Impact Of Supervision On Teachers Performance In Primary Schools In Edo State
This research work is designed to find out the role of supervision in promoting efficiency in teaching and instruction in primary school in Egor Local Government Area in Edo State. The method used in the collection of data was questionnaire. The findings revealed that supervision helps in promoting/promotion of teaching of the student. It also aids in the area of the school curriculum. Recommendations were also made which include that teachers should always come early to school to supervise the pupils in the morning while making the school environment headmaster/mistresses should go round and see each of the teacher with pupils while performing their morning duties. This study stated that external supervisors should not inspect teachers only but the whole school environment. Parent were also advice to hold meeting with the teachers discussing the likely problem confronting their children’s in the school.
1.1 Background of the Study
Supervision right from time immemorial has to improve the activities of teaching and learning in primary schools, during the colonial era, supervision provide the basis for high performance for primary schools which was accredited to regular and meaningful supervision in primary schools by inspectors. Primary schools being the foundation of learning and instruction is in dire need of supervision throughout the school year, no wonder people are saying of poor academic performance of people nowadays the poor academic performance may be attributed to lack of effective supervision of primary school. Supervision should be intensified in primary school because the pupils are I the formative years. Today a larger number of primary school teachers are experienced and professional teaching jobs, they are not on the teaching job, but do not perform up to expectation even though they posses higher teaching qualifications these marked informative for regular supervision so as to put them right not to make mistake in discharging their duties of teaching the young ones and laying solid foundation for future higher learning. The new policy that the minimum learning qualification in primary schools. The Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE) is a new development, hence most teachers in primary schools have obtained the Nigeria certificate in education (NCE) by now, but never perform to expectation in primary school teaching only few of the primary school teachers still hold the teacher grade II certificate in an attempt to promote efficiency in teaching and instruction in primary schools, so as to improve on the academic performance of the primary school pupils. It is also envisaged that if supervision is intensified in primary schools, teachers will have up to expectation in discharging their duties to the society (curricular activities).
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The various problems that lack of supervision have brought to teaching and learning in primary schools, are; unimproved instruction and instructional programmers. If school are not regularly supervised. The teachers will not be able to teach effectively in the classroom, since they will not take proper care in preparing their notes of lessons. The provision of adequate relevant and attractive teaching aids will be declined, in a situation well supervised some teachers may tend to be lazy and of performance of pupils in schools. Effective coordination and control of the school system will improve the academic environment without this, the pupils will be bored within the school environment and thus the instruction given them will have no effect and their teachers will not be able to improve the curriculum, properly will not be able to improve the curriculum, properly supervised, enhance planning of services and workshops or seminars for the teachers in the primary school without this, the instruction given to the pupils will be lacking in one aspects or the other. The goals and objective of education in the primary school will not be achieved without control mechanism such as good e valuation which in turn helps in the overall development of the pupils.
1.3 Objective of the Study
The objectives of the study are;
- To ascertain the impact of supervision on teachers’ performance in primary school
- To ascertain the relationship between teachers’ performance and student academic performance
- To ascertain those supervising teachers’ performance
1.4 Research Hypotheses
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
- H0: there is no impact of supervision on teachers’ performance in primary school
H1: there is impact of supervision on teachers’ performance in primary school
- H02: there is no relationship between teachers’ performance and student academic performance.
H2: there is relationship between teachers’ performance and student academic performance
1.5 Significance of the Study
It is a known fact that constant and thorough supervision will definitely improve teaching and learning in primary schools, hence teacher fault would be detected frequently and would be corrected by the education officers. In a situation where a teacher fails to bring his/her record of work up to date. However, if this detected by the education officer such teacher can be queried for negligence of study. The immediate result of this query is to effect a change in teacher’s attitude toward work, since supervision focuses on the teacher’s appearance, performance and other related issues. Furthermore, through this study, the government and the school authority will learn how to improve the education of the pupils how to improve the education of the pupils. An educational officer mostly the external supervisor visit a school he/she takes down a note on the condition of that school and passes it to the appropriate quarters with recommendation, after much of the recommendation would help to improve the standard of the school which may be on the infrastructure facilities, instructional materials etc moreover, supervision involves a lot of discussion of cross fertilization of ideas and from this exchange of ideas the best method to follow would be discussed among the teachers, this discussion would focus on the improvement of the teaching and learning environment. From this kind, efficiency would be enhance, supervision enables us to discover special ability or qualities possessed by teachers in the primary or qualities possessed by teachers in the primary schools in Egor Local Government.
1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study
The scope of the study covers impact of supervision on teachers’ performance in primary school. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
a) Availability of Research Material:
The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
c) Organizational Privacy:
Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.
1.7 Definition of Terms
Teaching study of schools college etc scholarly, literary or classical.
These are government officials overseeing the teaching and learning process and education generally.
Rounding circumstances influence.
What is taught
Knowledge obtained by study.
1.8 Organization of the Study
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows.
- Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
- Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
- Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
- Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
- Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain impact of supervision on teacher’s performance in primary school. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challengesof supervision on teacher’s performance in primary school
This study was on impact of supervision on teacher’s performance in primary school. Three objectives were raised which included: To ascertain the impact of supervision on teachers’ performance in primary school, to ascertain the relationship between teachers’ performance and student academic performance, to ascertain those supervising teachers’ performance. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staffof selected primary schools in Egor local government of Edo state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made of head masters, teachers, senior staff and junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
Interaction with instructional supervisors influences to a great extent teachers’ class performance. Instructional materials suggested by instructional supervisors influence to a great extent teachers’ classroom performance. And conferences and seminars organized by instructional supervisors influence teachers’ classroom performance also to a great extent. There is no significant difference in the perception of teachers with less teaching experience and teachers with more teaching experience with regards to influence of supervision of instruction on their class performance. So also there is no significant difference in the perception of male and female teachers as regards influence of supervision of instruction on teachers’ class performance.
- The Post Primary School Management Board in Egor local government of Edo State should always sensitize all instructional supervisors that they should perform their duties as helpers to teachers and not critics. That they should always be ready to assist teachers improve their teaching skills through their interaction with teachers.
- The Edo state Government should recruit more trained and qualified instructional supervisors to be able to meet the intending demands of instructional supervisors by teachers enough to cater for the professional needs of teachers in the state. So that the existing few qualified instructional supervisors will not be overworked which will result to ineffectiveness on their par
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