The Impact Of Staff Welfare On Organizational Performance
The main aim of the study was to assess the impact of staff welfare on organizational performance. The study sought to establish the relationship between rewards system, and organizational performance, to identify the relationship between recognition and organizational performance in Ikot Ekpene Local Government Council, to determine the influence of leadership style on organizational performance, to determine the effect of communication on organizational performance. To achieve these goals, a questionnaire was designed based on the objectives. The completed questionnaires were processed and analyzed using the SPSS. The study targeted the top management team of the organization. The study adopted a descriptive research design. The population of 78 was stratified into three strata: Management staff, working staff and non-working staff. From each stratum the study used the census method to reach to the entire population of the study. Census method brought out the aspect of accuracy and reliability to this study, because, each and every individual participated to this study. Quantitative data was collected and analyzed using SPSS and presented through percentage, mean, frequencies. Pearson correlation was used to assess if the relationship between the independent variables, and dependent variable which is organizational performance, was significant or not. The information has been displayed by use of bar charts, graphs and pie charts. The findings of this study were that organizational performance depended on motivational system. Rewards would be given according to the individual performance. There was a significant correlation between independent variables and dependent variables. Money was not only the tool for motivation; other tools were effective communication, leadership, rewards system and recognition.
Table Of Contents
- Title Page
- Table of Content
- 1.1 Background Of The Study
- 1.2 Statement Of The Problem
- 1.3 Purpose Of The Study
- 1.4 Research Question
- 1.5 Research Hypothesis
- 1.6 Significance Of The Study
- 1.7 Scope Of The Study
2.0 Literature Review
- 2.1 Conceptual Framework
- 2.2 Empirical Review Of The Study
- 2.3 Theories Of Motivation
- 2.4 Reward System
- 2.5 Recognition
- 2.6 Communication
- 2.7 Leadership Style
- 3.1 Research Design
- 3.2 Target Population
- 3.3. Sample And Sampling Technique
- 3.4. Data Collection Instruments
- 3.5 Data Analysis And Presentation
4.0 Results And Discussion
5.0 Conclusion And Recommendation
- 5.1 Summary
- 5.2 Conclusion
- 5.3 Recommendation
1.1 Background Of The Study
According to the International Journal of Managerial Studies and Research (2014), today, the biggest challenge faced by the managers of different organizations is how to get the qualitative employees who will help the organization to achieve its goals and objectives. These are employees who are committed and put in their best towards the accomplishment of organization’s goals and objectives. A strong bond should be created and maintained between employees and organizations human resources to overcome these challenges between managers and employees.
All organizations are concerned with what should be done to achieve sustained high levels of performance through people. Therefore, the subject of adequate incentives for workers, as derived from the so many attempts made by management practitioners, is to look for the best way to manage so as to accomplish an objective or mission with the least inputs of materials and human resources available (Forson, 2012).
Robbins (2001) defines motivation as the forces that energizes, direct and sustains a person’s effort. Motivation is an important determination of human behaviour. It is the one which moves one towards the achievement of the goals and objectives. Motivation is an art targeted to getting people work willingly, and an art of inducing one to behave in a particular manner to achieve a task. Motivation is the reason why employees want to work hard and work effectively for the business. It is the desire to achieve a goal. Some people are self -motivated. This means that they have driven to achieve goals on their own. They do not need any encouragement. However, others need to be motivated. They need a push, a pressure, or incentives. The employee motivation is very important because, if a business has a well-motivated workforce, it will perform better. Labour organizational performance will be higher and therefore, profits are likely to be high. The main benefits of well-motivated employees are lower absenteeism, higher production, more innovation, pleasant working environment, more co-operations, lower staff turnover (Jones, 2011).
Bryans and Crouin, (2005) say that certain individuals have problems of inadequate motivation. These problems arise the concern of those individuals who come into the work situation with differences in expectation, behaviour and outlook. The problems of individual motivation inadequately may be classified into two groups: the first is the inability of certain individuals to be motivated may stem from the fact that there is a deficiency in their personality. For such people, the desire to avoid failure may be too strong while paradoxically, the motive to produce positive results may be too weak. This could produce a general resistance to achievement-oriented activity that should naturally be overcome by otherextrinsic modes of motivation if there is to be any spur to achievement-oriented activity at all. The second is when the achievement motive is relatively strong, the challenges before the individual worker may be proven to be inadequate or too difficult, and whichever of these that apply to the individual worker will usually manifest themselves in different ways such as lack of enthusiasm or premature surrender (Forson, 2012).
Motivation strategy should aim to increase the effective contribution of members of the organization in achieving its objective. Motivation strategy will refer to the performance of management and reward systems and in particular to the type and scale of financial incentives which are to be provided. But it will also be concerned with other process which should yield favorable attitudes including job design participation, joint objective setting career development and any other processes relating to the individual need to achieve and maintain a sense of personal wealth and importance. Motivation is also affected by the quality of leadership in an organization therefore the selection, training and development of effective leaders should be part of the strategy (Armstrong, 1997).
In an organization set up two situations are likely to happen as far as employees are concerned. The first situation is that some workers leave the organization because they are not motivated enough .The second situations is that some are not willing to leave because they are having some benefit in the organization such as promotion, which leads to increase in salaries and wages, bonus and some other incentives. The managers need to create and maintain an environment in which employees can work efficiently and realize the objectives of the organization.
This study will examine to what extent staff welfare such as achievement, job security, recognition, advancement, job enrichment or the job itself, responsibility, decisional participation and management style employed to raise the morale of the worker for high organizational performance. The study identifies elements that promote human dignity and thus raise the morale of the worker for higher organizational performance. The study further investigates the effect of non-financial incentive packages here referred to as ‘non-economic motivators’ on the workers and the consequent output.
