The Impact Of Social-Political Conflict On The Effectiveness Of The Civil Services In Nigeria (A Case Study Of Abia State Civil Service)

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration


Abstract


The Nigeria civil service is made up of people from different ethnic groups. Because civil servants in the ministry have diverse tongue, culture and tradition, there always conflicts. These conflicts are usually internal socio-political conflicts which always prevent or hinder performance and better services in the civil services.

There are always politics in selection and recruitment. This politics stems from the facts that those in authority would like to select their people first or treat them fairly to some important positions and appointment to exacted positions always politicized which thereby bring favoritism, nepotism and sectionalism in the civil service.

However, because of these differences in tongues, class and creed, there are always conflict in the civil services which always affects productivity and performance.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the study
  • 1.4 Theoretical frame work
  • 1.5 Significant of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the study
  • 1.8 Definition of terms
  • Reference

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 The civil service in Nigeria
  • 2.3 The political conflict in the civil service
  • 2.4 Socio-cultural differences
  • 2.5 The socio-political arrangement of the civil service
  • 2.6 Assessment of political activity in the civil service
  • 2.7 Impact of the socio-political conflict in the civil services
  • Reference

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Design and Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research design
  • 3.3 Sources/ method of data collection
  • 3.4 Population and sample size
  • 3.5 Sampling techniques
  • 3.6 Validity and Reliability of measurement instrument
  • 3.7 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Presentation of data
  • 4.3 Analysis of data
  • 4.4 Test of hypothesis
  • 4.5 Interpretation of result

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary of finding
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation
  • Appendix A
  • Appendix B

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

The Nigeria civil service is made up of people from different ethnic group with diverse tradition, culture, tongues and social norms and values. These differences in culture, tribe and tongue in the civil service has true meaning when we look at some of the issues affecting the effective performance of the civil services in the country.

There are always noticeable conflicts in the Nigeria civil services arising from political structure and arrangement, class conflict, which dwell on recruitment and employment, which do favour some particular social cultural and political group.

Manpower development and training is always a political affair in the civil services. One of the major ways civil service invests in their work force for greater nation today and even future is through the training and development of their employer.

Training is like sharpening of an existing skill in order to reflect the trend in technology and other socio cultural environment of an organization. The major object of training and development is to increase the efficiency of the employees with the resulting increase in corporate productivity.
The civil service, training and manpower development are always a political matter. Some may be trained locally while the favoured ones would be trained overseas.

Promotions and elevation mostly to highly exacted position due receive some political consideration while such exercise is always spread to cut across ethnic barrier. No matter how efficient and effective some particular ethnics may be in a particular ministry in organization all of them would not be promoted to the detriment of others.

Other social consideration do crisis in the civil services such as favoritism, religion group and some other social interest which always received some attacks in the civil services.


1.1 Background Of The Study

Abia state was carved out from Imo state in the year 1991, by the then military government of Gen. Ibrahim Babangida. Upon the creation of the state, the then nascent state formed its state civil service commission with its accompanied ministry and agencies,under the ministries such ministry include; Education, Finance, Agriculture, Information, Local government affairs, just to mention but a few.

The entire personnel and staff recruited in the various position are mainly from Abia state origin, they are three senatorial zones in the state, namely; Abia North, Abia South and Abia Central. These various personnel from the ministry have different traditions, norms and values. These are always socio political conflict that always causes ineffectiveness in the efficient and effective handling of various issues.

However, the Abia state civil service has been headed by many, right from its creation in 1991. It is recently headed by Chief Mr. Godson. C. Adiele. It has it’s headquarter in Umuahia been the state capital. Its office is located at No. 10 School road, Umuahia North. Its primary function is to initiate policies and programmes, advisors to political heads, implementation of public policies, financial management and finally to ensure continuity of Government.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

There is always the problem in study of this kind, which does permit us to look at the possible way of overcoming them.

There is always the problem of determining the extent of political conflict in the civil service because permanent secretaries and head of department are not permanent position, because human being has different characteristics while there is a greater degree of conflict in one ministry or government agency, another might have little or no socio-political conflicts.

The issue of societal norms and values as well as culture may be a hindrance to elevating some people to certain position, this stern from the fact that social and cultural diversity affects the participation to some social events in the country.


1.3 Objectives Of The Study

The objectives of our study are as follows

  1. To determine the impact of socio-political conflict on the effectiveness of the Nigeria civil services
  2. To criticize constructively some socio-political difference in the civil services that do affects its performance.
  3. To consider some bottlenecks, hindrances and obstacles arising from socio political consideration, those that do make the civil service from effective performance of its statutory functions.
  4. To appraise the performance of the Nigeria civil services in the face of the presence of socio-political conflict.
  5. To suggest possible remedies and solutions that would be of help to correct some of those issues.

1.4 Theoretical Framework

This theory is guided by the functionalist perspective, also called “Functionalism theory”. It has its origin in the work of Emile Durkheim, who was especially interested in how social order is or how society remains relatively stable.

