The Importance Of Planning In Attainment Of Organizational Goal (A Case Of Owerri North Local Government Area)

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration


Abstract


This project was carried out to appraise that it is only through planning that an organization can achieve its goal. To ensure effectiveness in communication the researcher coffined to the use of words that will easily be understood by readers and those terms that are too technical are well defined. Textbook were referred to structured questionnaire were used to elicit response from the staff of Owerri North Local Government Area.

The departments examined were finance, personnel and evaluating. Random techniques were used in the research design in chapter three and the questionnaires were vetted accordingly. Conclusion were drawn from the analyzed data recommendation were made that apart from basic qualities are requirement of planning the executive must plan ahead in order to achieving organizational goal.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the study
  • 1.4 Statement of hypothesis
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the study
  • 1.9 Definition of terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 History and development of planning in an Organization
  • 2.3 The theoretical perspective of the related study
  • 2.4 The planning progress
  • 2.5 Characteristics of planning
  • 2.6 Hierarchy of planning
  • 2.7 Planning and other concepts of administration
  • 2.8 Importance of planning
  • References

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Design and Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research design
  • 3.3 Sources / Method of data collection
  • 3.4 Population and sample size
  • 3.5 Sample techniques
  • 3.6 Validity and reliability of measuring instrument
  • 3.7 Method of data analysis
  • Questionnaire

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Presentation of data
  • 4.3 Analysis of data
  • 4.4 Test of hypothesis
  • 4.5 Interpretation of results

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary of findings
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Planning is one of the functions of administration. It is the process of laying foundation for future action. Planning is the act of determining administration objectives and efforts and determining means to achieve those objectives, in the other hand, planning is defined as deciding in advanced things that need to be done and need to achieve those objectives.

To plan is to act with purpose to choose and choice is the essence of economic activity therefore many organization plan in other to take advantage of environmental opportunities and minimize the impact of environment waste. Planning allows organization to shape its own destiny.

The history of Owerri North Local Government as my case study started in October 1st 1996 when the head of state general Sani Abacha created additional states and local government which increased the number of local government in Nigeria from 521 to 774. the first chairman of the local government is Chief Anthony Ihedoro who hails from Emekuku’s during the transitional programme to Godian rule by general Sani Abacha in 1997/1998 five political parties contested which includes United Nigeria congress party “UNCD” Democratic party of Nigeria “DPN” grassroots democratic movement “GAM” committee for national consensus “CNC” and national center party of Nigeria “NCPN” but among all these political parties “UNCP” produced the first chairman for the local government which has 16 wards is represented by a councilor each. Owerri North Local Government area is one of the twenty eight local government in Imo State which has large land mass and about 900,000 in population. Its headquarter is located at Orie Uratta since its inception.

It has experienced four 4 different chairman both as intern and permanent chairman. The researcher interest of this topic is to examine the importance of planning in an organization like Owerri north local government area, the effect of lack of good planning in order to attain organizational goal and best step to be used in planning techniques.

The local government has encountered problems of incompetent staff which may arise during recruitment and placement inadequate fund may equally hinder the functioning conflict because each department authority of responsibility assigned to them, also costs will be measured since emphasis is usually on efficient operation and consistency.

Adequate and competent personnel should put in place in several department there should be mass, we co-operation between those who prepare the plan and those who implement it. The government should also support organization of giving them adequate manpower and makes funds available them.


1.2 Statement Of Problem

This study entitled the importance of planning in attainment of organizational goals a study of Owerri North Local Government areas attempt to examine and elaborates the problems of planning in the public service and they includes

  1. There is the problem of effective implementation of policies.
  2. This effective policy implementation seems to portray Owerri north local government as knowing the importance of planning in an organization.
  3. As a result these is improper co-ordination of plan of activities in the local government

1.3 Objective Of The Study

This research is motivated by the importance of planning and how it has been solving organizational problem the research question of this study includes:

  1. To know whether planning can assist in attaining organizational goal in the local government.
  2. To find out the importance of planning in the public service.
  3. To make useful suggestion based on the research findings.
  4. To study and understand the internal and external problems which influence planning techniques.

1.4 Statement Of Hypothesis

Hi: Does effective planning ensure a sound moral check on staff and organization as a whole?
Ho: An effective planning does not enhance the realization of objectives in the public services.

Hi: Planning ahead can lessen the likely problems that an organization may face in the public services.
Ho: Planning ahead cannot lessen the likely problems that an organization may face in the public service


1.5 Significance Of The Study

The study is important because planning has helped various organizations to set out objectives and strategy that guide all other groups in an organization. It also reduces the role of ambiguity and conflict within an organization the entire country at large benefit from effective planning because it encourages national development achieve industrialization economy and helps the researcher to understand the working of the capitalist economy.

Problems were also encountered in the process of distributing and collecting the questionnaires. These were redtapism, unnecessary bureaucracy, high transportation fare etc.

