The Important At The Family Planning An Women Of Child Beaming Age (15-49) In Moba Local Government Area, Otun Ekiti, Ekiti State.

Medical and Health Science Project and Seminar Material

The Important At The Family Planning An Women Of Child Beaming Age (15-49) In Moba Local Government Area, Otun Ekiti, Ekiti State.


Abstract


The research was carried out the important of family planning among of women of the child bearing age (13- 49) years age at the Moba local government, Otun Ekiti state.

Structured questionnaires were distributed by convenience method to 120 respondents, out of which 100 questionnaires were collected. 50 questionnaire each in Health Facilities of Moba Local Government in Otun Elate State and Immanuel Genul Hospital Otun Ekiti were collated and analyzed.

The findings revealed that 85% of the respondents were memed, 1%


Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background of Study

Family planning implies the ability of individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children by spacing and timing their births. It is achieved through the use of contraceptive methods and the treatment of involuntary infertility. The availability of family planning does more than enable women and men to limit family seize. It safeguards individual health and rights, and improves the quality of life of couples and their children.

Umbeli T, Mukhtar A, Abusalab M (2001). Family planning is an important strategy in promoting maternal and child health. It improves health through adequate spacing of births and avoiding pregnancy of high risk maternal ages and parities.

The most important proximate determinant of fertility is the use of family planning. Where contraceptive use is widespread fertility is low. Rajaretnam has demonstated that even if there is no reduction in the family size of individual couples, delaying child bearing will bring about a decline in fertility and population growth rate. Lack of adequate information and ignorance are key factors militating against family planning practice in Nigeria. Many potential informational barriers exist to contraceptive use. (Rajaretnam, T. 1990). Adinma J.I.M, Nwosu B.O (2005), women must be aware of the methods available, must know where supplies of these methods can be obtained and they must know how to use the method they choose. Each year an estimated 5,00,000 women die of complication due to pregnancy, child bearing or unsafe abortion.

In some areas of Nigeria, one in five women report having experienced an unwanted conception, of these 58% had an abortion and on additional 9% attempted unsuccessfully to end the pregnancy. It is estimated that about 25% of women who have abortion in Nigeria experience serious complications.

Adoption of family planning measures will reduced unwanted pregnancies and criminal abortions to it barest minimum. Pregnancy is the reproductive age group die at a higher rate than men. Most materials deaths occur among poor women who live in remote rural areas and have difficult access to hospital. (federal office of statistic 1992).

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, with more than 88million people, it also has a high annual rate of population growth (3.5%) and a total fertility rate of 6.0 lifetime births per women. Additionally, the country has relatively high levels of infant mortality (104 infan deaths per 1,000 live births) and maternal mortality (800 materials death per 100,000 live births). (USAID ODA)

In response to these and other serious demographic and health issue, the Nigerian government put into effect a national population policy in 1989 that called for a reduction in the birthrate through voluntary fertility regulation methods compatible with the nation’s economic and social goals. (Federal Government of Nigeria, 1988). Promoting sexual responsibility substantially increased requests for contraceptive information among adolescents. Other studies have shown that exposure to a mass media family planning campaign increases contraceptive use.

Several studies have reported change in Nigerians knowledge of and attitudes toward family planning. Theses studies, however, did not examine the association between attitude toward contraception and its use. In the 1981- 1982 Nigerian fertility survey, only 34% of all women reported that they had heard of any family planning method.
By 1990, when the Nigerian Demographic and health survey was conducted, the proportion of women who knew of any contraceptive methods had increased by about one- third, to 46%, and the proportion of women who knew of specific methods also had grown.

Furthermore, 41% of married women who knew of a contraceptive metho9d had discussed family planning with their husbands. Family planning affect contraceptive use?. The answer will help policymakers and program planners determine what issue need to be stressed in the design of future family planning awareness campaigns in Nigeria.
In the light of the above, this study was designed to assess the awareness of family planning amongst antenatal patients of federal medical centre, Owo, Ondo state, Nigeria.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Women of childbearing age of in moba local government in otun Ekiti have little or no importance of family planning. This period of utilized the family planning. His period of them to know importance of that to give space, plan for the no of the children that they can cater for and it reduce the materials motedity among the women of children bearing age, even reduce the abortion in to the minimal level among the adolescence.


1.3 General Objective

The general objective is the importance of family planning among the women of child bearing age of in moba local government area in Otun Ekiti Nigeria.