Functionalism interprets each part of society, in terms of how it contributes to the stability of the whole society. Society is more than the sum of its parts; rather, each part of society is functional for the stability of the whole society. From this perspective, disorganization in the system, such as deviant behaviors (culture, class, norms etc) leads to change, because societal components must adjust to achieve stability. When one part of the system is not working or is dysfunctional, it affects all other parts and thus, creates social problems, which leads to conflicts (socio- political, economic e.t.c).

Obe (1972) explained that conflicts are a violent collusion, a struggle or contest. This explained to us that the conflict we are deliberating on is struggle or disagreement in the civil service over issues of paramount importance that always affects the effectiveness of the civil service.


1.5 Significance Of The Study

The study on the topic under our investigation is quite significance to us, for it will enables us to have indebt understanding on the issues involved in the civil service and office politics in the civil service. It will expose to the mind of many on some of the socio-political wrangling that do occur in the civil service and dispute effective performance in the ministry. The study will be the basic for further studies on the issue involved in the civil service and the socio-political conflicts that do arise thereof.


1.6 Scope Of The Study

The study of data collection and analysis of the scope of this study centers on the conflicts in the civil service whether it is socio-political, economical or cultures and its impact in the effective management of the civil service.


1.7 Limitation Of The Study

The study has some limitations and hindrances, which tries to limit our effort in carrying out this research work.

There was problem in knowing the fundamental cause of most conflicts in the civil service whether socio-political or economic.

The problem of knowing exactly the socio political problems from one ministry to the others which we observed has its fundamental cause on ethnic background, religious and cultural difference.


1.8 Definitions Of Terms

Conflict:

This is said to be the breakdown in the normal activities of an organization in such a manner that the individual or groups involved experiences disharmony in working together.

Tribalism:

It can be defined as the discrimination against a citizen because of his birth.

Tradition:

This is the passing of belief and custom from one generation to the next.

Civil / Public Service:

According to 1999 constitution defined the civil service as the service of the federation or state in a civil capacity as staff in the ministry or department of government assigned with the responsibility of any business of the government.

It also the service of federation or state in ministry or department based on appointment by the civil service commission while public service can be defined as the service of the federation or state government which it includes the national or state assembly, staff of the judiciary, any commission established by the constitution or by national or state assembly or cooperation educational institution, staff or companies where government or it is a agencies own the controlling interest.

It can also be defined as the service where federal, state or local government has an interest or where their presence is fact.

Promotion:

This is the process of raising somebody in a higher position.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary Of Findings, Conclusion And Recommendations

The researcher wish to research those problems that exist in our effort to study the impact of socio-political conflict on the effectiveness of the civil service in Nigeria.

There is always the issue of differences in social norms and values of personal in the Nigeria civil service. The problem of the socio-political conflicts in our ministry may differ another because human beings exhibit different characteristics and behaviours.


5.1 Summary Of Findings

The researcher was able to register the following findings in the course of the investigation:

  1. That the Nigerian civil service is made up of people from different ethnic groups with diverse traditions culture and societal norms and values.
  2. That there are always noticeable conflicts in Nigeria civil service, arising from political structure or arrangements, class conflicts which dwell on position and authority.
  3. Some issue in the Nigeria civil service is always politicized.
  4. That appointment to exalted positions consideration.
  5. That such issue like the selection of personnel for training and development are always politicized and do receive political consideration.
  6. That the differences among the region and geo-political zones do have its own impact on the civil service by way of not achieving the needed co-operation from one another and bringing out some Programme that would be of immense benefit to Nigerians.
  7. From our statistical findings, we were able to verify that the inability of public servants from different ethnic groups or tribes to co-operate as a team in ministries hinders the effectiveness of the civil service.
  8. We verified that the tribal politics in Nigeria do have impact on the effectiveness of the civil service in Nigeria.

5.2 Conclusion

I hereby conclude this work as follows:

That the level of socio-political conflict in the civil service is quite apparent in recent time. That its escalation would portray a bad image to the government. The socio-political conflicts in one ministry may differ from another because human beings exhibit different characteristics and behaviours. They exist in our effort to study the impact of socio-political conflict on the effectiveness of the civil service in Nigeria, there is always the issue of differences I societal norms and values of personnel in the Nigeria civil service. The issue of societal norms and values as well as culture may be a hindrance to elevating some people to certain position. This stems from the fact that social and cultural diversities affects the participation to some social events in the country.


5.3 Recommendations

I hereby recommend as follows:

That government should not sit and watch the escalating level of socio-political conflict in the civil service. Though there are different in the culture and societal norms and values of the Nigeria civil service, but something urgent must be done to re-orient the civil servants to embrace their colleagues as one. That such thing that would course or bring socio-political conflict in the civil service would not be treated with levity.

No matter how efficient and effectives some particular ethnic may be in a particular ministry in organization, all of them would not be promoted to the detriment of others, other social consideration that brings crisis in the civil service such as favoritism, religious group and some other social interest which always receive some attacks in the civil service should not be tolerated. The tribal conflict among the top management hierarchy in the public service does affect the affective performance of the civil service and should no be encouraged. Most of the delays in promotion exercise in the civil service are due to socio-political conflict in the ministry.

Civil servants should see themselves as one big family, contributing to the development of the whole country and should therefore stop ethnic conflicting against national interest.


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