The Impact Of Teacher Student Relationship On Academic Achievement Of Biology Student In Orlu Local Government Area Of Imo State

Biology Education Project Material

The Impact Of Teacher Student Relationship On Academic Achievement Of Biology Student In Orlu Local Government Area Of Imo State


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the impact of teacher student relationship on academic achievement of biology student in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State. The study was specifically set to ascertain whether teacher-student relationship significantly influences biology students academic achievement, investigate the extent to which cordial teacher-student relationship exist in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State, find out the effects of cordial relationship between biology students and teachers, and identify the factors affecting cordial relationship among biology teachers and students. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of biology students and teachers in some selected secondary schools in in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State. In determining the sample size, the researcher purposefully selected 200 respondents and 150 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables, and mean score tables. While the hypotheses were tested using Pearson Correlation statistical tool, SPSS v23. The result of the findings reveals that Teacher-student relationship significantly influences biology students academic achievement. Furthermore, the study revealed that the extent to which cordial teacher-student relationship exist in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State is low. Therefore, it is recommended that teachers should create an enabling environment which will give students an opportunity of understanding the concepts being taught. Such an enabling environment is to be achieved by developing a good relationship with students. To mention but few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

There is no certainty that education is a tool or device for national development. It has become an instrument which every country across the globe wants to adopt for their development. Education tries to take care of students’ in different fields of science subject. (Biology) is part of natural science that offers excellent background for various professional studies and competence in relating effectively to what is learnt in school to real life outside school. Education is highly rated as public enterprise whose results are used as a tool par excellence in national development. Also Education is a process of imparting or giving out systemic knowledge at all levels of learning particularly at the university level.

According to Olumba (2013) the educational aims cannot be actualized if there is a poor relationship between the teacher and their students’. Bringing the aims of education to reality depends on the orientation of teachers and the students’ in the educational system because good education required trained and committed teachers who will carry the students’ along with them to achieve the educational goals.One of the most deeply inspirational relationships is that of a devoted teacher and willing students’. Almost every student has a favourite and those they liked less in the classroom setting, it totally depends on how the teacher-student relationship is developed, nurtured and given space to grow. Aligned with the attachment theory, positive teacher-student relationship enables the students to feel secure and safe in their learning environment. Teachers who support students in learning to attain knowledge, competences or values can positively have impact on their academic outcomes which are important for long term academic achievement and eventually gain employment, (Brophy, 2017).According to Fan and Williams (2010) Science,particularly biological knowledge holds the key to attainment of national goals, which include food and security, eradication of child mortality, and reduction of the spread of HIV/AIDS among others. However, the dwindling poor academic performance of students’ in Biology makes the realization of such goals unrealistic. The causes of their poor performance are linked to many factors including home environment, peer pressure, culture, socio-economic status and each of these factors has magnitude and direction in the causes of poor academic performance if not handled well.The summation of these factors drives the student in a particular direction. The student will move in the direction of these summed factors although, many instances this direction is not supportive of reaching the educational objectives the student needs to meet. If the teacher is aware of these factors upon the student, the teacher can apply influential/motivational forces to assist the students’ in obtaining the educational goals/objectives for the students’ success.


1.2. Statement of the Problem

The problem of poor academic achievement among biology students in secondary schools has become a serious social problem for the entire social and economic system. For example, students’ school and national performances have always been judged by having a credit pass in biology as one of the core and compulsory science subjects.
The present study perceives that this recurring event for years have caused apprehension among learners in the secondary school system and some education stakeholders. For example, some educators are worried about poor academic achievement of students in the biology as a core science subjects despite the much importance attached to them as a prerequisite for admission into higher education and even as minimum job qualification for secondary school learners by many employers. The issue of poor academic achievement has become a big problem that even education policy makers were left with only one choice to lower the cut off mark for 2017 Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) examination just to allow a reasonable number of school learners have access to tertiary institution’s admission. For instance cut off mark was brought down to as low as 120 for university admission and 100 for admission into colleges and polytechnics out of 400. This development surely underscores the present study’s observed trend of promotion on trial in the schools system and in the study area. Based on the aforementioned, this study seek to examine the impact of teacher student relationship on academic achievement of biology student in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to examine the impact of teacher student relationship on academic achievement of biology student in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State. The researchers intends to:

  1. Ascertain whether teacher-student relationship significantly influences biology students academic achievement .
  2. Investigate the extent to which cordial teacher-student relationship exist in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State.
  3. To find out the effects of cordial relationship between biology students and teachers.
  4. Identify the factors affecting cordial relationship among biology teachers and students.