1.4 Specific Objective

The specific objective this research work are:

  1. To know the importance of family planning among the women of child bearing age of in moba local government in Otun Ekiti
  2. To determined the demographic and socioeconomic characteristic of women of childbearing age that knows important of family planning on moba local government area in Otun Ekiti state
  3. To increases the knowledge of women of childbearing age on important of family planning at moba local government in Otun Ekiti sate
  4. Various methods of family planning that we have must be knowing to women of childbearing age of moba in Otun Ekiti state

1.5 Significance Of The Study

  1. The essence of this study was to know the importance of family planning among the women of childbearing age in moba local government in otun Ekiti state
  2. The study will establish the importance of family planning among the women of childbearning age of in moba local government in out Ekiti state
  3. The finding would increase the knowledge of women of childbearing age on important of family planning at moba local government in otun Ekii state
  4. The study is expected to fill up the knowledge gap which tends to exit with respect to important o family planning at moba local government in otun Ekiti state

1.6 Operational Definition of Terms

Family planning

Planning Safety. These recommendations integrate other CDC recommendations about which contraceptive methods can be provided safely to women with various medical conditions, and integrate CDC and US preventive services task force (USPSTF) recommendations on STD, preconception, and related preventive health service.
Effectiveness. These recommendation support offering a full range of food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved contraceptive methods as well as counseling that highlights. Over all and, in specific patients situation, draws attention to the effectiveness of specific clinical preventive health services and identifies clinical preventive health services and identifies clinical preventive health services for which the potential harms outweigh the benefits (i.e USPSTF “D” recommendations).

Timeliness:

These recommendation highlight the importance of ensuring that services are provided to clients in a timely manner.

Efficiency:

These recommendation identify a core set of services that providers can focus on delivering, as well as ways to maximize the use of resources.

Accessibility:

These recommendation address how to remove barriers to contraceptive use, use the family planning visit to provide access to a boarder range of primary care and behavioral health services, use the primary care visit to provide access to contraceptive and other family planning services, and strengthen links to other sources of care.
Equity: These recommendations highlight the need for provides of family planning services to deliver high quality care to all clients, including adolescents, LGBTQ persons, racial and ethnic minorities clients with limited English proficiency, and persons living with disabilities.

Value:

These recommendation highlight services (i.e, contraception and other clinical preventive services) that have been show to be very cost- effective.

Health:

Health according to (WHO) world health organization is a state of complete physical, mental and social- well being and not merely the absence of diseases or infirmity.

Family:

Is consist father, mother and their children living together in the same house.

Contraceptive

Is the use various devices drugs, agents, sexual practice, or impregnation (pregnancy) contraception to have a baby.


1.7 Limitation

There were some limitations that the researcher during the course of the research. These include: long distance, financial constrain, crowded program, and lack of cooperation o the staff involved in the clinic. However, the limitation was overcome through a letter permission written to the executive chairman of the otun Ekiti local government, Ekiti state of Nigerial asking for permission to use women of childbearing age that attending heart facility at moba otun local Government, for a researcher study. The permission was granted


1.8 Delimitation

The study is limited to the women of childbearing age at moba health facility otun Ekiti local government Ekiti state


1.9 Research Question

  1. What are the importance’s of family planning among the women of childbearing age of in moba local government in otun Ekiti state
  2. What are demographic and socio- economic characteristic of women of child bearing age that knows important of family planning in moba local government in otun Ekiti state
  3. What are the knowledge of women of childbearing age on important of family planning at moba local government in otun Ekiti state
  4. What are the various methods of family planning that we have must be knowing to women of child bearing age of moba government in otun Ekiti state.

Chapter Five


5.0 Discussion of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Discussion of Findings:

The study was carried out to determine the importance of planning methods among women of child bearing age (15-45years in Moba urban, Moba Local government area of Otun Ekiti State Nigeria.

One hundred and twenty (120) copies of questionnaire were distributed and 100 copies were properly filled and returned making 100% return rate. From the analysis of the data collected it was observed that 95% of the respondents were above 25 years of age as shown in table 4.1 on age distribution of the respondents table 4.2 revealed that majority of the respondents were married 85%, 4% were devoiced and only 1% is widowed.

