Indecent Dressing Among Undergraduates (A Case Study Of The College Of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo State)

Project and Seminar Material for Sociology

Indecent Dressing Among Undergraduates (A Case Study Of The College Of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo State)


Abstract


This study assessed indecent dressing among undergraduates. Indecent dressing like other social vices has eaten deep into the lives of the youths, especially those in the higher institutions. These youths are front liners in showing off new trends not minding its standard of decency relative to moral and societal values. Notable among them is the craze for the so-called fashion which has resulted in nudity among the teaming youth on College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state campus. This paper therefore sought to investigate the impacts or effects nudity or indecent dressing has on the academic performance of College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state students in Nigeria. This was done by employing the descriptive (qualitative) method of research to describe the relationship between variables. The research strategy used was a case study using students (203), teaching (126) and non-teaching staff (21) of College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state as the accessible population. Data were collected for the study by the employment of the survey technique in which 350 questionnaire copies were administered to the accessible population. This was combined with the participant observant approach where indecent dressings were observed and recorded. A main finding of the study is that about 60% of College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state students dress indecently. And out of this, about 80% are females while 20% are males. The study further revealed that provocative dressing or indecent dressing destructs the attention of both students and lecturers during lectures. Also, some leakages of examination questions on College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state campus can be attributed to sexual favours from lecturers as a result of indecent dressing.


Chapter One


Introduction

Indecent appearance has come to characterize the dress pattern of many students in the campus of higher learning in Nigeria (Omode, 2011). There is hardly any institution of higher learning in this country that is not being plagued with this nauseating problem. The manner of dressing adopted by these students, especially the female ones left much to be desired. The skimpy and tight fitting nature of these dresses reveals the sorry state of moral decadence among our students in the College of Education communities. These dresses besides being skimpy and tight are also transparent and as a result revealing certain parts of the bodies that should have been covered under normal dressing pattern.

Girls are not the only people guilty of indecent dressing boys also dress indecently. Boys are guilty of putting on dirty and unkempt hairs and dirty jeans having pockets of holes deliberately created around the knees and lower parts of the trousers (Omode, 2011). Also, the waist of their trousers are lowered and fastened tightly at the middle of the two bottoms to reveal their boxers (pants). And they are walking, they drag their legs and one their hands particularly the left one, occupying their middle scrotum as if they will fall to the ground if not n (Omode, 2011). This study is aimed at investigating indecent dressing as a serious encroachment of our moral values among mass communication students of the College of Education of Ekiadolor, Adeseun Ogundoyi campus, Eruwa.


1.1 Background of the study

It is increasingly becoming obvious that indecent dressing has gradually taken over the dress pattern of students in higher institutions of learning in Nigeria, and College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state is no exception.
Indecent appearance has come to characterize the dress pattern of many students on the campuses of higher learning in Nigeria. There is hardly any higher institution of learning in this country that is not faced with this nauseating problem. The way students on these campuses of learning particularly, the female ones, dress seductively leaves much to be desired. What the girls call skirts that they wear is just “one inch” longer than their pants. When they put on such dresses, they struggle to sit down, find difficulty in climbing machines, cross gutters as well as pick anything from the ground. Apart from the skimpy and tight fitting nature of these dresses, they are again transparent; revealing certain parts of the bodies that under normal dressing patterns ought to be hidden away from the glare of people. In the case of boys, their pattern of dress is different. It makes them to look so dirty and very unattractive with unkempt hairs and dirty jeans having pockets of holes deliberately created around the knees and the lower part of the trousers allowed to flow on the ground because they go through their heals into their legs as socks. The waist of their trousers are lowered and fastened tightly at the middle of the two bottom lobes to reveal their boxers (pants). And when they are walking, they drag their legs and one of their hands particularly, the left one, cupping their invisible scrotum as if they will fall to the ground if not supported. Many of them because of how they dressed had at one time or the other become victims of rape, lured into prostitution, used for ritual purpose, unable to complete their education or training and also engaged in other ancillary social and moral problems like cultism and lying to mention these few. Although, there are no universally acceptable way or ways of dressing, dresses are meant to serve some definable purposes, country or region notwithstanding. They are part of a peoples’ culture and they define their tribal or ethnic identity. Apart from dresses being a means for cultural identity, they are for ornamental or aesthetic purposes, for protection of the body against harsh weather conditions as well as for covering the intimate parts of the body (Answer.com, 2011; &Articlesbase.com, 2011). These purposes are important especially as they form major aspects of a person’s personality. But as important as these purposes are, they have been defeated by the generation of Nigerian youths (Articlesbase.com, 2011). Their dress patterns are most times anti-African, and are invented. They usually dress in a manner that does not show that they are responsible (nigerianfilms.com, 2009). The African culture and particularly that of Nigeria encourage modesty in appearance as do the Christian and Islamic religions where the larger population of these youths claim to be worshipping God.

The Dress Code on campuses is simply a law passed by the authorities of some universities and other tertiary institutions in order to ensure that students dress properly and decently. The Dress code, which has been passed in many institutions, notably the University of Lagos, Federal University of Technology, Minna, University of Abuja among others, prohibits certain types of dressing considered to be indecent for the students on campus. It goes further to specify specific uniform dress for students in some professional courses such as Law and Accounting among others.

Furthermore, in order to ensure compliance to the dress code law, the school authorities have empowered the school security personnel to turn back any student not properly dressed from the school premises. This was operational at the University of Abuja where students were checked at the main gate before being allowed to go in. Apart from the security, lecturers have also been empowered to send out student from lecture halls, students who do not comply with the dress code.

