Impediments To The Acquisition Of Technical Education By Secondary School Students
The main purpose of this study was to find out the impediments to the acquisition of technical education in by secondary school students in Yenogoa LGA, Bayelsa state. The study adopted survey design and was conducted in twelve secondary schools in Bayelsa State Nigeria. Five (5) technical education teachers and two (2) school administrators from each of the twelve schools selected were used for the study. Therefore, the total population of the study was sixty (60) technical education teachers and twelve (12) school administrators, making the population a total of 84 people.
There was no sample or sampling because, the population was small; so all were used for the study. The researcher with the help of research assistants conducted interviews with the school administrators and also administered questionnaires, which contained items for answering the research questions. Questionnaire was also the instrument for data collection. Data collected was analyzed using appropriate statistical procedures.
Findings among others revealed that poor teaching methods adapted by technical education teachers, inadequacy of instructional materials, inadequate workshop tools and equipment needed for effective teaching and learning of technical education and poor funding of technical education are the impediments to effective teaching and learning of technical education in Nigerian public schools. Recommendations were made based on the results found.
Table Of Contents
- Title page
- Approval page
- Table of contents
- 1.1 Background Of The Study
- 1.2 Statement Of The Problem
- 1.3 Purpose Of The Study
- 1.4 Significance Of The Study
- 1.5 Scope Of The Study
- 1.6 Research Question
2.0 Literature Review
- 2.1 Conceptual Review
- 2.2 Business Education: General Overview
- 2.3 Model For Evaluating Technical Education Programme
- 2.4 Educational Resources (Human And Material) In Teaching And Learning
- 2.5 Improving Resources In Business Education
- 2.6 Review Of Related Empirical Studies
3.0 Research Methodology
- 3.1 Research Design
- 3.2 Sampling Technique
- 3.3 Research Instrument
- 3.4 Data Analysis
4.0 Results And Discussions
5.0 Conclusion And Recommendation
- 5.1 Conclusion
- 5.2 Recommendations
1.1 Background of the Study:
A well developed scientific and technological base are conditional to any national human and material development. Nigeria has been classified as a developing nation and has continued to make a break through by emphasizing much on science and technology thereby making inclusive of geography education in the curriculum of the junior and senior secondary schools.
During the ministerial council meeting of the national council on Education in 1987, the Federal Government of Nigeria deiced to introduce geography education into the nation’s secondary school system. This was followed by the inauguration of the National committees on geography Education the same year. The functions of the committee among others included, planning for dynamic policy on geography education and literacy in Nigeria as well as devising clear strategies and terminologies to be used by the federal and state governments in the introducing computer Education.
The general objective of the policy are:
- To bring about a computer literate society in Nigeria.
- To enable the present school children to appreciate and use the computer in various aspect of life and in future employment. The modalities for achieving stated objectives include;
- Training teachers and associated personal
- Provision of hardware facilities
- Curriculum development.
- Software developments and evaluation.
- Maintenance of hardware.
The above enumerated strategies can promote or impede the acquisition of geography knowledge. Functionalities of the strategies would promote acquisition while deficiency in implementation would constitute an impediment to the acquisition of geography knowledge. According to Francisca (2003) the polices are poorly implemented due to poor training and orientation of key implements (teachers). Through constant practice, workshop and seminars, the teachers will be equipped in relevant knowledge needed in geography which are appropriate for effective teaching and learning of geography education. geography requires practices and only the teachers that knows the practices can teach it very well.
Impediments with regard to the stated strategies the non availability of Hardware facilities in acquisition of geography education. Okon (1992) reported on the declining standard of teaching which is done without exposing the students to any form of practical experiences. The acquisition of geography education with the hardware facilities is just like going to school without pen and Books. In the 1990 National Conference on Curriculum development geography education was not inclusive in the issues discussed which now made the acquisition of geography education very difficult in the secondary school because it was not included early in the curriculum.
Proper teaching and learning with regard to geography education in the state secondary schools have been known to have suffered some set backs.
There set backs have been generated by certain conditions such as:
- Inadequate Provision of Facilities
- Lack of Trained Personnel
- Financial Constraint
- Organizational Constraint (time frame for teaching geography in school; periods allocated to ).