On the educational background of the respondents table 4.3 showed that 20% of the respondents had primary education, 45% has secondary education, 22% has NCE. diploma and 3% had HND/Degree indicating the majority of the respondent were educated. This has shown in the level of their awareness knowledge on the availability of family planning services. Table 4.4 showed that nearly all the respondent 98% were Christians with only 2% being Muslim from Table 4.5 it has been revealed that only 6% of the respondents were complete housewife while the rest 94% had something doing to help themselves ranging from civil servant to faming with majority being trades. Table 4.6 showed that all the respondents had children with majority as then 65% having children 4 and above

For research question 1, results of the findings from table 4.7-4.9 revealed that 100% of the respondents. Were aware of the family planning service, and 88% actually knows the different methods available this might be due to their level of education, showing that the level of awareness of family planning services had increase tremendously when compared to Odimegwu (1999) who stated that in the 1981-1982 Nigerian fertility survey showed only 34% of all women reported to have heard of family planning service. Table 4.10 and figure I indicated that larger percentage of the respondents 85% acknowledged that contraceptive drugs are used to stop pregnancy while only few 15% does not Table 4:11-4.15 and figure 2here used to answer research question 2. Table 4.11 revealed that majority of respondents 90% are on the onion that the ideal number of children for the children for the family should be from 4 and above while only 10% said 1-3 should be ideal for family. In Table 4.12. It is revealed that 90% of the respondents believed that family planning is used in preventing wanted pregnancy. 75% of the respondents in the table 4.13 think family planning can prevent women from having more children while said it cannot, in Table 4.14 majority of the respondents 30% are of the opinion that children are gift from God and that it is a taboo to prevent the gift of God from coming while 20% did not agree with them the resultant effect is as shown in table 4.15 and figure 2 which revealed the level of utilization of the different family planning methods. ** of the 88% of respondents that had the knowledge of different method of family planning 13% used intar uterine contraceptive device 15% used injectables 10%-oral pills 30% condom, 10% withdrawal were educated and had adequate knowledge about the need of family planning, personal values has affected their level of utilizing the family planning methods. This statement, had confirmed what Rakeah; value system (1973) says what value (i.e standards that guide on-going activities) of a women will make her have right or wrong attitude towards family planning.
Research question 3:- talked about the role of socio-economic/cultural factors that influences the utilization of family planning methods. Table 4.16-4.20 were used to answer the question. Table 4.16 revealed that the money paid for family planning services prevent mothers, from using this services as confirmed by the number of respondents 98% while only 2% is on the contrary view Table 4.17 indicated that 65% of the respondents agreed that cultural practice do not prevent them from using family planning methods. Table 4.18 60% of the respondents indicated that their cultural practices do prevent the use of the family planning methods. Table 4.18 60% of the respondents indicated that their religion does not permit the use of family planning while 40% said their religion does not stop them from using family planning methods. In table 4.19 and 4.20, 97% of the respondents said that fear of side effects of family planning methods prevents women from utilizing the family planning services, perhaps this could be the reason why their husbands also does not allow them to use family planning in spacing their children as shown in table 4.9 where 80% of the respondents attested that their husband is not in support of their using family planning services, the implication of the above findings is that socio economic status, culture, religion and husband are the reasons why most women did not use contraceptive devices.

This has gone to confirm what harkreader and Hozan in 2004 have said that socio-economic, cultural, religion and husband are the reasons why most women did not use contraceptive devices.

This has gone to confirm what harkreades and Hozan in 2004 have said that socio-economic, cultural beliefs and religions has affected the use of family planning services. The further highlighted also that women’s decision to use or not to use a contraceptive methods are effected by the attitude of their partners.

Research questions 4: The benefits of family planning services to women of child bearing ag: table 4.21-4.25 and figure 4 were used in answering the questions

Table 4.21-4-25 revealed that greater percentage of the respondents. 92% agreed that it helps the couple to have children by choice not by chance in children in table 4.22 and figure: also 88% of the family member and the community as a whole and in table 4.24, 85% agreed that it improved the socio-economics status of the family, 75 of the respondents, in table 4.25 are of the opinion that having many children affects the wellbeing of family members negatively.

The above findings is in support of the assertion made by Tope Ajayi (2004) that having many children is really a great burden that tends to drain the financial resource leading to poverty, economic hard ship, and drop in the standard of living.

This has gone to confirm that greater number of the respondents has recognized the benefits of family planning but their utilization of the services were influenced by their beliefs, cost and attitude of their husbands. The above assertation agree with ukaegbu (1998) who noted that one of the causes of low interest of couple towards family planning is the belief that children are given by God and should never be rejected.

Roblinkt (2003) also stated that family planning saves lives of women and children there by improving the live of all. He further noted that providing all women and men of reproductive and with a choice of contraceptive methods safely and effectively can have significant impact on lives of the people and the community as a whole


5.2 Summary

This study was conducted primarily to determine the importance of family planning methods among women of child bearing age (15-45years) in Moba urban, Moba Local Government in Otun Ekiti.

