Indiscipline And It’s Effects On Children’s Academic Performances In Primary Schools
This research work aims to explore indiscipline and its effects on children’s academic performance in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun State. It also seeks to investigate the effects of indiscipline and its control. A total sample size of hundred (100) respondents were used for the research work, questionnaires were used to collect data for the study with respect to indiscipline and its effects on children’s academic performance. This study therefore recommends that there should be constant communication between the schools and parents of the pupils and inclusion of moral and religious training when planning curriculum.
1.1 Background of the Study
As discipline is a habit of good behaviour generally acceptable or accepted by the standard of norms and values of the society, this should be a behaviour portrayed by a normal human being. On the other hand, indiscipline is the lack of good behaviour that is not generally accepted in a particular society. Edem (1982) states that indiscipline is the violation of school rules and regulations which is capable of obstructing the smooth and orderly functioning of the school system
Indiscipline is the inability of pupils to give respect to authorities, observe and obey school rules and regulations.
There are various attitudes of indiscipline portrayed by pupils in schools, such behaviours include: disobedience to school authorities, vandalizing school properties, lateness to school, rudeness to the teachers and bullying of teachers and fellow pupils.
Indiscipline has been seen as the direct opposite of discipline which is the cultivation of bad habit or immoral behaviour that reflects and becomes a threat or harm to the peers, parents, teachers and other educational administrators which can lead to unrest or chaos.
These deviant and unaccepted attitudes have no doubt turned cankerworm that has eaten deep into the generation that ought to be protected and preserved for better and greater future.
On a general note, indiscipline has been attributed majorly to the nature of a particular pupil and how he/she relates with others either in the school or in the society at large. This act of indiscipline has been a delinquent character whereby when a pupil misbehaves, it means that such pupil is not maintaining the rules and regulations of his/her school.
Many factors are responsible for the act of indiscipline. Examples are: peer group influence, heredity, broken homes or divorced parents, school life, environmental factor, parents’ non-challant attitudes towards their children among others and so on. This unwanted and unaccepted behaviour can be limited, avoided or eradicated if parent teacher association (P.T.A) meeting holds regularly during which parents will be enlightened on how well to handle their wards and not leave all the training to teachers alone.
There should be laws to guide the pupils as well. Parents should not relent on their effort until any bad or unaccepted behaviour sighted or found in their children is corrected. “Train up your child in the way he should go” as was quoted in the bible in the book of Proverbs 22 : 6, Every couple should teach and lead their children in the way of the lord and feed them with His Words on a daily basis.
Pearse, in her novel for kiddies stated that “A disciplined child is the pride of his parents”. Our children should be disciplined to make us proud.
The effects of indiscipline on a child cannot be controversial because it tells on the child himself, such a child becomes weird and notorious in nature. He will bully his peers in school and subject the whole class to chaos if not curbed or controlled by the class-teacher, school authority and parent. The society at large also experiences unrest as a result of these nasty behaviours.
Indiscipline has to be curbed while at a tender level before it becomes uncontrollable and difficult to handle. Teachers should gear up their task in handling their pupils, most especially the ones with traits of waywardness and inform the parents about them, the society as a whole must continue to mould and correct all sort of nasty and defiant character so they won’t turn menace to the society.
To put in a nutshell, indiscipline is regarded and seen as lack of indiscipline which is characterized by indecorous behaviours such as truancy, bullying, lying, stealing, slandering rumours, rudeness and many other defiant behaviours which are part of social vices in the society today.
It has become glaring that indiscipline is rampant among pupils today especially in primary schools even up to secondary schools. Proprietors, Proprietresses, and many other stakeholders in the educational sector are worried about the rate at which pupils are getting out of school and are not disciplined. In view of the above, the researcher was moved to carry out this research.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
As discipline portrays a good behaviour that a normal human being should exhibit, indiscipline on the other hand is a thing of shame and embarrassment.
The following are various attitudes of indiscipline in primary schools: lateness to the school, being rude to teachers, roaming about the school premises while lesson is going on in the classroom, making a noise, disturbing others who are ready to learn and lack of concentration during lesson periods and so on. This has been of major concern in the educational sector.
The researcher therefore seeks to find the causes of these notorious and nasty behaviours called indiscipline which metamorphoses into many deadly social vices, the effects on pupil’s academic performance and the ways to curb it on time so that schools, homes and societies will experience peace.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
In order to justify the need for curbing the act of indiscipline in children generally, the followings are the objectives of the study.