This un-African dress pattern among the youths of this generation has generated lots of concern and worry among the citizenry of the country. Religious institutions as well as institutions of learning are not resting on their oars to watch this immoral act being perpetuated, but they speak against it. For instance, Olori (2003) reported that at the College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state rules were made that any dress won must cover intimate parts of the body, must not expose the breast, stomach, navel and bare chest.


1.2 Statement of the problem

It is increasingly becoming obvious that indecent dressing has gradually taken over the dress pattern of students in higher institutions of learning in Nigeria, and College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state is no exception. It has become like an epidemic spreading so fast and the earlier something is done about it, the better for the future of our desperate and vulnerable youth. One is not however surprised because what is typical of most Nigerian administrators is always a wide gap between policy formulation and execution. Indecent dressing even though is not accepted as the normality, is seen to be gaining ascendancy. One then wonders what becomes of the society tomorrow with the caliber of students that are being trained. If rules are made for people, they are supposed to be adequately informed why such rules are made. It is for this very reason and against this background that the problem of the study is to investigate the impact of indecent dressing on the moral values of students of College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state as well as suggests solutions that could remedy the further spread of this immoral act on campuses of learning in Nigeria.


1.3 Objectives of the study

The main objective of the study is to examine the impact of indecent dressing on the moral values of students. Specifically, the study sought to:

  1. Determine the possible causes of indecent dressing.
  2. Examine the negative impacts of indecent dressing on academic performance of College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state students.
  3. Assess the negative impacts of indecent dressing on moral values of students.
  4. Proffer possible solutions to the issue of indecent dressing.

1.4 Research questions

  1. What are the possible causes of indecent dressing?
  2. What are the negative impacts of indecent dressing on academic performance of College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state students?
  3. What are the negative impacts of indecent dressing on moral values of students?
  4. What are the possible solutions to the issue of indecent dressing?

1.5 Significance of the study

Decent dressing can be explained as the proper way of dressing or the generally accepted way of dressing without exposing vital parts of the human body. Indecent dressing on the other hand is the improper and provocative way of dressing relative to the society or culture in which it is being perpetrated. This is to say that indecent dressing cannot be properly defined in isolation of the societal norms or religious boundaries.

This is so because students who dress indecently have divided attention for their studies and are therefore unable to receive adequate practical training which is a prerequisite for employment by most companies. And because such companies are not ready to spend extra money training such partiallygroomed graduates, the latter find themselves joining the Unemployed Graduate Association of Nigeria.

This study will be of benefit to students as it tries to curb the problem of indecent dressing in Nigerian higher institutions.

Lastly, this study will be used as research study for other researchers and academics seeking valuable information related to this topic.


1.6 Scope of the study

This study analyses indecent dressing among undergraduates. The study focuses on College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state.


Chapter Five


Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Conclusion

The rate at which indecent dressing has infiltrated into the moral value and academic progression of College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state students is alarming. Most female students are now preoccupied by what to put on to seduce the opposite sex than what to read to become someone responsible in future. Some of the male students also spend their precious time wearing tattered dresses all in the name of fashion, with little consideration for moral uprightness. All these immoral acts of indecent dressing are being perpetrated with impunity without recourse to the fact that College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state is not a “jungle” but an educational institution where knowledge is impacted. In order to be a beneficiary of quality education or holistic education, one requires to be dedicated, hardworking and serious with their books. Having divided-attention or loosing concentration during lectures as a result of provocative dressing is an affront to the vision of quality education. It is therefore necessary that all stakeholders of education in Nigeria be proactive in coming out with measures to stop indecent dressing on tertiary campuses, especially on College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state campus. If it could be possible, there must be a dress code for all College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state students which should be included in the Students’ Handbook for consumption by students. This code should be enforced by setting up a task force made up of security men on campus and lecturers. Any student caught on College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state campus dressed indecently in contravention to the code should be rusticated from the school. This will serve as a deterrent to others. Best (2012) supports this recommendation by stating that dress codes will make students imbibe the culture if appearing decent even after graduation. Also, this study proposes that the school in consultation with the fashion department could come out with uniforms for both male and female students to curtail indecent dressing. Quite apart from that, the Guidance and Counseling Unit of the school should be resourced to educate students on the dangers of indecent dressing and its possible effects on their studies. By these, indecent dressing on College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state campus will be brought to a minimum.


5.2 Recommendations

In order to curb indecent dressing on College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state Campus, very practical initiatives must be embarked upon to educate the student populace about the potential dangers associated with it. This is necessary to prevent further decline in the academic performance of College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state students. Recommendations aimed at addressing indecent dressing are directed towards finding a lasting solution to this menace as thus;

  1. Since it is evident that indecent dressing bothers so much on morality, it will be prudent that College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state students are taught lessons on morality and the strict adherence to our cultural norms.
  2. Students who dress indecently to lectures should be sacked from the lecture halls, and advised to dress decently before returning back to the lecture halls.
  3. A dress code or a uniform in consultation with the fashion department should be introduced.
  4. There should be an award for decently dressed students at the end of every academic year.
  5. The stakeholders of tertiary institutions should be involved in instituting measures to harmonize dressing in all tertiary institutions
  6. The Guidance and Counseling unit of College of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo state should organize programmes to educate students about indecent dressing.

Indecent Dressing Among Undergraduates (A Case Study Of The College Of Education, Ekiadolor, Edo State)


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