Impact Of Teaching Methods On Learning Effectiveness Among Final Year Business Education

Project and Seminar Material for Business Education Students

Impact Of Teaching Methods On Learning Effectiveness Among Final Year Business Education


Abstract


This study was carried outto examine the impact of teaching methods on learning effectiveness among final year business education students using Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education Owerri as a case study.The study was specifically carried out to find out the teaching methods necessary for effective teaching/learning of business education to in tertiary institution, determine the extent effective instructional methods are adopted during the teaching/learning of business education in tertiary institution, determine whether the use of appropriate teaching methods enhances students learning outcome business education, and determine whether the use of effective teaching methods enhances the academic performance of business education students. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of Business education lecturers in Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education Owerri. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 59 respondents and 50 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables and mean scores. While the hypotheses were tested using chi-square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that the extent effective instructional methods are adopted during the teaching/learning of business education in tertiary institution is low. The study also revealed that the use of effective teaching methods enhances the academic performance of business education students. Therefore, it is recommended that teachers should continue to home their skills by attending workshops seminars and other teaching enhancing programmes that can enable them be on top of their game, Teachers should be aware of the right teaching methods to apply in teaching when one method is not effective since a combination of methods is considered most appropriate. To mention but few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Education is acknowledged as a vital instrument for achieving national development. It is through education that ignorance is eliminated and skills for productivity acquired. Imogie (2014) affirmed that no nation can develop to its fullest without effective and efficient educational system. The value and functionality of any educational system lie in its ability to actualize the goals of education. Federal Republic of Nigeria (FRN), (2014) stated that one of the aims and objectives of education in Nigeria is to help the child acquire appropriate skills, abilities and competencies both mental and physical as equipment for the individual to live in and contribute to the development of the society. Such knowledge, skills and abilities are acquired through the training provided in the school.The achievement of this objective rests squarely on the learner, the environment and the teaching method employed by the teacher.

A teacher is an important figure in teaching and learning process, because he/she follows the curriculum so that throughout the year all the important knowledge is provided to the students. The main purpose of teaching at any level is to bring out a significant change in the learner (Tebabal &Kahssay, 2011). Most of the traditional methods were teacher- centered with no activity for the learners making them passive and therefore obtaining knowledge from the teacher without building their engagement level with the subject matter and the approach is least practical, more theoretical and memorizing (Tebabal & Kahssay, 2011). Student-centered approaches which are more effective aremore encouraged because they embrace the concept of discovery learning (Brindley, 2015). Most teachers today apply the studentcentered approach to promote interest, analytical research, critical thinking and enjoyment among students (Hesson & Shad, 2007). Transferring knowledge requires teachers to use the appropriate method and pedagogy that best suits the learner and suit the objectives and desired outcomes. The pooracademic performance by majority of the students in various subject areas is basically linked to the application of ineffective teaching methods by teachers to impact knowledge to learners and thereforeteachers need to be conversant withnumerous teaching strategies (Adunola, 2011).Teaching is a profession of those who impart knowledge or skill, especially in an elementary or a secondary or in a university. According to Ayeni (2011), teaching can be defined as a systematic process of transmitting knowledge, attitudes and skills in accordance with professional principles. In the traditional epoch, many teaching practitioners widely apply teacher – centered method to impart knowledge to learners comparative to student – centered methods. Until today, questions about effectiveness of teaching methods on students learning have consistently raised considerable interest in the thematic field of education research (Hightower et al., 2011).

Adgoke in Ogide (2017) states that in our tertiary institutions, teachers use mainly the lecture method which is a teacher – centered method and the implication is that learners are passive and learning tends to be superficial. Asikhia (2010) found that, qualifications of teachers and students’ environment factors do not influence students’ poor performance but teachers’ methods of teaching influence poor performance. According to Adunola (2011), regular poor performance by majority students is fundamentally linked to application of effective teaching methods by teachers to impact knowledge to learners. Ndirangu (2007) opined that, the choice of a particular method of teaching by the teacher is determined by the number of factors which includes the content to be taught, the objectiveswhich the teacher plans to achieve, availability of teaching and learning resources and the ability and willingness of the teacher to improvise if conventional teaching aids are not available for the evaluation and follow – up activities to check individual learner differences. According to Ayeni (2011), teaching is a process that involves bringing about desirable changes in learners so as to achieve specific outcomes. In order for the method used for teaching to be effective, Adunola (2011) maintains that teachers need to be conversant with numerous teaching strategies that take recognition of the magnitude of complexity of the concepts to be covered.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Many methods of teaching exist in education. All the methods are meant to make teachers succeed in their bid to disseminate knowledge. However, little attention is considered by the teachers when selecting the methods to be used in their lesson delivery. Also there are complaints by the teachers, parents and educational stakeholders on the methods used by teachers in teaching the students on the suspicion that they are not effective and these have brought about students’ poor academic performance. It is also observed that students cannot easily follow instructions in class, lessons become dull and boring, it also engender negative attitude, low interest and poor performance among students.