On Inadequate Provision of Facilities Ajavero (1998) noted that absence of facilities in acquisition of knowledge creates problems and confusion to the learner instead of making changes in the learners’ life. Ezike (1991) added that geography science laboratory is a room where programmed, practicalzed, ordered, grouped, recorded, rearranged, constructed among many other activities but the question is how facilitated is the room that could be boast the acquisition of geography for without facilities, the acquisition of geography is not effective.
On lack of Trained Personnel Abiodum (2007), reveled that hence geography is “Cabage in cabage out” There is need that geography 3 teachers are well trained otherwise they will cabage wrong thing into the children, and the children will as well Cabage out the Wrong thing. Francisca (2003), said that many of the laudable curriculum we have in use are poorly implements due to poor training and orientation of key implementers (teachers) of these curricula. The teachers through constant workshop and seminars should be well equipped in the relevant methodologies and knowledge that are appropriate for effective teaching of computer.
On financial constraint Ukeje (1991), stressed on the need for the government to finance educational section, geography education needs more financial support more than other subjects in the school; if geography science subject is not supported financially it totally impedes its acquisitions.
On organizational constraints geography knowledge are acquired in the geography training centers and not in school which attracts less attentions to the periods allocated for its lesson in the school. In schools geography science is not included in the school time table that is why Jude (2007), maintained that geography education is still limited in the federal colleges.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Computer knowledge acquisition deals with the knowledge and ability to use geography and related technology efficiently with a range of skills covering levels from elementary use to programming and advanced problem solving. In Enugu North local Government Area, there are scarcity of geography science teaches, the people of the Area, sees computer knowledge acquisition as a game of learning geography in a geographical Centre and not in the school systems.
There are problems associated with the acquisition of geography education in secondary schools, which are; inadequate provision of facilities, lack of trained personnel, financial constraints, and organizational constraints. It was on this ground that the researchers choose to write on the impediments to the acquisition of geography education by secondary school students in Enugu North Local Government Area, Enugu state.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The main purpose underlying this study is to find out the impediments to the acquisition of geography knowledge, specifically the students aim to:
- Find out the extent to which inadequate facilities impede the acquisition of geography education in secondary schools.
- Find out the extent to which lack of trained personnel impede the acquisition of geography education in secondary schools.
- Find out the extent to which financial constraints impede the acquisition of geography education in secondary schools.
- Find out the extent to which organizational constraints impede the acquisition of geography education in secondary schools.
1.4 Significance of the Study
The study is very essential to the extent that it will be beneficial to the following;
1. The students:
The study will enable the students to understand that geography education is not for play but for real imprecation of understanding, knowledge and social improvements.
2. The teachers:
The study will enable the teachers to understand that there impediments in the acquisition of geography education in secondary schools.
The study will disclose the impediments in the acquisition of geography education in secondary schools which now make the government to provide solutions to such impediments and improve the acquisition of geography education in secondary schools.
1.5 Scope of the Study
The study focuses on the impediments to the acquisition of geography education by secondary school students in Enugu North Local Government Area, Enugu State. The impediments were based on the lack of adequate facilities, lack of trained personnel, financial constraints and organizational constraints.
1.6 Research Question
- To what extent does lack of adequate facilities impede the acquisition of geography Education in secondary schools?.
- To what extent does a financial constraint impede the acquisition of geography Education in secondary schools?
- Does lack of trained personnel impede the acquisition of geography Education in the secondary schools?
- To what extent does an organizational constraint impede the acquisition of geography Education in secondary schools?
5.0 Conclusion And Recommendation
From the findings of this study, the impediments to the acquisition of technical education in by secondary school students in Yenogoa LGA, Bayelsa state includes, poor teaching methods adapted by the technical education teachers, inadequacy of instructional materials, inadequate workshop tools and equipment needed for effective teaching and learning of technical education and poor funding of technical education are the impediments to effective teaching and learning of technical education as well as the objectives mapped out by the Federal Republic of Nigeria stated in the National Policy on Education 2004.
Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations were made:
- Suitable teaching methods such as demonstration, discussion methods etc should be adopted by the technical education teachers for effective teaching and learning of technical education in the Nigerian public secondary schools.
- The government should erect new school workshops; make provision of modern workshop tools and equipment for effective teaching and learning of technical education in public schools.
- Adequate funds should be provided by the governments at all levels to support technical education programmes in Nigerian public secondary schools.
- Technical education students should be motivated through awarding of scholarships to the best performing students.
- Technical education teachers should be paid their salaries at the appropriate time to motivate them
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