The study have five chapter one comprised of background of the study, statement of the problems, objective (broad and specific) significance of study, operational definition of terms, limitation, delimitation and the research question. Chapter two was for review of the related literature which focused on general review, critical review, conceptual/theoretical framework.

Chapter three revealed the instruments, used for the study where 120 questionnaires, were developed and distributed to the respondents after being validated 100 copies were properly filled and returned. The data were presented using percentages and analyzed in frequency table and graphical presentations in chapter four. Chapter five deals with the discussion, of finding, summary, conclusion implication and recommendations.


5.2 Conclusion

From the result of the analysis the researcher drawn the following conclusion that women of child bearing age (15-45years) In Moba urban were aware of family planning services and their positive benefits but several factors such as false beliefs, culture/religion and attitude of the husband prevented most of them from utilizing the methods. The low utilization of the methods were also as a result of the fact that they were afraid of the side effects and the cost of treatment.

Therefore the researchers concluded that the poor utilization of the family planning methods by the women of child bearing age (15-45%years) in Moba urban was not due to ignorance of the available method in the area, but were due to misinformation husband opposition, high cost of the services and wrong beliefs about the complications resulting from the use of family planning devices, and so proper counseling should be given to the child-bearing aged women at various health facilities to increase the rate of patronage.


Implication of the Study

The analysis from the data collected showed that most of the women of child bearing age (15-45years) in Moba urban were aware of different methods of family planning but their false beliefs, culture, religion and attitude of their husband prevented them from utilizing the method.

The implication of this is the need to organize workshops and seminars to health educate both the women and even the husband on the effectiveness and safety of these family planning methods so as to disabuse their minds. Also these women should be made to realize that the little amount spend to space their children is not comparable to the amount they would spend in taking care of many children they are bringing into the world. Mother minds should also be disabused about side effect and complication resulting from the use of family planning devices through proper counseling.


5.5 Recommendations

  1. More family planning providers should be trained and distributed to various areas especially the rural areas to disseminate family planning information to the rural dweller.
  2. Enlightenment campaign on the value of child spacing and birth control should be done more frequently
  3. Family planning service should be made free so that both the low socio economic family members benefit also.
  4. More family planning clinics should be made available and closer to the people at the grass root, and also be well equipped with various types of commodities for the people to promote their utilization of the services

The Important At The Family Planning An Women Of Child Beaming Age (15-49) In Moba Local Government Area, Otun Ekiti, Ekiti State.


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • The Important At The Family Planning An Women Of Child Beaming Age (15-49) In Moba Local Government Area, Otun Ekiti, Ekiti State.

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


The Important At The Family Planning An Women Of Child Beaming Age (15-49) In Moba Local Government Area, Otun Ekiti, Ekiti State.


Disclaimer

This research material “The Important At The Family Planning An Women Of Child Beaming Age (15-49) In Moba Local Government Area, Otun Ekiti, Ekiti State.” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “The Important At The Family Planning An Women Of Child Beaming Age (15-49) In Moba Local Government Area, Otun Ekiti, Ekiti State.” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.


How to defend your research work


This is a general guide on how to defend your research work:

1. Prepare For Questions:

If you are preparing for questions that may be asked during your defense, then your answers will flow smoothly and effectively. This will prove your knowledge on the subject e.g “The Important At The Family Planning An Women Of Child Beaming Age (15-49) In Moba Local Government Area, Otun Ekiti, Ekiti State.“, and strengthening your argument. Ask friends and family, read your work for them to listen to your presentation, and write down questions. You may be lucky the panel will ask you those you have already prepared on.

2. Strong Summary:

Summarizing your chapters will help keep your audience focused because it is easy for a mind to drift, so providing summaries will ensure your panel will follow along, even if they lose focus for a brief moment. Visual aides, such as graphs and power-point presentations can be very helpful. If you are going to use these, make sure you will practice your presentation with them.

3. Be Confident in Your Research Work:

Not knowing your topic “The Important At The Family Planning An Women Of Child Beaming Age (15-49) In Moba Local Government Area, Otun Ekiti, Ekiti State.” inside out will cause you to struggle and ultimately fail with your defense. You need to know the subject from every angle to ensure you are fully prepared for any question that may come your way.

4. Conclusion:

Reinforce your findings to conclude your defense. The finale of your presentation should focus on proving the work that has been done. You may need to recap on what has changed and remained unchanged, if is necessary.

5 . Listen:

Before you get defensive or recite a particular answer, make sure you truly understand the question being asked. Being a good listener is an important quality, because providing an inaccurate or off-topic answer will also weaken the validity of your paper.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.