Impact Of TETFund In The Provision Of Infrastructure In Gombe State University

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Impact Of TETFund In The Provision Of Infrastructure In Gombe State University


Abstract


The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of Tetfund in the provision of infrastructure in Gombe state university. A survey research design was adopted. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 50 respondents from the population and a questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. The data were analyzed based on the 2.5 acceptance region format to answer the research question, while to address the research hypothesis, the chi-square was used. The mean score rating method was adopted to analyse the data. The research hypothesis was that TETFUND has a significant impact on the infrastructure provision in the university. The study was particularly significant in view of the challenges of adequate infrastructure in Nigerian tertiary education institutions. To make it easier for institutions to fully access approved funds, there is need to reduce or eliminate entirely the level of bureaucratic bottlenecks often associated with accessing approved funds.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFund) was founded under the Education Tax Act No. 7 of 1993 as an intervention agency. However the Tertiary Education Trust Fund (Establishment, Etc.) Act, 2011 was used to replace the Education Tax Act Cap. E4, laws of the Federation of Nigeria, 2004and Education Tax Fund Act No. 17, 2003 which consequently led to the establishment of the Tertiary Education Trust Fund vested with the obligation of disbursing, managing and monitoring the education tax to public tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Consequently to facilitate the attainment of the stated objective of TETFUND, the TETFund Act, 2011 subjects a 2 percent (2%) Education Tax on all declared profit of registered companies in Nigeria. Consequently the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) was vested with the responsibility by the Act to collect Education TAX. Journal of Sustainable Development (2014). The fund is then disbursed to tertiary educational institutions in Nigeria.

TETFUND also evaluates and monitors the projects implemented by beneficiary institutions. The disbursement of the fund is mandated as provided in section 7 (1) (a) to (e) of the TETFund Act, 2011 which stipulates that TETFUND shall administer and disburse the amount in the fund to Federal and State tertiary educational institutions. The fund so disbursed is for the provision and maintenance of physical infrastructure; Academic Staff Training and Development, Research and publication; Instructional material and equipment; and other critical area of need which is considered by the opinion of the Board of Trustees as significant for the improvement and sustenance of educational standard in tertiary institution. (tetfund.gov.ng, 2014). This therefore imply that the cardinal objective of TETFUND was to provide additional funding to facilitate scholarship and grants to meet the educational need of tertiary institutions in Nigeria as well as ensure that those resources improves the productivity and quality of tertiary Education.

The research therefore seek to investigate the impact of TETFUND In the provision of infrastructure in Gombe state university.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The recent wave of security challenges in northern Nigeria poses great question as to the state of educational infrastructure and as well as the ability of TETFUND to carry out its constitutional role of implementing intervention projects in tertiary institutions in gombe state. It has also been noted that the process of accessing funds from TETFund is quite complicated thereby leading to delayed approval of funds for intervention projects.

Also Section 7 (1) of the TETFund (Establishment, ETC) Act of 2011 provides for the disbursement of funds for projects outside the provision of infrastructure, instructional materials, research, publication, and academic staff training but its vested at the discretion of the board of trustees which makes it rather difficult and sometimes impossible.

Other challenges faced by tertiary institutions lies with the maintenance of infrastructure which is given little attention by TETFUND. TETFund focuses more on the provision at the expense of given attention to the “maintenance. Of those facility. Consequently many projects which require TETFUND maintenance intervention are being neglected in many tertiary institutions. Revelations are that this is actually the real state of many of the physical infrastructure funded by TETFund in many institutions. Consequently the problem confronting the research is to appraise The impact of tetfund in the provision of infrastructure in gombe state university.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

  1. To determine the statutory role and objective of TETFUND
  2. To determine the impact of TETFUND in the provision of infrastructure in Gombe state university.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What if the statutory role and objective of TETFUND
  2. What is the level of impact of TETFUND in the provision of infrastructure in Gombe state university?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho The impact of TETFUND in the provision of infrastructure in Gombe state university if low
  • Hi The impact of TETFUND in the provision of infrastructure in Gombe state university if high

1.6 Significance of the Study

The study is particularly significant in view of the challenges of adequate infrastructure in Nigeria’s tertiary institution. It is believed that the study shall address problem areas of need that require urgent funding and intervention.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The study focuses on the appraisal of the impact of TETFUND in the provision of infrastructure in Gombe state university


1.8 Limitations of the Study

The research was confronted by both logistics and geographical constraint.