- To state what indiscipline is
- To identify the various acts of indiscipline
- To identify the effects of indiscipline
- To suggest ways by which indiscipline can be controlled
1.4 Significance of the Study
This research work will be significant to teachers, parents and head of schools. It will also be useful to proprietors, proprietresses, school supervisors, headmasters, headmistresses and other school administrators as well as other researchers who are interested in working on this relevant issue. Other stakeholders in education will also benefit from the research outcome.
1.5 Scope of the Study
This study focuses on Indiscipline and its effects on Pupils Academic Performance in Primary Schools in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun State.
1.6 Research Questions
In order to justify this research work the researcher uses the following research questions:
- What is indiscipline?
- What are the causes of indiscipline?
- What are the effects of indiscipline on pupil’s academic performance?
- What are the ways to curb these acts?
1.7 Definition of Terms
In order to have thorough understanding of this research work, here are the relevant terms defined as used in the project.
Situations or patterns of behaviour that is usual or expected.
Beliefs about what is right and wrong and what is important in life.
To go against or refuse to obey laws.
Embarrassing or not socially acceptable.
A process of teaching, training and learning to improve knowledge and develop skills.
All the qualities and features that makes a person, group of people and places different from others.
To portray a good behaviour generally accepted by the standard of norms and values in the society.
Someone’s opinion or feelings about something especially as shown by their behaviour.
The way in which one acts or conducts oneself, especially towards others.
Resistance or disobedience.
The various aspects of a person’s character that combines to make them different from other people.
Lack of discipline, being disobedient.
Deviating from accepted standards.
Conclusions and Recommendations
It can be concluded that the causes of indiscipline among students as viewed by primary school teachers in Nigeria were societal factor, Government factor, parental factor, school factor and students’ factor respectively. Similarly, there were no significant differences in the causes of indiscipline among students as viewed by primary school teachers in Nigeria based on gender, school locale, years of teaching experience and educational attainment.
Based on the above mentioned findings, the proposed recommendations are:
- The society has a strong hold on its members; members portray the image of the society and the society breeds its members. Therefore, to curb indiscipline among students since they are the future leaders of the country, members of the society must be informed of the causes of indiscipline among these students and redress. This can be done to continuous orientation by teachers and counsellors.
- As introduced by Skinner, punishment is a way by which unwanted behaviour can be reduced and extinguished hence, the government should reverse the abolition of corporal punishment in schools so that students could be well disciplined. Efforts should also be made to curb indiscipline in society through other means if corporal punishment cannot be re-included.
- Students tend to observe, internalize and act out what they see among peers and authority figures Therefore, the school must at all time portray discipline to students. Similarly, Administrators, teachers and other staff members must be enjoined to be of good behaviour for the students who are the hope of the country.
- Parents should monitor their wards well as charity begins at home. Children should be well guided and monitored so that they can be of good behaviour. More so, parents must lead by examples; their utterances must not negate their actions as this could send wrong signals to children for emulation. Parents should try as much as possible to create time for their children to create a feeling of bonding and acceptance in them, this would allow parents to observe, foresee, notice and caution unacceptable behaviours on time.
- As a matter of necessity, counsellors must educate the entire populace on the causes of indiscipline among students. Efforts should also be made to curb indiscipline in schools and society at large. This can be done by organizing talks and discussions on indiscipline for students in schools. Counsellors can also collaborate with teachers to organize talk shows and seminars for the entire public to get acquainted with indiscipline and its causes.
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Frequently Asked Questions
How does indiscipline affect the academic performance of upper primary learners?
It has been asserted that indiscipline has an effect on academic performance of learners which include, learners’ inability to concentrate in class, loss of materials taught due to absenteeism and inability to learn. Thus, the learners’ indiscipline could negatively affect the performance of the upper primary learners in NS in the study area.
Does discipline affect pupil performance in primary schools?
Discipline related positively with, and accounted for 23% of variance in the pupils’ academic performance (R= .480, β= .480, R2= .230, p< .05). The study recommended enhancement of discipline among the pupils for improvement of their academic performance. Keywords: Academic Performance, Discipline, Impact, Pupils, Primary Schools. 1.
What are the causes and effects of indiscipline?
Specifically, the stud y looked at the causes of the indiscipline behaviours a nd effects of indiscipline. T he common indiscipline acts committed by the students in t he study area were lateness to school, truancy, litteri ng of school compo und and classroo ms, and failure to do homework.