The researcher therefore deemed it necessary to reexamine various teaching methods that may be appropriate in the teaching and learning of business education in higher institutions as a means for improve students’ academic performance in business education and its impact on students’ academic performance in Business Education in higher institutions.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The broad objective of this study is to examine the impact of teaching methods on learning effectiveness among final year business education students using Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education Owerri as a case study. Other specific objectives includes:

  1. Find out the teaching methods necessary for effective teaching/learning of business education to in tertiary institution.
  2. Determine the extent effective instructional methods are adopted during the teaching/learning of business education in tertiary institution.
  3. Determine whether the use of appropriate teaching methods enhances students learning outcome business education.
  4. Determine whether the use of effective teaching methods enhances the academic performance of business education students

1.4 Research Questions

The study is guided by the following constructed questions derived in line with the research objective:

  1. What are the teaching methods necessary for effective teaching/learning of business education to in tertiary institution?
  2. What is the extent effective instructional methods are adopted during the teaching/learning of business education in tertiary institution?
  3. Does the use of appropriate teaching methods enhances students learning outcome business education?
  4. Does the use of effective teaching methods enhances the academic performance of business education students?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: Teaching methods has no significant impact on learning effectiveness of business education students.
  • Ha: Teaching methods has a significant impact on learning effectiveness of business education students.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The study is aimed at adding to the teaching and learning processes, in higher institutions it will assist lecturers, students, school proprietresses and administrators and other researchers who want to embark on study in this area.

The teachers will explore other teaching methods that can be applied in teaching business education and how each affect students’ learning effectiveness.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The scope of this study boarders on the impact of teaching methods on learning effectiveness among final year business education students. However the respondents for this study will be obtained from Business education lecturers in Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education Owerri.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

This research project, like all human endeavors, had some challenges that threatened to derail the study’s completion. One of the reasons is that the time allotted for this work was so limited that the researcher did not have enough time to complete the task thoroughly. During data collection, the researcher also had to put forth extra effort to understand the respondents’ interview schedules, several of whom fell into the incomprehensible age group. Also, there were financial and transportation constraints to deal with. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire, interview).


1.9 Definition of Terms

Teaching:

Teaching often involves inquiring, listening, providing information, explaining a phenomena, showing a skill or process, testing understanding and ability, and enabling learning activities

Teaching Method:

Teaching method comprises the principles and methods used by teachers to enable student learning.

Learning:

It can generally define as a relatively permanent change in behaviour which is as a result of experience or is reinforced by practice.


1.10 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows.

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings onthe impact of teaching methods on learning effectiveness among final year business education students using Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education Owerri as a case study.The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the impact of teaching methods on learning effectiveness among final year business education students using Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education Owerri as a case study. The study was specifically carried out to find out the teaching methods necessary for effective teaching/learning of business education to in tertiary institution, determine the extent effective instructional methods are adopted during the teaching/learning of business education in tertiary institution, determine whether the use of appropriate teaching methods enhances students learning outcome business education, and determine whether the use of effective teaching methods enhances the academic performance of business education students.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 50 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were Business education lecturers in Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education Owerri.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. The teaching methods necessary for effective teaching/learning of business education to in tertiary institution includes: project teaching method, lecture teaching method,back to basics teaching method, discussion teaching method, inquire teaching method, activity teaching method, problem solving teaching method.
  2. The extent effective instructional methods are adopted during the teaching/learning of business education in tertiary institution is low.
  3. The use of appropriate teaching methods enhances students learning outcome business education.
  4. The use of effective teaching methods enhances the academic performance of business education students.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Teachers should continue to home their skills by attending workshops seminars and other teaching enhancing programmes that can enable them be on top of their game, Teachers should be aware of the right teaching methods to apply in teaching when one method is not effective since a combination of methods is considered most appropriate.
  2. School owners and administrator should employ qualified teachers, train and retrain them from time to time so that they can meet up to the set standards.
  3. School owners and administrators should create a conducive teaching a learning environment, particular in the area of class size.
  4. Government should provide incentives that can boost the educational sector which the schools fait under in terms of infrastructure and basic amenities like, Water table, electricity supply, desks and chairs, chalk boards improved toilet facilities etc.

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