1.4. Research Questions

The following questions were formulated to serve as a guide to the study:

  1. Does teacher-student relationship significantly influences biology students academic achievement?
  2. What is the extent to which cordial teacher-student relationship exist in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State?
  3. What are the effects of cordial relationship between biology students and teachers?
  4. What are the factors affecting cordial relationship among biology teachers and students?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

  • H0: There is no significant correlation between teacher-student relationship and biology students academic achievement.
  • Ha: There is a significant correlation between teacher-student relationship and biology students academic achievement.

1.6. Significance of the Study

The research work is carried out in order to the impact of teacher student relationship on academic achievement of biology student in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State. This study will go a long way to help all stakeholders of in education which include: teachers, students, parents, and the entire system of education.

The work will be of benefit to teachers as it will serve as sense of direction to them by helping them to understand and know the reasons children perform below standard.

Students will also benefit as they are exposed to knowledge which thereby changes the academic performance from negative to positive based on the improvement in their relationship with them.


1.7. Scope of the Study

The scope of this study boarders on the impact of teacher student relationship on academic achievement of biology student in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State. Hence the respondents for this study will be obtained from biology students and teachers in selected secondary schools in in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researcher encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. More so, the researcher simultaneously engaged in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Teacher:

A teacher is one who through formal or informal ways, or methods pass unto others the acquired values, norms and or knowledge to help them grow to cope up with the environment and also be of help. It is one who undergoes training in a formal setting mostly colleges and universities to be an agent through which norms and values are passed to the students in the classrooms.

Students:

A student is a child in school especially under the care of a teacher in the secondary schools.

Relationship:

This is seen as a level of intimacy between two or more people mostly intended to yield a positive result. It is the emotional attachment that portrays or determines the behaviour or social behaviour between two or more people.


1.10 Organisations of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the impact of teacher student relationship on academic achievement of biology student in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the impact of teacher student relationship on academic achievement of biology student in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State. The study was specifically set to ascertain whether teacher-student relationship significantly influences biology students academic achievement, investigate the extent to which cordial teacher-student relationship exist in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State, find out the effects of cordial relationship between biology students and teachers, and identify the factors affecting cordial relationship among biology teachers and students.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 150 responses were validated from the enrolled participants, where all respondent are biology students and teachers in some selected secondary schools in in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following conclusion:

  1. Teacher-student relationship significantly influences biology students academic achievement.
  2. The extent to which cordial teacher-student relationship exist in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State is low.
  3. The effects of cordial relationship between biology students and teachers includes: stimulates students motivation, stimulates students interest, enhances students academic engagement, improves students commitment in the class, and enhances better academic performance.
  4. The factors affecting cordial relationship among biology teachers and students includes: partiality, unfriendly method of communication, unnecessary beating of students, and intimidation.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. The teachers should be provided the opportunity for advancement and should be encouraged through rewards, incentives and promotion on their performance. They may also be provided the opportunities of career advancement and to achieve greater academic achievement of the students.
  2. Teachers should be encouraged to improve on their personal relationship with their students for this will enhance the academic performance of the students. They should also bring their wealth of experience in teaching all the level of students’ aptitude to make personal relationships of students with their teachers more interesting so as to arouse the interest of the students to academic excellence.
  3. Teachers should create an enabling environment which will give students an opportunity of understanding the concepts being taught. Such an enabling environment is to be achieved by developing a good relationship with students. Teacher must acknowledge the impact they have on their students and take into consideration the perceptions of the students towards them. The teacher must ensure that they meet the academic and emotional needs of the learners. Classroom environments which facilitate a positive culture, as well as healthy association, is critical for motivating learners to study more.

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