What are common acts of indiscipline among the students?
Indiscipline acts exhibited by students. These inc luded lateness to school (mean = 4.46, SD = 1.3), truancy (mean = 4.32, SD= 1.3) and throwing liters arou nd school compound and classroom (mean=4.0 6, SD=1.4). Other were identified as some of the common acts o f indiscipline among the students.
What is the effect of indiscipline on academic performance?
It has been asserted that indiscipline has an effect on academic performance of learners which include, learners’ inability to concentrate in class, loss of materials taught due to absenteeism and inability to learn.
What are the causes and effects of indiscipline?
Specifically, the stud y looked at the causes of the indiscipline behaviours a nd effects of indiscipline. T he common indiscipline acts committed by the students in t he study area were lateness to school, truancy, littering of school compo und and classrooms, and failure to do homework.
How serious is the problem of indiscipline in schools?
A study in West Virginia in the United States of America (USA) revealed that about 29.6% of 160,480 students (from grade 3 to 11) had one or more referrals for inappropriate behaviors (Whisman & Hammer, 2014). In Africa, researchers have pointed out the seriousness of indiscipline in schools in various countries.
Does the school head promote indiscipline in the school?
Fairness on the part of the school head can also promote indiscipline in the school. students. This is not because it was necessarily wrong to do that but it was not first thoroughly discussed among
How does school discipline affect academic performance?
General academic performance. Learning outcome and their progress in schools. Some scholars suggest that disciplinary policies 2009). Other asserts that suspensions do not prevent students’ future misbehaviour (Nichols, 2004). If school is effectively disciplined, the academic performance on the p art of student and
Do school discipline policies prevent future misbehaviour?
Some scholars suggest that disciplinary policies 2009). Other asserts that suspensions do not prevent students’ future misbehaviour (Nichols, 2004). If school is effectively disciplined, the academic performance on the p art of student and learning if academic performance is to be achieved among students.
Why is discipline important in teaching and learning?
It is a basic requirement for successful teaching and learning in schools and a subject of concern for teachers (Eshetu, 2014). According to Gitome et al., where there is good discipline, there is improved academic performance. In other words, discipline is vital for students’ academic performance (Njoroge & Nyabuto, 2014).
How do the pupils differ in terms of academic performance?
The pupils vary in terms of academic performance with 37.7% being below average in academic performance (i.e., scoring less than half of possible total score in school examinations).
What is the effect of indiscipline on student’s life?
Student’s indiscipline has led to the lost of 30 fmany lives either through drug addictions, riots and many violence demonstration, abortion or robbers. Many of our students today engage in one or more of these activities. Indiscipline among secondary school students has a lot of negative effects on our educational system and learning.
What are the causes of indiscipline?
Insensitive and thoughtless words and deeds from a manager are potent reasons for subordinates to resort to acts of indiscipline. Defective communication by the superiors and ineffective leadership.
What are some examples of indiscipline in schools?
Schools, vandalism, lateness to school, cultism, drug abuse, insulting/assaulting, stealing, rioting; among others. the extent to which students’ indiscipline behaviours in school are correlated with are not known whether these
Is poor management the cause of your indiscipline?
We wonder if you realise the fact that often indiscipline may arise because of poor management on your part. Insensitive and thoughtless words and deeds from a manager are potent reasons for subordinates to resort to acts of indiscipline.
What is the role of the school’s headteacher?
Each school’s head is responsible for promoting good behaviour and discipline. The head has the power of the school’s discipline policy and can use them in governing a disciplined framework. The head is also entitled to publicise the discipline policy.
Who is responsible for discipline in school?
The teachers, staff, management, everyone within the school must practice the code of conduct that has been established by the school. As mentioned before, discipline in school can be tricky. Students are vulnerable and are at an age where they are just beginning to learn what is right and wrong. They look up to their teachers and elders.
Do school administrators know about indiscipline cases in their schools?
The school administrators’ responses are captured in table 1 Table 1 apparently shows that all school administrators concurred that they had indiscipline cases in their schools.
What are the causes of indiscipline in schools?
Using an open-ended question, the researcher sought teachers’ view on the main causes of indiscipline in their schools. The numerous responses of teachers are su mmarized in table 3. poor pupils’ background or parental care, each contributing to indiscipline by 8 ( 9.8%). Closely followed by these causes is peer