1.2 Statement Of The Problem
According to Karen and Peter (2013) People work for a variety of reasons. The main reason why most people work is because they need to earn money to buy food and the basic necessities for life. But some work is voluntary and does not yield any money. One of the challenges faced by private organizations and other private sectors is to maintain the employees. Individuals after being trained have a tendency to move to other organizations for better prospects. Lucrative salary, comfortable timings, better ambience, growth prospects are some of the factors which prompt an employee to look for a change. Employee Retention refers to the techniques employed by the management to help the employees stay with the organization for a longer period of time. Employee retention strategies go a long way in motivating the employees so that they stick to the organization for the maximum time and contribute effectively. Individuals work for money but they can switch off from one work to another for more money. At the same time people want recognition and also want to be proud of their company, they want very good relationships with co-workers.
Researchers have studied employee motivation at length; the biggest misconception was that good wages were always the primary motivational factor among employees regardless of the industry by which they are employed (TsangWong.1997. This generalization or supposed knowledge has misdirected frontline supervisors of industrial workers for years (Kovach, 1987). Effective employee motivation has long been one of management most difficult and important duties. Success in this Endeavour is becoming more challenging in light of organizational trends to downsize and in relation to the demands associated with managing a diverse workforce (Kreitner and Kinicki 1992). Employee motivation is a complex process as individuals are complex, diverse and often difficult to predict. No one theory of motivation can explain human motivation particularly across diverse cultures. The aim of this research therefore, is to determine the impact of staff welfare on the organizational performance of workers.
1.3 Purpose Of The Study
The purpose of the study was to find out the impact of staff welfare on organizational performance, a case study of Ikot Ekpene Local Government Council, Akwa Ibom state.
The specific objectives are as follows
- To establish the relationship between reward system and organizational performance
- To identify the relationship between recognition and organizational performance
- To determine the influence of leadership style on organizational performance
- To determine the effect of communication on organizational performance
1.4 Research Question
- What is the relationship between reward system and organizational performance?
- What is the relationship between recognition and organizational performance?
- What is the influence of leadership style on organizational performance?
- What is the effect of communication on organizational performance?
1.5 Research Hypothesis
- HO1: There is no significant relationship between reward system and organizational performance
- HO2: There is no significant relationship between recognition and organizational performance
- HO3: There is no significant influence of leadership style on organizational performance
- HO4: There is no significant effect of communication on organizational performance
1.6 Significance Of The Study
This study on the effects of motivation on organizational performance in private organizations will assist private organizations to retain the employees for long time, which will lead them to the desired organizational performance. The research findings have the potentialities to enable the Organizations’ managers and their policy makers to be aware of the role of motivation in their strategic plan. Furthermore, this study will be of immense benefit to policy makers in the human resources functions of the organizations and it will assist management in designing and putting in place together welfare incentives for the workforce, enables the organization identifies various types of needs and expectation of people at work, outline different approach to work motivation, explain the meaning and underlying concert of motivation.
1.7 Scope Of The Study
For this study to be successful, it was carried out in Ikot Ekpene Local Government Council, Akwa Ibom state. The study population involved Management team, working and non-working staff of the organization.
5.0 Conclusion And Recommendation
The study concludes that there is a significant relationship between variables. There is a weak positive linear relationship between reward system and organizational performance the same as between recognition and organizational performance. Communication and leadership style affect organizational performance on strong positive correlation index. This means that the most important effect of motivational system are communication and leadership. These two elements are the key of organizational performance in the organization.
The salary is not the only motivator for increasing the organizational performance. There are others ways the managers can use to increase organizational performance in the organization. These are communication, leadership style, recognition. The incentives both intrinsic and extrinsic are very important in boasting the organizational performance of employees in the organization. However, the managers need to know how to distribute these incentives to the workers in order to have effect on organizational performance. There is also a need to design the motivational system based on individual performance and monitored it.
Communication is a key important in the organization. The top management needs to facilitate communication in order to get the feedback from the employees and also allow the formal communication to prevail. The channel of communication like face to face, written and electronic communication needs to be improved on them in order to access on information on time. The communication on duties, service, and job of the employees must be done appropriately. This is because poor communication result, poor performance in the organization.
Leadership style is needed to give direction, staffing, controlling among other duties performed by the managers in the organization. The organization cannot move ahead without the good leadership. A leader should know how to relate to the employees. The employees need to be appreciated in their small achievements at work. This encourage them and help them to feel being part and parcel of the organization. Both transformational and transitional leadership is needed in the organization to allow the effective performance. Therefore, the best manager is the one who knows how to mix both of them in his/her leadership capacity.
In general, private organizations need to improve on incentives and reward system in order to maintain the employees. Top management should encourage both internal and external communication in order to get the feedback from internal and external environment of the organization. Information about duties, services and job should be given on time so to improve organizational performance of the organization.
The management of the organization should improve on the way of distributing the incentives and awards among the workers. An appraisal of work should be done in order to see who deserve incentives, when and how. Incentives should not always be in kind of money. There is a need to vary the types of incentives given to the workers, may be supporting the employees morally and emotional. This is because money is not the only motivational tool for employee. There is a great need to work on the behavioral side of employees. The management should encourage horizontal, downward and vertical communication in order to build organizational culture. Communication is very important in an organization set up. Therefore, the managers need to get the feedback from employees and sometimes ask questions.
It is encouraged to avail the suggestion box in the organization, to allow workers to express themselves freely. The team building outings should be emphasized on more, in order to allow employees to know each other and feel free to each other. Workers need to access on information relating to their jobs, services and duties on time. The management team should be able to recognize the achievements of some workers. This can be done verbally, or through a token.
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