ahead for a well-disciplined schools system. Teachers are expected to know from this study how student’s indiscipline is being carried out around them and employ means of eradicating the trend. The study would also be useful to the government and policy makers in formulating policies that will ensure a disciplined and patriotic behaviour on the part of the students. The overall aim of this study is the complete wiping out of indiscipline among out students so that teaching learning atmosphere will be conducive and free dangers. In such an environment, there will be better enhancement of knowledge
1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study
The scope of the study covers causes of indiscipline among public secondary school students.The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
a) Availability of Research Material:
The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
c) Organizational Privacy:
Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities
1.7 Definition of Terms
This is the state or time of being young.
A person who is studying at a college or university
Training especially of the mind and character, set of rules for conduct method by which training may be given.
Lack of control in the behaviour of a group of people,. The report identifies the causes of violence and indiscipline in schools.
A term applied to the criminal behaviour of those who are youthful age, under sixteen.
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain causes of indiscipline among public secondary school students. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of causes of indiscipline among public secondary school students
This study was on causes of indiscipline among public secondary school students. Four objectives were raised which included:Find out societal influence on indiscipline, find out whether home background cause students indiscipline, investigate whether poor school administration causes indiscipline, find out if the influence of peer group has in any way contributed to the level of student’s indiscipline in school. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected secondary school in Uyo local government area, Akwa Ibom state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made are principals, vice principals administration, senior staffand junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
From the findings of the study, it is believed that indiscipline of students is as a result of parental influence, teachers’ attitude, government activities and peer-group influence. Therefore, to curb indiscipline among the students, attention must be given to parental influence, teachers’ attitude, government activities and peergroup influence.
The findings of the study have revealed that all the factors investigated are important in any attempt to curb indiscipline among secondary school students, hence, the following were recommended:
- Both the home and school environment should be made exciting and conducive for learning to the children (students), and other educational requirement such as library, laboratory, workshop should be provided and equipped by parents, teachers, government and all stakeholders in education.
- Cordial relationship should exist between parents and schools authorities through active membership of Parents’ Teachers Association (PTA).
- The mass and electronic media should be used to enlighten all stakeholders in the areas investigated on the effect of indiscipline in the society.
- There should be reward for good conduct and punishment for bad conduct at home, school and society at large by parents, teachers and government.
- All schools should have a competent professional Guidance Counselor. 6.Students should be taught on how to have good behaviour and respect by parents, teachers and all stakeholders that will be acceptable in the society.
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