Much of the time was wasted conducting personal interview simply because of lack of commitment and punctuality to work by staff.


1.6 Scope Of The Study

The scope of this study is basically focused on the importance of planning in attainment of organizational goal. The researcher made an indebt research and examination/evaluation on those planning elements that necessitate the smooth and effective actualization of the goal of Owerri north local government area.


1.7 Limitation Of The Study

During the course of carrying out this research project a lot of hindrances were encountered. These includes time and financial constraints, also steps from the schools academic system which requires that a person conducting a research should also attend lectures and write exams. It therefore posted a very big problem because exams period conflicted with the office period when one is suppose to conduct relevant data for project work.


1.8 Definition Of Terms

Planning:

Is deciding in advance what you want to do and how to do it.

Organization:

Is a combination of people efforts working together in pursuit of certain common purpose called organizational goal.

Public Service:

Means that service of the state in respect of government official that provides the people in general or in a particular society.

Importance:

The degree something has value or effects on people or organization

Goal:

Something an individual hope to achieve.

Local Government:

Means the third tier of government that brings leadership nearer to the people and that provides social amenities to the rural dwellers.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

In this chapter five, the researcher summarized, concluded and at the same the preferred solutions and recommendations categorically on how to efficiently, make use of planning as a vital tool for the actualization of organizational goal, especially in Owerri north local government area specifically.


5.2 Summary Of Findings

  1. In chapter one background information about planning was given in details, statement of the problem was examined, the objectives of the study, limitation and scope of the study as well as significance of the study was analyzed properly.
  2. The principle of human relation theory ware chosen to analyze the theoretical framework before hypotheses was formulated. Different authors views were shared and analyzed in
  3. Chapter two where they were able to discuss in details about planning. However, in that chapter two organizational objective of studies, history and development of planning in an organization, characteristics, importance and how planning is related to other concept of administration were examined.
  4. Chapter three dealt with the method used by the researcher to collect data. Primary and secondary data were used. The primary data was collected by the user of questionnaires.
  5. The fourth chapter dealt with the analysis of data and other information obtained from organization. The result of analysis shown is that planning has helped us to ensure that effective planning enhances realization of goals in an organization like Owerri North local government area and also it has helped tremendously in achieving organizational goals.
  6. Chapter five summarizes concludes and makes recommendations that any organization that wants to succeed must plan its objectives to achieve a targeted result.

5.3 Conclusion

In conclusion, management in Nigeria always consider the importance of planning to organization in both the public and private sector of the economic as being of paramount importance.

In public service, planning ahead is an applied technique that facilitates an organization work. The nature of itself emphasized effective co-ordination. Span of control delegation of authority and responsibilities as guiding principles. Also controlling and decision making makes an effective planning as absolute necessity.

Good planning creates good environment for workers and it can help to solve and minimize conflicts and present unnecessary misunderstanding because all what it required would have being laid down for people to see and adhere to within a specific period of time.

Ineffective planning causes problems, increased cost slow down functions and creates barriers to managerial and administrative aspiration.

Planning has also helped in focusing attention on objectives because all planning is directed towards achieving organizational objectives. It also unified inter-departmental activities and managers are even encouraged through planning to consider the future and even consider the periodically need to rise and extent plant in the interest of achieving their goals.

Conclusive, planning makes the job to be done in a specified manner and with the greatest.


5.4 Recommendation

On the basis of finding and discuss, the following recommendation and suggestion are made

  1. It could be deduced that most organizations used planning studies instead of the establishment of planning staff. Therefore, the organization should endeavour to use staff assistance which will help in forecasting and making analysis.
  2. The researcher also recommends that before any major decision especially strategies impact is made, the staff should be involved in initial stage of strategy formulation i.e. their suggestion and opinion should be sought, hence their sense of belonging is regenerated and they are motivated to work extra hard in achieving the final goals of organization.
  3. The researcher recommends that the organization should devise the use of regular formal or vigorous review of planning programmes and performance prepared by an appropriate committee.
  4. The researcher also recommends that the staff should be aware and concept any change in plan. This is because if the staff do not known the latest development of the organization they can result to strike and that will not argue well or the organization.
  5. The researcher equally recommends that a planner that has knowledge of the organization must plan.
    This is because it has been found out that planner brought in form outside has contributed to the failures of some laid down plans. Though the planner posses considerable analytical skill and good judgment.
  6. He is handicapped by lack of familiarity with the organization and the person who knows the organized automatically acquire planning skills.

In a nutshell, if all these are done in an organization the moral of the workers will be boosted and this will help in making sure that strategies are being followed.

Therefore, for an organization to be effective and well co-ordinated in its goals, planning ahead must be the major goal as it will help in decision making process.


The Importance Of Planning In Attainment Of Organizational Goal (A Case Of Owerri North Local Government Area)


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