1.9 Definition of Terms

The Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFund) was founded under the Education Tax Act No. 7 of 1993 as an intervention agency. However the Tertiary Education Trust Fund (Establishment, Etc.) Act, 2011 was used to replace the Education Tax Act Cap. E4, laws of the Federation of Nigeria, 2004and Education Tax Fund Act No. 17, 2003 which consequently led to the establishment of the Tertiary Education Trust Fund vested with the obligation of disbursing, managing and monitoring the education tax to public tertiary institutions in Nigeria.

Infrastructure:

Infrastructure are defined as those fundamental facilities and systems which facilitate the workings of the institution and functioning of its economy such as technical structures as water supply, sewers, electrical grids, telecommunications roads, bridges, tunnels, , and so forth,. Hayes, Brian (2005).

Intervention:

The process of assessment systematic planning employed to mediate or prevent a social, educational, or developmental breakdown in other to foster development.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Summary

This study focused on the Impact of Tetfund in the Provision of Infrastructure in Gombe State University. The study was set to address two objectives which include;

  1. To determine the statutory role and objective of TETFUND.
  2. To determine the impact of TETFUND in the provision of infrastructure in Gombe state university.

Based on the above stated objectives and the study carried out, the following findings were made:

  1. That the statutory roles and objectives of TETFUND include but not limited to sponsorship of research in tertiary institutions; building infrastructures in tertiary institutions; sponsoring academics to conferences for training; sponsoring academics to further studies both locally and internationally and bridging the gap between research findings and utilization.
  2. That the impact of TETFUND in the provision infrastructure in Gombe state University include increased infrastructure in the university; increase in academic performance of students; helped in the training and retraining of the academic staff; helped to reduce the number of unqualified lectures in the school and helped in maintaining academic standard in the institution.
  3. That the impact of TETFUND in the provision of infrastructure in Gombe state university is high.

5.2 Conclusion

The main purpose of this study was to assess the Impact of Tetfund in the Provision of Infrastructure in Gombe State University. All academic staff of Gombe state University were selected for the study. Two research questions guided the study with one research hypothesis.

In this study, a survey research design was adopted, the population comprises all the academic staff of Gombe state University, a simple random sampling technique was used to select 50 respondents from the population and a questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. Relevant literatures were reviewed which guided the objectives and methodology of this study. As result of the field study and analysis of results, the following findings were made:

  1. That the statutory roles and objectives of TETFUND include but not limited to sponsorship of research in tertiary institutions; building infrastructures in tertiary institutions; sponsoring academics to conferences for training; sponsoring academics to further studies both locally and internationally and bridging the gap between research findings and utilization.
  2. That the impact of TETFUND in the provision infrastructure in Gombe state University include increased infrastructure in the university; increase in academic performance of students; helped in the training and retraining of the academic staff; helped to reduce the number of unqualified lectures in the school and helped in maintaining academic standard in the institution.
  3. That the impact of TETFUND in the provision of infrastructure in Gombe state university is high.

5.3 Recommendations

Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations are made:

  1. To make it easier for institutions to fully access approved TETFund, there is need to reduce or eliminate entirely the level of bureaucratic bottlenecks often associated with accessing approved funds. Such delays are often in the areas of examining request/applications for funds, scrutinizing the attendant feasibility studies and monitoring/certifying of executed projects before further releases are made; which often, are not devoid of sharp practices.
  2. Since after an initial release, further funds are disbursed on satisfactory execution of projects, it is important that projects are assigned to only contractors who are certified to be honest and competent. Delays in project execution are often caused by fraudulent/incompetent contractors who, after unnecessary delays in executing contracted projects, only come back seeking for variations of contract terms on the easy excuses of market price fluctuations. As fresh requests for variations of contract terms involve bureaucratic processes, delay in completion of projects become inevitable which frustrates beneficiary institutions making it impossible to complete projects on schedule so as to enable them access further funds as and when due.
  3. Having noted that University education is cost-effective, donor agencies and philanthropic individuals and groups, should assist governments in funding tertiary education in the country.
  4. To improve the volume of Internally Generated Revenue (IGR) in Nigerian tertiary education institutions, Gombe State University in particular, should embark on business ventures. Such business ventures may include, investment on shares; production of customized bottled water; ensuring that no other brand of bottled water is sold within all the campuses of the institution; making the University press very functional and business-oriented; embarking on vehicle energy supply within the campuses; improving the capacity of its Microfinance Bank; embarking on Hostel accommodation, building of functional staff guest house amongst others. In these ways, the IGR of the University would improve and dependence on the state government will be reduced. This will also divert attentions from the easy options of increasing school fees with its attendant implications on indigent students of Ebonyi State.
  5. Good governance and transparency on the part of the TETFund and beneficiary institution’s management, should form the hallmark of the Funds Operations to ensure accessibility and result-oriented utilization of accessed funds.

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